Bronchitis, an Overview In 1808, Charles Bedham described and named bronchitis. For many years this condition affected many people. But because of newer developments in the field of medicine, people now have more alternatives to treating the said condition. Pulmonary disorders are quite common especially in children. But this doesn't mean that adults can't have the disorder. In fact, those that live in polluted cities, especially smokers, are prone to it. If your bronchi are inflamed, then you may have bronchitis, which is widely known as an obstructive pulmonary illness or disorder. Bronchitis is divided into short-term or acute and the long-term or chronic types. How will you know if you have bronchitis? There are symptoms associated with the disorder including expectorating cough, dyspnea, malaise and/or fatigue, mild fever and chest pains, coldness, and vibrating chest. People of all ages may have bronchitis. Those that have frequent flu and colds tend to have this condition. If your immune system is weak, you are at a greater risk to major complications like asthmatic and chronic bronchitis, and it would be a lot easier for pneumonia to settle in. As mentioned earlier, bronchitis can be acute or chronic. To diagnose and treat bronchitis properly, the pulmonary specialist must be more detailed with their diagnosis and understanding of various diseases and illnesses. As a responsible individual, you must be aware of the symptoms so that when you or a family member exhibits such symptom, you can identify them easily and seek the help of medical professionals. It is best to act on the condition at an early stage to avoid any complications. Signs and Symptoms of Bronchitis: Knowing More about Bronchitis There are quite a lot of different respiratory diseases today. You have to consider that being affected with one of the respiratory diseases, it can have a negative impact in your daily activities. You will not be able to do some tasks, you will have difficulty breathing and you will also deprive your body of the sufficient amount of oxygen it needs. One kind of respiratory illness is called bronchitis. This particular illness can have negative impact in your daily life. It is also considered as one of the most common respiratory illnesses today that can affect anyone at anytime. Although bronchitis can happen anytime, most cases occur during the winter months. And, people who are usually affected with this kind of respiratory illness are people who live in areas where there is a high amount of air pollution, usually in large cities. People who have weak lungs are also easily affected by bronchitis. Anyone can be affected by this illness. However, most of the time, infants, children, the elderly and people who smoke tobacco are usually the ones who are frequently affected by bronchitis. First of all, there are basically two kinds of bronchitis. One is acute bronchitis and the other is called chronic bronchitis. In acute bronchitis, it will usually last for about 10 to 12 days only providing that you have it properly diagnosed by a professional and get it treated properly. Acute bronchitis can be caused by a viral or bacterial infection. However, there are rare cases where fungus infection can also cause acute bronchitis. You can know if you have acute bronchitis by knowing about its signs and symptoms. Here are the signs and symptoms that you may experience if you have acute bronchitis: * Mild chest pain * Mild fever * Wheezing when breathing * Shortness of breath * Persistent and expectorating cough * Vibration of chest when breathing * Chillness * Mild pain on throat * Squeezing and painful sensation around the eyes You cannot determine whether the bronchitis is caused by a virus or by bacteria unless you consult your physician where they may order you to go on laboratory testing. The laboratory test results will provide information whether your bronchitis is caused by a virus or by bacteria. The doctor will then prescribe you a medication that you should take in order to cure the illness. Also, the doctors will advice you on different kinds of home remedies to alleviate the signs and symptoms. They may also schedule you for another visit to determine if there are any other illnesses besides the bronchitis. Chronic bronchitis is considered as a long term illness that needs careful management and care. One of the main contributors for chronic bronchitis is by inhaling irritants, such as toxic fumes and especially cigarette smoke. Chronic bronchitis can cause permanent damage to your respiratory system where it can make it difficult for you to live your daily life. The chronic bronchitis can last for three up months and in worse cases, it can last up until 2 consecutive years. You have to remember that this disease is contagious and you should take the necessary precaution in avoiding transmitting the disease, especially inside the household. You can do this by humidifying the environment and by covering your mouth with a damp handkerchief of towel when coughing. Chronic bronchitis is a long term illness that needs special care and management in order for the patient to recover from the illness and also help let the bronchial tube in its healing process. You have to consider quitting smoking and avoid dusty places if it is possible. You can use the different methods to alleviate the symptoms in acute bronchitis as well. Another important factor that you should consider is your hygiene. A good hygiene will help in the treatment of the illness. You should always wash your hands frequently and thoroughly. It is also important that you should get a lot of rest, eat the right kinds of food, and drink lots of fluid. If you notice the early signs and symptoms of bronchitis, you should immediately act on it and treat it in order to prevent it from worsening. With early detection, diagnosis and treatment, you can take control of your life once again and free yourself from bronchitis. Managing Bronchitis Symptoms and Knowing the Treatment Inflammation of the respiratory tract that includes the trachea and the bronchus is known as bronchitis. This may be caused by viral or bacterial infection or constant exposure to pollutants (such as smoking and air pollution). There are two kinds, acute and chronic bronchitis. Acute bronchitis usually takes place right after an infection of the upper respiratory tract has occurred like a sinus infection or the common cold. As for chronic bronchitis, there is no exact microorganism that can be pinpointed as a cause but smoking and environmental pollutants are believed to be the major culprits which then may be followed by bacterial or viral infection as the immune system becomes vulnerable. Common symptoms of both kinds of bronchitis are nasal congestion, muscle pains, fever and chills, sore throat, poor sleep, and dyspnea (common in chronic bronchitis). Basically, the symptoms of bronchitis are similar to that of the common cold. It starts with an irritation at the back of the throat and as it gets worse, cough will enter the picture which may come with phlegm. If the phlegm is streaked with blood, it is best to consult a physician. Cough is a universal symptom of bronchitis. This may be accompanied with sputum or not (dry cough). Sputum producing cough is a manifestation of an infection in the lower respiratory tract and the lungs. In acute bronchitis, cough may persist for more than fourteen days. Constant and vigorous coughing may leave the thoracic and abdominal muscles aching. Without proper medication, forceful coughing may even cause injury to the chest wall. Uncomplicated bronchitis can be easily treated at home. Commonly, bronchitis (especially acute bronchitis) is caused by a viral infection. Virus-caused bronchitis is self-limiting and may require no major treatment except to alleviate symptoms and ease discomfort. But if it is caused by bacterial infections, then antibiotics are prescribed. However, antibiotics should not be taken if bronchitis is caused by a virus. Doing so, will only be a waste of time and money. An over usage of antibiotics will only make certain types of bacteria to build resistance from the medication. Since muscle aches can be experienced through the course of the disease, anti-pain medications may be taken such as acetaminophen and aspirin. But bear in mind that an over dosage of these type of medications may cause gastric bleeding. These should be taken with a full stomach. Furthermore, aspirin is contraindicated for children and pregnant women. Aspirin is thought to be highly associated with Reye's syndrome in children, and it may cause severe bleeding in pregnant women. To ease irritation in the respiratory tract, a cool mist humidifier may be employed. Taking large amounts of liquid helps out to ease fever because it tends to cool down the body temperature. Liquid intake also thins out or liquefies the phlegm, making it easier to cough it out. Another way to loosen up the phlegm is by taking an expectorant such as quaifenesin. Further medical treatment will depend on the causative factor of bronchitis. If the patient is experiencing severe uncontrollable coughing, cough suppressants may be prescribed by the physician. But the before prescribing it, the physician will most likely test the individual to rule out other diseases. Another kind of medication is the bronchodilator. This causes the respiratory tract tissues to dilate or open up which then promotes easy passage of air to the lungs. It consequently reduces wheezing. Again, antibiotics may be used. Other than the reason of bacterial-caused infection in uncomplicated bronchitis is because individuals suffering from long term lung problems are more prone to bacteria infections because of their weakened immune systems. In later stages of chronic bronchitis, the patient may call for supplemental oxygen to assist him or her in breathing. This oxygen therapy may be given during exercise to avoid dyspnea. And the patient may as well be hospitalized if the disease has become very severe and has developed complications. To avoid further complications, patients may be required to receive an annual flu vaccine, as well as pneumococcal vaccine every five to seven years. Other medical treatments may also include mucolytic agents, antitussive medications, and alpha1 antitrypsin therapy. Other treatments that can ease the symptoms of bronchitis are the use of herbal medicines. These can be formulated as inhalants and tea. Still, consult your physician if these additional herbal medicines won't interfere with the primary treatment. Acute Bronchitis Acute bronchitis has symptoms similar to flu and lasts for a short term only. People who have viral infections may be susceptible to acute bronchitis. Acute bronchitis is contagious and usually begins by having dry cough that occurs at night. In a matter of days, the cough will progress and the person can suffer from fatigue, fever, and headache. The cough might take several weeks; but for some it might even take months because the healing process is very slow in the bronchial tubes. If you've been suffering the cough for over a month, your doctor can refer you to an ENT expert to find out if there are other causes of irritation. If your bronchial tubes are always irritated, it can lead to asthmatic conditions. With acute bronchitis, the passageways constrict because of the infection caused by a virus or bacteria. If it is caused by a bacteria, then giving the right antibiotic regimen can make the person well. You must visit your doctor to get accurate diagnosis because administering any medicine without doctor's prescription can make the disorder worse. If you experience persistent wheezing and cough, then you might have acute bronchitis. If you have constricted bronchial tubes, you can hear a wheezing sound every time you breathe. The disorder clears up after a few days but it can also last for over a week. Make sure that you take a rest and drink lots of juices or water. As a simple home remedy, you can put wet blankets and towels inside the house to increase humidity or you can opt for room humidifiers. Smokers who happen to have acute bronchitis should quit smoking to heal faster and don't make his condition even worse. Chronic Bronchitis This condition is ongoing. It can take months, or even years, for the condition to last. Due to environmental factors like exposure to smoke, fumes, odors, and dust can lead to chronic bronchitis. Chronic bronchitis has no cure; therefore patients having the condition must avoid the triggers and make considerable changes in their surrounding environment. You must be able to identify the 'triggers' and you can do this with the help of your doctor. When you consult a doctor, several laboratory tests will be performed including chest x-rays, test for pulmonary function and blood gases in the arteries, and the sputum culture. Usually, these tests are also performed for patients with acute bronchitis. Chronic bronchitis can be prevented only if you try to change some of your bad habits including smoking. Nothing beats a healthy and active lifestyle. If you practice preventive measures, then you can avoid getting bronchitis or any other illness. Acute Asthmatic Bronchitis The respiratory system is one of the most important systems in the human body. It is the part of the body that distributes oxygen throughout the body in order for it to live. Without it, the body will not be able to survive. This is why it is important for you to always take care of your respiratory system. However, there are instances where there will be a respiratory disorder. One type of respiratory illness is called bronchitis. Bronchitis is an obstructive pulmonary disorder where the bronchi of the lungs become inflamed. This particular condition is common with tobacco smokers or people living in areas where there is a high level of air pollution. One type of bronchitis is called acute bronchitis where it is considered to be a short-term bronchitis and can be treated right away. You can tell if you have acute bronchitis if you are suffering from the following signs and symptoms: * Persistent coughing with mucus * Shortness of breath (Dyspnea) * Mild fever * Fatigue * Mild chest pains * Feeling of vibration in the chest when breathing * Feeling of coldness If you are suffering from the mentioned signs and symptoms, it is recommended that you should consult your physician immediately in order for them to conduct a diagnosis. The diagnosis will include a physical examination where the physician will listen for your breathing sounds through a stethoscope. They will also have your chest X-rayed for further testing. Acute bronchitis is commonly caused by viruses infecting the lining of the bronchial tree. The virus can be the same viruses that cause colds. In rare cases, acute bronchitis can be caused by an infection of fungus in the bronchial tree. Bacterial infection is also one of the main causes of acute bronchitis. Treatment for acute bronchitis can be rather easy to do. If the bronchitis is caused by a virus, it will usually go away after a few days and signs and symptoms of bronchitis will subside. It is only required that you should get plenty of rest until the fever subsides and drink a lot of non-caffeinated and non-alcoholic drink, such as water and juices. It is recommended that you should drink at least 3 to 4 liters a day in order for you to recover faster. However, if the bronchitis is caused by bacteria, the treatment will include taking antibiotics. It is also recommended that you should increase the humidity in the environment by using room humidifiers or by simply putting wet towels and blankets around the house. In order to help the bronchial tree recover and heal faster and prevent another attack of bronchitis, it is recommended that you should stay away from polluted areas and if you are a smoker, you should cut down or quit smoking if possible or at least by not smoking inside the house. The duration of acute bronchitis is usually 10 to 12 days after the first signs and symptoms appear. It will be accompanied by cold or flu or in some cases it can come unaccompanied by other conditions. You have to remember that acute bronchitis is contagious. It is usually transmitted through coughing where the virus or bacteria will be released in the air causing someone who breathes in the virus or bacteria to get infected. It is important that whenever you need to cough, you should cover your mouth with a damp cloth to prevent most of the virus or bacteria particles from getting airborne. For some people, after the bronchitis has been treated, they will still continue coughing. However, if the coughing lasts longer than a month, it is recommended that you should consult your physician immediately as some other condition aside from the bronchitis may be causing you to cough. There are ways to prevent bronchitis. To do this, all you need to do is wash your hands thoroughly and frequently, drink lots of fluid, and get lots of rest. You have to remember that bronchitis is caused by viruses or bacteria that can be transferred from an infected area to your hands and from your hands to your lungs. Always remember that once you see the signs and symptoms associated with bronchitis, you should consult your doctor immediately in order to make a quick diagnosis of your condition and let you treat it at its early stages. Medications That Can Battle Bronchitis There are basically two kinds of bronchitis, acute and chronic bronchitis. These two may have the same last names but they vary from their causative effects and treatment prescribed to control the diseases. Acute bronchitis is a short-term illness that becomes rampant during the cold seasons. It is usually followed by a viral infection and can go together with a bacterial infection. Acute bronchitis is self-limiting which clears itself within fourteen days but the cough may continue. Like any other upper respiratory tract infections, having acute bronchitis can raise chance of developing pneumonia. People who are at risk of getting acute bronchitis are infants, very young children, and the old adults. This is due to the fact that infants and very young children still have underdeveloped immune systems, while the old adults, on the other hand, have immune systems that have become weaker due to ageing. Other group populations who are at risk are smokers and those with preexisting lung and/or heart ailments. People who are often exposed to pollution are also at risk of being afflicted with acute bronchitis. Chronic bronchitis is also an inflammation of the respiratory tract with an accompaniment of phlegm expectoration and coughing. But in chronic bronchitis, the signs ands symptoms are at hand for no less than 3 months for two successive years. Chronic bronchitis may be caused by the inhalation of respiratory airway irritants. Airway irritants may be in the form of cigarette smoking or pollution or a combination of both. Because this disease advances gradually, middle aged individuals and the elderly are expected to be diagnosed with this malady. The main objective for the treatment of both acute and chronic bronchitis is to alleviate the symptoms. For acute bronchitis, treatment consists of lots of intake of fluids, quitting smoking, taking a break, humidifying the home environment, and medications (in case of fever and pain). Acetaminophen is the most prescribed medication to fight pain and fever. Another is aspirin, but this is contraindicated for children and pregnant women due to the fact that this drug is suspected to be the cause of Reye's syndrome among children. For women, it may cause severe bleeding. Anti-cough medicines are taken when the sufferer experiences dry cough (cough without phlegm). But if the individual is experiencing cough with phlegm, then it should be left as it is and let the phlegm come out naturally. This is because if cough is suppressed and the phlegm is contained within, then it will eventually accumulate in the air passages which will cause an obstruction and may become a hotbed for dangerous microorganisms. Expectorants, on the other hand, are medications that help liquidify or thin out the thick mucus in the lungs to make it easier to cough out. Moreover, if the physician has detected a bacterial infection then an antibiotic medication may be prescribed. Intake of antibiotic medications should be done religiously as the physician ordered because any lapse may only cause the return of the disease or worse, the bacteria may produce a strain that could become immune to the medication. Antibiotic medications may include the following: * azithromycin * trimethoprim or sulfamethazole * clarithromycin * tetracycline or ampicillin * amoxicillin (for children below eight years of age due to the fact that tetracycline causes discoloration on the teeth that have not come out) As for chronic bronchitis, treatment is a bit more multifaceted than acute bronchitis. The physician would need to carefully evaluate the patient for other health problems before a treatment plan can be employed to control the disease. Including in the treatment plan are changes in lifestyle that will involve stoppage of smoking and keeping away from polluted environments. Regular exercise may also help in the control of the disease. Medications for chronic bronchitis include anti-inflammatory medications and bronchodilators. Anti-inflammatory drugs decrease the inflammation in the respiratory tract tissues. The following are commonly prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs: * Corticosteroids (i.e. prednisone, can be taken either as an oral medication or through IV) * Ipratropium (also reduces the amount of mucus produced) Meanwhile, bronchodilators help loosen up the bronchial muscles which then permits increase air flow in the respiratory passages. These can be taken in orally or by inhalation through a nebulizer (an apparatus that transport medication to the respiratory tract). Bronchodilators may include the following: * metaproterenol * albuterol With the advancement of chronic bronchitis, the individual afflicted may eventually require supplemental oxygen. And in the later stages of the disease, the patient may need to be in the hospital if he or she developed severe complications. In addition to conventional medications, herbal medicines can be also included in the treatment plan. Herbal medicines may be inhaled (like eucalyptus) or taken as tea made from mullein or Verbascum thapsus, coltsfoot or Tussilago farfara, and anise seed or Pimpinella anisum. There are numerous medications out there and it is best to consult the physician to know which drug can best help treat and/or control bronchitis. Do Not Delay: Treatment for Bronchitis An author once said that time and again medical science has demonstrated that with apt resources on proper treatment, diseases can be treated if not cured. Bronchitis can be treated if you know the proper ways to make yourself better. Such information can also be helpful for your caregiver. Treating bronchitis depends on how mild or severe the condition is. Most physicians recommend "home treatment" when you are inflicted with acute bronchitis since the illness goes away after two to three weeks. Relieve your cough. Since coughs can be annoying, you need to find ways to alleviate from coughing. The most effective action is to drink plenty of non-caffeinated fluids such as water and fruit juices. Studies show that water is the best expectorant to ease your cough as well as thin your mucus. Cough can be relieved by breathing steam from a hot shower, vaporizer or a pan of boiling water. The moist air soothes the air passageways which can help release the phlegm. If you are a smoker, it is recommended that you discontinue from smoking. Substances from a cigarette are known to be irritants which can contribute to the severity of your cough. Some foods can exacerbate your cough. Hence it is best to avoid eating spicy foods, dairy products, meat, oily and fried foods. Get enough rest. The best way to combat the symptoms of acute bronchitis is to get ample of rest. By doing so, you will be able to get as much energy you need to fight the infection. Try getting sufficient sleep. If you can't sleep due to inability to breathe well, try elevating the head of your bed. When you do that, the sinuses and nasal passages will have better drainage and it will not make a "tickle" in your throat. Keep away from heavy food intake three hours before bedtime for you to be able to sleep well. Eating hours before bedtime increases your blood sugar which makes you hard to fall asleep. Make use of nonprescription medicines. There are recommended nonprescription medicines if you have acute bronchitis. These medicines are commonly given to alleviate fever and other discomfort brought by the symptoms. 1. Acetaminophen -- this is a drug commonly used to relieve soreness of the body as well as fever. 2. Ibuprofen -- this type of drug is given to individuals to give aid to their fever. 3. Aspirin -- this is a drug usually used as an "analgesic" to reduce minor pains and body aches. However, aspirins are not recommended for use to children unless advised by their physician. If it cannot be prevented, there are suggested prescribed medications such as the following: 1. Inhaled betaz- agonists -- this type of medication is usually prescribed for the presence of chronic cough. You or a caregiver should be cautious of the potential side effects such as tenseness and trembling. 2. Antibiotics -- there are some antibiotics which are prescribed by physicians to treat individuals who are at danger to develop other complications. Chronic bronchitis usually entails long-term treatment compared to acute. Medical findings show that there is no cure for chronic bronchitis. The main objective for you to be able to treat this type of illness is to relieve you from the symptoms and to put off complications. Any substances which can irritate the respiratory tract should be avoided such as smoke from cigarettes or belches, strong scent from perfumes or colognes, dust mites, dander from pets, and fibers from fabric materials. Some physician will recommend the intake of antibiotics. However this is only suited for recurring infections. Additionally, the use of steroids such as Corticosteroids is sometimes prescribed to patients who do not act in response to recommended treatments. There are few doctors who prescribe this type of medication due to the many side effects it poses. Corticosteroid is only used when needed. If your chronic bronchitis is considered severe then you will have to undergo "oxygen therapy." This kind of therapy administers oxygen as a therapeutic modality wherein the oxygen supply is heightened. With a use of mask or nasal cannula, oxygen is being supplied to you. Being well-informed about your illness most especially its treatment will give you a lot of benefit. Read a lot about how to treat bronchitis. Most importantly, talk with your physician and do not be afraid to ask questions if there are vague explanations which you cannot understand. Allergic Bronchitis: Understanding This Illness and Ways to Treat It Today, there are millions of Americans suffering from different kinds of respiratory illnesses that can have a significant effect in the way they live their daily lives. Respiratory illnesses can vary from being acute and chronic. In acute cases, it is usually easy to treat and is only a short term illness. However, chronic conditions of respiratory illnesses are difficult to treat and can cause permanent damage to the respiratory system. There are quite a lot of different kinds of respiratory illnesses. One such respiratory illness is called allergic bronchitis. This particular illness is a type of asthmatic condition where the bronchi and the lower airway of the respiratory system is inflamed by irritants and allergens. In allergic bronchitis, asthma and respiratory allergies are present. This can cause a condition called hay fever or allergic rhinitis. Allergic bronchitis is also commonly called as allergic asthma. This particular condition is triggered by an overly active immune system that attacks harmless foreign substances that enters the body. The immune system identifies the foreign substance as dangerous and releases antibodies to fight the substance. You have to consider that allergic bronchitis is very different from non-allergic bronchitis. In non-allergic bronchitis, the main causes of the illness are usually viruses or bacteria. However, in allergic bronchitis, the main causes are allergens. Allergic bronchitis can occur as long as the person affected by this condition is exposed to the allergens. The symptoms of allergic bronchitis are shortness of breath, runny nose, red or swollen eyes, hyperventilation, rashes, tickling in throat, tight chest, persistent sneezing, coughing, headache, nausea, and other symptoms associated with asthma and allergies. There are some cases where a person is overly sensitive to allergens and can be a very dangerous situation that needs medical assistance. However, most cases are only mild to moderate suffering. You have to realize the fact that allergic bronchitis can be a very dangerous condition. In fact, people with this condition have been hospitalized or died of suffocation caused by blocked airways because of severe swelling of the tissues found in the airway. This is why it is important that you should be aware of this particular condition. Treating mild to moderate symptoms of allergic bronchitis can include taking anti histamine mediations and getting away from the allergen that caused the symptoms. It is very important that you should consult your physician immediately after you notice the mentioned signs and symptoms of allergic bronchitis. The physician may conduct some examination to determine what kind of allergen is causing the condition. They may perform some skin test where an allergen will be injected just below the skin to determine which allergen you are allergic from. Allergic bronchitis can effectively be treated by having the right information about the disease and also being informed on what kind of allergen is causing the irritation. Your physician may also recommend you to an allergist where they will able to perform a series of test of the particular allergens that causes the irritation. The allergist will also advice you on the different methods to prevent the condition from happening again. Normally, prevention of allergic bronchitis will include staying away from the allergens that causes the condition. You have to consider that allergic bronchitis may worsen during the summer months as there will be a lot of allergens available. You also have to know that pets, such as cats and dogs can also have allergens in their furs. This is why it is important that you should bathe your pet frequently to wash off the allergens caught in the fur. Allergic bronchitis can be easily managed. However, you should consider the fact that if you have this condition, you should always be careful as it can be dangerous. Also, you need to consider that you should always take some anti histamine medications with you wherever you go out. You will never know when and where you will come across an allergen that can trigger the symptoms of allergic bronchitis. By carefully managing allergic bronchitis, you will be able to live a normal and productive life. Learn more about this condition by visiting your local allergist or your physician and ask them about it. You can be sure that they will provide you with all the information you need about allergic bronchitis. Salt Therapy, a Natural Cure for Bronchitis Many illnesses annoy millions of people around the globe. Getting sick is very costly especially nowadays. Medicines are expensive, especially those that are used for treatment regimens. And it's very sad to note that not all individuals are capable of paying their medical bills. In fact, many people die from different illnesses because they don't have enough money to pay for consultation fees or even buy medicine. Usually, the government offers health programs for the needy. You can search your locality for institutions or organizations that offer free medical services to less fortunate people. Sometimes, taking a lot of medications can be harmful to the body. And that is probably why many people resort to going back to natural cures. Bronchitis, together with other respiratory diseases can be cured using the natural way. Have you heard of Halotherapy? This is also called salt therapy or speleotherapy. In Europe, this therapy is highly documented. In the early part of the 19th century, speleotherapy was practiced in salt mines. And today, specialists are trying to replicate speleotherapy by using dry aerosol salt particles and minerals. These things are utilized to treat various types of respiratory diseases. People who worked in salt mines don't get lung diseases, and this was noticed by Felix Botchkowski. He was a health official who wrote a book about salt dust during the 18th century. He had a successor named M. Poljakowski who founded his own Salt Spa near Krakow. In World War II, salt mines were used as shelters; and it was noted that people suffering from asthma felt better there. As of today, salt sanatoriums can be found in Hungary, Austria, Romania, Poland, Russia, and European countries. Salt therapy is a non-invasive and non-drug treatment of respiratory diseases including bronchitis. Drug therapy has its own advantages as well as disadvantages, and for people who want to stick with the natural means can make use of salt therapy. Medical researchers from Soviet Union are developing physical therapies to cut down on medicine costs and avoid side effects. Presently, Russia leads the development of physical therapies. A lot of clinical trials focused on salt therapy to treat chronic bronchitis and asthma. It is even proven clinically that salt therapy is very effective in treating all respiratory tract disorders. The major cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide are respiratory diseases. Drug therapies usually have palliative effects; and drugs with steroids or corticoids have considerable side effects. And so there is a great need for a natural cure like salt therapy. Here is a list of countries that acknowledge the use and effectiveness of salt therapy: - Romania - Poland - Germany - Austria - Armenia - Bulgaria - Hungary - Belarus - Russia - Ukraine - Slovenia These countries believe that salt therapy is a very important treatment fro chronic bronchitis and other respiratory diseases. It works well if you're taking a medication or not and there are no side effects. Asthmatic patients and pregnant women can use the therapy. In European countries, salt therapy is usually covered by public medical systems, making it easier for the less fortunate to avail of the therapy at a minimal or no cost at all. The salinity differs from one sanatorium to another. There are also salt lakes with different salinity ranging from 9g per 1 to 320g to 1. Now, it is possible to have the natural cure even in your own homes. An inventor from Romania developed a certain device that can reproduce salt therapy in a home environment. This device is very convenient and affordable. People having bronchitis and other respiratory diseases can hope for a better and natural way of treating their condition at home. The device is called air salinizer that uses natural salt. Using salt therapy does not entail any risk and can be adapted to your living space. But remember, natural cures are not substitutes for any medical treatment. Consult your doctor first. Natural cures like salt therapy can greatly improve the life of a patient having bronchitis. With it, you can reduce antibiotics, steroids or corticoids, and decrease hospitalizations. This is an alternative that you might want to try yourself. If your medications are not enough to address bronchitis and other respiratory diseases, then you can try the natural cure. Bronchitis Talk: When It Hits Your Child Bronchitis is an illness which scares most parents since it is after all an inflammation of the bronchi in a person's lungs. However, most physicians would advise parents or caregivers to calm down since according to medical findings bronchitis is not a chronic illness in children. Although bronchitis is not a chronic illness in children, it is still important for parents or caregivers to acquire knowledge about the said illness. By doing so, you will be well-equipped during times of bronchitis attacks. Bronchitis is a condition wherein the air passages amid the lungs and the nose swell due to a viral infection. It affects the bronchi. The bronchi are tubes wherein air passes through into and out of the lungs. There are times that the tracheas and windpipe is also affected by the inflammation. There are two types of bronchitis -- acute and chronic. Acute bronchitis is most common to children than the chronic one. Usually chronic bronchitis appears to adult especially those who are heavy smokers and are prone to inhale chemical substances. Acute Bronchitis Acute bronchitis is most common during the winter season which usually strikes children. Some viruses attack the lining of the bronchial tree which leads to an infection. Swelling heightens because the body combats with the viruses. When there is more swelling, it produces more mucus. Your child will more likely develop acute bronchitis if the virus which causes the said illness is inhaled from the air he breathes or can be passed on by other people with a cough. Your child is likely to develop acute bronchitis if he breathes in the said viruses. If you observe that your child has runny nose which starts before a cough do, has slight fever, experiences pain at the back and muscle area, has sore throat, getting chills and malaise then he is most likely suffering from acute bronchitis. During the onset of acute bronchitis, your child will have a dry and unproductive cough which will later on develop into a copious cough filled with mucus. There are times that some children vomit or gag as they cough. Upon observation of the above-mentioned symptoms, it is recommended that you bring your child to his physician. Acute bronchitis is initially detected by obtaining the child's medical history and performing a physical examination of the child. Furthermore to verify the said illness the following tests can be done: * Blood tests * X-ray on Chest * Lung Tests * Pulse Oximetry * Sputum cultures A child with acute bronchitis will get well if you ask him to get a good rest. Eating a well-balanced meal and drinking a lot of non-caffeinated fluids will also be helpful. Another helpful cure is to improve the humidity within your surroundings. There are times that some physician recommends asthma-related medications. This helps release mucus inside the bronchi tubes. The said medications are usually accompanied with an inhaler. Analgesics can be given to a child to relieve his fever as well as the discomfort he is feeling. Parents or caregivers must be cautious not to give aspirin to a child suffering from bronchitis since it can lead to severe illness such as Reye's syndrome. Additionally, antihistamines should also be prevented since it can worsen your child's cough. So that your child will not have recurring acute bronchitis, it is advised that you inform your child to regularly wash his hands. It is recommended that you keep your child away from smokes coming from cigarettes or belches. Chronic Bronchitis Chronic bronchitis is the second type of the said illness. It usually appears after a continuing irritation of the bronchial tubes. Bronchitis is referred to as "chronic" when symptoms persist by more than three months. Studies show that there are fewer cases of chronic bronchitis in children compared to acute bronchitis. Bronchitis in children will be chronic if symptoms are not treated well. Bronchitis should be properly treated since it can lead to serious illness such as pneumonia. When your child experiences cold or cough, do not let it pass by thinking that things will all be well. It is better to give immediate aid to a child with colds or cough for it may lead to bronchitis. Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema Handbook: A Guide to a Healthy Living "The Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema Handbook" was written by Francois Haas and Shiela Sperber Haas. Both authors are gifted scientists besides being compassionate people. This handbook is a bestseller in terms of guiding patients who suffer from emphysema and bronchitis. Thus, revision and expansion were done to provide the most recent information. These diseases are discussed in a way that patients can easily understand. Proper care of bronchitis and emphysema are also posted. Through this handbook, patients can restore their vitality and improve their relationship towards other people. The authors of this handbook provide facts and useful information on finding the appropriate treatment and obtaining its full advantages. Clearly written and helpful, find out what are the contents of The Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema Handbook. Tips are provided on finding the best doctor. The treatment options which are very important to patients are thoroughly discussed. You will never worry about HMO's since guidelines on dealing with them are also provided. Companies providing supplemental oxygen are listed. Even new techniques of surgery are posted to give patients wider options on how technological advances can help treat their diseases. Anxiety and stress management are included so that patients never lose hope. Preventing symptoms of bronchitis and emphysema are incorporated to improve the quality of life of the patients. The accessibility of their wide helpful resources either by web or phone is easy. You can also read newsletters from experts keeping you informed of the latest developments associated with bronchitis and emphysema. However, before purchasing this handbook, it is better to read some consumer's review. In this way, you will have an idea of how useful and effective it is. - Some people find this handbook very repugnant. It contains grim and frightening illustrations. Thus the wicked line drawings of "blue bloater" and "pink puffer" looks like depiction of the dark ages regarding hell. People with COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) never denied the fact that they are going to face death younger than their cohorts. - Those who are more than fifty five years old may feel that hopes are robbed from them. This handbook failed to encourage them to lead worthwhile lives. Instead they suggest reading "courage books" offering stories of dignity, capability to cope, and hope. - A licensed psychotherapist who read the entire book never recommends it. Some contents associated with facing anxiety and depression may damage the patients psychologically. - Some medical doctors find this handbook a very useful tool. It is because COPD is clearly discussed in plain English. In fact, COPD sufferers can easily learn and understand facts about the disease. This is appropriate for COPD dummies. - Some people have given their testimonials how this handbook has helped them a lot. One reviewer said that the breathing exercises found in this handbook helped his father with serious emphysema condition. His father's heart failed to function so the doctors let him breathe through an oxygen tank to keep his heart out of fibulation. But after doing the exercises, his condition slowly becomes better until oxygen is not anymore needed. - The 1990 handbook edition helped one of the patients who were diagnosed with emphysema. He even considered this handbook superb since it immediately toured him and learn about emphysema taking away his ignorance. The firm foundation of the handbook is the posted break through in medical advances. It includes herbal therapy and LVRS or Lung Volume Reduction Surgery. Changes in the practices associated with health insurance ensure that COPD patients can still get the best quantity and quality of treatment. Living with COPD can be the most overwhelming and exhausting burden. Patients as well as their caregivers may continually live in fear of air running out, their abilities prematurely dwindle, and struggle in their fragility. Some people who are close with people with bronchitis and emphysema are usually depressed, angry, and frightened. However, doctors are treating their COPD patients in the best way possible. But the problem is that many doctors only focus on the medical aspects of treating COPD rather than giving rehabilitation. The Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema Handbook can help people with COPD as well as their families to achieve a more realistic perspective of the disease. This can allow them to live calmly and confidently although they have chronic bronchitis or emphysema. Battling with the Cough Symptoms in Chronic Bronchitis Coughing, most often, is the onset symptom of bronchitis. Being knowledgeable on matters regarding coughing can be most helpful in combating bronchitis especially chronic bronchitis. A cough is an abrupt, frequently recurring contraction of the "thoracic cavity," which results in an aggressive discharge of air from the lungs that comes with a distinguishing sound. When the air passages in your body are irritated, a cough takes place to do away with the irritants. Causes of Cough There are two reasons why cough occurs -- physiological and psychological. The psychological aspect of cough is termed as "habitual coughing." In a medical perspective it is referred to as "steruphilia" wherein an individual loves the sound of coughing or sneezing that is why he practices the said condition. On the other hand, there is also a physiological reason why cough is evident to humanity. The "vagus nerve" which flows through the lungs into the brain has a major role in the physiological act of coughing. Under this type, the following are broken down into sub-causes: * Infection -- the presence of bacteria, virus from a common cold or fungus triggers humanity to develop a cough. * External factors -- cough is evident when an individual is allergic to irritants such as dust, smoke from cigarettes or belches, pollens and some medicinal drugs. * Internal factors -- as diseases in heart, ear, sinuses especially in the lungs progresses it causes a person to cough. Types of Cough 1. Dry cough Dry cough or sometimes termed as non-productive cough is described to be arid, stiff and exasperating. Apart from being bothersome, dry cough gives you a wearing and strenuous time. 2. Chesty coughs Chesty coughs are commonly known as "productive coughs." The common cause of this type of cough is infection from a virus or bacteria. Phlegm is being taken away from the respiratory channels so that unwanted mucus and germs can be eradicated in the body. By doing so, your breathing will be normalized. Effects of Cough in Chronic Bronchitis There are a lot of consequences if cough is persistent and productive especially if you have chronic bronchitis. When you cough you will experience any of the following: * There is aggravation in the "anus" which can worsen piles or crevices from within it. * Headache oftentimes occur with persistent or aggressive coughing. * Stomach-strain heightens which may lead to "hernia" or "scrotal sac." * There is increased pressure in your chest. Having so, "air emphysema" may occur. With the above-mentioned consequences, it is best to know important ways for coughing to be reduced. 1. Medical studies show that smoking is the main culprit for the development of chronic bronchitis. Hence, if you are a smoker, it is highly recommended for you to stop smoking. Breathing for you will be easy if you decide to stop smoking. It is not only cough that will be reduced but you will have better lungs as well by putting an end to smoking cigarettes. 2. If you are a non-smoker yet you encounter people around you smoking, it is best to stay away from them because according to some medical findings secondhand smoking is more serious than firsthand smoking. 3. You need to avoid irritants. Some common irritants which can worsen cough are aerosol products, fumes from chemical substances and dust. 4. When there is a high possibility that you will be exposed to irritants, it is a must for you to wear masks so that there is less chance for you to breathe those. A visit to your physician is recommended for you to recognize the type of cough you have. The physician will also tell you if your cough is associated with chronic bronchitis or a symptom of other illnesses. Moreover, it is he who will tell you the means and ways for you to treat as well as prevent the cough you have. There is no need for you to delay a consultation with your physician. Cliche, as it may be "the sooner: the better." To some, coughing is but an ordinary illness. However, no one can tell when cough is mild or fatal. When health is being talked about, you need to be extremely concern about it for life is just but once. Treating Acute Bronchitis and the Use of Antibiotics Around twenty million prescriptions for infections of the respiratory tract are written every year. The common diagnoses include URIs, otitis media, pharyngitis, sinusitis, and acute bronchitis; and take note, this is happening in the US alone. If you try to combine all prescriptions around the world, perhaps it can reach to billions. Studies have shown that around 70% of adults and children diagnosed with acute bronchitis receive unnecessary antibiotics. Some clinical studies were documented showing primary care physicians prescribing antibiotics though literature suggests non-prescription of antibiotics in the case of acute bronchitis. At present, there are a growing number of patients developing antibiotic resistance. Experts in the field of infectious disease claim that the scenario is rapidly increasing and that it is because of the unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions made by the physicians. If this kind of approach is duplicated over and over again, the entire world will be gravely affected. Adult patients with acute bronchitis but with no underlying pathology are very much different from patients having COPD. The latter is usually treated with antibiotics. Since most cases of acute bronchitis are caused by viral infections, antibiotic therapy is not recommended. Viral bronchitis is characterized by purulent sputum which definitely indicates that there is no bacterial infection. With the right supportive care, acute bronchitis will disappear in a maximum period of seven days. If symptoms worsen after seven days, this is still considered as a non-viral course of action, but the patient can already use antibiotics. Most patients with acute bronchitis complain about their non-productive and annoying cough. Physicians usually give aerosolized bronchodilators to reduce coughing. Normal patients are allowed to use bronchodilators for a couple of days. Not all patients need antibiotics, especially in the case of bronchitis. There are however, certain exceptions to the use of antibiotics. Here are some of the situations: 1. Ten days of protracted cough -- only a small number of patients having viral bronchitis develop protracted cough; and if a 48 hour trial using bronchodilator does not show cough relief, the prescription of an antibiotic is quite reasonable. The pathogens causing the protracted cough can include mycoplasma pneumoniae, bordetella pertussis, and Chlamydia pneumoniae. The pathogens mentioned are vulnerable to antibiotics such as macrolide. The most commonly prescribed antibiotic is azithromycin because it only has few side effects compared to erythromycin. You will be prescribed to continue with azithromycin for at least five days which can cost around $38. 2. Bronchitis patients with aggravating symptoms. If this is the case, the patient must be re-evaluated for possible bacterial infection. Remember that acute bronchitis is a viral infection that disappears after five to seven days; and if you observe that the symptoms are getting worse, you must tell your doctor immediately. 3. Patients with underlying cystic fibrosis and COPD. Patients having cystic fibrosis tend to have staphylococcus aureus, otherwise known as gram-negative infections. Patients with COPD often need antibiotic to treat haemophilus influenzae and streptococcus pneumoniae. 4. A viral influenza outbreak can complicate how acute bronchitis is treated. This is important when the flu season begins. During this season, bacterial complications are common among adults. And if your acute bronchitis worsens after seven to ten days, you might be given an antibiotic. These are four special cases when acute bronchitis can be given antibiotics, but under normal conditions, the prescription of these drugs must not be made. Educating the patient is a very important matter. They often have misconceptions as to the use of antibiotics. Physicians and doctors should show their expertise and since they are the ones equipped with the right knowledge, they must educate their patients in the proper use of antibiotics. Try to tell them that not all illnesses or diseases require the use of antibiotics. Once your patients are aware of this important fact, they may not ask for any antibiotic, not unless the situation calls for its use. As patients, you should not expect an antibiotic prescription every time you visit the doctor. Be thankful if antibiotics are not required because you can cut your medicine costs. Instead, you can use the money to buy vitamins that will make your body strong and healthy to avoid diseases such as acute bronchitis. Cause of Bronchitis and Tests Done To Determine It The most common disease associated with respiratory system is bronchitis. It is often accompanied by a cold or flu and affects people regardless of age. If your immune system is weak or you are a chain smoker, then you are greatly exposed to develop chronic bronchitis. In few cases, developing asthmatic bronchitis is also possible. Smoking is considered to be a serious cause of bronchitis which can lead to other complications like pneumonia. The substances found in cigarettes as well other tobacco causes bronchial tubes irritation. Environmental pollution and exposures to chemicals can also lead to developing chronic bronchitis. In addition, second-hand smokes as shown in some studies can also cause chronic bronchitis. Mostly, chronic bronchitis is diagnosed among metal molders, grain handlers, coal miners, and other dust-related occupation. Symptoms of chronic bronchitis worsen if air pollutants and sulfur dioxide also increases. However, bronchitis is brought about by viruses. Within a few days, these viruses may disappear without medications. If bacteria is the cause of bronchitis, then antibiotics is needed to completely overcome it. Bronchitis can either be chronic or acute. Acute bronchitis generates extreme symptoms. It normally clears up immediately if viruses caused it. Chronic bronchitis produces milder symptoms but later on can aggravate. This is often persistent with recidivating character. Chronic bronchitis requires continuous treatment to prevent symptoms from recurring. Bronchitis manifests different symptoms including coughs, breath shortness, soreness, discomfort, excessive mucus production, headache, wheezing, chest pain, and fever. Fever is present due to bacteria infections posing any possible complications. Among the COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases) illnesses, bronchitis mostly affects more people. And despite its large affected population, it is usually misdiagnosed. Insufficient clinical examination can misinterpret bronchitis with allergies, asthma, and sinusitis. The doctor will ask your medical background which includes pervious and recent smoking habits. Your endurance is also questioned whether or not it is easy for you to climb stairs or walk a long distance. Using a stethoscope, the doctor will examine your chest and back and listen to your normal breathing. In this way, signs of bronchitis can be determined. However, the best way to confirm the presence and seriousness of bronchitis is to undergo PFT or pulmonary function tests. Keep in mind that these tests can be done if causes are known. It includes: 1. Spirometry. An instrument called spirometer is utilized to measure the air inhaled and exhaled from your lungs. Air volumes are measured to determine the ability of your lungs to hold and exhale air. 2. Peak flow meter. It measures the PEFR (peak expiratory flow rate). PEFR is the maximum quantity of air that you can exhale upon forced exhalation. 3. Chest x-ray. This is suggested by a doctor to know if pneumonia problems are present. Mild x-ray changes can be a sign of chronic bronchitis. 4. ABG (arterial blood gas) test. This determines the amount of carbon dioxide and oxygen in your blood. A blood is drawn from your artery. The procedure can make you very uncomfortable. Analysis of your blood gas is useful if oxygen therapy can be advised in case your blood oxygen is very low. 5. Additional tests are necessary if other problems related to your health are involved. If infections are present, sputum and blood tests as well as cultures are conducted to determine the causes of infections. There are different factors when considering treatments for bronchitis. If it is not caused by bacteria, unblocking the obstruction from the airways is done. Medical treatments inhaled medications helpful in unblocking the air passages of your respiratory tract. Bronchodilators are widely used for asthmatic bronchitis and chronic bronchitis. Bronchitis inflamed the bronchial tubes, mucous membrane, and other tissues and organs associated with the breathing process. Once these fragile organs of the respiratory get irritated and inflamed, excessive mucus is produced so that external agents such as irritants and dusts cannot penetrate. Excess mucus clogs the air passage and blocks the air from going into the lungs. This is the time when a person experiences cough, wheezing, or breathing difficulty. Basically, bronchitis is not easy to diagnose. It is because its symptoms are also present in other respiratory diseases such as asthma and sinusitis. But these careful laboratory analyses and physical examinations help a lot. The Difference between Viral and Bacterial Bronchitis People suffer from illnesses or diseases due to viruses and bacteria; but sometimes, environmental factors also play an important role in triggering such illnesses. When a person becomes ill, his life is naturally affected. And this includes his relationship with his family, colleagues, and friends. That is why, may experts stress the need for a healthy lifestyle in order to prevent these illnesses. Inflammation of your bronchial tubes is a condition called bronchitis. This illness can be caused by viral infections, bacterial, and allergens. There is a great difference between a viral bronchitis and a bacterial bronchitis. Most people may not be able to distinguish between the two, and only a professional can evaluate and diagnose a person's condition. The most common cause of bronchitis is viral infection. If the bronchitis is viral in nature, you may experience several symptoms like wheezing, burning pain, difficulty in breathing, headache and other symptoms. Bronchitis caused by viruses is not that serious, and can disappear without medications. Usually, home remedies are enough to relieve bronchitis symptoms. If the illness is caused by a virus, you may only have mild fever and you don't feel that sick. You might cough up with little or even no mucus at all. While with bacterial bronchitis, you will have higher fever and cough (with discolored, dark, and thick mucus). Bronchitis can become serious if you're suffering from another disease like asthma, cystic fibrosis, or COPD. If this is the case, home treatments are not enough. Your doctor knows the right treatment suited for your condition. By performing the necessary physical examination and considering your symptom's history, an accurate diagnosis can be obtained. If you're only suffering from a mild condition, using the stethoscope is enough to examine your lungs, but with severe or prolonged symptoms, the best way is to have your chest x-rayed. Treatment of bronchitis also differs between one that is caused by a virus and that of bacteria. Viral bronchitis can be resolved without undergoing any treatment. But this doesn't mean that you will take your condition for granted. You can do simple things like increasing your fluid intake; this helps in reducing congestion especially when you have fever. You must also take a rest and if you feel muscle pains, you can use acetaminophen. If you can't withstand the symptoms, you can purchase cough expectorants and suppressants to thin the mucus. Having a steamy shower can also open your airways thereby allowing mucus expulsion. If you're bronchitis is caused by bacteria, your doctor will usually prescribe an antibiotic like erythromycin, tetracycline, and amoxicillin. The antibiotic prescribed is dependent on the type of bacterial infection. You can experience side effects such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. There are certain bacteria that are resistant to drugs, and just recently, FDA approved a drug suited for these kinds of bacteria. The drug is called gemiflaoxacin mesylate. This is a tablet that needs to be taken orally once a day for five days. If you use this drug, you may experience rashes, diarrhea, and nausea. Remember that a viral bronchitis can't be treated with antibiotics because your condition might become worse. Don't just use any medication without consulting first with your doctor to ensure that you're on the safe side. It is essential that you rest to make exertion of the mucus easier. Later on, you can do cardio respiratory exercises moderately as this can help regain the normal functions of your lungs, and expel remaining mucus. A good way to avoid viral and bacterial bronchitis is to have good hygiene. Getting immunizations can also lessen the risk of getting bronchitis. Make sure that you also avoid cigarettes, smoke, fumes, and other environmental factors that might trigger bronchitis. This way, your lungs can filter the pollutants easily. You can get sick every now and then especially if you have many unhealthy habits and if you live in a polluted environment; and this can happen whether you like or not. This is the sad reality that many people have to bear. Strive to be healthy and while you're alive and kicking, try to save some money so that in the event you get sick, you can handle the medical costs without worrying. Acute Bronchitis: Knowing About the Different Signs and Symptoms There are quite a lot of people living today who are suffering from different kinds of respiratory illnesses. You have to consider that your respiratory health is one of the most important factors that you should consider. Many people have been disabled by chronic respiratory illnesses where the main cause is that they tend to neglect early signs and symptoms of the disease when it develops and becomes severe. One kind of disease that is commonly neglected by people is called bronchitis. This particular disease is common in infants and children where their immune system is still at the developing stages. Tobacco smokers and people living in areas where there is a high level of air pollution is also commonly affected by bronchitis. Acute bronchitis is a respiratory illness where the bronchial tree is infected by either a virus or bacteria or in rare cases, fungus. 95% of acute bronchitis is caused by viral infection where no special treatment is necessary. The treatment for acute bronchitis that is caused by viral infection only consists of getting a lot of rest, drinking a lot of water or juices during the duration of the infection. In bacterial infection, antibiotics are usually needed along with the basic treatments. If it is possible, it is recommended that the humidity in the house should be increased by using room humidifiers or by placing wet towels and blankets around the house. Acute bronchitis, if properly treated, can last up to 10 to 12 days only and are usually followed by flu or cold. Sometimes, coughing can last for two to three weeks or during the duration of the healing process of the bronchioles. However, if the cough still persists, it is recommended that you should consult your physician immediately because there may be other conditions that is affecting your body. If acute bronchitis is left untreated, it can develop into chronic bronchitis where the disease can remain in long duration that can last up to 3 months to 2 years. Chronic bronchitis has permanent damages into your respiratory system. This is why it is important that you should know all about bronchitis and the signs and symptoms associated with it. If you neglect the signs and symptoms of acute bronchitis, it will develop into chronic bronchitis that can cause permanent damage in your respiratory system and can interfere with your normal movements and activities. The signs and symptoms associated with acute bronchitis will include shortness of breath, mild pain on chest, mild case of fever, persistent coughing with mucus, chills, tightness in the chest, wheezing, and headache. As you can see, the symptoms associated with acute bronchitis have similar symptoms associated with the common cold disease. This is why it is important that if you experience the mentioned signs and symptoms, you should immediately consult your physician about it. They will conduct a series of test that will include physical examination by listening to your breathing through a stethoscope and chest X-rays. Laboratory tests will also include examination of your mucus to determine whether you have acute bronchitis caused by virus, bacteria, or fungus infection. During the recovery phase in acute bronchitis, it is important that you should stop smoking if you are a smoker, or avoid inhaling cigarette or tobacco smoke blown by smokers. It is also recommended that you should install air purifiers inside your home in order to breathe clean air. Acute bronchitis is also easy to prevent. By constantly washing your hands and by quitting smoking, you will be able to maintain your respiratory health and avoid getting infected by viruses and bacteria that causes acute bronchitis. Always remember that acute bronchitis is treatable. As soon as the signs and symptoms show up, you should consult your doctor about it. You have to consider that it may not be a simple cold that you are suffering from but acute bronchitis. By taking the necessary precautions and by knowing about the signs and symptoms of acute bronchitis, you will be able to prevent it from getting worse and let it develop into chronic bronchitis. By effectively managing the illness and with the proper treatment, you can be sure that you will never have to suffer from chronic bronchitis. How long is Bronchitis Contagious? Get Rid from the Anxiety of Contagiousness Brought By Bronchitis Bronchitis is the swelling of the bronchial tubes, otherwise known as the airways. These airways are the windpipes that directly connect to the lungs. Bronchitis happens when there is an irritation that occurs in the bronchial tubes. Next to the irritation, the formation of thick mucus will soon follow. Hence, the air passage will be blocked by the mucus, leading to difficulty in breathing. Bronchitis can be identified into two types: acute and chronic. The acute bronchitis is normally an illness that lasts for a short period of time. Usually, this is caused by severe cold. But most often, this is triggered by the viral infections. Acute bronchitis is characterized by the pain in the middle of the chest, cough that comes with green sputum. Fever might also happen, and a slight difficulty in breathing might also occur. The Chronic bronchitis on the other hand is identified with a cough that produces mucus. And this lasts for longer period of time as compared to the acute bronchitis. The sufferers of bronchitis are also identified to suffer from different level of breathing difficulty. These sufferers may also have the possibility to attain lung infections sometimes. Hence, the breathing difficulty is worsen. There are certain occasions where chronic bronchitis is termed as "chronic obstructive lung disease" and "chronic obstructive airways disease." From the terms themselves, the problem can already be identified -- difficulty in air circulation that goes in and out of the lungs. Now, the question comes, is bronchitis contagious? The answer is yes. Bronchitis is extremely contagious. The virus can be transmitted by the means of cough, sneeze, and yes, even by simply touching the things that has been touched by the person infected. Bronchitis, basically, is the swelling of the bronchia, thus, it is not contagious. However, as the bacteria starts to form, the disease then is contagious the moment the bacteria was emitted into the air. In fact, there are already several affected people who confessed that they had the disease when they had a close contact with the infected person. Now, the question is how long is bronchitis contagious? According to the medical experts, the length of time of the disease contagiousness actually depends on the cause and type of the person's bronchitis. For a person who suffers from bronchitis, it is suggested for him to visit and consult to a medical specialist of respiratory and pulmonary to assure whether he is already contagious and until when will it last. It is advisable for the infected person to consult to a medical specialist when bronchitis tends to occur, if not, it may possibly lead to pneumonia. Both the acute and chronic bronchitis have the threat to become contagious. Even the healthy person is not safe from the attacks of acute bronchitis. This is because of the viral infection. These viral infections can be transmitted from one person to other through indirect and direct contact. However, the spread of bronchitis can still be avoided. The affected person only needs to maintain a healthy hygiene by regularly washing his hands and by using hand sanitizers afterwards. Most importantly, the affected person should cover his mouth whenever he is coughing. Hence, the possibility of transmitting the disease is reduced. People who suffer from asthma may also develop an acute bronchitis. Such circumstance reduces the risk of acute bronchitis to be contagious. It is the effect whenever the acute bronchitis acts as a complication of a certain disease. To totally eliminate the risk of spreading the disease, it is best to cure it. Antibiotic are not regarded as an effective way to treat acute bronchitis. This is because bronchitis is caused by viral infection. Only an ample amount of rest, an extra liquids intake, and a non-prescription medicine for cough are the suggested effective treatment for acute bronchitis. The antibiotic are only prescribe by the doctors whenever there is the presence of bacterial infection. Antibiotic will then serve to lessen the risk of secondary infection. For the asthmatics, the doctor may recommend a medication for asthma, most likely an inhaler. These medications will widen the contracted lung airways. Knowing the Difference between Bronchitis and Pneumonia Bronchitis and pneumonia is not synonymous. However, both are diseases affecting the lower respiratory system. Typically, it affects the airways going to the lungs, so it is imperative that a person should learn the major differences of the diseases to have a better understanding. A severe lung infection is called pneumonia. The alveoli are filled with other liquid and pus. Thus the normal flow of oxygen is blocked. The blood is then getting less amounts of oxygen. In the absence of oxygen in your body, the cells fail to work properly. Proper treatment should be given, because less supply of oxygen and widespread infection can lead to death. There are several factors which cause pneumonia, but the major cause of pneumonia is bacteria. The symptoms may include a headache, severe fatigue, loss of appetite, excessive sweating, skin is clammy when touched, and some degree of confusion. - Streptococcus pneumoniae is a bacterium affecting twenty to sixty percent of adults and thirteen to thirty percent of children. This type of pneumonia is considered as community-acquired. Streptococcus classified as Group A or streptococcus pyogenes also causes pneumonia. - Staphylococcus aureus is responsible for acquired pneumonias in hospitals affecting ten to fifteen percent of people. This is often linked with patients having a weak immune system and viral influenza. - Another bacteria present in cases of community-acquired pneumonias, people having chronic lung diseases, and children having cystic fibrosis is the gram-negative bacteria. - Viral causes include RSV (respiratory syncytial virus), HPV (human parainfluenza virus), SARS (severe acute respiratory distress syndrome), herpesviruses, influenza, and adenoviruses. There are several types of pneumonia which you should also learn. - Bacterial organisms cause atypical pneumonias including the walking pneumonia. A mild symptom like dry cough is apparent. However, hospital care is not needed. - Aspiration pneumonia is a condition wherein the bacteria are present in the mouth. It is harmless if it stays there. But if gag reflex weakens, bacteria can penetrate your lungs causing the infection. - Opportunistic pneumonia is harmless as long as the immune system is healthy. It can be harmful for people with vulnerable immune systems especially to illness and infection. - Regional and occupational pneumonias are caused by exposure to chemicals. People who are exposed to cattle are at high risk of getting pneumonia due to anthrax. Bronchitis is a disease affecting the bronchi. It is responsible for carrying the air from your trachea into your lungs. Inflammation due to irritation and infection can damage the cells on the bronchi areas. Normally, these cells contain cilia which remove and trap foreign particles that you breathe every day. Blockage of the cilia causes obstruction on the airways increasing the irritation since the debris cannot easily flow. Mucus is then produced resembling to that of a cough. It makes the airways more vulnerable to infection and damages the tissue if irritation continues. Bronchitis has two types. - Acute bronchitis can last for ten days. This is often accompanied by a severe flu or cold. Take note, bronchitis can start without any infection. - Chronic bronchitis can last for three months or above. The symptoms are recurrent. So it must be always checked because it can threaten your life. This condition may also occur from a series attacks of acute bronchitis. It may also gradually develop because of inhaling dirty air or heavy smoking. Viruses affect approximately ninety percent of people with acute bronchitis. Other cases are caused by repetitive exposures to irritants including smoke. This may develop chronic bronchitis. Using antibiotic is not effective because it cannot eradicate irritants or viral illnesses. It can only be effective with bacterial diseases. Moreover, you should never be confused of an asthma which produces significant amounts of cough and little wheezing. Often it is misdiagnosed as acute bronchitis. The therapies that are most effective in treating bronchitis is being patient, avoid irritants, and maintain good nutrition. Some cases of viral bronchitis can last from eight to twelve weeks. Chronic bronchitis which is considered severe causes bronchi dilation. This makes the condition more susceptible to bacterial and severe infections caused by drugs. It is very important to determine the differences between pneumonia and bronchitis. Health is very important thus proper diagnosis is essential for acquiring proper treatment. Significant Facts about Asthmatic Bronchitis In the beginning, very few illnesses and diseases were known, people would suffer from different ailments mysterious to them. As time passed, the number of diseases cropping up continued to increase. Millions of people acquire illnesses at some point in their lives; from common colds, coughs, to cancers and heart ailments. Though these illnesses or diseases have medications, it's still best to stay healthy. Prevention is still better than cure, as many people always say. Perhaps you've heard about bronchitis. This is the irritation and inflammation of a human's bronchial tubes and adjacent tissues and organs involved in the breathing process. Bronchial tubes filter the air before it reaches the lungs, and are covered with hair-like things called cilia. Prolonged exposure to irritants can break the defenses thereby causing infection and inflammation. Asthmatic bronchitis is similar to bronchitis. This is a disease associated with the airways. If you have chronic bronchitis, it can develop into asthmatic bronchitis. This type of disease is quite difficult to identify and diagnose. The generated symptoms exhibited by an individual having asthmatic bronchitis are similar to other respiratory tract illnesses such as asthma, bronchitis, sinusitis, and emphysema. Bronchial hyperactivity, immunologic abnormalities, and severe childhood infections can cause asthmatic bronchitis. Individuals suffering from serious chronic bronchitis and persistent asthma are susceptible to asthmatic bronchitis. Bacterial infections lead to chronic bronchitis; but with asthmatic bronchitis, small particles that passes though the cilia in the bronchial tubes triggers this disease; the airways and bronchial tubes become obstructed. Mucus is produced by the bronchial tubes to cover the trachea, lungs, and soft tissues involved in the breathing process. Due to irritants, the bronchial tubes produce an excessive amount of mucus thereby blocking air access. Constant blocking of the tract is a common occurrence among patients having asthmatic bronchitis. Prolonged smoking and exposure to irritants, pollutants, and toxins can lead to asthmatic bronchitis especially if the person already has chronic bronchitis. The reason behind this is still unknown according to experts; but they claim that some environmental factors influence such condition. Symptoms - wheezing - cough - difficulty breathing - chest discomfort - pain and soreness - increased infection vulnerability Individuals suffering from asthma exhibit the same symptoms, but those that have asthmatic bronchitis experience them in higher intensities. Treatment includes bronchodilators, antibiotics, and steroids. You must be warned that these treatments are not that effective in treating the causes of the disease. Inhaled medicines and bronchodilators provide only temporary amelioration to symptoms because the airways are cleared. Improvement can be seen after an ongoing treatment. Treatments - Oral corticosteroids like prednisolone tablets - Symptom controller like salmeterol - Oral antibiotics - Preventer-medication or anti-inflammatory like fluticasone - Reliever medications or bronchodilation like salbutamol Doctors will advice patients with asthmatic bronchitis to avoid irritants like dust, pollen, smoke, alcohol vapors, and chemicals. Some patients are even required to have flu vaccines and the necessary precaution should be undertaken against bacterial or viral infections. Any disease when not treated at an early stage has a great chance of developing into other forms of illnesses. Clinical examinations, pulmonary testing, and laboratory analyses can establish the asthmatic bronchitis diagnosis. Although bronchitis is a common condition, misdiagnosis can occur since respiratory illnesses are somewhat similar with each other. Other doctors might require supplementary respiration tests and chest x-ray to prescribe a treatment or medication. People of all ages may suffer from asthmatic bronchitis. This is already a major complication that needs professional medial attention. Now, you're already susceptible to developing pneumonia. If you want to heal permanently, you must first get an accurate diagnosis. Only then can you be given the appropriate medication and treatment. If you don't want further complications to develop, then you'd better see your doctor. If you haven't been diagnosed yet and you think you have the symptoms mentioned above, then try to seek medical help. Addressing any disease immediately can prevent complications, and not only that, you get to save money on medical costs. If you let your condition worsen, then you're bound to spend a huge amount of money in the future for medications alone. So why wait before things get complicated? Act now and look for a doctor that can diagnose your condition. He or she is the best person to assess your condition and determine the right medication suited for you. Recognizing Symptoms and Seeking Advice on Infant Bronchitis To define bronchitis simply, it is just a cold which spread out throughout the bronchial tubes of your lungs. Bronchitis has its own degrees of severity. It can range from a very mild condition without any fever then becomes very serious. Normally, cough is present. This can be extremely dangerous especially for infants. They may experience shortness of breath. Squeaky noises can be heard as the infant breathes. If you observe these signs in your child, then you better call a doctor. Bronchitis usually occurs when infection happens in the upper respiratory system. It displays abrupt onset symptoms and it is seldom considered as a separate entity during childhood. It is often accompanied with dry, hacking, persistent cough which can last for two to three days and low-grade fever. Coughing can worsen at night and sometimes causes chest pain. The tachypnea rate in one minute is more than sixty breaths. Bronchitis in infants is basically attributed to a viral infection. But sometimes the symptoms are also apparent in infants having bacterial pneumonia. These cause serious or fatal consequences if not treated immediately. - Cough and cold are commonly considered as infection of the upper respiratory caused by viruses. These cold viruses lower the resistance of the throat and nose causing secondary infections. It is not true that exposure to a cold atmosphere without wearing a hat, or getting wet can cause a cold. Colds in infants are milder and can last for about seven to ten days. It is manifested by a runny, stuffy, or bubbly nose accompanied by mild coughing. Positioning your infant with his or her head elevated can aid him or her comfortably breathe. Avoid direct contacts with your infant if you have colds. Simple, regular hand washing is effective in preventing colds. It is not advised to give medicines to your infant without proper prescriptions. You should always be aware of your infant's condition. If he or she has a cough and whether or not a fever is present, proper treatment is required. The normal health of your infant is your first consideration. - The breathing patterns of your infant can be distorted. Respiration is considered normal if exchange of gases (such as oxygen) in the lungs occurs. The measurement of breathe is taken per minute. Mothers need to observe the breathing rates of their infants for one minute. Abdominal movements are noticeable. Infants below one year old must have at least 40-60 respirations in one minute. One year old babies must have 25-35 breaths in one minute. Toddlers should have 20-40 respiration per minute. However, crying can increase respiratory rates while sleeping decreases it. - Strep and sore throats can also affect infants. This condition is manifested by inflammation of the tonsils which produces pain in the throat and accompanied sometimes by fevers. Swallowing can be very difficult. An itchy throat is often associated with colds. Toddlers having strep throat can be irritable, have low-grade fever, losses their appetite, have swollen glands, and have yellow thick spots on their tonsils. Streptococcus is a bacteria causing strep throat. Cold viruses and allergies are also included. Sore throats linked with colds can be transmitted to another person by direct contacts on the secretions. Antibiotic treatment can help alleviate the symptoms and later on cure the strep throat. It is necessary to seek advice from a health care professional to obtain treatment recommendations. This can prevent strep throat complications such as rheumatic or scarlet fever. Bronchitis affects infants as well as young children because their airways are still very small and are blocked easily. Bronchitis normally occurs until the infant reaches two years old. However, its peak occurrence mostly affects infants aging 3-6 months old. Children who are mostly affected by bronchitis are male children, children living in crowded conditions, children who are exposed to cigarette smokes, and children who are not breastfed. Although infant bronchitis is a mild disease, there is always a risk for more severe cases requiring hospitalization. It can include prematurity, lung or heart disease, and weak immune system. Infants who are diagnosed with bronchitis can develop asthma in the future. Mothers should understand these important facts about bronchitis. They can avoid hysterics and late response if their infants show negative health symptoms associated with bronchitis. Herbal Remedy for Bronchitis: A Natural Way to Treat Bronchitis Many people know that in order to live a normal and productive life, one must be physically healthy. However, there are some instances where you may suffer from diseases. You have to consider that it is normal for people to suffer from diseases caused by viruses and by bacteria infection inside the body. This is why people take all the necessary steps and are continuing to research and develop different kinds of medicines for different kinds of illnesses. One kind of disease that is considered to be one of the most common diseases in the world is called bronchitis. This kind of diseases is a form of respiratory illness that can affect the way you live your daily life. First of all, there are mainly two kinds of bronchitis. One is the acute bronchitis, and the other is called chronic bronchitis. Bronchitis is an illness where the bronchial tube is inflamed due to viral infection. Acute bronchitis is usually caused by a virus infection. However, there are some cases where bacteria and fungus infection can also cause bronchitis. You have to consider that you need to know about bronchitis in order for you to know how to treat it properly and also know how to manage it. Acute bronchitis is considered to be very easy to treat and manage. This kind of bronchitis will usually last for only 10 to 12 days and will also be followed closely by flu or cold. Acute bronchitis will contain the following signs and symptoms that you need to be aware of: * Mild chest pain * Hacking cough with mucus * Mild fever * Headaches * Sinus congestion * Squeezing sensation around the eyes * Wheezing sound when breathing * Fatigue * Chest discomfort These are the signs and symptoms of acute bronchitis that you should know about. It is important that you should consult your doctor immediately after you feel the mentioned signs and symptoms. They will be able to know what kind of infection you have or whether it is a viral, bacterial or fungal infection. With a proper diagnosis, the doctor will be able to give you the right kind of medicine. Bronchitis caused by viruses doesn't usually need medications, but you can consider taking medications for symptom relief, such as nasal decongestant, and anti-inflammatory drugs. Again, you first need to tell your doctor about your intentions of taking some medications as you may have allergies in certain kinds of drugs and some drugs are also considered to dangerous when combined, especially in pregnant women. Today, research has found that some herbal medicines can help in alleviating the symptoms of bronchitis. One kind of herbal medicine that can help alleviate coughing associated with bronchitis is eucalyptus oil. Eucalyptus oil helps loosen the phlegm to make it easier for the lungs to get rid of the mucus secretion inside. In fact, inhaling eucalyptus has been recommended by a lot of medical practitioners all over the world for bronchitis patients. To prevent bronchitis, or to at least minimize the chances of getting bronchitis, eating a lot of garlic is recommended. Garlic is filled with chemicals that kill virus and bacteria. In short, garlic is a natural antiviral and antibacterial herb. Recent studies have found that the stinging nettle plant can treat bronchitis and other kinds of respiratory illnesses. The juice inside the roots and leaves mixed with honey or sugar can relieve the signs and symptoms that you can suffer from bronchitis. Plants containing a good source of vitamin C can also help prevent and alleviate the symptoms of bronchitis. It is also recommended that you should eat plants containing magnesium as this can also help in alleviating the symptoms of bronchitis. These are some of the herbal remedies that you can consider using if you have bronchitis. You can also try boiling oregano leaves and drink the juice. It is recommended that you should not disregard if you are already seeing the early signs and symptoms of acute bronchitis. You have to remember that if you neglect it, it make likely develop into its chronic form that will cause permanent damage to your respiratory system. The best thing that you can do to prevent bronchitis from affecting you is by changing your lifestyle by quitting smoking and drink alcohol in moderation. You should also exercise regularly to maintain your respiratory health. Tell-Tale Signs of Chronic Bronchitis Bronchitis is defined as a disease with acute inflammation of the respiratory tract. The term is basically coined from the Greek words bronchos, which means windpipe, and itis, meaning inflammation. Bronchitis takes place when the trachea or windpipe and the bronchi (both small and large) become inflamed which is likely caused by an infection or other factors. Bronchitis has two types, acute and chronic. Acute bronchitis is mainly caused by viral or bacterial infections and from the acute word itself, it is only for a short period of time, but that is another story. Chronic bronchitis, on the other hand, is a long term bronchial inflammation consequently followed by a raise in the production of mucus. It is also a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which is a group of respiratory diseases that hampers with normal breathing. Chronic bronchitis can be caused by no specific factor but cigarette smoking is believed to be the major culprit of the illness. Following smoking, other causes may include environmental pollution (especially air pollution) and bacterial or viral infections. To be considered as chronic bronchitis, the patient must experience cough and expectorations (meaning with phlegm or sputum) for no less than 3 months in a year for two successive years. Furthermore, other factors that may cause symptoms such as TB (tuberculosis) or other respiratory health problems must be excluded. As a category of COPD, primary symptoms of chronic bronchitis are mucus expectoration, cough, and dyspnea or labored breathing during physical exertion. These symptoms commonly deteriorate over time. Persistent cough and mucus expectoration usually come first years before the development of aberrations in the airflow of the respiratory tract. Dyspnea or labored breathing, due to its severity, more often than not causes interference in the patient's day to day activities. Loss of weight is fairly not uncommon since eating needs a certain amount of physical exertion and the sometimes only breathing itself can be energy consuming for the patient. There will come a time when the patient will find it difficult to even participate in mild exercise because of dyspnea. As bronchitis progresses, labored breathing will be experienced by the patient even at rest. Then the patient will become in danger of acquiring more respiratory infections and respiratory insufficiency, which consequently raises the danger for both chronic and acute respiratory failure. Other warning signs of chronic bronchitis may include swelling of the feet, abnormal lung signs, heart failure, and bluish discoloration of the lips and skin. Symptoms may be similar to other respiratory problems; therefore it is advisable that the patient should consult a physician. This is due to the fact that chronic bronchitis is frequently associated with other diseases of the respiratory system such as asthma, tuberculosis, sinusitis, pulmonary emphysema, and other upper respiratory infections. Moreover, there are numerous examinations that are utilized by the medical professionals to identify chronic bronchitis. These tests or examinations may include the following: * Pulmonary function tests, which assist in calculating the lungs' capacity to appropriately exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide through use of a spirometry and peak flow monitoring (PFM). Spirometry is an apparatus that is used by the doctor to evaluate the function of the lungs. PFM is a tool that is utilized to determine the greatest speed in which an individual can exhale or blow air out of the lungs. PFM helps in assessing how the malady is being controlled * Pulse Oximetry. This is a small apparatus that measures the quantity of oxygen in blood. * Chest X-ray. This fairly common diagnostic test is used to create images of the internal tissues, organs, and bones unto a film. * Arterial Blood Gas or ABG. This is a blood test that is employed to assess the lungs' capacity to supply with oxygen and eliminate carbon dioxide. This also helps in measuring the acidity of the blood. * CT Scan or Computed Tomography. This is an amalgamation of x-rays and computer technology to produce sectional imagery of the body. This imaging device illustrates a comprehensive picture of any part of the body. Although once a person acquires chronic bronchitis, which usually lasts a lifetime, this illness can be controlled. Treatments are utilized mainly to alleviate the symptoms. Nevertheless, the patient can still live a comfortable life if provided with a proper management of the symptoms. It may not be curable but it is manageable. Getting To Know the Symptoms of Bronchitis Cough and colds are considered ordinary illnesses by many individuals. However, it is unusual if it persists for more than a week. It may be something else. It may be bronchitis. Bronchitis is a respiratory condition wherein the bronchial tubes are irritated and swelled which is most of the time is accompanied by pain. There are two types of bronchitis -- acute and chronic. A viral infection is the primary cause why an acute bronchitis develops. It usually arises after a sore throat or cold and last for one to two weeks. You need to watch out for the following symptoms of acute bronchitis: * Throbbing Cough -- a cough is an abrupt and recurring contraction of the thoracic cavity which produces a distinct sound. * Runny nose -- studies show that a runny nose is a mere irritation to an individual who has acute bronchitis. When you are inflicted with a runny nose, gently blow from your nose. * Wheezing -- there is obscurity in breathing with a distinct wheezing sound. * Sore throat -- this is a pain or scratchiness in one's throat. * Recurrent headache -- this is a condition wherein pain is felt in the head. Sometimes pain can be felt in the neck or upper back. * Chills -- with this condition you may feel cold with quivering and paleness. There are instances that chills are accompanied by a sudden increase in temperature in the body. * Slight fever -- sometimes termed as "pyrexia," wherein there is a raise in the temperature of your body. A fever is considered slight or low grade if it falls between 38 to 39 C. * Malaise -- this is a general term to describe an individual's uneasiness, fatigue or ill health. * Back pain -- this is a condition where there is the presence of soreness in the back area which occur from the bones, nerves, muscles or joints. * Muscle pain -- medically termed as "myalgia," wherein there is soreness in the muscles in your body. Chronic bronchitis is the other type of the said illness. Compared to acute, when an individual has chronic bronchitis it denotes that the he has too much phlegm in the air passageway causing a successive and prolific cough. After three months of successive and prolific cough and other related symptoms, then you are most likely positive for a chronic bronchitis. The above-mentioned symptoms of acute bronchitis are also applicable for chronic bronchitis; however the symptoms are more severe. Apart from the above-mentioned symptoms, here are the distinct symptoms of chronic bronchitis: * Cyanosis -- it is a condition wherein the skin turns into a bluish color. The bluish color is due to the presence of "deoxygenated hemoglobin" in the vessels of your blood. * Edema -- it is a condition where an organ or tissue swells because of excessive fluid in the lymph. Feet and ankles are the most common sites for edema to occur. * Heart failure -- it is a condition where there is function disorder in the cardiac which results to the inability of heart to pump adequate amount of blood throughout the body. * Clubbed fingers -- it is a condition associated with heart and lung problems wherein the fingers and fingernails are deformed. * Dyspnea -- it is a condition where you will experience difficulty and shortness in breathing. * Shortness of breathing due to exertion (exercising or overworking) * Too much airway mucus secretion * Abnormal lung signs * Repeated infections in the lungs and respiratory tract There are some symptoms of bronchitis which resembles other respiratory problems. With this regard, it is best to consult with your physician to identify if you are indeed suffering from either acute or chronic bronchitis. Your physician will then assess your medical history as well as evaluate the physical exam he will do. To further assess the condition, other tests may be prescribed by your physician. An ordinary cough or cold should not be taken for granted; it must be cured as soon as possible to prevent other severe illnesses such as bronchitis to occur. You are one unfortunate individual if you will be inflicted with chronic bronchitis since there you will have to undergo long-term treatment. Medical studies show that there is no cure for chronic bronchitis. Pediatric Bronchitis: The Scourge of Childhood Bronchitis is a lower respiratory tract problem that is manifested by an inflammation and/or infection of airways which includes the trachea and larger air tubes that carry oxygen into the lungs. There are two kinds of bronchitis: acute (short-term) bronchitis and chronic (long-term) bronchitis. Acute bronchitis is usually followed by a viral infection, primarily upsetting the nasal cavity, sinuses, and the throat and then extending to the larger bronchial airway passages. Other times, the patient may acquire a bacterial infection. This goes to show that the inflamed respiratory tract will be infested by bacteria. Very young children, infants, children who are constantly exposed to smoke (such as parents who are smokers), and children afflicted with a pre-existing lung or heart disease are at risk of getting acute bronchitis. On the other hand, chronic bronchitis is manifested by overproduction of bronchial mucus causing a productive cough. As the disease progresses from constant inflammation (which may exclude infection) can obstruct the flow of air into the lungs eventually causing difficulty in breathing and severe damage in the respiratory tract. Chronic bronchitis is a category of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). COPD is a respiratory problem that develops for a long time which will eventually hinder the patient from breathing normally causing difficulty in physical exertion and may require a supply of oxygen regularly. Long-term contact and exposure with smokers is the main culprit of chronic bronchitis among children. Other predicaments that may cause the illness are allergies and air pollution. To prevent children from acquiring this unfortunate disease, parents and/or guardians must teach proper hand washing to keep away from the spread of bacteria and viruses that causes bronchitis; reduce the incidence of exposure to air pollutants; and it is also recommended to get a flu vaccine. Quitting from cigarette smoking will very much help you and your loved ones from being afflicted with respiratory problems. Both types of bronchitis have the same set of symptoms: * easily tired * wheezing * difficulty in breathing which is worsened even by mild physical exertion * chest aches * cough with mucus ( if the mucus is blood streaked, then it is advisable to consult your paediatrician) * rales (abnormal sounds heard in the lungs through the use of a stethoscope) Tests to diagnose bronchitis may include the use of pulse oxymetry, arterial blood gas, pulmonary lung function tests, chest x-ray, and sputum or mucus analysis and evaluation. If left untreated or under treated, bronchitis may progress into other forms of respiratory ailments such as pneumonia, emphysema, right sided heart failure, and pulmonary hypertension. In any case, when there are no other infections present in acute bronchitis, it is treated just like the common cold. Treatment may include intake of lots of fluids, complete rest, use of humidifiers, and medications like Tylenol for fever and pain. Bear in mind that aspirin is contraindicated with children due to its association with Reye's syndrome. If the child is experiencing dry cough, then it is advisable to give cough suppressants for comfort's sake. But if the cough is productive (with mucus or sputum) then it is best if the sputum be expectorated naturally. This is because the cough helps to bring out the mucus and other irritants from the lungs. When coughing is restrained, the sputum or mucus build ups in the already obstructed airways and can become a hotbed for bacterial pneumonia. To induce coughing, expectorants may be used. These medications assist the child afflicted with bronchitis by thinning out the mucus in the lungs. To make sure of what type of medication is best for your child, it is best to consult your pediatrician. Antibiotics on the other hand are prescribed to battle bacteria-caused bronchitis. It is imperative that the patient take the medication regularly as prescribed to avoid relapses. Children below eight years old are generally prescribed with amoxicillin instead of tetracycline. Tetracycline is contraindicated because it tends to create a discoloration in the teeth that has yet to come out in children. As for chronic bronchitis, treatment will depend on the stage of the disease. In a child's case, a change into a healthy environment is best indicated in addition to supervised exercise. Medications may include bronchodilators, which relaxes the bronchial tubes allowing easy flow of air into the lungs. Anti-inflammatory medications are also utilized which reduces swelling in the respiratory tract. If, unfortunately, the disease advances the child may require supplemental oxygen. In all cases of diseases, prevention is still better than the cure. Parents who are health conscious should quit smoking to both protect their own health as well as their children. Also avoid places that are heavily polluted and eat a lot of nutritious food. The flu vaccine may also help in preventing such illnesses that causes disruptions to day to day living. Just remember to stay healthy! Facts about Bronchitis and Asthma When a medical specialist used the word "chronic" he is directly referring to a long-term and persistent suffering of a person from certain disease. One of which is chronic bronchitis. Chronic bronchitis is the irritation or swelling of lung's airways. These airways are tubes in the lungs where the air used to pass through. Airways are also termed as "bronchial tubes". When irritation occurs in bronchial tubes the formation of thick mucus will follow. Hence, the bronchial tubes will be block by the mucus, resulting to difficultlty in breathing. Asthma on the other hand is the chronic inflammation of the airways or bronchial tubes. This common lung disorder is normally characterized by difficult breathing. The chronic bronchitis is frequently associated with asthma, if not with allergies. Truth is a bronchial infection consists several factors that may possibly trigger it. Both of these lung disorder -- chronic bronchitis and asthma -- is characterized by coughing, chest contraction, wheezing and difficulty in breathing. Sadly, the environment alone consist several threatening factor that triggers bronchial infection, thus, the start of the symptoms. Dust is an example of this environmental factor. Obviously, dust is a kind of substance which is common everywhere. That is why, for those with a problem in their respiratory system, dust is a tough villain for their health. For the asthmatics and sufferer of bronchitis, dusty places are not an ideal breathing zone. Therefore, people who have a respiratory problem are advised to limit their exposure to dust as possible as they can. However, the preventions for dust that are needed to be taken will be determined according to the person's sensitivity itself. Those who are sensitive enough may need to install in their house a specialized air cleaning equipment. While those who are not that sensitive enough may enjoy a home that has a regular schedule for cleaning. If you are one of these lung sufferers, you can visit the online links to get free tips on how to avoid and get rid of the factors that trigger asthma and bronchial cough inside of your home. Another factor that may harm the respiratory system, and may lead to bronchial infection, is the chemical odors and fumes. An example of this is the tobacco smoke. The smoker himself and the person who happened to inhale the smokes emitted by the smoker may compromise the health of their respiratory system. Hence, this practice will lead to chronic cough, which is usually experienced by the asthmatics and the sufferers of bronchitis. Furthermore, such chronic cough and bronchitis may also be triggered by the stomach irritating acid which is caused by the stomach acid's backflow to the esophagus. This disease is known as the acid reflux. For the sufferer of a chronic cough which is triggered by bronchitis and asthma, it is advisable that he ask from a pulmonary or respiratory medical specialist an accurate diagnosis. Aside from it, understanding the lifestyle of the sufferer may also help, since there are several environmental factors that are needed to be avoided for people who have a respiratory problem. On the other hand, allow the author to tackle the "bronchial asthma." Bronchial asthma is simply the contraction of the bronchial tubes that vary for a short span of time. However, there is a little confusion regarding the bronchial asthma. For those who are not aware on medical terms, bronchial asthma may be regarded as the fusion of bronchitis and asthma. Getting the etymology, bronchitis is derived from the Greek word "bronchos", meaning "windpipe or throat." "It is" on the other hand is a suffix noun that pertains to "diseases." While the term asthma is rooted from the Greek word "azein", which stands for "breathe hard." Medically speaking, the so-called "bronchial asthma" is what we commonly known as asthma. The bronchitis is the swelling of bronchial tubes. And can either be acute or short-lived, or can last for a long period of time, termed as chronic. This is infected by certain viruses and lung irritants such as pollution and smoke that bring harm to respiratory tract. Meanwhile, the bronchial asthma is caused by the stomach problem or the gastrointestinal tract. Although this may also be triggered by certain form of substances such as dust. Stopping Bronchitis with Medicines When the inside layer of your bronchial tubes begin to swell, you are most likely to develop bronchitis. Once this happen, your air passageway will be filled with mucus or phlegm. Bronchitis itself cannot be cured. What you need to do is treat the symptoms of bronchitis as well as alleviate the discomfort and pain which comes with the symptoms. These days, there are suggested and prescribed medicines to combat bronchitis. Antibiotic Antibiotic is used to slow down or destroy the development of bacteria. Recently, medical studies show that Telithromycin is an alternative choice to treat bronchitis. It is believed that antibiotics help relieve the symptoms which come together with bronchitis such as reducing cough and colds. There are adverse side effects if your body is not used to taking antibiotics such as irritated stomach, loose bowel movement, and skin irritations and to some extent seizures. Bronchodilators Bronchodilator is a medication which is breath into the mouth to treat bronchitis. This is done to open the bronchial tubes or the air passageway of the lungs. Some of the common brand names of this drug are Ventolin, Albuterol and Primatene. Such medicine may act to give short or long term effect to the one taking it. Short effects aim to give speedy aid from the discomfort and pain. On the other hand, long-term effects help control and on some cases put off symptoms. The amount of dosage varies from one patient to the other, depending on the severity of bronchitis. Your physician will prescribe you the proper dosage which you will need. The possible side effects once this medication was taken may include nervousness, tremors in the muscle, fast heartbeat and queasiness. Corticosteroids Corticosteroids belong to the group of "steroid hormones." This type of medication is utilized to help the patient suffering from bronchitis breathe easier. Intake of this drug comes into two different forms. It can be given by mouth or it can be given intravenously. Use of this medication has long-term side effects such as persistent infections, thinning of the skin, ulcers, and to some extent osteoporosis and cataracts. On the other hand, short-term side effects of Corticosteroids may include increase in weight, mood swings and increase in blood sugar and blood pressure. This type of medicine should be taken under a direct and close supervision of your doctor. Cough Suppressants and Expectorants A cough suppressant is given to individuals who are suffering from bad cough without congestion in their nose. "Dextromethorphan" is an active ingredient of most cough suppressant. Some examples of cough suppressants are Vicks Formula and some Robitussin products. Over dosage of cough suppressants may result to vomiting, irritated stomach and sleepiness. Alternatively, cough expectorants works in a way wherein it thins the mucus which blocks air passageway. With cough expectorants, it is uncomplicated for you to cough. "Guaifenisin" is the major ingredients in cough expectorants which come in several brand names. You may encounter the following side effects upon intake of some cough expectorants which may include vomiting, headache, faintness and skin rashes. Although cough suppressants and expectorants can be readily bought over-the-counter, it is still best to consult a physician for prescription which will be suited to your condition. Ibuprofen Most physicians prescribe Ibuprofen to alleviate the discomfort and pain experienced by someone who is suffering from the symptoms of bronchitis. Some of the common brand names of Ibuprofen are Advil, Midol and Motrin. Taking too much of this drug can lead to side effects which may include tight bowel movement, bloating, faintness, anxiety and a feeling of buzzing in the ears. Mucolytics Mucolytic is a type of medication which liquefies thick mucus so that an individual suffering from bronchitis will have a reduced difficulty in breathing. Some major types of mucolytics are referred to as "acetlycysteine, carbocisteine, and methylcysteine hydrochloride." If you are not attuned with this type of drug, you may develop the common side effects such as abrupt stiffness of the air passageway, fever, vomiting and sleepiness. There are a wide variety of medicines to treat bronchitis or the symptoms causing the said illness. However, you should not instantly take the said medications without consulting your physician. By doing so, you will avoid possible side effects which can harm your life.
Bronchitis Can Be of Bacterial Cause Whenever the word 'bacteria' is mentioned, most people will think about it negatively. The truth is there are bad bacteria as well as good bacteria. Bad bacteria often cause illnesses or diseases; and the good ones help in keeping the body healthy. Did you know that the largest class of all creatures on earth is bacteria? They are single cells that eat and reproduce. Of all infecting agents, the bacteria are the most common cause of hospitalized illnesses and infections, especially in developing countries. Most short term illnesses are caused by bacteria, but with the right antibiotic, it can easily be stopped. Most illnesses are caused by bacteria and viruses. In the case of bronchitis, it is most commonly caused by viruses which bring about acute or chronic bronchitis. Bacteria though can also cause bronchitis, but cases like this are not that common. Bronchitis is the irritation and inflammation of the respiratory passages. If you're experiencing persistent cough, perhaps you need to consult a doctor because you might have bronchitis. Although this is just a mild to moderate illness, it needs proper treatment to avoid any complications and secondary bacterial infections. If bronchitis is caused by bacteria, the treatment will include antibiotic use. There are a lot of bacteria that cause illnesses and diseases. Bronchitis is a very common disease among children and adults. Mycoplasma pneumoniae is said to cause bronchitis. It is a minute bacterium that belongs to Mollicutes class. Unlike other bacteria that have cell walls, this organism doesn't have any. It is composed of a membrane that incorporates compounds. Antibiotics, particularly the beta-lactam, and penicillin disrupts cell walls; and so it can't be used to treat mycoplasma pneumoniae since it lacks a cell wall. These bacteria thrive as parasites just like viruses; they are not free-living. It has genomes with 816 kbs and proteome that are fully characterized. M. pneumoniae uses a distinctive genetic code like mitochondria and is unable to make essential compounds because it doesn't have cellular machinery. M. pneumoniae spreads through droplet transmission in the respiratory system. Once it is attached to the host organism, the bacteria extract nutrients and grow. It also reproduces through binary fission. The respiratory tract is the usual attachment site of these bacteria. If your bronchitis is caused by M. pneumoniae, it can be easily identified because of the slow progression of the symptoms, blood test on cold-hemaglutinins with positive result, lacks bacteria in sputum sample (gram stained), and lacks blood agar growth. The effective medications for this type of bacteria are macrolide antibiotics and quinolones (both second generation). Bronchitis caused by these bacteria is usually mild. Others experience moderate symptoms. When bacterial infection occurs in a person with bronchitis, it is usually treated with antibiotics and should take the medication prescribed. The infection will return if the antibiotic is stopped. A lot of people stop antibiotics when they feel better; but this should not be done because the bacterial infection will just come back. You have to strictly follow what the doctor prescribed to kill all existing bacteria and prevent the disease from coming back. Antibiotics used are usually: - trimethoprim or sulfamethoxazole - azithromycin - clarithromycin - for children: amoxicillin Bacteria are life forms, and in order to stay alive, it performs chemical processes. They manufacture structural elements, digest nutrients, assimilate, and replicate themselves. They multiply and at the same time guard themselves against hostile elements. Antibiotics are able to hinder such processes to occur, thereby killing the bacteria. Bad bacteria are a lot like poisons and acids. The body has its own defenses and when the bacterium irritates the system, it can go overboard. In this manner, the bacteria and host tissues are attacked, which is not that good so careful attention and medication must be given to patients with bacterial infections. Illnesses and diseases are here to stay. And perhaps the lifestyle of many people has something to do with their getting sick. All individuals must live a healthy and clean lifestyle. With all medical costs soaring high nowadays, no one would want to get sick. So the best way is to eat plenty of fruits and vegetables, and other healthy foods. And if you do have symptoms of bronchitis, make sure that you consult your doctor immediately. Pathophysiology of Acute Bronchitis Today, it is important that you should maintain a healthy body in order for it to fight off any diseases that it may come in contact with. In order to function properly in society and always be a productive member of society, you should always be healthy. However, there are some cases where people suffer from differing kinds of diseases that can significantly affect their daily life. One such disease that is considered to be common among many people is called bronchitis. Bronchitis is an illness where the bronchial tubes get inflamed. Because of this, people with this kind of illness can have difficulty in breathing and suffer from mild fever. There are mainly two types of bronchitis that affects people. One is called acute or short-term bronchitis, and the other is chronic or long-term bronchitis. Acute bronchitis is easy to treat with the proper diagnosis and management. First of all, acute bronchitis offers several signs and symptoms that you should be aware of in order to detect the disease and stop it on its tracks. The symptoms for acute bronchitis will include hacking cough with mucus, headaches, squeezing sensation around the eyes, chest tightness, mild fever, and difficulty in breathing. As you can see, the signs and symptoms of acute bronchitis is very similar to the common cold. People mainly affected by this illness are infants, children, the elderly, tobacco smokers, and people who have weak respiratory systems. People who live in highly polluted areas are also commonly affected by acute bronchitis. You have to consider that you should get this illness treated in order for it to not develop into chronic bronchitis. Bronchitis can happen anytime of the year but it will usually happen during the winter months. Treatment will include getting a lot of rest, humidifying the home with humidifiers, inhaling steam, taking a long shower, and drinking a lot of non-caffeinated and non-alcoholic beverages. However, if the bronchitis is caused by bacteria or by fungus, it is important that you should consult your doctor about it where they can prescribe some anti-bacterial or anti-fungal medications. Here is a closer look of acute bronchitis to better understand its pathophysiology or how it works. Usually bronchitis occurs after the person was infected with cold or infection. The virus that causes the common cold can also be the virus that can cause bronchitis. Acute bronchitis can also happen by inhaling irritants that can damage and inflame the bronchial tubes. Cigarette smoke and other chemical fumes inhaled can significantly damage your bronchial tubes. The inflammation causes the airway to constrict and therefore, causes you to have difficulty in breathing. If left untreated or if you continue inhaling irritants such as cigarette smoke, the acute bronchitis will eventually develop into its chronic form where it can permanently damage your bronchial tubes and tissues surrounding it. This is the prognosis is of acute bronchitis. If you are suffering from acute bronchitis, it is recommended that you should stop smoking or at least lessen your cigarette or tobacco consumption. If it is possible, you should avoid dusty areas. You can also consider installing air filters in your home if you live in an area where there is heavy percentage of air pollution. Acute bronchitis is the last up to 10 to 12 day. However, acute bronchitis is usually followed by flu or call. You have to consider the bronchitis is contagious and can be transmitted by air through coughing. This is why it is important for you to carry a damp handkerchief or towel for you to cover your mouth if you need to cough. If the coughing persists for more than a month, there may be other illnesses that are inside your body, such as pneumonia. It is also important that you should observe the mucus secretion. If there is blood present, you should immediately consult your physician for further diagnosis. These are the things you should know about acute bronchitis. With the proper management and care, you will be able to stop it on its tracks and prevent it from developing into its chronic form. If you experience symptoms associated with bronchitis, you should consult your doctor immediately. They will perform some tests to determine what is causing the bronchitis whether it is viral or bacterial infection. Some Home Remedy for Your Bronchitis: A First Aid Alert Bronchitis is a condition wherein there is inflammation of the bronchial tubes. As the condition worsens, mucus is developed because of the swelling of the bronchial tubes. The symptoms of bronchitis may cause uneasiness, irritability and to some extent, pain. Hence when bronchitis is causing you too much discomfort, then there are suggested home remedies for the said illness. Drink plenty of fluids. It is highly recommended that you drink a lot of non-caffeinated fluids such as water and fruit juices extracted from fresh fruits. Orange juice is highly recommended to drink to help alleviate the symptoms of bronchitis. Taking a lot of fluids will help thin your mucus. Thus, you will have an easier time to breathe. It is best to avoid cold drinks since it can worsen the air passageway. Check your kitchen for other natural remedies. Ginger is said to be an effective remedy for bronchitis which can be commonly found within your home. Ginger can be made as a tea or it can be licked with honey. To obtain optimum relief, take the said ginger preparation at least three times a day. You can find onions in most kitchens. It is believed that onions are a good alternative to give aid to bronchitis. Extract the juice of the onion and drink it. It is most effective if taken first thing in the morning. Onions soften phlegm. Furthermore, it prevents possible formation of phlegm. Almond is another effective remedy for bronchitis. You can prepare "almond medicine" by pounding at least seven kernels of almonds. Once done, mix it with your favorite fresh fruit juice. It is best to take the said remedy before going to bed. A natural expectorant can be found with "spinach mix." You need to prepare fresh leaves of spinach, water and a bit of ammonium chloride and some honey. Mix those ingredients and then drink it. Asparagus is also another cure for bronchitis. You will need one can of asparagus. Mix it with the help of your blender. Refrigerate afterwards. It is recommended to take an "asparagus drink" one in the morning and one before bedtime. Add more Cs in your diet. Studies show that Vitamin C is beneficial to give as a treat as well as to prevent the onset of bronchitis. Vitamin C is said to be a "cell protective antioxidant." With that, it safeguards yours lungs from possible lung damages. Say No to Smoking. If you are a smoker, you need to put off smoking. Smoking deteriorates your lungs which leads to the development to difficulty in breathing. Furthermore, smoking worsens the infection in your bronchial tubes. On the other hand, if you are not a smoker you need to prevent anyone in your home from smoking. Explain to your family members the need for them to stop smoking. If you are on public conveyances and places, it is best to stay away from smokers. Humidify your environment. Research shows that humidity helps relieve the aggravated membranes in your bronchial tubes. It is best to have a "vaporizer" in your bedroom. Thirty minutes before you rest or go to sleep, turn on the vaporizer. If the vaporizer is turned on, make sure to close any door or windows. You can leave the vaporizer open during the night. Doing so, you will be able to get at least 70% humidity. Other steps to obtain moisture are to take a hot bath, breathe steam from a container of hot water or drape a hot towel on top of your head. Exercise regularly. Medical findings show that doing regular exercise is helpful to treat bronchitis. It is recommended that outdoor exercises be done instead of indoor exercises since you are most likely to breathe in fresh air when you are outside. Additionally, an outdoor exercise is best taken in the morning. It is also suggested that you carry out other forms of exercises such as cleaning calisthenics, workouts to correct body postures and breath-hold exercises. You do not need to immediately rush to your doctor or run to the nearest drug store during the onset of the symptoms of bronchitis. The above-mentioned steps can temporarily relieve you from the pain and discomfort that bronchitis bring. Is Bronchitis Contagious: Clearing Your Mind from Doubts Learning about the issues concerning chronic and acute bronchitis progression can answer your question if it is really contagious. Chronic bronchitis is the infection and inflammation of mucosal membranes and bronchial tubes, which generates excessive mucus production. These high levels of mucus production in the person's respiratory tract are only the inflammatory response of the body to the bronchial infection and irritation. Excess mucus disturbs the normal respiratory process by reducing significant amounts of air going to the lungs. The chronic bronchitis symptoms include difficult breathing, breath shortness, wheezing, discomfort, chest pain, and cough produced by mucus. Chronic bronchitis can generate time-persistent and recurrent symptoms which can intensify as its progresses. Chronic bronchitis displays characteristics of productive coughs, greater susceptibility to respiratory tract's viral and bacterial infections, and little responsiveness when treated by medications. Chronic bronchitis can last for tree months or more and reoccurs after two years. Today, there is still no specific treatment for chronic bronchitis. Compared to sufferers of acute bronchitis, patients who are diagnosed with chronic bronchitis never respond to antibiotics treatments that well. The excess mucus in the bronchial tubes can facilitate bacterial proliferation and other organisms which causes infections. The disease can become very severe on the area where infections occur. Cilia barriers or the respiratory system's natural defenses are ineffective to antibiotics for curing chronic bronchitis completely. Thus treating chronic bronchitis is focused on relieving the existing symptoms to prevent further development of other complications. Patients in their incipient stages of chronic bronchitis perceived symptoms usually at night or in the morning. Patients who have advanced chronic bronchitis suffer from inflamed respiratory tract because of mucus obstruction. This condition generates persistent and intense cough or also known as the "smokers cough". Sufferers of chronic bronchitis can also acquire pulmonary problems and may develop severe lung diseases such as emphysema and pneumonia. As time goes on, patients with chronic bronchitis may experience poor blood oxygenation and hypoventilation or accelerated, shallow breathing. Complicated chronic bronchitis may also result to cyanosis or a condition wherein the skin turns bluish suggesting that pneumonia or emphysema is present. Smoking alone cannot be considered as the main cause of developing chronic bronchitis. However, the illness occurs in most cases on regular smokers. Keep in mind that smoking contributes greatly on bacterial proliferation slowing down the process of healing the respiratory organs and tissues. Sometimes, asthma is often linked with chronic bronchitis due to similarities of symptoms. But patients who suffer both from chronic bronchitis and asthma may experience relapse of symptoms and shows unresponsiveness to medical treatments. In some cases, chronic bronchitis becomes the consequences of mistreated or untreated acute bronchitis and other diseases associated with respiratory system. Chronic bronchitis is also caused by too much exposure to airborne pollutants such as chemicals and dusts. Acute bronchitis is general are caused by infections of the lungs. Ten percent of these infections are bacterial in origin, ninety percent are viral. However, chronic bronchitis is caused by more than one factor. Acute bronchitis which repetitively attacks a person can irritate and weaken the bronchial airways resulting to chronic bronchitis. Another culprit of chronic bronchitis is industrial pollution. Higher rates of patients are metal molders, grain handlers, cola miners, and works with continuous exposures to dusts. High sulfur dioxide concentrations present in the atmosphere also worsen chronic bronchitis symptoms. However, if it is an asthmatic bronchitis, it is not contagious. Bronchitis can be contagious if the bacteria and viruses are transmitted to another person by indirect or direct contact. The fluid from the nose or mouth of the infected person can spread out by coughing, sneezing, sharing the same utensils and drinking glasses, and touching handkerchiefs or tissues. Bronchitis caused by viral colds is not considered contagious because the virus can finish its cycle for a few days. But patients with bronchitis, who still display cold symptoms, can be contagious. If the person is sick for more than ten days, then you don't have to worry since it is only the aftermath resistance of bronchitis. But if the condition never yet exceed the ten day period, then it is contagious. Beware of catching particles when the patient coughs because you can be inflicted with the virus. The viral infection caused by flu and colds are contagious. Healthy people should never worry but needs extra care. Bronchitis and Its Infectious Nature Ever heard your doctor mention the term bronchitis? This is actually a chronic or acute swelling or soreness of the mucous membranes of the respiratory system's tracheobronchial tree (trachea or windpipe and the bronchial tubes). Under some circumstances, it may or may not be contagious. There are two kinds of bronchitis, long term or chronic bronchitis and short term or acute bronchitis. Acute bronchitis is manifested by fever, hypertrophy or increase in the size of the mucus secreting tissues, productive cough, sore throat, chills, runny nose, headache, general malaise, and back aches. While chronic bronchitis is a debilitating illness that is caused by persistent coughing with an immense production of phlegm or mucus by the glands of the bronchi and trachea. To be considered as chronic bronchitis, coughing with phlegm must persist for no less than three months for two successive years. Common causative factors of both kinds of bronchitis are bacterial infection, viral, infection, and environmental pollution (such as cigarette smoking, chemical fumes, etc). In diagnosing a patient for bronchitis, the physician primarily takes a health history and observes for telling signs of the disease. The medical professional will auscultate or listen to the patient's chest through a stethoscope for sounds that may be a sign of inflammation of the lungs. These sounds could be moist rales, crackling, and wheezing. Wheezing is a sign of narrowing of the air passages, crackling is like the sound of hair being rubbed together, and moist rales is a bubbling sound that indicates fluid secretion in the bronchial tubes. A sputum culture may be ordered by the physician in case of suspicious color or some streaks of blood. This is done to identify what kind of infection or what type of bacteria or virus is present in the respiratory tracts which consequently help the physician in formulating a treatment plan for the patient. Sputum is collected by instructing the patient to breathe deeply and cough out the phlegm then spit out into a container. Sputum collection is best done in the morning before breakfast or any food intake. The sample will then be sent to the laboratory and results will come out within three days. But sputum collection in patients with chronic bronchitis is sometimes done through a method called bronchoscopy. The patient is administered with a local anesthesia and then a tube is inserted in the respiratory tract to collect the sputum. For further analysis, the physician may also order chest x-rays and blood tests. With these tests and examinations, the physician will not only determine what type of treatment is best for the patient but will also determine if the bronchitis of the patient is contagious or not. If it is contagious then precautionary measures are employed. Both acute and chronic bronchitis can be contagious. The cause of its being contagious is due to viral or bacterial infections. Common viruses, but are not limited to this list, that cause bronchitis are influenza virus, adenovirus, and Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Bronchitis can be caused by two influenza strains: influenza A and influenza B. However, these two strains can be avoided if the patient takes a yearly shot of influenza virus vaccine which will help the patient to be immunized from the virus. The adenovirus on the other hand, can be any of the forty-nine medium sized viruses of the family Adenoviridae, which is pathogenic (disease causing) to man. It does not only cause disease in the respiratory tract but also may cause cystitis, conjunctivitis, and gastro-intestinal infection. Mycplasma pneumoniae is highly contagious among young children and adults. With virus-caused bronchitis antibiotics are quite useless since it can only fight off bacterial infection. Virus infection is self-limiting, though, and may clear out within fourteen days providing the bronchitis is uncomplicated. If there is an underlying bacterial infection, then the physician will likely prescribe antibiotics to kill off the bacteria and to prevent its further widespread to neighboring organs. Patients should religiously take the antibiotic medication as prescribed to prevent relapses and avoid any resistant bacterial strains to develop. Prevention from acquiring contagious bronchitis is possible. Individuals must have an adequate amount of healthy nutrition and rest to improve their immune systems especially during the cold season. Washing hands regularly can also help prevent the spread of viruses and bacteria. Having clean surroundings can also avoid bacterial or viral caused bronchitis. The real picture of bronchitis, its symptoms and treatment Bronchitis is a common respiratory disorder that can occur to any age. It is usually associated with flues and colds. When the complication is left uncured, this can lead to pneumonia. Bronchitis attack the immune system of a vulnerable person especially the smokers. Bronchitis can be classified as acute bronchitis or chronic bronchitis, depending upon the span of the occurrence of the symptoms. Pulmonary specialists give detailed diagnosis and the treatments to particular types of bronchitis. Acute bronchitis has the shorter duration of symptoms. It is accompanied by symptoms like flu, persistent cough, difficulty in breathing, congestion, and wheezing. The wheezing sound is common to people suffering from acute bronchitis. This occurs when the air in the bronchial tubes are hindered by the inflammation. Acute bronchitis can either be caused by bacteria or viruses. These elements infect the breathing passages, thus constricting the proper function of the respiratory system. However, acute bronchitis can be cleared up for days. With proper medication and sufficient treatment, the patient suffering from acute bronchitis can be cured. On the other hand, chronic bronchitis is the long term occurrence of the symptoms. It can last for some months or even years. Certain environmental factors can trigger the chronic bronchial infection such as dust, certain odor and cigarette smoke. Unfortunately, not only the smokers are exposed to bronchitis, but those who can inhale their spute out. Chronic bronchitis also requires intense and persistent treatment until the full recovery of the patient. If this ailment is not properly addressed, the symptoms can reoccur and even aggravate to a certain degree of complication. The treatment of chronic bronchitis shall depend on the triggering factor. In any manner, bronchitis has primer symptoms. These are coughing, excessive mucus, fever, pains in the chest, inflammation, discomfort, and wheezing. The symptoms of bronchitis can also lead to other respiratory problems such as sinusitis, asthma and complicated pneumonia. Although bronchitis is a common respiratory disease, it is also often misdiagnosed. Because of this, Para clinical and physical examinations must be conducted in order to establish the accurate diagnoses. With the help of the laboratory analysis and pulmonary tests, the most vital signs of bronchitis become eminent. In any case, bronchitis must be given attention before its further damage. When the cause of the infection is bacteria, antibiotics can work best to cure this respiratory illness. Fever is a chief indication that the bronchitis is due to bacteria. About 80% of patients prescribed with antibiotics can successfully find relief in five to ten days. However, only the physician can prescribe the right medication according to the diagnosis and laboratory tests. It must be noted that the improper administration of antibiotics can harm the patient. Antibiotics have reported side effects such as diarrhea, rashes and abdominal pains. These side effects cannot be neglected as they can cause another set of discomfort to the patient. Nevertheless, they can be accepted during absolute necessity and the useful effects are denser. When bronchitis is caused by viruses and other agents, antibiotics don't work. The only way to deal with such case is to rest longer, maintain the patient's humidity at a higher level, and keep the body hydrated by taking in more fluids. This will last for some days and if the symptoms persist for two weeks, a doctor must already be called. The condition could have drastically stirred to become pneumonia or asthma bronchitis. Other than bacteria and viral infections, there are other causes of bronchitis. These are the obstructions in the bronchial tubes due to the inflammation in the respiratory tract, organs, tissues and mucous membranes. Because of the irritation, the secretion of mucus is increased. The mucus gather in the bronchial tubes causing the difficulty in breathing, coughing and the wheezing sound. Bronchodilators are drugs administered to those who had difficulty in breathing. They help in reestablishing the respiration process. They are mostly used for patients suffering from chronic bronchitis and asthma. Indeed, it is important to know the cause of the bronchitis. Such knowledge will lead to the proper treatment of the illness. While certain medications can be administered to the patient as first aid measure, the doctor must still be consulted. It is also proper to notify him about those medications given to the patient. Prescription Guide: Common Antibiotic for Bronchitis An antibiotic is a medicine. Its main goal is to destroy or put off the development of bacteria. There are specified uses of antibiotic depending on the type of infection which inflicts you. Bronchitis is a condition where the air passageway between your nose and lungs inflames. You can be afflicted with either acute or chronic bronchitis. The latter is the worst condition of bronchitis. Some antibiotics can be good to treat not bronchitis itself, but the infections aggravating the symptoms. Medical findings state that antibiotics help in various ways such as lowering cough after one to two weeks or decreasing infections. Here are some known antibiotics for treating both acute and chronic bronchitis: Ampicillin Ampicillin can be used to treat infections developed due to acute bronchitis. If you are prescribed with this medication, make sure to take a glassful of water thirty minutes or two hours after taking your meal. The possible general side effects include diarrhea, skin irritation, vomiting and soreness in the tongue or mouth. Commonly, this type of medication is prescribed mostly for adults. Trimethoprim Trimethoprim is an antibiotic which is commonly used to treat infections in the respiratory tract. It can also be utilized to treat urine and ear infections. Some common side effects of this medication may consist of diarrhea, stomach pain, swollen tongue, and in some instances failure to properly eat. Some examples of this antibiotic are Septra or Bactrim. Azithromycin Azithromycin is a type of antibiotic which is considered a good medication to treat some bacterial infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia. It can be taken through tablet form or by oral suspension. You may develop the following side effects upon taking this drug: * Irritated stomach * Loose bowel movement * Vomiting * Pain in the stomach and abdomen * Skin irritations such as rashes which is usually minor Some common brand names of this antibiotic are Aztrin, Zitromax, and Zmax. Amoxicillin Amoxicillin is an antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections. You can take this drug with a capsule, a tablet (chewable for children), pediatric drops and liquid suspension. An irritated stomach, vomiting and diarrhea may occur as side effects once you take amoxicillin. When you are not vigilant when taking this medication, severe side effects can happen such as seizures, atypical bleeding, and too much fatigue. This type of antibiotic with brand names Amoxil, Trimox or Sumox is mostly prescribed to young children who are inflicted with bronchitis. Chronic bronchitis is a serious illness which needs more vital types of treatment. However, these days some medical practitioner prescribes the use of some antibiotic such as Telithromycin. Telithromycin Telithromycin is a type of drug primarily used to minister mild to moderate infections in the respiratory system. "Ketek" is the brand name of this antibiotic. You can take this medication either as a tablet or through oral suspension. Some of the common side effects you may experience after taking this drug are: headache, lightheadedness, loose bowel movement, irritated stomach, blunt taste and unclear vision. Safety Precautions When Taking Antibiotics There are safety precautions you need to undertake once you decide to take antibiotics if you are diagnosed with bronchitis: 1. Inform your physician about the severity of your bronchitis for him to determine the type of antibiotic you need to take. It is also pertinent to inform him if you have allergies with certain medicines or foods. 2. Do not stop taking the medication in the middle of your prescribed date of treatment. Not being able to complete the medication will not entirely destroy the infection. 3. If you miss a dose, you need to take it as soon as possible and return to your normal dosing schedule. 4. You need to take extra care if you know or think that you are pregnant. A consultation with your OB-GYNE is highly recommended. 5. When side effects arise, it is best to consult your physician. He may decide to stop the medication and give you other alternative treatment. Most drugs have its advantages and disadvantages. A positive effect of antibiotics may be reflected if you or a caregiver properly follows drug instructions as well as your physician's prescription and advice. Bronchitis or the infections which come with the illness may be relieved with specific and prescribed antibiotics. More Symptoms of the Bronchitis Condition: Knowing About the Different Signs and Symptoms of Bronchitis Every year, you may suffer from a disease that can render you sick and disabled. Diseases that you cross paths with can immobilize you and can stop you from going to work to earn money, or will not allow you to go to school and catch up with the latest lessons. You have to consider that in order to get back to work or to school as soon as possible, you have to cure the disease in order to become a productive member of society again. This is why you should be aware of the common diseases today and know about their symptoms so you can take the necessary action to prevent it from becoming worse. As soon as you notice the signs and symptoms, you can consult with your doctor immediately and will provide you with the medications and advice that you need in order to get cured as soon as possible. First of all, one of the most common diseases affecting humans today is called bronchitis. You have to consider that there are two kinds of bronchitis where one is acute bronchitis, and the other is chronic bronchitis. In acute bronchitis, treatment is usually quick and will not require any special medications for it. This is because acute bronchitis is commonly caused by virus infection which can go away in a matter of 12 to 14 days. However, it is still recommended that you should consult your doctor once the signs and symptoms of bronchitis. This is because bronchitis can also be caused by bacterial and fungal infection that will need medications, such as antibiotics and antifungal drugs. You have to consider that there is no way of knowing if the bronchitis is caused by viruses, bacteria, or fungus unless proper laboratory examination is done. So, before your bronchitis becomes worse and do more damage to your lungs, you have to know what the signs and symptoms is associated with bronchitis in order to detect it early on. First of all, bronchitis is mainly the swelling of the bronchial tubes. Because of the swelling, the bronchial mucosa cannot get rid of mucus anymore. This will cause you to cough, and have difficulty in breathing. Here are the other signs and symptoms of bronchitis and what you can do to relieve it: * Coughing with thick phlegm * Breathlessness * Pain on the throat * Tightness feeling around the chest * Pain and swelling around the eyes * Slight fever * Difficulty in breathing These are the signs and symptoms you should watch out for with bronchitis. Here are more signs and symptoms usually associated with bronchitis in order for you to identify if you have one and know when to consult a doctor: * Headache * Fatigue * Nausea * Excessive sweating * Chest pain It is very important that you should pay close attention to the signs and symptoms associated with bronchitis in order for you to know when to visit the doctor immediately. You should also know that there are also other signs and symptoms associated with the chronic form of bronchitis. Chronic bronchitis can include all the symptoms associated with acute bronchitis but in a more severe form. There are cases where chronic bronchitis sufferers will suffer from coughing excessive mucus with blood due to the laceration of the bronchial tube. Chronic bronchitis will require a long term treatment in order to completely cure it. This is because chronic bronchitis means that there is already a permanent damage to your respiratory system that can heal quite slowly. It will require inhaled medications, such as bronchodilators to open up the airways and let you breath properly, it will also require you to keep yourself away from dusty places. It is recommended that you should humidify your room by installing a room humidifier or just have wet towels or blankets placed all over the room. Always make sure that you are well-aware of the signs and symptoms of acute and chronic bronchitis. This is because if either acute or chronic bronchitis is caused by bacteria or fungus and is left untreated, it can lead to severe complication, which will include pneumonia. Always remember that early detection of bronchitis will mean early diagnosis and early proper treatment and management which will prevent you from suffering from severe complications. What is Asthmatic Bronchitis? Generally, bronchitis is the irritation ad inflammation of the bronchial tubes as well as neighboring organs and tissues that are accessories in breathing. The main purpose of the bronchial tubes is to filter the air that passes through the respiratory tract as it sets out to the lungs. These tubes are covered with small hair-like projections that thwart irritants or dirt (such as dust or pollen) from entering the crucial parts of the respiratory tract. These hair-like projections are called cilia. But long term contact with chemicals, viruses, or even dust particles will facilitate these irritants to shatter the respiratory system's natural defenses which will eventually cause infection and inflammation. Asthmatic bronchitis is a category of COPD or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. This type of pulmonary disease is typically acquired by individuals suffering from chronic bronchitis and it is also hard to differentiate from other lung diseases because their symptoms are quite similar. Other similar respiratory tract diseases are sinusitis, bronchitis, emphysema, and the common asthma. As an overview, asthma is persistent inflammatory disease of the respiratory tract that causes the airway passages to be extra sensitive, mucus production, and mucus edema. What differentiates asthma from other obstructive lung diseases is that it is mostly reversible, with or without treatment. Individuals afflicted with asthma may experience symptom-free episodes interchanging with acute asthmatic attacks which could last for as little as a few minutes to as long as days. Factors that set off asthmatic attacks are similar to that of asthmatic bronchitis (such as smoking, dust, etc.) but common asthma is primarily triggered by allergens. Common allergens may be due to the season (weed pollens or grass tree) or persistent (dust, roaches, or animal dander). Most asthmatic individuals are very sensitive to an assortment of triggers. Meanwhile, the primary cause of bronchitis is bacterial infections, but asthmatic bronchitis is thought to be activated by tiny specks that break through the safety walls made of cilia of the bronchial tubes. And like other COPDs, asthmatic bronchitis also involves congestion of the respiratory tract. Bronchial tubes produce mucus under normal circumstances, this mucus covers the trachea, lungs and other organs in the respiratory system. Nonetheless, in the existence of irritants, an overproduction of mucus occurs, which consequently obstructs the airways. Continuous mucoid obstruction of the respiratory tract is fairly widespread among asthmatic bronchitis patients. Causative factors that may have contributed to the development of asthmatic bronchitis are relentless childhood infections, hyperactivity of the bronchus or immunologic aberrations. Individuals who are either long suffering from asthma and/or other grave types of chronic bronchitis are also highly vulnerable to asthmatic bronchitis. Furthermore, individuals who are suffering from chronic bronchitis eventually contracts asthmatic bronchitis due to long term exposure to pollutants or environmental toxins and mainly cigarette smoking. Although many medical professionals are still in the shadows of what the precise cause of asthmatic bronchitis, studies increasingly shows that it is primarily caused by environmental factors. General symptoms of asthmatic bronchitis includes dyspnea or difficulty of breathing and shortness of breath, cough, chest discomforts, wheezing that lasts for several weeks, fatigue or general malaise, pain, weight loss, a general feeling of soreness, and high risk of susceptibility to infections. Although these are also observed among common asthmatic patients, individuals suffering from asthmatic bronchitis have symptoms that are more profound. These symptoms also have higher frequencies compared to the common asthma. An additional warning sign is the difficulty of reaching high or low notes when singing. Medical treatment for asthmatic bronchitis is similar to that of chronic bronchitis. Medications include bronchodilators, steroids, and antibiotics. But these treatments do not really cure the illness; it helps in alleviating its symptoms and as much as possible give comfort to the patient. A lot of asthmatic bronchitis sufferers are obliged to take long term treatments which help improve their health situation after an extensive time. Patients are counseled to steer clear from irritants like dust, pollen, smoke, chemicals, and alcohol fumes. They are also advised to avoid bacterial infection, thus they should avoid crowds as much as possible. If it is unavoidable, patients are obliged to wear masks to cover their nose and mouth to prevent bacteria from entering the respiratory tract. Patients are also required to obtain influenza vaccines. They should also be educated about other precautionary measures to avoid further viral or bacterial infection. How to Treat Bronchitis: Ten Simple Steps plus Useful Advice Works Bronchitis is a condition where bronchi or tubes connecting the trachea into the lungs are inflamed. Infection usually causes acute bronchitis and it can either be viral or bacterial. While bronchitis that is chronic is caused by continuous irritation of the lungs due to smoking or prolonged exposure to poisonous chemicals. There are ten simple steps that you could follow to treat bronchitis successfully. 1. Take initiative to lessen your exposure to irritants and toxins. Stop smoking and avoid breathing secondhand smoke. Stay inside your house when the presence of air pollution is very high. Wear face masks to keep you protected from harmful chemicals and other irritants. 2. Use vaporizer or humidifier to keep the air moisturized. This will aid in loosening secretions for you to breathe easier. 3. Place a bottle with hot water on your back or chest. A moist, warm cloth can be also utilized. This reduces inflammation and is very useful when applied at night before you sleep. 4. Cover your mouth and nose with your scarf especially when you plan to go out in a cold atmosphere. Keep in mind that cold weather can aggravate bronchitis. 5. Avoid the use of cough suppressants. Coughing is needed to take out secretions. Suppressants can be utilized at night. 6. Take medicines as prescribed. If you take antibiotics to treat bacterial infection, then take its entire dosage. As much as possible complete the entire duration even if you already feel better. 7. Use inhalers and aerosols as prescribed. Never use larger dosage or frequently use it more than what is directed to prevent side effects. 8. Seek the advice of a general practitioner or naturopathic doctor regarding dietary supplements including echinacea, goldenseal, zinc, colloidal silver, vitamins A and C, and coenzyme Q10. 9. Improve your nutrition and diet. Drink lots of fluids including soups, herbal teas, and water. 10. Reduce or eliminate intake of foods with higher risks of mucus formation. It includes white flour, sugar, processed foods, dairy products, and foods causing allergic reactions. People with bronchitis have also learned successful treatment based from their experiences. - Some people find it effective in cleaning their mucus by ingesting vinegar with cucumber. It helps in killing bacteria in the lungs and excretes mucus out of the mouth. - Charcoal slushes. Mix 4-6 teaspoon of charcoal powder with water enough to make a half-thick slush. The mixture is gritty when you drink it but it does not have any foul taste. Drink the dosage at 4 to 6 hours intervals while awake. Bacteria and germs will be absorbed by the charcoal and allow you to eliminate it in the bathroom. - Use frankincense, thyme, and oregano oils. Give the patient 2 drops of frankincense oil, in the morning, in the afternoon, and in the evening for three days. Mix this oil with the Ciaga's organic juice. For another three days, oregano and thyme are mixed in the same manner. Pleurisy root can be an alternative. This can relive symptoms such as breath shortness thus ventilation is not anymore needed. - Breathing steam. Boil water with aromatic herbs in a pot. Turn off the stove. Use a towel to wrap your head similar to a mini-steamed bath then breathe in the steam by lowering your face on the pot carefully. It is okay if you do it upon intervals. Cooling down your face before returning. Repeat this process for several times in a day. Your phlegm will loosen because of the steam. - In some cases, pounding the back with firm gentle strokes while the patient is lying down on the bed with belly down while keeping the upper parts of the body in hanging position helps. This is helpful in breaking-up or dislodging the phlegm. However, this procedure is not comfortable and unsafe but if done correctly, the mucous plugs can be taken out through coughing. If ever the symptoms last for more than one week, the mucus turns green, rust-colored, or yellow, severity of cough increases, and develop chest pain when coughing, then it is advised to consult a doctor. It is also recommended to ask a physician and other health care providers before engaging in activities related to diet and health. This information is not however intended to become alternatives for medical treatment or advice. Respiratory Ailments: Free Heal Programs for Asthma, Bronchitis, Emphysema and Other Revolutionary Breathing Disorders in Asthma Day Programs Breathing or respiratory disorders are one of the most common problems facing society today. You have to consider that there are quite a lot of respiratory ailments, which include asthma, bronchitis and emphysema to name a few. These respiratory ailments can be troublesome as it can affect your breathing, which can be very uncomfortable. Today, there are millions of Americans who are affected with asthma. Asthma is a chronic disease of the lungs where your airway will become constricted and inflamed. The airway will also be lined with excessive amounts of mucus. The main causes that can trigger asthma attacks are exposure to the environmental stimulant or allergens. However, there are some cases where asthma can also be triggered by excessive exercise, cold air and even emotional stress. During asthma attacks, you will experience shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing, and chest tightness. Between episodes of asthma attacks, most people who suffer from this disease feel fine. The best way to treat asthma is by identifying the allergen that causes it. It can be your pet or it can be medications, such as aspirin. By limiting or eliminating exposure to these allergens, you can effectively manage your illness. Another kind of respiratory illness is called bronchitis. Bronchitis is a respiratory disorder where the bronchi of the lungs become inflamed. Most people who suffer from this illness are people who are habitual tobacco or cigarette smokers. Also, people who live in cities with heavy air pollution are also affected. There are two classifications of bronchitis, one is acute bronchitis and the other is acute bronchitis. The chronic bronchitis is considered as a long-term illness where it is accompanied by symptoms of persistent coughing that produces sputum. Acute and chronic bronchitis have the same signs and symptoms, such as persistent coughing, shortness of breath, mild fever, fatigue, mild chest pains, vibrations in chest while breathing, and coldness. In most cases, acute bronchitis is caused by viruses where it will go away on its own after a few days. The only thing that you have to do is get plenty of rest and plenty water or non-alcoholic and non-caffeine beverages. However, with bronchitis that is caused by bacteria, you may need to take some antibiotics. Another form of respiratory ailments is called emphysema. This particular respiratory illness is chronic obstructive lung disease that is caused by long-term exposure to tobacco smoke and exposure to toxic chemicals. This particular disease is characterized by losing the elasticity of the lung tissue. Symptoms will include shortness of breath after a light exercise or by simply climbing the stairs. This respiratory disease is irreversible and degenerative condition. This means that in order to prevent the condition to grow worse, it is important that you should prevent yourself from being exposed to toxic chemicals and also by quitting smoking or staying away from cigarette or tobacco smoke. Today, there is a program that will be able to help you in the treatment for the mentioned conditions and other respiratory illness. The World Asthma Day provides treatments and informing people about the new and revolutionary treatment for certain lung disorders which may include asthma, bronchitis, and even emphysema. There will be a lot of activities in this program that can help you cope with your respiratory illness. It will also include new technologies and medicines available that can effectively treat different kinds of respiratory conditions and many organizations around the world will participate. You will see that the World Asthma Day will be comprised of different medical organizations that are dedicated on researching about the different kinds of respiratory illness. So, if you are suffering from a respiratory disorder, you should try and join the World Asthma Day as it can provide you a lot of benefits. There are different kinds of organizations that will help you to become more informed about the breakthrough in medical technology for treating various respiratory illnesses. There will also be seminars conducted on prevention of respiratory diseases. Whether you have asthma, bronchitis or emphysema, you can seek free medical assistance with the World Asthma Day. Prevent respiratory illnesses from taking control of your life by being informed about it and knowing how to prevent it or treat it if you are suffering from the respiratory conditions. Bronchitis Remedy: Learn and Choose the Best Bronchitis is a condition wherein air passages into the lungs are inflamed. It can either be chronic or acute. Acute bronchitis is caused by viral infection which begins in the sinuses or nose spreading to the air passages. It can be only considered a chronic bronchitis if the cough progress on the sputum for a minimum of three months within a year. Nevertheless, chronic bronchitis most often affects smokers. In some cases, COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is diagnosed. Both types of bronchitis display different symptoms. In acute bronchitis, wheezing, fever, fatigue, sore throat, cough producing mucus, and chest burning sensation are obvious. In chronic bronchitis, wheezing, chronic cough producing excessive mucus, inability to breath, blue-tinged lips, and swelling of the ankle, leg, and feet. Virus causes acute bronchitis as well as bacteria. In general, acute bronchitis can be transmitted from one person to another. Chronic bronchitis is caused by cigarette smoking and long-term exposure to irritants including grain and dust and air pollution. The doctor listens to your back and chest, examines your throat, draws blood, and takes cultures of lung secretions during check ups. If there is a possibility of COPD or pneumonia, the doctor can require you to undergo a chest x-ray. Preventive care must be incorporated to avoid acute and chronic bronchitis. The simplest way is to keep away from irritants and air pollutants. Yearly flu and pneumococcal vaccination is advised to prevent infection leading to chronic bronchitis exacerbation or acute bronchitis. The treatment approach also varies. Generally, viruses are cleared within seven to ten days in acute bronchitis. You can take cough medications containing expectorants, use humidifiers, and drink lots of fluids to relieve symptoms. Infections due to bacteria must be consulted first to your doctor. It is not recommended to take medicines without proper prescriptions. Most often, the doctors prescribe antibiotics. Others include bronchodilators, like Albuterol which can help in opening your airways and corticosteroids which is inhaled or taken orally to reduce inflammation and mucus. Changing your lifestyle is also a helpful remedy. You need to stop smoking. If possible, utilize a steam or humidifier in your bathroom. Make it a habit to drink lots of water and other fluids. If your infection is active, take your rest. Oxygen therapy at home can be also done if the levels of oxygen in your body are low due to chronic bronchitis. Dietary and nutrition supplements are also recommended. Food experimentation can be done to see if changing your diet is effective or not in alleviating chronic bronchitis symptoms. Keeping careful records regarding how you feel. Eating dairy products should be lessened to reduce mucus production. Try avoiding milk, eggs, nuts, preservatives, additives, and food coloring. Instead, try adding garlic and onions. Scientific studies revealed that NAC or N-Acetyl-Cysteine can help in dissolving mucus as well as improve symptoms of chronic bronchitis. Zinc supplementation can enhance the activity of your immune system. It also protects you from infections including infections of the upper respiratory system and colds. Other supplements include bromalein, quercetin, vitamin c, and lactobacillus which also prevent the person from catching infections and relieve bronchitis symptoms. Using herbs is proven to strengthen and treat diseases for many years. However, herbs may contain substances that are active. It may produce side effects upon interactions with other medications, supplements, or herbs. Herbs must be taken with proper prescription from a knowledgeable practitioner of herbal medications. Barberry or berberis vulgaris helps improve immune system functions and fight infections. Eucalyptus or eucalyptus globules is good for treating common colds and coughs. Eucalyptus oil helps in loosening the phlegm. Peppermint or mentha x piperita is effective as decongestants. It contains menthol, thinning the mucus like an expectorant. It provides calming and soothing effects for dry coughs and sore throats. Slippery elm or ulmus fulva is recognized by the U.S. FDA (Food and Drug Authority) as an effective and safe remedy for respiratory symptoms and sore throat. Stinging nettle or urtica dioica also acts as expectorants having anti-viral properties. Homeopathy is some cases are applicable provided with standard medical attention. It is because physical, psychological, and emotional makeup of a person are taken into consideration before the procedure. However, recovery chances of the patient are good using these remedies if bronchitis is diagnosed on each early stage. Respiratory Survival: Holistic and Medical Approach for Allergy, Asthma, Bronchitis, Cold, and Sinusitis Treatment Today, there are a lot of studies about different approaches to heal different illnesses. Some are more inclined in the traditional way where it has been proven effective for a lot of years and some use new alternatives that was recently invented to treat certain illnesses. There are millions of Americans affected by different kinds of respiratory illnesses, such as asthma, allergy, bronchitis, cold, and sinus. You have to consider that a simple cold can affect the way you do your daily activity. It will cause symptoms, such as runny nose, cough, feeling of weakness, and even mild to moderate fever. As you can see, having respiratory illness can significantly affect your performance at work or at school. In most cases, you can't even go to school or work because of the illness. If a cold virus can affect the way you function, it is obvious that other worse kind of respiratory illness can affect your daily activities and tasks. For example, respiratory allergy can be very irritating where you can't go near objects that contain any allergens. You have to consider that your can be allergic to anything. Usually, people with respiratory allergies are allergic to pollen, and dog and cat hair containing dander. People with respiratory allergies will need to take a lot of precaution as allergy attacks may come any time they are exposed to certain allergens. Asthma is also a form of chronic respiratory disease where it affects millions of Americans. This particular disease is characterized by occasionally constricting the airway, inflamed and it is also lined with a excessive amounts of mucus. Usually, emotional stress and overexertion can trigger asthma. However, there are some cases where allergies are also linked to asthma where it triggers it because of the allergens entering the system. Asthma sufferers feel shortness of breath, chest tightness, wheezing, persistent sneezing and persistent coughing. Bronchitis is also one of the growing respiratory diseases today. Affecting people living in areas where there are high levels of air pollution, and also commonly affecting smokers, bronchitis is a disease that can affect your daily task. There are mainly two types of bronchitis and these are the acute bronchitis and the chronic bronchitis. The acute bronchitis is usually a short term illness where it can easily be treated and managed. However in the chronic bronchitis, it may have permanent damage on the respiratory system and treatment can last up to 2 consecutive years. Sometimes, bronchitis can also be linked to allergy where acute episodes of bronchitis can be triggered by allergens entering the lungs. Your sinuses can be affected if you have one of the mentioned illnesses. Sinusitis is usually closely associated with different kinds of respiratory illness where it can make it difficult for you to live your daily life. If you have sinusitis you will experience pain in the cheek, headache, toothache, and a feeling of squeezing around the eyes. As you can see, respiratory illnesses can cause discomfort to your body. This is why you should get it treated and know how to manage it with care in order for you to live a productive and normal life. As mentioned before, there are different approaches in treating different respiratory illness. Some people prefer the tested and proven method of conventional medicine, while others prefer different approaches, such as holistic therapy. Conventional medicine is where your respiratory illness will be diagnosed by basing on the symptoms. What conventional medicine do is help relieve the symptoms you experience and identify what causes the illness and treat it. Medical practitioners are usually the people who perform conventional medical treatment of respiratory illnesses. However, another kind of treatment is called holistic therapy where it greatly differs from the medical approach. Although this kind of treatment approach is greatly debated, many people claims that this type of treatment is very effective in curing them from different kinds of respiratory illness. Rather than focusing on the signs and symptoms of the patient, holistic treatment focuses on the whole body of the patient. Holistic therapy practitioners believe that the human body is surrounded by a vital force that protects the body from diseases. Theories have suggested that any irregularities in this force can trigger illnesses that include the respiratory illness. What they do is balance the flow of the vital force or life energy to cure the patient. However, medical professional have suggested that holistic therapy offers no more than just a placebo effect. Whatever kind of treatment you prefer, you should consider consulting with the professionals first in order to make sure that the disease you have can be properly diagnosed. Holistic therapy are now being accepted by quite a number of hospitals and is integrated with conventional medicine to treat different kinds of diseases. Pregnant Women with Bronchitis Bronchitis is an ailment of the airways manifested by the existence of sputum production and cough for at least three months in each of two successive years. From the name itself, bronchitis is the inflammation and infection of the bronchial tree. The bronchial tree is composed of tubes that bring air to the lungs. When these get inflamed and infected, the tubes swell and produce thick mucus inside of them which makes it difficult to breathe. There are basically two kinds of bronchitis: acute (meaning short term) bronchitis and chronic (meaning long term) bronchitis. Acute bronchitis is mainly caused by viruses and bacteria. Chronic bronchitis on the other hand is caused by smoking or environmental pollutants that causes an irritation on the airways. During pregnancy the woman's body undergoes a lot of changes. Her body now consumes oxygen and nutrients not just for her own well-being but for the baby inside her as well. The health of a pregnant woman with respiratory problems can be quite a predicament for physicians. There are major factors that are involved when dealing with the health of pregnant women such as their anatomical and physiological alterations to pregnancy, balancing both fetal and maternal needs, and the pregnant woman's vulnerability to diseases. Although there may be modifications in the care of pregnant women with respiratory health problems, such as, bronchitis, management and treatment of the said health predicament is similar to those of nonpregnant individuals. Respiratory health problems have the possibility to get worse in pregnancy because of the rising uterus tends to squeeze the diaphragm, decreasing the dimension of available space in the lungs and the size of thoracic cavity just when lung function is essential to supply sufficient oxygen exchange for the mother and the fetus. Moreover, histologic evaluations of the upper respiratory tract during pregnancy expose hyperemia (increase amount of blood), glandular hyperactivity (increase workload of the glands), increased mucopolysaccharide content, and increased phagocytic activity. These alterations seem to be caused by the increase in estrogen levels. As a result, pregnant women experience nose bleeding and nasal stuffiness. Being knowledgeable enough about the changes in respiratory physiology among pregnant women is crucial to their care and management when they become affected by a respiratory disease. As you may well know, these changes permit the mother-to-be to meet the metabolic needs of the unborn child. The following are signs and symptoms of bronchitis: * Fatigue * Low grade fever * Chest aches * Wheezing * Labored breathing or dyspnea which is worsened by physical exertion * Cough with sputum or mucus * Rales, these are abnormal lung sounds that can be heard in the lungs through the stethoscope To diagnose the disease, tests are utilized by the doctors in addition to the obvious signs and symptoms in the confirmation of the disease such as pulmonary lung function tests, pulse oxymetry, arterial blood gas, chest x-ray, and sputum examinations Treatment for bronchitis in pregnant women is similar to those individuals who are not pregnant. In any case, if the disease is caused by a virus then an antibiotic is useless (which is prescribed for bacteria-caused bronchitis). Acute bronchitis is usually self-limiting and may clear out within a week. General treatment is comprised of complete rest, lots of fluid intake, use of humidifiers to clear out the lung congestions, and avoiding air pollutants such as smoking. Although aspirin is prescribed to common individuals, pregnant women are not allowed to take this since it can cause bleeding and may induce complications. Furthermore, prevention is still better than the cure. And being in a vulnerable state, pregnant women should always be careful with their bodies like always wash their hands (to avoid bacterial or viral bronchitis) and stop smoking or avoid smokers. It is also recommended that pregnant women obtain a flu vaccine especially if they are going to be pregnant during the influenza season. Although the vaccine will not wholly prevent the woman from getting afflicted with bronchitis, it will at least shield her from certain strains of virus caused respiratory illnesses. Any respiratory predicament can create serious damage to the unborn child if allowed to progress until the mother's oxygen- carbon dioxide exchange is altered and heavily compromised. Bronchiolitis: The Bronchitis Version in Infant No parent will get a good night sleep when his baby is persistently coughing and breathing for him is difficult. You think that it is no ordinary cold or cough. It is something else. You may want to check if your baby is suffering from Bronchiolitis. While bronchitis commonly happens to adults as their large airways inflame, bronchiolitis is a term referred to infants with inflamed airways between the chest and the lungs. The term bronchiolitis is coined since the bronchioles of infants are smaller than those of an adult. Thus it is easily plugged and viruses can easily enter. Who are at risk? When your baby reaches the age of six months, he is more likely to be prone on developing bronchiolitis. It occurs until the second year of your baby. Infants are more susceptible to the illness during the winter and early spring season. Moreover, infants who are exposed to cigarette and belch smokes are also at high risk of obtaining the said illness. A crowded environment also causes onset symptoms of bronchiolitis. When you have a male infant, then he is most likely to acquire bronchiolitis. Studies also showed that male infants who are formula-fed are most likely to develop the said illness especially if they have not been breast-fed during the first six months of an infant. What causes bronchiolitis? A viral infection, commonly known as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the main culprit behind bronchiolitis. Studies show that RSV is the major cause of sickness to young children especially infants. Other viruses which cause the said illness are the following: * Parainfluenza virus -- medical studies show that this kind of virus brings pediatric respiratory infections to most infants. * Mycoplasma -- this type of virus is an imperative cause of pneumonia and other disorders in the respiratory system. * Adenoviruses -- a virus which commonly causes conjunctivitis and other illnesses in the respiratory system * Influenza virus -- this type of virus strikes human's respiratory tract which leads for an individual to suffer from cough, cold or to some extent bronchitis. What are the symptoms? Your infant will begin to have a stuffy and runny nose with a meek cough. That is the primary symptom of an infant who develops bronchiolitis. He will then begin to suffer from breathing difficulties both in inhaling and exhaling. After a day or two, your baby will then have an increase in breathing difficulty with rapid wheezing and cough. If you will observe, by this time his heartbeat has increased as well. Other probable indications which may be accompanied by the above-mentioned symptoms are fever or cooler body temperature and reduced appetite. How can bronchiolitis be diagnosed? If the above-mentioned symptoms are apparent to your baby, then it is highly recommended that you bring him to his pediatrician. The pediatrician after assessing the infant's medical history and after taking physical examination may advise for the following tests to further prove that the illness is indeed bronchiolitis: 1. Chest x-ray 2. Pulsoximeter What are the recommended treatments? There are helpful first-aid cure to give temporary relief to your baby. The most important step you need to undertake is to supply him a lot of non-caffeinated fluids. By doing so, dehydration will be prevented. The use of humidifier or saline nose drops may also be done to allow the mucus to lighten. Sometimes it is recommended for parents or caregivers to bring the infant to the hospital so that he may be well-supervised in terms of giving him fluids, oxygen which is humidified and most importantly a thorough observation. Can bronchiolitis be prevented? Once an infant has been cured from bronchiolitis, you cannot risk another instance to experience the same illness. Hence, you need to undertake some preventive measures: * During winter or early spring season where bronchiolitis is receptive, keep an infant away from individuals who have colds, cough, and flu. * As the parent or caregiver, make it a habit to wash your hands before handling an infant. * If you are to cough or sneeze, make sure that you cover your mouth with a tissue or handkerchief. Parents or caregivers who are likely to become sick should temporarily ask someone to take over their responsibility. Pregnancy Watch: What You Need to Know About Bronchitis "A new life" Pregnancy is a momentous moment for a couple. It denotes the fruit of a man and woman's love for each other. Most significantly, it signifies that another individual will be given life. During pregnancy, women take extra care of themselves because it is not just them that they are taking care of. When a woman becomes pregnant, she is most susceptible to acquire many illnesses because of a weakened immune system. Cough and colds are common illnesses once a woman gets pregnant. Physicians advise pregnant women to make necessary precautions to prevent from getting cough and colds since it can lead to more serious illness such as bronchitis. Bronchitis is a condition wherein the air passageway inside your lungs swells. Cough and colds are the most common symptoms of bronchitis. Hence, if you are pregnant you must keep yourself from getting coughs. Ways to Avoid Getting Bronchitis The main consideration you need to undertake to avoid bronchitis is to avoid getting its symptom. Primarily, you cannot risk having cough or colds which oftentimes develop into bronchitis if not immediately treated. Hence, you need to undertake measures to keep you away from getting coughs or colds: 1. You need to wash your hands as often as possible. If you are outside the premises of your home or office where a washroom is not accessible, it is best to bring a hand sanitizer or alcohol. 2. It is best if you keep things around you clean especially those you often touch or encounter. There are a lot of germ-killing disinfectants which you can use. 3. Keep away from people who have cough or colds. You are at high risk to develop such illness when you frequently interact with individuals who are inflicted with cough or colds. 4. If you begin to develop cough or colds, use a clean tissue when you blow. Immediately throw the tissue into its appropriate container. Effects of Bronchitis to a Pregnant Woman You need to take the above-mentioned ways seriously to avoid getting cough or colds due to many uneventful consequences it may bring such as the development of bronchitis. Several symptoms of bronchitis may cause anxiety to pregnant women in many different ways: * Coughing is a symptom of bronchitis. Although the presence of cough is not fatal to your unborn child, it can lead to annoying and discomforting moments. * Fever is also a symptom of bronchitis. You need determine your body temperature. Medical studies show that pregnant women who incur a temperature higher than 38.9 degrees C may give birth to a child with abnormalities. * Colds, pain in the throat and chest also bring annoyances to pregnant women. If immediately treated, these do not bring harm to you or the baby. If You Have the Symptoms of Bronchitis If the symptoms of bronchitis are evident in you, then you or a caregiver must take necessary precautions to tamper the development of the illness so that you will not suffer from the above-mentioned effects of bronchitis to pregnant women. 1. You need to drink a lot of non-caffeinated liquids. By doing so, it will help by easing your secretion. Some of the recommended liquids for pregnant women are water, fruit juices from fresh fruits, and soups. 2. A humidifier in your house may be beneficial especially if you are suffering from colds. Additionally, saline drops can also be utilized to relieve your nose from being stuffy. 3. A warm shower everyday is recommended. It was found out that taking a warm shower can help clear out mucus as well as nose stuffiness. 4. When symptoms of bronchitis are evident, you need to take a lot of rest. A visit to your OB-GYNE is highly recommended. There are times that taking medications cannot be prevented even if you are pregnant. Such medications aim to alleviate the discomfort and pain you are suffering brought by the symptoms of bronchitis. Decongestants are medicines commonly given to pregnant women who are suffering from colds or allergies. On the other hand, there are cough suppressants and expectorants available for pregnant women to help them aid from the annoyance of cough. It is best to consult your doctor before you take such medications to prevent possible harm to you and your baby. Life management in the occurrence of arthritis, asthma, chronic bronchitis, diabetes, heart disease, and emphysema to condition a healthy living, help your self and share the tips with others As a person age, his body system starts to get frail. Because of this, he is exposed to certain ailments. However, with proper life management, these diseases can be prevented or alleviated. The following are some ways to deal with the particular health conditions: Arthritis Aging and climate are the two culprits pointed to cause arthritis. However, the basic cause of the pain is the lack of lubricating fluids in the joints. Because of this, the joints, cartilage and linings are in friction when in motion. They become stiff and will begin to irritate. Continuous movement causes the joints to inflame and thus, ache. There is a diverse forms of arthritis depending upon how the person reacts to the disease. The lack of lubricant can cause friction to the cartilage or the joint lining. When the wear occurs in the cartilage, it is called osteoarthritis. While when the wear occurs in the joint lining, it is termed rheumatoid arthritis. Knowing the root of the disease, one can point out the cure. The body needs oil rich in omega 3. And since the body cannot manufacture this, it has to be supplemented through proper diet. Omega 3 is found in nuts, vegetables and fish. Polyunsaturated oils from vegetables and fishes are helpful to cure arthritis. Asthma Asthma is another disease that affects the natural breathing process. Because it hinders breathing, the method of treatment involves inhalation and exhalation technique. Correcting the breathing habits with the integration of proper diet and exercise can help cure asthma. The breathing technique is done by lying flat or sitting erectly. The ratio of inhaling to exhaling should be 1:2 for a minimum inhalation period of 4 seconds. Gradually, the time to perform each set of this exercise should increase until proper breathing is established as a habit. The next stage is to include retention. This involves holding of breath before exhaling. The desired ratio of inhalation, retention, and exhalation should be 1:4:2 for a minimum of 4 seconds. This technique shall be powered with eating leafy vegetables, root crops and fruits. It should also be noted that products from animal flesh, processed foods and grains can aggravate asthma and therefore must be avoided. Chronic bronchitis Chronic bronchitis is a known respiratory disorder common to smokers and people with poor immune system. This can be caused by viruses or bacteria and can lead to pneumonia. The persistent character of this disease requires continuous treatment until completely resolved, otherwise the disease can reoccur and aggravate. Decongestants are the common medications to treat chronic bronchitis. Diabetes Diabetes is a medical condition characterized by an abnormally high sugar level. It is generally affected by the failure in producing insulin or defect in insulin action or, in some cases, both. Indeed, diabetes is a serious disease that needs proper attention. The first step to detect diabetes is to test the blood sugar level. This refers to the amount of glucose present in the blood. When the doctor has confirmed the occurrence of the disease, a dietitian is the next person to call for. The dietitian shall design a good meal plan. There are numerous medications to control the blood sugar and they must be taken properly. Heart disease Heart disease is considered as the number one killer. About 1.2 million Americans die every year because of heart disease. And unfortunately, roughly one quarter of the population of United States suffer in some form of heart disease without them knowing it. To prevent or to alleviate heart diseases, lifestyle should be modified. There are basically simple things that need to be integrated in the daily routines. Such things as regular exercise, proper diet, and taking the nutritional supplements designed for the heart should make up the habit. In addition, there are also habits that must be taken away from the system such as smoking, aggressive drinking and fondness to fatty foods. Emphysema Emphysema is one of the most destructive lung disease, yet least understood. Because of the poor studies in counteracting this disease, it is considered as a silent killer. It can frantically destroy a person, yet remain unknown. Emphysema can only be detected when it is at its worst already, when the lungs have considerably been damaged. Cigarette smoking is one of the key causes that lead to emphysema. When the symptoms are starting to occur, it is advised to consult a physician and quit smoking. This is the only way to save you from such ailment. Tracheal Bronchitis and the New Bacteria Sometimes, it can be very confusing to distinguish one illness from another. The symptoms are similar and oftentimes, misdiagnosis can occur. This is the reason why medical practitioners must be very careful in their chosen field so that they can give an accurate diagnosis, coupled with the right medication or treatment. Bronchitis is defined as a condition characterized by the irritation and inflammation of the bronchial tubes and this is divided into different classifications, namely: acute tracheal bronchitis, chronic bronchitis (simple to complicated), and bronchiectasis. This condition still remains to be a major threat to the health of millions of people. In the US, bronchitis ranks fourth as a leading death cause. Controlling the illness recently got complicated because of the new transformations in the illness' nature. A new and nasty bacteria emerged that can resist or tolerate conventional antibiotics. These bacteria are forcing doctors and physicians to re-evaluate and re-examine their practices and methods pertaining to bronchitis and pneumonia. The researches conducted by disease specialists are not that valuable since the cultured data or bacteria are already dead by the time it is to be tested. Therefore, the specific etiology and preferred treatment course are not determined. That is why doctors and physicians are forced to focus more on their knowledge and skill about the illness. What they usually do is to conduct a physical examination that is largely based on the things that they observe or see, and they would give the proper treatment. The diagnosis made by these doctors and physicians are empiric and intuitive; but a scientific and systematic approach is still important to design an antimicrobial therapy. Antibiotics must satisfy certain criteria such as efficacy in the treatment of bronchitis, safety, and convenience and cost-effectiveness. The ideal antibiotic for bronchitis and other respiratory disorders are those that: - offer action against principal respiratory organisms - pharmacokinetic - optimal pharmacologic - pharmacodynamic profiles - experimental response rates are high - tissue penetration is good - profiles of drug-interaction - side effects are low - bacterial resistance is developed slowly Amoxicillin, macrolides and cephalosporins are considered as traditional antibiotics and are greatly used in antimicrobial therapy. Their usefulness varies, as well as incidence of resistance among bacteria. Last 1999, gatifloxacin and moxifloxacin were released and these medications offered better options for the treatment of respiratory diseases. Since new ones are introduced, some drugs are pulled out from circulation because of their hazardous side effects. In managing tracheal bronchitis and other respiratory illnesses, the doctors and physicians must have a great understanding of all organisms involved in the infection, and a thorough awareness of potential therapies that are quite effective. In treating tracheal bronchitis, there are various strategies being utilized. Today, physicians are having a controversy as to what course of medication and treatment is required if the patient has symptoms of tracheal bronchitis. Generally, the patients are treated quickly. The patients are expecting that once they paid for a consultation, they are already entitled to get an antibiotic. The doctor must educate his patients and tell them that if they have a cough for a day or two, they should not rush into the doctor's clinic. They have to wait about five to seven days. Viral infections disappear, but if your bronchitis is caused by bacteria, the coughing will continue. Then, that is the time that they should go the doctor. In fact, most specialists recommend non-treatment if the cough doesn't persist for at least five days. The time allows development and elimination of the viral infection that will disappear even without using antibiotics. If after such time the cough persists, then the doctor can now prescribe an antibiotic. If the patient has tracheal bronchitis and coughs (with sputum) for several days, but with no fever or pneumonia, COPD, or emphysema, it is customary for physicians and doctors to give antibiotics. With further studies underway, perhaps new antibiotics will be developed to treat tracheal bronchitis and other classifications of bronchitis. Patients can look forward for a much better line of antibiotics to treat their condition. Let's just hope that before those nasty bacteria settle into the bronchial tubes, new antibiotics are already available to combat them. For the mean time, prevention is the best way to combat the illness. Some Treatment Steps to Heal Chronic Bronchitis A severe type of bronchitis is often referred to as "chronic bronchitis," where the main air passageway of your lungs continues to swell and commonly recurs. Smoking is the main culprit for the presence of chronic bronchitis. Firsthand smoking is at a high risk to develop the said illness. Moreover, even if you don't smoke but you are prone to inhale smoke from cigarettes and belches or breathe in irritants then you are most likely to develop chronic bronchitis. Once you observe the following symptoms then it is best to consult with your physician for you may be suffering from chronic bronchitis: * Productive cough with abundant mucus and sometimes there is blood in your cough. * Difficulty in breathing which is triggered by slight activities. * Infections in the respiratory systems. * Easily weakened by non-strenuous activity * Swollen feet, ankle or leg * Persistent headaches When the above-mentioned signs are observed by you or your physician, your doctor will request for a series of tests to determine proper treatments. Most medical practitioner states that there is no absolute cure for chronic bronchitis. What you can do is give aid to the discomfort, pain and symptoms brought by the said illness. There are specific treatments to help you deal with chronic bronchitis. 1. Bronchodilators The primary aim of this treatment is to help you breathe easier. What it does is open the air passageway in your lungs to alleviate the briefness of breath as well as wheezing. Bronchodilators are divided into three subgroups such as beta2-agonists, anticholinergics, and xanthines. Beta2-agonists are used to reduce the symptoms brought by chronic bronchitis by relaxing the airways in your lungs. Salbutamol and Terbutaline are some common types of beta2-agonists. Anticholinergics are drugs used to help patients with chronic bronchitis breathe easier. However, it works differently compared to beta2-agonists. "Atrovent" is an example of this drug. Xanthine comes from the "alkaloids" group wherein it is utilized to treat the symptoms of bronchitis. Others conclude that Xanthine can reduce the swelling of the air passageway of the lungs. 2. Corticosteroids To prevent too much swelling and irritation of bronchial tubes, corticosteroids may be used. It is usually taken by inhaling the drug. However, there are patients who are prescribed to take the said medication in tablet form. These patients are the ones who experience severe lung infection. Misuse or overuse of this drug may result to hazy vision, repeated urination and the need to drink plenty of liquids. 3. Supplemental Oxygen Not all individuals with chronic bronchitis need to have supplemental oxygen. If you have extremely low oxygen in your blood or you have minor damage in the lungs, then it is recommended that you undergo this kind of treatment. A cylinder or concentrator is used to deliver the oxygen you need into your body. With a use of "nasal prongs" you will be able to breathe in the oxygen supply that is required for you to take. With the presence of oxygen, you will be able to sustain the normal level of oxygen in your blood which your body needs. Additionally, it enables you to breathe easier. 4. Flu and pneumonia shots Flu shot is a vaccine to safeguard individuals from the "influenza virus." The shot is commonly administered in the arms every year. Equally important is a pneumonia shot. With this vaccine, you will be protected from the infection "pneumococcal." There are short-term side effects when you get the above-mentioned shots such as reddishness of the injected body part, swelling or soreness. However, these are temporary side effects as reaction of the body to the vaccine. 5. Antibiotics Antibiotics for chronic bronchitis are used to treat secondary bacterial infection. Telithromycin with a brand name "Ketek" is a widely used antibiotic for chronic bronchitis. Apart from the suggested medication as chronic bronchitis treatment, it is also helpful to practice the following steps: * You need to stop smoking, if you are a smoker. If you are non-smoker, you need to stay away from an environment with smokes and irritants. * You need to change your lifestyle by properly eating variety of foods from the food pyramid, getting enough exercise as well as getting ample of rest. * It may be helpful if you can join support group programs. By doing so, you will be able to fully understand and accept your condition. It will also help you encounter other treatment methods which you can try. Understanding the Foundation of Chronic Bronchitis A medical diagnosis manifested by a productive cough of the sputum occurring for more than three months can be deemed as chronic bronchitis. It can occur consecutively for two years along with the obstruction on air passages. Pulmonary testing helps in proper diagnosis through documentation of reversible characteristics of airways obstruction. The current foundations of chronic bronchitis management are sympathomimetic agents and inhaled ipratropium bromide. Although theophyllinne is a very important therapy, its usage is only limited to narrow therapeutic effects. Orally taken steroids are reserved from patients demonstrating improvements in airflow. Antibiotics also play an important role for alleviating acute exacerbations. Others include smoking cessation, nutritional and hydration support, supplemental oxygen, and strengthening respiratory muscles. Chronic bronchitis is considered one of the most common COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) illnesses. In fact, this is the fourth major death cause in the U.S. There are approximately ten million Americans who are affected by COPD to some extent causing 40,000 deaths in a year. The major risk factor in developing chronic bronchitis is cigarette smoking. More than ninety percent of the patients have smoking histories, although fifteen percent of cigarette smokers are diagnosed ultimately with obstructive disease of the airways. Studies revealed that persistent active markers of airway inflammation upon bronchial specimen's biopsy are found in symptomatic ex-smokers, even if these people already halted their smoking habit for thirteen years. There are three major bacterial pathogens found in people with chronic bronchitis. It includes Streptococcus pneumoniae, Moraxella catarrhalis, and Haemophilus influenzae. A speculative explanation between chronic bronchitis and infection interactions is due to the low colonization density of infectious agents on the lower respiratory tract which cause inflammatory reaction and triggers succeeding acute exacerbations. Documentation which supports this concept is taken from various studies of patients affected by chronic bronchitis. The bacteria associated with IgE circulate in the body of the patients triggering histamine release after exposure to similar cultured bacteria of the lower respiratory tracts. Added mechanisms including neurogenic inflammation is then developed causing chronic bronchitis symptomatic flare-ups. Thus the disease may continue because inflammatory mediators are sustained. Diagnostic testing on the obstruction of the air passages must be done. Pulmonary function testing is recommended to determine how the patient responds to inhaled therapy such as bronchodilators. The obstructive disease of the airway is defined by the measured FEV1 (forced expiratory volume)/ FVC (forced vital capacity) ratio. Most adults over their mid-life years, physiologic changes related to their age and elasticity of their lungs can cause a 30mL FEV1 decline in a year. Progressive declines of FEV1 rates means prolonged suffering from chronic bronchitis. The obstruction in the air passages caused by excessive sputum production can confirm chronic bronchitis diagnosis. 1. Blood tests. Advanced chronic bronchitis is determined through blood sampling taken from the artery. Usually, hypoxemia is very common characterized by ventilatory failure next to inflammation and bronchospasm. If ventilatory exchange of gas worsens, the condition is called concomitant hypercapnia. Testing through blood samples can also determine mild polycythemia. 2. Chest radiograph. This tests although correlate poorly with chronic bronchitis symptoms in many patients, still, findings can be determined such as blebs, hyperinflation, bullae, peribronchial markings, and diaphragmatic flattening. 3. Electrocardiogram. This test is able to recognize disturbances in the supraventricular rhythm which include atrial flutter or atrial fibrillation, atrial tachycardia having "P" pulmonale. Airway biopsy findings also include submucosal and mucosal inflammation, hyperplasia of goblet cell, and increased muscle smoothness on the small noncartilaginous air passage. 4. Sputum cultures. This is limited for patients that have never been admitted in hospitals but displays acute chronic bronchitis exacerbations. It is because cultures of samples never reflect any presence of the organisms in bronchial distal levels. The sputum's gram stain is a way of determining if antibiotic therapy is needed. Protected-tip sputum cultures are suggested for hospitalized patients especially if atypical organisms cause the exacerbation. The whole ten years of mortality rate after the chronic bronchitis diagnosis is fifty percent. Respiratory failure after acute exacerbation is often the most terminal event. It is because bacterial infections often follow, characterized by fever, purulent sputum, and worst poor ventilation symptoms. Other precipitants include seasonal changes, infections of the upper respiratory, medications, and prolong exposure to pollutants and irritants. However, understanding the role of mediators which cause inflammation in chronic bronchitis led on a better management of the disease. Watch Out for the Sign of Bronchitis Each person is looking for a sign that may have a significant meaning to his life. When he wants something and is not sure whether he will pursue it or not, he would usually stop and ask for a certain sign. Even when the Lord Jesus was born, the sign was a star that led the magi to his manger. Different signs for different events or happenings take place everyday. What if you have a disease or illness? Will you still be asking for a sign? Naturally, a person will exhibit some sort of signs or symptoms associated with the disease. There are many diseases known all over the world; and each disease or illness has their own signs and symptoms. Bronchitis is a common respiratory disease that affects millions of people in the entire world. Though oftentimes it can be misdiagnosed, medical practitioners are trying their best efforts to give an accurate diagnosis based on the signs shown by their patients. There are two types of bronchitis, acute and chronic bronchitis. Acute bronchitis is a mild or moderate form of bronchitis while chronic bronchitis is a severe condition that needs appropriate medication and treatment. Each type of bronchitis can be easily determined by physicians or doctors because of the different signs and symptoms exhibited by the patient. Acute Bronchitis Signs - similar to that of cold symptoms - wheezing - painful cough - chest and throat pain - fever - coughs up pus - generally unwell Chronic Bronchitis Signs - productive and persistent cough - excessive mucus secretion in airways - mild fever and chest pain - breathlessness - has acute bronchitis episodes - winter cough that disappears in summer Bronchitis shows signs similar to other upper infections of the respiratory tract which includes soreness, burning feeling or constriction in the chest, congestion, sore throat, wheezing, breathlessness, overall malaise, chills and with slight fever. This is why bronchitis may be misdiagnosed for other respiratory infections like chronic sinusitis because the signs felt by the individual are very similar. Chronic sinusitis is an infection in your nose' bone, and one of its signs include a green or yellow, thick postnasal discharge coupled with unceasing cough. This is usually triggered when an individual tries to clear mucus from his or her throat. Signs of bronchitis are impossible to detect, especially that of acute bronchitis as the respiratory system has constricted contractions. If acute bronchitis remains untreated, in time complications may occur that can bring about chronicisation and asthmatic bronchitis. Adults, children, and newborns suffering from emphysema are at a great risk. A premature treatment or diagnosis can manipulate negatively the establishment of signs and symptoms. If you want to improve the signs of bronchitis, you must do physical exercises like aerobic exercise. This is helpful in sustaining breathing after you're cured of bronchitis. Bronchitis patients need to do a lot of normal walking exercises. There are also cardio exercises that you can perform to ameliorate breathing, fortify muscles, and calm the bronchitis patient. When you already have bronchitis, whether acute or chronic, you should refrain from eating dairy products because these things increase mucus secretion and can aggravate the infection. By eating dairy products, the bacteria multiply quickly. If you want to further improve the bronchitis signs that you feel, you can use pepper, garlic, and stock (from chicken) especially if you have acute bronchitis. This aids in the dilution of mucus, as well as its elimination. You can also put yourself under eucalyptus therapy to calm the irritation in your lungs and bronchial tubes to improve respiration. Apply warm compresses and take warm baths to clear mucus and help in stabilizing the breathing process. And if you're a smoker, you'd better quit as soon as possible and take the necessary precautions. Also try to avoid second-hand smoke because it's even more harmful. Signs and symptoms of diseases serve as a warning to patients having the illness. Once you do experience some of the signs, then you can immediately seek the help of a physician or doctor. This way, you can prevent complications and be able to treat the disease at an early stage. Look for a reputable and experienced doctor to get the proper diagnosis. Bronchitis: The Drugs That Can Help Treat Bronchitis Today, there are thousands of drugs available in the market, each with different illnesses to treat. One of the most common illnesses in modern society is respiratory illnesses. You have to consider that there are a lot of kinds of respiratory illnesses. Some are contagious and some are not. There are also different kinds of drugs for different kinds of respiratory illnesses. The fact that you need a perfectly healthy body in order to function well in your daily activities, you have to know how to properly take care of it or at least know how to deal with it in case you get affected with a disease. One of the most common diseases today is called bronchitis. This is a form of respiratory illness that can affect anyone at anytime. However, people who live in highly polluted areas, and people who smoke tobacco are usually affected as well as infant, children, the elderly and people who have weak lungs are also prone to bronchitis. Bronchitis comes in two forms, one is acute bronchitis and the other is chronic bronchitis. Acute bronchitis is a short term bronchitis that requires little treatment. Usually, acute bronchitis doesn't need any drugs at all. However, there are people who take expectorant in order to improve breathing. Some people take anti-inflammatory drugs to alleviate the symptoms. Sometimes, bronchitis can also congest the sinuses and can be a painful condition. To alleviate the symptom, you can take some nasal decongestant drugs. Acute bronchitis usually lasts for up to only 10 to 12 days if properly managed and treated. However, it will also vary on the kind of infection that the bronchitis has. If it is a viral infection, you don't need to take any special drugs to treat it. All you need is plenty of rest, plenty of water, and avoid dusty and highly polluted areas. If you want to alleviate the signs and symptoms of acute bronchitis, you can take some anti-inflammatory drugs, some pain medication, expectorant and nasal decongestant drugs. However, if the virus is caused by bacterial infection, the doctor will prescribe some antibiotics or antibacterial drugs that will kill the bacteria infecting your bronchial tube and your respiratory system. On rare cases, bronchitis can also be caused by fungal infection and for this your doctor may prescribe antifungal drugs along with other medications to alleviate the signs and symptoms. It is very important to remember that you shouldn't just but any over-the-counter drugs as you may some allergies and some drugs are dangerous if combined to any other kind of drugs. If you prefer to take medications for your bronchitis, it is important that you should first consult your doctor. He or she will refer to your medical history and find out if you are allergic to any kind of medications. The doctor can also give you prescription on the right combination of drugs and can give you instructions on the proper dosage and the proper time to take it. In the chronic form of bronchitis, you have to consider that this is a long term treatment that will require long term and well-managed care. Chronic bronchitis will also require you to take different kinds of drugs to help alleviate the signs and symptoms and also help treat the illness. However, the most important step in treating acute bronchitis is by quitting smoking. If you do this early enough, you can reverse the damage in your lungs. The doctor will also prescribe some medications to help you overcome chronic bronchitis which may include inhaled medicines, such as bronchodilators to open your airway and let you breath easily, steroids, and antibiotics to prevent infection. In some cases, people with chronic bronchitis have low oxygen levels. For this, the doctor may recommend that home oxygen should be used. The chance for a full recovery for people with chronic bronchitis is poor. Always remember that the key to cure chronic bronchitis is detecting it at its early stages and changing your lifestyle, such as quitting smoking and reducing your alcohol intake. These are the things that you should remember about bronchitis. Always remember that before you take any drugs, you should first consult your doctor who will tell you about the proper dosage and the proper drugs to take. More Cures for the Bronchitis Condition Bronchitis conditions are usually viral infections and are known for being contagious since it can be acquired through contact with a person suffering from such infection and it can travel by air. This infection can be a stepping stone for other branching infections or complications such as pneumonia and emphysema, not to mention that it can also lead to lung cancer should an individual not be treated and further exposed to factors that may worsen the condition of the patient. This kind of respiratory disease is where the mucus membrane in the lungs' bronchial passageway is inflamed. This causes the membrane to become irritated which will grow and swell thicker. In turn, the lungs' tiny airways narrows down and/or shuts off, which results in breathlessness and coughing spells that is usually associated with thick phlegm. There are a couple of treatments that are used to cure this condition, however because of the fast advancement of our technology, nowadays, the cure can now be found in just capsules or inhalers provided that you use the cure within the prescribed duration and should not be used without the consent of your doctor. Some doctors advice their patients to use Albuterol and Ipratropium inhalers, these drugs are both by prescription. If the patient has fever and discolored phlegm, then the doctor may advise antibiotics. However, some persons who has experience such condition recommend a Z pack. It is usually taken 5 pills a day for not less than 5 days. It should stop the congestion but a cough will still be there so your doctor may write you a cough syrup that will help you get rid of the left cough and get you some rest. Another solution to bronchitis is that if you are smoking the best treatment to the condition is to stop smoking although it is easier said than done, your doctor may also give you some Mucinex it is an over the counter kind of medicine at any drugstore and you will also have to take in more fluids like water, even sodas and juice will do but not coffee. Should a cough occur with your bronchitis, Codeine will help you stop it but if you are sick of tablets and capsules, you should try mixing lemon juice and honey, it works, not as well as Codeine though. Meanwhile, if you have chronic bronchitis, what helps a lot is to have a cool mist steamer running while sleeping. You may also try some Chinese food remedies like the following: 1. 500 mg unpeeled pear or radish (crushed and soaked in honey). 2. Make a soup out of boiled licorice in water over low heat. 3. Put a peeled grapefruit inside the chicken cavity. Cook by steaming the chicken in a pan by adding a little water. Drink the chicken broth and eat the chicken. 4. For older patients with chronic bronchitis, It is recommended that they should eat seafoods and yam. According to some sources there are so many ways to cure it, like by drinking onion juice mixed with honey, or onion decoction which is said to give relief from coughing that is usually associated with bronchitis. You can also try boiling pepper powder in milk and then drinking it or you can also lick pepper powder mixed with ghee and sugar. Bronchitis can also be cured by drinking a mixture of 2 teaspoons of green ginger juice and 1 teaspoon of honey. Bronchitis is also cured by drinking roasted asafetida mixed in warm water. One should also try the combination of raisins and sugar kept ion mouth while sucked. The condition can also be treated by sucking on pomegranate fruit skin. Eating some dates while drinking warm water can dilute and remove the cough, thereby relieving the symptoms of bronchitis. One should also try drinking mint juice or licking approximately one half tola honey up to four times a day; or drinking tulsi juice along with sugar. Tea also has its own curing substance that acts as bronchodilator. Here are more natural ways to cure bronchitis. Put warm castor oil planet leaves on a pan. Cool and spread on the chest for the night (Caution: castor oil planet is poisonous). You can also try mixing mustard powder and equal amount of flour and water, and then smear it on the chest. However some people may have sensitive skin that applying mustard might sting, test on a small area first to know whether you have sensitive skin or not. There are yet more ways to cure bronchitis however, if we do not take good care of our bodies and continue to do things that may weaken our immune system, infections such as bronchitis will always be there to threaten us. Natural Remedy for Bronchitis: A Natural Way to Cure Bronchitis Today, bronchitis is considered as one of the most common diseases in the world. Usually, people who suffer from bronchitis are people who have weak respiratory system. Infants, children, the elderly and people who smoke tobacco are the ones usually affected by this disorder. Bronchitis is the infection of the bronchi. Usually, the main causes of bronchitis are virus infection, bacteria infection or in rare cases, bronchitis can be caused by fungus infection in the bronchial tree. This illness comes into two main classifications. The first one is acute (short-term) bronchitis, and the second one is chronic (long-term) bronchitis. Acute bronchitis is very easy to treat but it also needs constant management and care in order to let the patient fully recover. Since you won't know if your bronchitis is caused by virus, bacteria, or fungus infection without laboratory tests, you have to consider that once you experience the signs and symptoms associated with bronchitis, you need to consult your physician immediately as he or she will order some laboratory examinations that can accurately determine what is causing the illness. Bronchitis often develops during the late stages of upper respiratory tract infection. It is also very common in the winter months. You have to know all about the different signs and symptoms of bronchitis in order for you to get an idea on when to consult your physician. Usually, acute bronchitis will include persistent hacking cough, mild chest pain, and shortness of breath. Sometimes, it will also include headaches and squeezing sensation around the eyes. It is important that you should consult your doctor and get a laboratory test in order for you to determine whether the bronchitis is being caused by viral or bacterial infection. Bronchitis caused by virus infection is relatively easy to treat. All you need to do is drink lots of non-caffeinated and non-alcoholic beverages, such as water and juice and get lots of rest. You should also increase the humidity inside your home by installing a humidifier or a simple home solution of hanging wet towels or blankets. You have to understand that acute bronchitis can develop into chronic bronchitis if left untreated. Chronic bronchitis can cause permanent damage in your respiratory system and can severely affect your daily activities. This is why it is important for you to know how to properly care for your respiratory system and know how to treat bronchitis at its early stages. There are quite a lot of natural remedies that can help treat bronchitis or at least minimize the effect of the signs and symptoms. It is recommended that you should combine conventional treatment and alternative treatment for bronchitis. The first thing you need to do to treat bronchitis is to stop smoking if you are a smoker or don't start smoking if you are a non-smoker. One great natural remedy that can alleviate the symptoms of bronchitis is by taking a long shower or soak in a steam-filled bathtub. Or, you can stand over a sink or a large pot filled with simmering water and inhale. When you do this, make sure that you are near enough to inhale the steam and far enough so that you won't get burned. Another way to relieve symptoms of bronchitis is by applying hot, damp towels on your chest for several minutes. After this, you need to dry off, dress in warm clothes and go to bed. It is recommended that you should avoid dusty and smoky places as it can worsen your condition. These are some of the ways that can help alleviate the symptoms of bronchitis. You can also consider taking vitamin supplements to help your body fight off the virus or bacteria infection. There are other natural and alternative remedies that can help in treating bronchitis. It includes aromatherapy, hydrotherapy, acupuncture, and even massage with oils that can help in alleviating the symptoms of bronchitis. By combining natural remedies with conventional treatments, you can be sure that you can get rid of bronchitis from affecting your body and at the same time, live a healthier and more productive life. It is important to remember that taking care of your body is the best way to prevent being affected by bronchitis. However, if you do get bronchitis, you can simply do the mentioned natural and conventional treatments. Acute Bronchitis: How You Can Prevent It Your health is one of the most important factors that you should consider in today's world. It is important that you should maintain a perfectly healthy body in order for you to function normally and productively in today's society. It is also important that you should know how to take care of your health in order to prevent certain illnesses from becoming worse. Respiratory illnesses are very common nowadays. From asthma to other forms of respiratory illnesses, there are a millions of people suffering from different kinds of respiratory disorders. You have to consider the fact that your respiratory system is one of the vital systems that you need in your body. This is why you should know how to take care of your respiratory system in order to enjoy and live a normal and productive life. However, there are some cases where people can suffer from respiratory illnesses, such as bronchitis. Bronchitis is a respiratory illness that affects the bronchial tree where the bronchi of the lungs become inflamed. Tobacco smokers and people living in areas where there is a high level of air pollution are mainly affected by this disease. If you are one of this people, you have to know how to prevent bronchitis from affecting you. Firstly, you have to understand that there are two kinds of bronchitis. The first one is called acute bronchitis where it can last for only 10 to 12 days. The second kind of bronchitis is called chronic bronchitis where it can last up to three months to two years. In acute bronchitis, it is fairly easy to prevent this particular respiratory illness from affecting you. Acute bronchitis is mainly caused by virus and bacterial infections. However, there are some rare cases where bronchitis can be caused by fungus. The person suffering from acute bronchitis may experience persistent coughing with mucus, feeling of fatigue, shortness of breath, mild chest pains, mild fever, vibration inside the chest when breathing, and they will also experience a feeling of coldness. The virus that causes bronchitis can be the same virus that causes the common cold. In acute bronchitis that is caused by virus infection, no special medications are usually needed. All you need is plenty of rest, and drink a lot non caffeinated and non alcoholic beverages. However, if the acute bronchitis is caused by bacterial infection, there will usually be antibiotic medications involved along with the mentioned treatments. If it is possible, the house where the patient is staying should have increased humidity by using room humidifiers. Usually, acute bronchitis lasts only about 10 to 12 days. However, it may be closely followed or associated with flu or cold. Sometimes, coughing will continue during the healing process of the bronchi in your lungs. However, if the coughing lasts longer a month, it is recommended that you should consult your physician immediately as conditions other than bronchitis may cause the coughing. Some people say that prevention is better than cure. This is very true. Just ask yourself on why suffer from bronchitis and getting it treated instead of preventing it to happen. Bronchitis can be prevented. All you need to do is constantly wash your hands thoroughly. If you are a smoker, quit smoking in order to prevent bronchitis from happening. It is also recommended that if you are living in an area where there are high levels of air pollution, you should try and install some curtains or air conditioners and filters inside your home in order for you to breathe clean air. Bronchitis is a respiratory illness that can cause discomfort in your life. This is why it is important that you should know about the signs and symptoms of bronchitis in order for you to know if you have it and also for you to know if it is time for you to consult your doctor about it. Always remember that bronchitis is a preventable illness. All you need to do is establish a good and proper hygiene inside your home, try to reduce or quit smoking, and install air filters around your home to let you breathe fresh and clean air. These are some of the things you should remember in order for you to know about bronchitis and also know how to prevent it from affecting you.
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