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CD Duplication

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Intro To CD Duplication

The first thing you must know, is that there are many different types of CD
duplication. Some of them happen to be illegal, which is why you'll need to
make sure that the CDs you are duplicating are allowed by local laws and

The CD duplication process is basically taking one CD and making a copy of it,
or if you prefer, many copies of it. A CD can store information of many forms,
such as pictures, movies, data, and even music. Therefore, you'll need to
determine which type of duplication you are interested in.

You'll also need to think about how many copies you plan to make as well, as the
costs of equipment will vary. Most computers that you buy these days will come
with a CD-RW drive, and the software you'll need to make copies of the CD disks.

CD duplication is very easy to do, as you all you have to do is a few clicks.
Even if you are new to computers, you'll find that duplicating CDs is one of the
easiest things you'll do with your computer.

With the common software, you can copy an audio or even a data disk in just a
few minutes. The most common program is Nero, as it does wonders for CD
duplication and CD-RW drives. If you have access to Nero, you'll find it very
easy to use and very handy to have installed on your computer.

Once you begin to copy CDs, you can make copies of your audio CDs, back up your
computer, even make copies of your pictures. The sky is the limit with CD
duplication -- which is the main reason it has become so popular over the years.

The Difference Between Duplication and Publication

It would be easy to say that all CD duplication included was the ability to copy
CDs from a master copy so that you can have a bulk amount available to you.
But, the process can get a little more complicated with the right words and
intentions in place. Along the same lines of duplicating a CD is the concept of
publishing a CD into the public.

CD manufacturing is the same as the book industry, only it hasn't been around as
long. If you look at the book industry, you will notice that there are places
that publish your books and others who just manufacture your books. To publish
a book means to take all of the relevant information and put it into a certain
format. To only manufacture something means that you are only making the copies
of the same book. The process in both parts tie into each other, but include
different steps and needs that have to be met in order to complete the product.

If you are putting together a CD, you will want to know the difference between
these two and what it means. For a CD to be duplicated, you have to have it
published first. All of the CD duplication machines can only assist you in
getting to this point, but you will be the one that has to put together the
information for the publication before you can get into the duplication process.
Publication is something that you have to lay out first, with all of the
relevant information in place.

CD publication begins with you getting the correct data, such as music, and
putting it into the correct place. When you have done this and made a master
copy, it is your publication. From here, you can begin working into the
publication area with CD duplication individuals.

The publication aspect that is next includes the details of your CD. Everything
from the copyright, name of the CD, graphics, table of contents, credits and
personalized messages that you want to put in your CD are part of the
publication process.

With this particular step, you can find industry standards that will tell you
what to include or not to include, which can combine with your custom options.

If you are going into CD duplication for yourself, this part of it can be a part
of the equipment. Many pieces of equipment will come with a publisher and a
duplicator, which will allow you to place together the inserts, outer cover and
CD before you begin the process of making more copies.

In a way, the duplication process becomes the last step of the publishing
process. It is when all of the information that you have determined is relevant
and worthy to put into your CD package is placed into one component and is
processed in bulk.

This allows for your CD to be completed and ready to process for publishing to
the community.

Once you have published a CD, you can not re-publish it. This is where the
duplication process becomes the main ingredient of the CD. Your CD will be able
to be duplicated with the same publication materials that you established from
the beginning of your CD run. The only changes that can be made will have to be
part of a second edition, or second run of the duplication process. Because of
this, you will want to make sure that everything you have in the publication
process is put together in the correct way.

The difference between publication and duplication is knowing where you are at
in the process and what it should include in order to get the bulk materials
that you want and need. Knowing exactly how to approach the different aspects
of the publication process as well as when to start the duplication process as a
transfer over from publication, can help you to pay attention to the details
needed for duplication.

Benefits Of CD Duplication

The process of CD duplication is the means of making several copies of CDs of
various types without doing a replication of many. The term is used to describe
the need and use of short run quantity copying of various types of CDs. Most CD
duplication is done for quantities under 500.

The value and quality of the duplicate is high, with the sound quality being
very good and matching the quality of the original. There are many benefits to
CD duplication, including:

1. Its less expensive to do CD duplication than it is to do a full
   replication, especially when the demands are much lower.

2. In most cases, during a replication there will be a minimum amount that is
   actually more than needed. By using CD duplication, you can actually 
   eliminate this extra replication.

3. Believe it or not, it can actually be much faster to use CD duplication
   than a full CD replication run.

There are other things that can cause you to take a second look as well. With
most cases, CD duplication will cost more per CD than that of a full run
replication. In the long run however, this may still be much lower. Not all
will look like the original either, as some will have blue or even black burn
marks on them that make them appear to be duplicates.

CD duplication, never the less, is a widely used system of replicating CD's in a
very effective and timely manner. The technology is always improving as well,
so you can look for updates in the quality of CD duplication systems as well -
which is great news for those who enjoy CD duplication.

Essentials Of CDR

The simple rule of thumb is that whatever you have stored as a file on any other
storage medium can also be stored as a file on a CD-ROM. To the recorder, a
file is a file, and an ISO doesn't care whether or not the file contains
pictures, text, or even audio sound.

There are a few special cases, as to where you would want to record a file to a
CD in a special type of format. The most obvious here is CD-DA audio. If you
wanted to record an audio file to a CD so that you could play it back on your
home stereo, you would need to write a CD-DA (or Digital Audio) disk.

When you copy data to a CD, you need to ensure that your data doesn't exceed the
capacity of the CD that you will be recording to. Due to the audio requirements
of CDs, the amount of information a CD can hold is measured in
minutes/seconds/sectors. Each second can contain 75 sectors, each of which are
capable of holding 2,048 bytes of Mode 1 user data.

By using the CD Size command in the edit menu, you can set the capacity of the
set you wish to produce, which will help you to prevent exceeding it. The
status bar will show you how much space you have used, how much remains free,
and the percentage of each one.

Even though this may sound a bit confusing at first, keep in mind that it may
take some time if you are new to computers. Even though copying a CD is quite
easy, knowing the limits and how things work is a bit more complex. Give it
some time, and you'll be copying files to CD like the pros do it.

How To Find Your Own Equipment for CD Duplication

It's time to get your CD produced, but you know that this time, you don't want
to work with a company or manufacturer. If you know what you need, you can
easily find at home equipment that will allow you to get the most out of your CD
duplication experience. Knowing what the options are, what to look for and how
to approach your search for the perfect machine will help you to put together
your best look for a CD.

There are a large variety of brands that are available with equipment for CD
duplication, all which have specific features and builds. The first part of the
checklist that you want to look into is finding the brands that you know are
durable, last for longer periods of time and work with your computer equipment.
Searching for reviews and comparing your individual needs is the best way to
filter down what your best options are.

After you have your brands narrowed down, you can look into some of the features
that will fit you best. This is going to be based around your goals with the
equipment and what you need. For instance, you want to check to make sure that
the equipment is compatible with your computer and the software that you have
installed. If not, and if you like the other features, you can always see if
there are adapters that will help you to get what you need.

Beyond this, you will want to make sure that there are several options for
features with the equipment. Everything from the memory that it holds to how
many CDs it burns at one time can help you to determine what the best options
are for your CDs.

For instance, some equipment will only burn twenty CDs at one time, while
others can burn up to 1,000 with replicating more than one CD at a time through
towers. Knowing the vocabulary and the abilities of individual duplication
machines will help you with determining what fits you.

Within these options are also the different types of printing capabilities.
Silk screening to digital burning of graphics are available on a CD with
duplication. Each of these options will look slightly different and will appeal
to the eye in a different way. There are also newer technologies that are
allowing for more details within the pictures and ways to create the perfect
coloring within images. This is a large selling point for any piece of
equipment and should be considered before buying.

Past this point, the CD duplication equipment becomes choices that are
technically based. Things such as network compatibilities, types of CDs that
can be burned, extra features and options and newer technology are all built
into duplicators to create more appeal and to satisfy more needs of CD
duplication owners. Narrowing down the pros and cons of each of these and what
you are printing is something that you should always consider before buying.

With the popularity of CD duplication is also the need to narrow down the
choices and find what best fits your needs. Reviewing, comparing and looking
into new technology will help you to find the perfect match and to take the CD
duplication and publishing process into your own hands.

Sessions of CD Duplication

To most of us, the duplication of a CD is as simple as either dropping off a
master CD or seeing how many CDs are in bulk. To those who are duplicating CDs,
there is much more to making sure your CD turns out exactly like you want.
Specifically, those who are in the business of duplicating CDs will have
sessions that are used in order to get all of the details in of your CD. This
ensures that everything gets copied off exactly like you planned.

When beginning CD duplication, there always has to be a beginning with how to
get the information that you want from the computer to the burner that is being
used. When beginning this process, sessions will often be used. This allows
for easier movement of formatting as well as the ability to get all of the
information in correctly.

The first session that will be done is taking your information and putting it
into a specific hardware or software program. This will allow for a completed
disk image to be set up as a master copy of what is needed. This will then be
paralleled with the information that is in the disk, such as data or music, to
be placed into this same master file.

The differences in the sessions for the information is based on the file system
that is being used as well as the CD length. For instance, if you have a larger
amount of information, it will often be placed into packet writing software, so
that it can be divided up equally and not take up a large amount of space on a
computer. This will then allow for the information to remain safe in the
storage space that it is in.

When the information is being put into the CD, there are also specific parts of
sessions that will be used. This begins with defining the different parts of
the CD through a table of contents. Each of the tracks will be set up to match
the table of contents so that it can be put into the proper place before burned
and so that the information can be placed onto the CD in the corre ct way. This
will allow for an easier duplication process and will create a consistency with
the copies being made.

After this is done, each of the sessions will be divided by a lead in and lead
out for each session. This is defined by the times that are used to duplicate
the CD and how this lines up with the table of contents that has been used. For
instance, if five tracks are being burned, the session will begin with a lead
in, which will prepare the disk for burning the correct information onto the
disk. When the specific burning and copying is finished, it will end with a
lead out.

The sessions can have as many lead ins and lead outs as needed in order to
completely duplicate the CD. This will be dependent on the number of tracks and
data that needs to be copied as well as the amount of information that needs to
be stored on the software. For instance, if packaging software is being used,
it will be easier to have different sessions and to divide the amount of
information into several spaces, allowing for the duplication to be processed

The concept of sessions, and the ability to create sessions with CD duplication
serves several purposes. The first is to divide up the information in the CD
processing as well as to create a separate space for each set of information.
The second part of this is to create a work flow that will allow for the
information to be finished in a span of time with the CD. If one chooses to use
sessions for CD duplication, the process can become easier and allow for more
attention to detail.

CD Duplication Information

It's important to realize from the start that the duplication and replication
process is the same, regardless of content, as well as the differences between
the CD duplication and replication process.

The duplication of CDs refers to burned CDs, such as the CD burner with a
personal computer. The burned audio CDs have playability issues in some CD
players, normally car stereos, portable CD players, and even older types of CD

The duplication of CDs has much faster turn times, simply because a stamp
doesn't need to be made. The process of duplication can start as soon as the
master is received, where the replication process doesn't start for 5 -- 7 days,
during which time a glass master and stamper must be made.

When done locally with a personal computer, you can duplicate an audio or data
CD in just a couple of minutes. To duplicate a CD, you must have a computer
with a CD-RW drive. This drive copies the CD disks, and without one -- you
simply cannot copy disks.

If you have a DVD-RW drive, you can copy both DVD and CD disks. These drives
are normally the way to go, as they can copy virtually anything you stick in the
drive. Once you have your drive, you'll also need software to copy the disks,
which there are many out there for you to choose from.

With a CD-RW drive, you can copy audio CDs, data CDs, even make SVCD copies.
The disks used for CD will hold up to 700 MB (MegaBytes) of data, or up to a
little over an hour of music.

With everything CD duplication has to offer you, its no wonder why it's so
popular. If you've never tried duplication before, you should rush and get you
a CD-RW drive for your computer right now -- as the many uses will simply amaze

What You Should Know

With the increasing amount of CD duplication options for equipment, its very
important that you read the reviews for the different types of equipment you are
considering before you make that final decision and choose your model.

The best CD duplication equipment for your project will all depend on the volume
of CDs you plan to duplicate at a time, and the amount of money that you are
planning to invest on a particular piece of equipment.

Your best source for reading reviews of CD duplication equipment is on the
Internet. There are many different consumer websites out there that will allow
users to post reviews of equipment, then rate them on a five or ten point scale.
Anytime you are reading reviews, it's very important that you get your
information from a trusted and reliable source.

Websites that are up by the owner of the product, or those that are trying to
sell you specific hardware normally aren't the best to turn to when you need to
read a review. No one who is trying to get you to buy a certain piece of
hardware is going to tell you about the flaws the equipment has, or even let you
know about a competitor who has a similiar item for sale at half the price.

All across the internet, you can find many different websites that offer the
information you seek. There are several that offer forums, where other users
will tell you honest opinions and give you feedback about the equipment they
own. This can be a great way to find out about the duplication equipment your
interested in and what else is available for you to purchase.

Another excellent place to look for CD duplication equipment reviews is trade
magazines and even electronic magazines. Magazines will normally test equipment
then share their their opinions with their readers. Always be sure when you are
reading a review that it's an article sponsored by the magazine and not a paid

CD duplication reviews of equipment are a great resource when trying to find a
piece of equipment to use. With so many on the market, its always good to have
resources when you need to make an important decision. A review will also tell
you everything the label and description of the product leaves out, which can
help to ensure you get the best piece of duplication equipment for your hard
earned money.

Working With CD Duplication Manufacturers and Companies

If you are not the type that just wants to duplicate your CDs at home, finding
the right company to do it for you is definitely the route to take. When
looking into your options, you will want to make sure that you have some
knowledge on the manufacturer and the process and are able to communicate
clearly about exactly what you want for CD duplication. With the options that
are available in CD duplication are also alternatives that can help you to get
the best product out of your CDs.

Before deciding on a company to work with, you will want to check out some
points with how they work and what their reputation is. Most companies should
have a website that shows what their process is and what they offer to those who
want a CD duplicated. You will want to make sure that they offer a wide variety
of options, specifically based around packaging options, duplication options and
the ability to create an end product that looks good.

When looking up the companies, don't just look at what they offer in their
products section. It is also good to look up the track record and reputation
they have. There should be a portfolio that you can access at some point which
shows the past work that they have done and how it has turned out. This will
help you to determine their level of professionalism and what they offer as a

If you find that there is manufacturer that is better suited to your needs,
don't just give them a call. Go in first to see how they really work. You will
want to make sure that they have the right equipment, depending on what you need
and are able to accommodate all of your needs, no matter what you are interested
in. This will help you to find the best options with your CD. Typically,
manufacturers will have similar levels of expertise, but you want to make sure
that they match with what you need.

The last part to pay attention to with any CD duplication company is in relation
to the pricing that is offered. The pricing should be offered by package, and
will vary according to the amount of duplication that you get. This will be
divided in several ways. The first is by the casing that you decide to get for
your CD. The second part to this is the inserts and printing that you have done
for the inner and outer part of the CD. The more graphics and colors you have,
the higher the pricing will be. This will be done in relation to the type of
graphics you have on the CD, divided according to whether you use the full CD or
not as well as how much color your graphics have. The last part of the pricing
is based on quantity. You can expect to pay a bulk price, depending on how many
CDs you are getting duplicated, with some discounts in pricing if there are more
CDs that you are processing.

If you look into these various qualifications of different companies, you will
be able to find the right fit to manufacture your CD. The result is that you
will have the right partner who is able to give you the best product, as well as
the best deals and the most professional look. As long as you are looking into
the competition, you will be able to find one who is able to get your CD
duplicating done the correct way.

The Green Thumb of CDs

In an attempt to save trees and the environment, are also new options for
duplication. Eco-friendly options within CD duplication is another way to begin
the process of getting your products into the public and helping to save the
environment at the same time.

The major way in which CD duplication is beginning to contribute to the
environment is through packaging options. Using the slim trays instead of jewel
cases, for instance, is a popular option in order to reduce the amount of
material that is used for each CD and still allow the same amount of
professional quality to be seen in each package. Keeping this option in mind
when you are deciding on packaging is an easy way for you to save a tree.

Not only does the casing help with going green, but the products that are
produced to compliment your CD are also taking an eco-friendly approach. If you
want to be environment cautious, you can also look at the options for paper
stock. This includes things such as recycled paper, fiber board and wood free
options. There are several manufacturers who specialize in this in order to
help with the environment.

Not only can you get the inserts as these types of products, but can also build
your entire CD cover with this. If you decide to use a mail jacket or a regular
slip jacket, it will be easier to find the right eco-friendly options. These
types of covers also come with alternative material options, including foam
boards, fiberboard and recycled materials. With the alternative materials used,
you can easily create a CD that is environment friendly.

The result with the materials that are used is that your entire CD package can
become biodegradable. Not only will you be saving on materials through recycled
and alternative materials, but you will also be helping the environment to stay
clean through the different ways in which you approach your CD manufacturing.
This becomes an important concept when placing together your eco-friendly

The biodegradable concept moves past the materials and into the details of your
packaging. One of the large components of this is the use of ink in the CD.
Companies have now found ways to become environmentally friendly with print.
This is specifically done through the use of vegetable oil or
soy as a base, which is environmentally sensitive. The varnishes and inks that
can not have this base use low content in chemicals and are water based instead,
allowing for less man-made fumes to be placed in the environment. You can look
for the ingredients in the ink or can find carbon neutral options that are used
in the materials.

If you want to top off your green thumb, you can also consider making short runs
of your CD instead of mass productions. This means only printing off 500 or
less in bulk at one time. This will allow you to save on wasted materials and
ensure that your market takes what is already duplicated without any left overs.
This simple, but eco-friendly option, will allow you to contribute to the
environment and to mixed media at the same time.

No matter what type of CD you are producing, having eco-friendly options can
help you to contribute in more than one way. Knowing the options for materials,
manufacturing and the process of the CD duplication can further your abilities
to remain aware of the environment while printing your CD.

Differences Between CD DVD Media

Even though both CD and DVD disks have the same media size and shape, the things
they have in common ends there. There are many different things between the
two, such as what they hold and how much they hold.

Data pits and lasers A disc has microscopic grooves that will move along in a
spiral around the disc. CDs and DVDs both have these grooves, with laser breams
applied to scan these very grooves.

As you may know, digital information is represented in ones and zeroes. Inside
of these discs, very tiny reflective bumps known as lands and non reflective
holes known as pits, which can be found beside the grooves, reflect both the
ones and the zeroes of digital information.

By reducing the wave length of the laser to 625mm or more infrared light, DVD
technology has managed to write in smaller pits when compared to the standard
technology of CD. This will allow for a greater amount of data per track on the
DVD. The minimum length allowed for a pit in a single layer DVD-R is .4 micron,
which is obviously more than the .0834 micron that a CD offers.

The tracks of a DVD are narrower as well, which allows for more tracks per disc,
which also translates into more capacity than a CD. The avaerage single layer
DVD holds 4.5 GB of data, while a CD holds a mere 700 MB.

Layers As stated above, a DVD has smaller pits and the lasers need to focus on
them. This is actually achieved by using a thinner plastic substrate than in a
CD, which means that the laser needs to pass through a thinner layer, with less
depth to reach the pits. It's this reduction in thickness that's responsible
for the discs that were only 0.6mm thickness -- which is half that of a CD.

Data access speed DVDs will access data at a much faster rate than a CD can.
The average 32X CD-ROM drive reads data at 4MB a second, while a 1X DVD drive
reads at 1.38MB a second. This is even faster than an 8X CD drive.

Universal data format The recording formats of CDs and DVDs are quite different,
as DVDs use UDF, or the Universal Data Format. This format allows data, video,
audio, or even a combination of all three to be stored in a single file
structure. The advantage to this is any file can be accessed by any drive,
computer, or even consumer video. CDs on the other hand aren't compatible with
this format.

CD Mastering Engineers

If a recording artist or inspiring musician has any hopes of having their songs
played on the radio, they'll need to have their rough mix mastered very well.
The best way to do this, is to hire a CD mastering engineer.

Professional mastering engineers can make a decent audio mix sound great and a
good mix sound completely amazing. There are many different things that CD
mastering engineers can do. They will work with the artist to decide what order
the songs appear on the CD, and also equalize the volume of the different
instruments in each song and across the entire CD.

They can also help to add more definition and clarity to the instruments in a
song. Then, they will adjust the introductions and ends of the songs, choosing
the length of time between the songs and adding crossfades or other nice effects
if they need to.

The order in which the songs on a CD appear can greatly affect the way the CD
progresses when it's played. If similar sounding songs are placed side by side
on a CD, it can lead listeners into thinking the artist has a very limited
range. It's ultimately up to the CD mastering engineer to work with the
recording artist and choose the order of songs on the CD.

It's very important that the instruments in a song and the songs on the CD be at
an appropriate volume level. Within a song, the different elements must be
mixed appropriately in order for the song to sound like it should.

The CD engineer can also give clarity and definition to the different
instruments in a song. The engineer will also have the task of assuring that
the volume levels across all of the songs are the same, in order to help the CD
sound more cohesive while still leaving room for dynamics.

The CD mastering engineer will also determine how much time there should be
between the songs on the CD. They will also fade and crossfasde the intros and
endings of the songs to make them have a better flow.

For an interesting career, CD mastering engineers is a great choice. They make
excellent money, get to work with top artists, and enjoy what they do. If you
like music, this career may be what you've always wanted. For those who are
already in the profession -- it's a job unlike any other out there in the world.

CD Ripper Software

CD ripper software will open up an entirely new way of how you listen to music.
With the use of CD ripping software, you can take audio tracks from a CD and
them into audio files for use on your computer. You can save them as WAV, MP3,
OGG, or WMA audio files. The term "ripping" is the term used to describe this
very process.

There are advanced CD ripper software as well, which allows you to convert back
and forth between these formats. You can also get software that can record
vinyl LPs and cassettes to create those same audio files for your computer.

You can get a variety of ripper software programs online by searching the
internet. Most software is user friendly and offers you a variety of options.
You should however, do some searching and comparing before you decide which CD
ripper program is best for your needs.

Each type of CD ripper software will offer it's own style and interface. You
should always make sure the CD ripper software you choose is easy to use and
easy to understand. It doesn't matter how good the software is -- if you can't
use it.

When you explore the options of CD ripper software, make sure you also check the
software's editing abilities. With most programs, you can select the output
format for the music. This will include the bitrate, channels, and even the

Quality ripper programs will also tag the encoded audio files with medadata,
which will contain information about the artist, song title, track number, and
even the album title. This will automatically be input for the file.

Another great feature with some ripper programs is the ability to delete the
silence at the beginning or end of song tracks. Some programs will even give
you the ability to edit the songs themselves, giving you full control of the
sound provided by your files.

For those who enjoy to listen to their music from a CD, a CD ripper can aso be
used to select your favorite songs and create a mixed CD. Some rippers will
even let you rip audio tracks directly from a CD then burn them to a new CD -
without having to save them as a new audio f ile.

With millions of people ripping CDs these days, CD ripping is the wave of the
future. You no longer have to keep your music on your computer, as you can rip
them to a CD or even put them in your favorite MP3 player and take the music
with you -- wherever you go.

Duplicating Within Your Budget

If you plan to produce, market, and sell your own CDs, you have the need for
high quality CD duplication. If you have the need for great quality and great
prices, you should thing about things before you turn to one company to do all
of the duplicating for you.

No matter what you use it for, CD duplication is an expense that shouldn't take
over your budget at all. Below, you'll find several tips on how to keep
duplication within your budget.

1. Shop with comparison All companies out there need to able to find the
company that is going to give them the best possible price. If you have access
to the internet, you can do this online. Look from one company to another until
you find the best price that fits your budget.

2. Keep within your budget Although this is easier said than done, it's very
important to find a company that can work within your budget or you'll need to
get a bigger budget. Even though you may not realize it now, doing these types
of things on credit can hurt you later on down the road.

3. Quality If your music or other CDs mean a lot to you, then you should put
them in the hands of a reliable duplicator -- and never skimp on quality. Always
make sure you a guarantee of the quality of their work as well, to protect

CD duplication is a must have for the movie and music business. There's no
doubt that you need this type of service, although you should take the time to
find the best company for the job. When it comes to developing your product -
you'll want to have only the best.

Caring For Your CD

The way that CDs are built and the options that they provide for playing is one
that has used the latest of technology in order to work. If you want your CDs
to keep on working, you should also keep in mind the various ways that will
allow them to play better and last longer. Whether you are saving CDs that are
being duplicated, or are building a personal collection, make sure you know how
to care for your CD.

The most important part to remember about CDs is that they have to be built with
specific materials and components. This includes outer layers that are built
for protection, such as adhesives, as well as inner layers of metal that is
compatible for laser reading and optical options. CDs were designed to last for
up to 100 years as their life span, with specific protection against heat and
cold. However, there are ways in which CDs can become ruined if not taken care
of. Because of this, there are important things to keep in mind to keep the
disks this way.

The first rule to remember is to keep your CD in a safe place. When you scratch
a CD, you are actually taking off the protective layer that is used for the
trackings on the CD. When you scratch your CD, you are taking off the
protective layer and sometimes the metal underneath. This causes the data that
is stored in the tracking areas to be lost in the scratch.

Along these lines, it is also important to keep your CDs cleaned. There are
several items that you can find that help to keep dirt off of the CDs without
you scratching the CD. If you think there are any problems with your CD or if
it has been out of it's storage space, this can help you to keep the information
in the right place and take preventative measures for the CD loosing

Not only can this happen with CDs being outside of the case, but also from being
touched. It is recommended that CDs are held on the outer edges of the CD or in
the middle hole. This is because there is no information in these open spaces
and it will protect it from dirt, grease or other components getting into the
data area. If you do touch the inner part of the CD, make sure that you clean
it off in order to keep the grease out of the CD.

If you have a CD collection that you have built yourself, you will also want to
be careful of what you allow to be in or on the CD. For example, you should
never write on a CD with a permanent marker. This may be important for
labeling, or even finding a cheap way to put a design on your CD. However, the
chemicals that are in the markers can damage the media. This is done because
over time, the chemicals will take in oxygen. This will take away the
protective layer and will allow dirt and other things to build up inside of the

Whether you are working on your CD duplication sales or want to make sure that
your CD collection stays at it's best, keep these simple things in mind.
Keeping your CDs protected from dirt and other things will help to keep the CDs
lasting for a longer time and will allow you to enjoy all of the music.

Alternative Uses for CDs

You know that you can use CDs for anything, including a coaster or a great
Frisbee. However, CDs don't just have to be used in the music realm or for an
extra accessory around the house. If you want other creative uses for putting
together a CD, you can look at some of these trends and options.

Business Cards. Whether you are a musician, entrepreneur or business owner,
business cards are a great way to introduce yourself on CD. Not only does it
allow for you to have an outer presence and set of information that someone can
just look at, but will also allow you to put together a presentation that
individuals can use to get more information or to sign up with one of your
products or services.

Sales. CDs are not only being used as business cards, but also as options for
promoting sales of different types. Several companies are now specializing in
marketing for CDs with options such as CDs for trade shows, corporate gifts,
special events, promotions, direct response and to advertise new products. This
combination of sales features that can be used with CDs is helping to take the
forefront for a new way to present information to potential customers.

Presentations. From data to Powerpoint, presentations can be a great use for
CDs and duplication. If you just need one, you can count on it working in
almost any type of technology. However, if you want to get creative, you can
set your notes and data on extra CDs through duplication so that others who are
there have a keep sake of your knowledge and information.

Imagery or Visualization. While most of this will take place on a DVD format,
you can also use CD formats to do certain types of imagery on a CD. If you have
a certain project, think of adding on images to enhance your presentation or to
allow certain key points to be a part of the presentation. This will allow
those who know you to have an extra tool to look at outside of seeing you.

Books on CD. This is a growing and popular option for CDs. Whether you want to
listen to your favorite book in the car or are looking for a way to mass produce
speaking options, CD duplication can help you to put together books that are
heard and not read.

Weddings, gatherings and thank yous. Another popular option being used by newly
weds, families and those who are putting together parties is as a keepsake.
Weddings are often times duplicated on CD to send as thank yous, as well as
other options, such as parties or special occasions. This is a simple keepsake
that can be duplicated for everyone you mean to tell something to, but don't
have the time for.

These are only a few of several options for CDs so that you can present what you
want to in a different light. If you don't have music, but want to present
something a little differently, finding options with CD duplication and
presentations is an easy way to let others know about somethin g. Not only does
it allow you to create a presentation in a different format, but also allows you
to put together a mixed media format for those who are interested in the details
of what you have to say.

Tips For CD Duplication Side Business

The process of CD duplication has arrived in a very big way. Teenagers these
days are using their CD burners to rip MP3s from their favorite artists and
bands. Companies choose to use CD duplication to make backups of their software
and important documents.

Federal agencies on the other hand, are scrambling to define and interpret
intellectual piracy and copyright laws as they relate to CD duplication and the
industry of music as a whole. The movie industry is also seeking how they can
profit from using CD duplication. With so much attention being focused on CD
duplication, now is the ideal time to turn your home CD duplication hardware
into a very profitable side business.

Believe it or not, you may already have everything you need to get your CD
duplication process going in the right direction. All you need to get your
business started is a computer, CD burner, CD duplication software, and a few
blank CD-R disks. Contrary to what you may think, its that easy to get going.

If you don't have a computer or a CD burner, you really shouldn't worry, as
purchasing a CD duplication device is actually very affordable. The cost of
stand alone CD duplication software has reduced quite a bit over the years.

Almost all home computers come with internal CD duplication hardware (CD
burners) and some sort of duplication software as well. CD duplication media,
such as blank CD-R and CD-RW are very low in price and can be purchased at
almost all retail stores.

The market for your CD duplication service or company is going to local bands
and musicians as well as small businesses. Local up and coming bands are often
too busy perfecting their sound to deal with the tedious and time consuming task
of duplicating CDs for their gigs. They also lack the money to order CDs from
the big time CD duplication companies as well.

The smaller businesses are pretty much the same, as they are almost always
unable to financially justify having a technical or computer staff to handle the
backup and data storage aspects of their company. Many times, they will end up
forgoing needed data backups simply because they forget all about it.

You can however, solve these common gaps, provide needed service, and earn some
nice side money by starting your own duplication service that caters to these
types of clients. By offering a reasonable price, fast rate of delivery, and a
quality product, you'll get many repeat customers and a side business that will
keep busy for as long as you want it.

Intro To CD Mastering

Even though many assume that the mixing of the seperate audio tracks is the
final step, a recording should always be mastered well in order to sound great.
CD mastering is the final chance for creative input when you create a compact
disc. After the discs has been mastered, it can be printed, reproduced, and then

The process of mastering a CD actually involves several steps. The first step
is putting the songs, or tracks at this point in the correct order. The length
of time between the songs is also adjusted, along with the editing of the songs.
Any unlisted or secret songs on the CD are normally added at this point as

There are several ways that you can go about mastering a CD. First of all, the
mix can be sent to a professional CD mastering engineer, which is what
professional musicians normally decide to do.

The mastering engineers will often work in their own mastering facilities, which
are very different from standard studios, in the fact that they have much less
gear and are designed for the best possible playback of the mix as possible in
order to fix anything that's wrong.

Aside from mastering engineers, CDs can also be mastered at home using computer
software. This option is normally more realistic for unsigned artists or
musicians who are just starting out with their music. Depending on the software
quality and skill of the individual doing the mastering, the CD may turn out
perfect or it may sound very unprofessional.

You can also refer to online CD mastering as another option. Cds that are
mastered online can be great, as instead of sending a mix to a mastering
engineer, the mix is instead sent via the Internet. To do this, you'll need a
high speed Internet connection.

The cheapest way to go about mastering a CD is with free mastering. Artists and
musicians may choose to use free mastering programs with demos or other earlier
recordings that artists will use to send to major record labels to generate some
interest in their music.

The major differences with a professional CD and an amateur recording is
normally found in the mastering. Every song that you hear played on the radio
is thoroughly mastered in order to sound better.

While you can master using free programs or your computer, a professional CD
mastering engineer is normally the best way to do business if your band is
looking to make a profit from your music.

The New Type of Disc

Technology with CDs is not backing down from the abilities to create possible
solutions for the future of CDs. With the growth and demands for main stream
technology are also experiments and options that are leading into new
innovations within the industry. For CDs, this is leading to a new frontier in
how music is listened to, not only with the online options, but also with the CD

The newest CD technology that is hitting into the mainstream is known as
Blu-Ray. This is an advanced type of CD that is allowing for more compatible
options for consumers. While this is still a development in CDs, it is
beginning to hit the main streams and become a main way of listening to music or
displaying information. Not only does this CD allow for these two options, but
also has created a space in which video can be placed onto the same CD. The
effects that this may have on CD duplication leads into a new era of copying
music, information or duplication of different ideas.

The largest component of the Blu-Ray is the ability for the disc to do more than
the average of CD. Most know that CDs will only contain a specific amount of
information, whether it is through data or through musical needs. This averages
with about eighty minutes of music or 2 MB of information. Blu-Ray disks have
tripled the amount of information that can be stored. You can typically hold
about 25 MB of information on these disks, no matter what type of format.

Beyond the larger storage spaces for capabilities, is also the ability for the
formatting to move from one to the other. For example, if you want to record on
the disc you can. However, if you are more interested in putting data on the
CD, you can still use the same disc. Not only can you record or store data, but
you can also re-write on the same disc in a different format or even put high
definition capabilities in the same space.

With all of these benefits that have increased the technology use for CDs is
also the question of what makes the difference between Blu-Ray and a normal CD.
The answer is simple. The capacities of Blu-Ray come from the optical
abilities. The optical lenses used in CDs are lasers that are used in order to
read a disc. For CDs, this is used with a red laser that is able to track all
of the information.

With the Blu-Ray, the main information is stored in the same way, but is built
with reading from a blue laser. The difference is in the frequency of light
that moves into the CD. Because the blue laser has a higher wave frequency than
a red laser, it is able to read the information faster. The result is that more
in formation can be stored and more possibilities for storage are read into
through one disc.

Not only do the Blu-Ray discs offer this as a capability, but are also creating
more capacities within the CD. The CD can come with more than one layer of
information stored inside of it. Within each layer are sectors that are divided
in the CD. These sectors contain the storage data within the CD. Most CDs will
only have one layer with the storage. However, Blu-Ray discs now come with the
option of having a single layer or a double layer in order to make it compatible
to save more information. These layers are now allowing for the ability to save
up to 50 GB of storage in one disc.

The Blu-Ray technology that is moving into the field of CDs is one that is
quickly changing and revolutionizing CDs in a new way. The components that
allow the CDs to do a large amount more than regular CDs are becoming another
option from the current trends in both CD capacities as well as MP3s or
downloads, leading to a future with higher technology options.

Factors In CD Duplication

The process of writing data to a recordable CD can be a complex process, as it
demands a lot from both hardware and software programs. Much of this complexity
is hidden from the user by the program, although you should be aware of these

Data The total amount of data you are writing is much less important than
whether or not it contains large or several small files. If there are a lot of
small files, the system may have problems with locating and opening the files
quickly enough to send them smoothly to the CD recording drive.

The computer Any interruption that may occur is fatal to CD duplication, so you
should ensure that your CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT don't load any TSR utilities
which may interrupt operations. Screen savers, alarms and reminders, or
incoming faxes may also kill disc writing. You should also turn off network
sharing so no one will access the files that you are trying to write, as this
could also kill your disc recording.

Hard Disk Speed To write an image to the CD, the hard disk from which you are
writing must have a transfer rate that is fast enough to keep the memory buffer
full in the CD recorder. This normally means an average hard disk access time
of 19 MS or better.

Defrag If your hard drive has to search everywhere over a fragmented hard drive
for the data to be written, it can cause the operation to slow down or even
cause a fatal error. Therefore, always be sure to fragment your hard disk

Recording speed Most new CD recorders and even some older ones, are capable of
writing at two (sometimes even four) times the standard playback. It should be
possible for you to select the speed; as even though fast recording is a time
saver, it can also cause some bad situations.

When you copy an ISO (image file) from the hard disk to a CD, the speed is
rarely a problem as the image is already one large file in which the files and
structures are already in order and divided into CD-ROM sectors.

When you write from a virtual image, things can get a bit trickier. In order to
copy to CD, the program must consult with the database to find where each file
should go in the image and where it is actually stored on the hard disk drive.

Then, it must open the file, divide it into CD-ROM sectors, at the same time
sending the data in a smooth continuous stream to the recorder. Locating and
opening the file is a bit more time consuming, as writing is more difficult if
you have a lot of small files.

The Process of CD Duplication

Even though there is always the option to simply burn a CD from the Internet, CD
duplication and processing takes a little more than just a simple copy. The
process of CD duplication takes the right equipment and expertise in order to
get the design and look exactly right on every CD. Understanding how this works
and how to use it effectively can help you to get the right outcome for Cd

The basic concept of CD duplication is to take the information, music or audio
from a CD and to copy all of the files and data from the original, or mastered
CD, and into a new CD. When one does this for several disks, it creates not
only the burning of a CD, but also duplication, which uses links to towers and
that allows for more than one CD to be burned at one time.

When there is the capability of burning hundreds or even thousands of CDs at one
time, the duplication process takes specific steps in order to get it exactly
right. Much of this will depend on the equipment that is being used; however,
when you get your CDs back, the process of copying the various parts typically
remains the same.

The first step that any CD duplicator will add into the process of copying a CD
is to enter all of the information needed into a master CD. This will include
the music or data that is in the CD. It will also include a molding of the
graphics and the design that you want to keep on the disk. This mold will be
placed in a computer or in a specific machine that is able to handle the process
of multiplying the number of CDs, which allows for a stamp of all of the CD
information to move onto the CD.

When making the stamp of the CD, there are specific requirements for the
software or hardware that is used. The machinery will require a specific
hook-up to the computer when processing this. For example, if you are using a
laser burner, you will need to have a software system that supports this and
which allows for you to ensure that it gets the right coloring and quality.

After all of the information is entered, the CDs can then be pressed. This
means that they will have the ability to have all of the information placed on
the CD in the exact same way that the molding or stamp has allowed for it to
process. This capability will then simply multiply, replicating the exact
copies that are in the master copy, so that all of your CD products look exactly
the same.

This same process will then be used for the jewel cases and inserts that are a
part of the CD. The information will be entered as a graphic design, then will
be processed through a specific replication machine or copier that allows for
the cases and the artwork to keep an exact copy of what is seen from the CD.

In the end, you will have the ability to have hundreds of CDs that are direct
replicas of your master CD. The process that is used is one that creates a
professional look as well as an exact visual, with the correct data, used on the
CD. By moving through the process of CD duplication in the correct way, the
ability to have distribution of the correct CDs is easier to achieve.

Basics About Burning Software

When getting into CD duplication, it would be much easier if all software and
hardware options were created equally. However, this is not the case for
different applications and how they work with the process of burning CDs. If
you are ready to start duplicating on a larger level, you want to make sure that
your computer software or hardware matches up with the information you are
getting ready to burn.

Before deciding on any type of software, it is important to make sure that you
know which operating system that you are using and how the software will
compliment it. Typically, there are different types of software for Macs or for
Windows PCs. Within this category are different software options depending on
the year of the PC as well as the operating system that is used within it. For
example, if you have Windows 98, you will need to find software that is
compatible with this type of system.

Once you know what type of system you need to have the software be compatible
with, you can then look into the features that are best for the system. For
instance, many of the software options are now coming with packages so that you
can master, design and duplicate all in one area. This is good if you are
interested in making personalized designs. Other software features will have
these options, but will be divided into packages so that you will have more
options available for space saving during the duplication process.

This is not only divided by the specific duplication files that can be used, but
also includes the ability to divide the preferences in software depending on
what type of duplication machine that you have. This format can be specific to
silk screening, laser printing or other duplication machines. The importance of
this is defined in the ability to specify the colors used in the graphics, the
printing capacities and the best way to put everything together.

With these various options for your software, are also the capacities and
characteristics that you want your software to carry, no matter what type of
brand you choose to get. The number one priority that is a part of this is
ensuring that the software has the proper back up, so that you can store a large
amount of media and keep data that is critical for longer periods of time. This
back up should not only be available for your hard drive, but should also allow
you to store any type of media in any set network.

After this, you will also want to specify what types of components you want
within your one type of software. For instance, some software now comes with
combined abilities, such as duplication, extraction and mastering. Others will
allow you to format for different types of CDs or data, including everything
from Flash presentations to music or audio. Knowing what you will need in
designing and preparing every type of CD can help you to find the right software
for your needs.

With the combined qualities and options of burning application software, you can
then find the best possibilities in designing and defining every part of your
CD. The capabilities in the software is one that should carefully be looked
into, especially when finding the best ways to place together the CD that you
are envisioning.

Mastering Music Before CD Duplication

It's known that the CD duplication process is the last step to a perfect CD.
However, before you even consider bringing a CD into the duplication process,
you want to make sure that everything fits together the correct way. Even with
a home recording studio, you can find the right mix and balance to your CD.
Knowing how your end sound should be and how to monitor everything correctly
will help you to get the best quality sound out of your CD before the
duplication process.

Your first tip is to know that just recording your instruments is not the end to
the process, even if you only plan on making a few duplicated CDs. Recording
goes through several steps, specifically linked to mixing, pre-mastering and
mastering. Once you get to the mastering stage, you will want to check to see
if all of the instrumentation is equal and that it balances out the way that you
want to. This not only includes balance, but also pertains to the volume level
that you want to keep throughout the CD and consistency from one song to
another. Each song should already have the right mix and balance. Now, you
want to make sure that the overall volume and sound fits exactly right.

The way to check mastering comes down to the technicalities of making sure that
all of the instruments are normalized at the same frequency and balance out
between highs and lows. This means that your bass part should be at a certain
volume level which should match with the higher levels, such as the voice or
guitar. By listening closely enough, you should be able to tell if it is too
high or low. You can always find the math formulas that will help you to mix
together everything correctly and sum up everything so that it blends nicely.
This is not just with one song or one set of instrumentation. It is something
that you want to check for with consistency throughout the entire CD.

One of the parts of the process that you can use while mastering is to follow
guidelines for the different types of music you have. Typically, mastering
software will come with configurations that you can customize to get the right
balance in each song. This will be dependent on the volume level that you want,
combined with the levels used in the industry. For instance, rock music will
have a slightly louder volume than classical music. Understanding the
differences and how to adjust will help your music to sound better in the end
process. This particular point is one that is consistent with industry
standards as well as personal preferences which you will want to determine for
your type of music.

Once your monitors tell you how the sound is balancing out, make a dumby master.
This is what will let you know what really happened in the studio. You will
want to take this copy and play it everywhere that you can. Everything from
your home stereo, car stereo or computer should be a test area to make sure that
everything sounds right. Go through each track and make sure that your volume
stays the same and that all of the instruments are balanced out correctly.

Once you do this, you will be able to tell exactly what you did. This means
that you can adjust the volume on some of the songs, change the volume or mix on
all of the songs or clarify some of the sounds through compressing the mix that
you are working with. The idea at this point is to have the entire CD at the
same volume level and to make sure that everything blends. If you hear
something that is off, adjust it.

The end result is that you will have a CD that is balanced out, not only with
one great song, but with the entire CD. Your music will gain a professional
sound and you will be able to distinguish your mix to your fans. By the time
you bring this into the duplication area, you will be able to duplicate
something that has a mastered touch.

Meeting the Standards of Duplication

With every CD comes a standard that has to be approved before it gets into the
public. These standards are ones that includes a variety of formatting options,
as well as industry provisions that have to be reached. Whether you are going
to someone to get a CD duplication job done or are looking into the standards
for your own business, make sure that you are familiar with what the industry

The CD duplication standards begins with nine rainbow books which defines the
provisions of CDs. These books are divided according to the type of CD that is
being used as well as what the technology can handle at the time. These books
began to become industry standard in 1980, when Sony and Phillips came out with
The Red Book, which specified the details of audio CDs. These were found
through ratios, deviations and encoding that provided effective results with the

Within these books are standards that have to be approved before a CD can go
into the public. The first is the size and shape of the CD, including the
diameter and thickness of the CD. This was determined in order to match the
standards of CD players that began to be manufactured. The next part that is
determined is the use of materials in the CD. This includes the layers of
materials as well as the type of substance that is being used for the CD. The
last part of this is the formatting of the CD. The CD should always have a
program area which leads in and out in certain ways according to the type of CD
it is and what is known to work best for the CD player, manufacturer and

The book that has these specific provisions is divided according to color and
CD. For example, if it is for video CDs, than the standards will come from the
white book. These were divided because there are different materials and
processes that need to be used in o rder to create the right standards and to
allow for the production to be effective.

If one is going into the CD duplication business, they will not only have to
meet these standards by following the book that is specific to their CD
duplication services. They will also have to receive certifications in order to
show that they are aware of the standards and are meeting them with their
duplication services. This is the way in which the industry ensures that all of
the duplication areas are meeting the same standards, are following the book
requirements and are aware of the process that has to be followed for
duplicating CDs.

These standards are not only shown in the certifications that are obtained for
CD duplicators. It is also shown through testers of the CDs from the
manufacturer before they move into duplication. Most companies who are
producing these sets of products will start their process by testing the
standards, making sure they are matched with measurements and specifications and
will check to ensure that the duplication process follows these same standards
through the tests.

This particular concept is not only one that is used with the manufacturing
process, but is also a part of quality control with each CD and the duplication
process. Every individual who is working with CDs will also have to be a part
of the quality control, depending on the manufacturer, industry standards and
type of production that is occurring. These particular parts of the CD
duplication process ensures that the information and data that is brought to the
CD duplication process is always met with the highest standards.

As the CD industry continues to grow and change with technology, are also new
standards that are being matched within the industry. These standards are not
only allowing for new quality control and better practices within duplication,
but are also creating higher quality CDs in sound, data and look of the CD. If
you want to know why your CD is why it is, all you have to do is look into the
book for the industry.

Storing Your CDs

There are many different storage alternatives for your CD collection. The
factors for storage include how many CDs you own and how long you plan to keep

Below, you will find several alternatives for storing your CDs:

1. CD jewel cases You have probably owned these before, as they are the most
common. They can hold your CD cover art and are very easy to line up on a shelf.
Keep in mind that they do break rather easily and they take up quite a bit of

2. Plastic CD sleeves Plastic sleeves are cheap and thin, so they are easy to
afford and easy on shelf space. Since they are so thin, they obviously don't
offer a lot in terms of protection. For long term storage, they generally aren't

3. Paper sleeves For short term storage needs, paper is very cheap and doesn't
use much space. Simliar to plastic sleeves, paper is thin and doesn't offer
very much protection.

4. Paperboard sleeves Paperboard sleeves are much thicker than paper so they
will protect your discs. They are also inexpensive, although they can be hard
to seal.

5. Tyvek CD sleeves Tyvek sleeves are cheap and they don't take up a lot of
space. For long term storage, Tyvek is normally recommended.

6. CD-ROM disc cases These types of cases can hold a lot of CDs in a small
space and they may even help to keep out dust. They do however, make reading
labels a bit hard, they keep CDs out of site, and they will take up a lot of

7. CD spindles Spindles are cheap and they hold several hundred CDs in a small
stack. Sorting through them is hard if you need one specific disk, which makes
it something that isn't normally recommended.

For the Short or Long Run

No matter what data or content you are putting onto a CD, you want to make sure
that you know exactly where it is going and can put an estimate of how many CDs
you need. Not only will CD duplication allow you to have a product available
for the masses, but it will also allow you to plan things exactly as you need
them to in terms of quantity. With options for CD duplication are also
abilities for you to decide your amount of CDs, timing and goals with getting
your CDs duplicated. By understanding these differences, you will have more
possibilities available to you.

Short Run Possibilities

The first set of possibilities for your CDs are for the short run. If you
decide to do a short run of CD duplication, you are also deciding that you
should get a quantity of 500 or less. In this instance, most companies will not
replicate less than 50-100 CDs. You will need to check if you need less than
this or don't want a bulk amount. With this specific definition are several
perspectives in how this affects your CD duplication.

The first alteration that this makes is how it will affect those who are
interested in your CD. Depending on your target market or fan base, a short
run of replication will limit you in the number of fans that you are able to
reach. However, depending on what you are doing and what you are using your CD
for, you will want to specify who you want to reach and how you will do it.

Typically, a set of 500 or less CDs as a short run will provide you with the
ability to change things after a first set of CDs are duplicated. If you only
want a limited number of copies, are setting a limit on sales for the CDs or
don't have a complete market established at the time, the short run will help to
give you the extra boost. Before you decide on duplicating, make sure that you
define the specifics of time lines and goals so that you know how many Cds it
will take to keep you moving forward.

Long Run

The long run duplication process is going to be a bulk amount of 500 CDs or
more. This type of run can go up as high as you want, typically allowing you to
get up to 5,000 or 10,000 CDs in one run. If you are considering a long run for
duplication, you can expect to receive a lower price for the bulk amount as well
as other options to help with your run.

If you are considering long run duplication, you will also want to factor in the
pros and cons. One of the largest things to consider is whether you will need
to change anything on the CD or whether you want to alter anything in the
future. If you think that edits may be made, you may want to consider how many
CDs you want.

Another perspective to consider with long run CDs is your market. If you copy
1,000 CDs for instance, how will you sell them? You should consider the portals
for selling, what you believe the ratio should be and how long you will be able
to consider the sales cycle for the CDs. This will not only depend on the
market, but also the content that you have and what you are expecting and
projecting for your sales.

With the replication differences, the major point to consider is the difference
between your markets and how you are approaching the sales of your product. It
also includes the type of CD you are manufacturing, including an analysis of
your content and where you believe it is at in the process. When you combine
the analysis of these different angles, you can then make the correct
determination of what type of run you need.

10 Tips to Prepare your CD for Duplication

Are you ready to put together your perfect CD? If so, make sure that you set
everything up right. Once you have something ready for CD duplication, there is
no turning back to getting it printed exactly the way that you want to. These
tips will help to ensure that everything is set up the way that you want it to

1.  Does it sound right? Make sure that all of your mixing and mastering for
audio is complete. That means that all of the songs should have the same volume
of sound and should be even across t he entire CD. You don't want to get into
the duplication area and have to turn up and down the volume for every track.

2.  Always double check the details. The combination of your CD data or music
with the outward information, such as the table of contents, should always be in
the same spot. Always re-check before duplication to make sure that everything
you have on each track is in the correct place.

3.  Graphics. There is nothing that sells a CD more than graphics. You want to
make sure that everything is in the right place with the right formats, as well
as the right colors. Spending a lot of time to get the perfect look is
important, for both the CD and for the package.

4.  Check your wording. Inside and out, you should make sure that your wording is
right. This means everything from giving credit where credit is due to putting
the right tracks with the right songs in the right place. Look at other CDs to
see what the correct formatting is and how you can be as close to professional
as possible.

5.  Copyright. No matter what type of CD you are duplicating, make sure that you
claim it as being yours. Get your CD copyrighted and set up correctly before
you try to distribute it anywhere.

6.  Pay attention to the formatting. There are a lot of formatting options that
are available for CD duplication. You can have everything from a one page
insert to a 10 page insert, as well as back areas for wording. You want to make
sure that you have the correct wording, as well as the correct placement in
every area of the jacket.

7.  Visualize the package. With the ability to package and replicate in different
ways, are also options to create packages. You can have more than just a jewel
CD case and more than one shape to your CD. Before you start duplicating, make
sure that you know how you want your package to look.

8.  Know what you want to say. With the idea of the package are several options
for what goes inside your CD. Do you just want to have a list of your songs, or
do you want to give lyrics? What type of information do you think is important?
Things that should always be included are the copyright, a list of those who
helped to put together the CD and information on where to contact you. Your
wording will depend on how much duplication you want to do outside of the CD as
well as what type of case you are getting for your CD.

9.  Do a test run. Even if you are using a professional service, make sure that
you test one or two copies of your CD before entering into hundreds of copies.
This will ensure that everything is in the right place, is worded correctly and
does exactly what you want it to do.

10.  Get outside opinions. Other than those who are already working on the CD,
make sure to check with some outside voices on how your CD looks and sounds.
The main part of your CD is selling a product. You want to make sure that it is
appealing, has the right information and turns out with high quality. Getting
other opinions on all of these areas can help you to understand if your CD is
being manufactured the correct way.

Like with every other area of putting together a CD, preparing for the
duplication process is one that is just as important. You want to make sure to
pay attention to the details and ensure that you don't have to back track or
re-print any of your CDs. Preparing the correct way and knowing what you need
in the beginning will allow you to save time and money when beginning the
process of duplication.

The Reason Behind Duplication: Marketing Your CD

That's right, you're not done yet. I'm sure you've done all of the rehearsing,
arranging, recording, engineering and finally the duplication process. You've
officially passed through the first step of being able to get your CD completed.
Your next step is to get it even further into the public so that you can start
to make back what you need from all of your hard work. Before you begin to
duplicate your CD, you should think about your next step. This will help you to
determine how many CDs you will need as well as what types of things you can use
them for.

Marketing and selling your CD is something that should become the priority at
the end of the project. There are several portals and areas that will help
musicians to find the right way to effectively sell their CDs and to allow them
to become a main staple in their musician adventures. You will want to make
sure that you get into as many portals as you can so that you can begin to get
your name out into the public and make a return on the large investment you've
made with your musicianship.

Many musicians consider their CD as the main promotional product. If you are
performing, rehearsing or are out in public as a musician, you can use your CD
as a way for people to remember you and to market yourself as a musician. No
matter what musician activity you are doing, the CD should be available. This
is one of the easiest ways to build a fan base, reputation and to make back your
investment from the CD. If you don't have performances set up, find ways to get
them set up so that people know you are out there.

Along these lines, you can also consider teaming up with other musicians or
interested individuals in the area. Most have heard of street teams. These
help you to build a reputation and to get your name out into the public. They
can use your CD in order to help promote you. With other musicians, you can do
this same thing. If they are performing, ask them to sell your CD and you can
do the same thing with their music when the time comes. These types of
connections are invaluable with the bulk of CDs that you now have.

Another way to get your CD sold is to look into online portals. Places like CD
Baby or CD Bathtub offer small set up fees to help you promote your CD to the
public. You can also move into more mainstream areas, such as Amazon or online
CD marketplaces. These areas include download options as well and the ability
to only send a small amount of CDs at one time so that they can start selling to
those who are interested in your music. Make sure that you set aside 20-30 CDs
to distribute to these areas so that you can begin to get your name around the

Another space to consider is the local areas that sell CDs. Many of the smaller
stores will allow you to place your CD into their area for a small commission.
You can typically find the places that are in your local area that will accept
musical CDs from local artists. Depending on the store, you won't have to bring
in a large quantity of CDs and you most likely won't have to pay money up front.
If anything, this will help you to gain the reputation that you want.

If you want to move outside of the box a little more, than you can find other
types of community functions which would help to promote your CD. There are
several networking spaces and areas that can work as invitational areas to sell
your CD. The more networks you have, the more opportunities you will have to
get your CD into the right hands.

If you begin to process the ways that you want to sell your CD, it will make the
duplication process easier, as you will be able to determine what type of run
you will need to do with the CDs and will be able to set goals with what you
desire to do with your CDs. When you look at the duplication process this way,
the option for duplication is one that is based around your capabilities of
promoting yourself as a musician.

Disc Quality

The high demand and dramatic increase in CD media, plus the competitive
pressures to squeeze out every possible cost and improve the profit margins have
given rise to many manufacturers of CD related media. To help reduce the costs
of increasing capacity, many of these firms have relocated their old
manufacturing lines and hired staff that lea rn on the job.

The biggest problems with CDs occurs when discs are produced using older
equipment then end up failing when you try to use them. Luckily, most of these
types will fail when you first try to record on them. There is however, a
likelihood that the disc will complete a burn and the media won't play at all.

The agony of taking your photo or video treasures and putting them on CD or DVD
and then deleting them from your camera or computer only to realize that the
copy is corrupted is far too much to risk. The brand name company's such as
Verbatim choose to guard their reputation for quality and durability by using
only advanced recording dye and other types of technology to produce high speed

The stability of the recording dye is very critical as heat, humidity, oxygen,
and even UV light can degrade the dye. Verbatim research has also proven there
is a strong correlation between the production and bonding processes of disc

For data and personal pictures that are important, you should always buy quality
CD media. Then, before you go ahead and delete the source file, trying playing
the disc back to ensure that it copied correctly. This way, you won't have to
worry about losing your precious files and photos when you remove the source
from your computer.

Copy Like A Professional

Anyone who has burned CDs in the past has had to have encountered this problem -
your CD doesn't want to play in certain CD players. You've probably tried
switching to a different brand of disks, switching the writing speed of your CD
burning software, and yet nothing seems to work.

Most professional CDs that are purchased from a retail outlet such as Circuit
City or Best Buy works in any type of CD player, which probably makes you wonder
what they are doing that your not. All of us wonder this, especially when out
duplicated CDs don't want to play back like they should.

Much to the contrary, it's because the music industry burns their CDs
differently. Instead of simply duplicating CDs, the music industry chooses to
replicate CDs. Even though the terminology may seem synonymous, the process is
actually totally different.

CD replication is used for the mass production of CDs, which is normally more
than 500. Instead of writing the data to a CD using a laser as with
duplication, CD replication uses a glass master to stamp (or press) the data
onto the disc. This helps to eliminate almost all of the issues associated with
playability that are encountered when burning CDs at home. CD replication is a
far superior process of burning CDs.

Important to note, is the superior quality of CDs that are pressed using
replication doesn't come cheap. Even when using independant CD duplication
companies such as Absolute Disc or Oasis, there is still going to be a very high
cost associated with the replication of disks.

For your next project, try having your CDs replicated rather than duplicated.
This will ensure your project is very high quality, even though you'll need to
order more than 500 CDs to recive this process.

The CD Burner

Many years ago, owning a copy of your favorite singer or band would mean going
to a retail store or buying from an online website. With the average song
count, you would spend at least $10. If you were one of those who couldn't
afford to buy a CD, you would probably have to wait for the local radio station
to play the songs you liked.

These days however, several music download shareware programs make it possible
to get your favorite songs directly from other uses without having to go out and
buy them. These programs will store the songs you download to your hard drive,
or transfer it to your MP3 player if you prefer.

If you prefer to keep a complete collection of the songs by storing them to a
disc, you'll need one piece of equipment for your computer -- a CD burner.

The CD burner comes in two forms: internal and external. External CD burners
don't need to be attached to your CPU, and they can be connected to your
computer through a USB port with its own power source. The internal type of CD
burner is the one that attaches to your CPU and fits on the inside of your
computer tower.

The CD burner is quite the piece of equipment to have, as it can copy from one
CD to another or even from a hard drive to a blank CD, and vice versa as well.

To use your CD player, you'll need to have software. You can find some types of
this software available to download for free on the internet. Some great
examples include ISO Recorder, Deep Burner, and Windows Media Player.

If you prefer, you can also purchase quality programs as well. Some examples of
these include Nero, Roxio, and Sonic Record Now. The programs that are free
have the same burning capacity, although those that cost money will give you
more features and overall flexibility.

Keep in mind that CD burners aren't limited to only copying audio. You can also
use it to copy document files, programs, games, videos, MP3, and many other
types of files.

The burners with DVD burning capabilities will enable you to copy your favorite
DVD to another CD in case you want to share it with a friend or back it up. You
can also burn a movie to DVD if you downloaded it off the internet, then watch
it on your television or computer.

Equipment Used for CD Duplication

Over the years, CD duplication has worked on becoming more convenient and with
more options available for all who are working towards getting their CD into a
product. One of the options that has been built is the use of separate hardware
systems that allow for you to be able to instantly duplicate the CDs that you
have. These focus on customizing your CD and replicating it within one station.
Following are some of the characteristics within hardware formats available for
CD duplication equipment.

1.  Number of discs. Each type of duplication processor will have a limit on the
number of discs that can be replicated at one time. This can range anywhere
from 20-1,000 discs at one time. You will want to make sure that you find a
convenient number so that you can replicate the discs without having to restock.

2.  Computer System Enabled. Just like the software in duplication, the equipment
that compliments it also has specific operating systems that are enabled. You
will want to make sure that you find a piece of equipment that is Mac or Windows
enabled and is able to connect to your specific operating system year.

3.  Printer capacity. All of the graphics and images that are placed into a CD,
DVD or printer area is divided by the number of pixels. Each pixel will have
certain colors contained in them as well as a certain number of dots for each
color. You want to make sure that the equipment has a high number of pixels,
also known as dpis, (dots per inch). The more dpis it has, the more details it
will have in the graphics and colors you are displaying.

4.  Publishing Possibilities. Each piece of equipment that you get not only
contains customized options for discs, but also for formats. This means that
some of the equipment will only print a CD, while others will be able to write
DVDs, CDs and Blu-Ray. If you expect to build more than one format, you will
also want to make sure that your duplicator is equipped to copy the right data.

5.  Standalone. The technology for equipment has grown enough to where you don't
have to have a computer in order to get the right results for duplication.
There are now several pieces of equipment that, instead of attaching onto a
computer, offer built in PCs. The capability then moves to you being able to
replicate your CDs with the graphics in one place.

6.  Towers. Part of the duplication process is having the ability to print more
than one CD at one time. Some pieces of equipment will come with the capacity
of only burning one disc at a time. However, if you are looking into long run
options, you will also want to look into towers, which will allow you to burn up
to 10 CDs or DVDs at one time.

7.  Printer choices. With some equipment, you have options for printing. If you
want a certain resolution or dpi with some equipment, you can change the printer
that is used in the internal system of the equipment. This will allow you to
create customized solutions for your discs.

8.  Automation. One of the abilities of replication is to cut down on time and
cost for getting your CD into a final product. When you have automation working
in your favor, you will also have more options to automate what you are doing.
You will want to make sure that the CDs can duplicate on their own, so that you
can take the time to put together your other projects.

9.  Network Options. If you think you will need to connect your CD duplication
machine to the Internet or to a network, try to find the equipment that will
compliment it with .net connections.

10.  Brand. Before you look into any piece of equipment, check out your brand,
it's reputation and how it has functioned in the past, specifically with the
model number that you are getting. Not all pieces of equipment are created
equal. You want to make sure you have the best of characteristics.

By combining these various points, you will easily be able to find a piece of
equipment that fits best into your needs for CD duplication and replication.
The result will be a system that is easy to handle and allows for you to reach
full capacity with any type of audio that you are recording.

Musicians And CD Duplication

These days, technology is always available for any inspiring musician to record,
create, and even duplicate CDs. The duplication of CDs will involve CD-R media.
CD-R media prices have dropped a lot over the last several years, making them
affordable for anyone who wants to use them.

If your band is ready to start selling CDs, your best option may be to have your
CDs replicated. Replicated CDs are the same CDs that you'll find in music stores
by major label artists. They all have excellent artwork printed on the CD
inserts, nice tray card inserts, screened art on the CD, and they are even
shrink wrapped.

The retail CDs that you buy aren't duplicated, they are replicated. This means
that an exact replica of your master CD has been stamped out on all of the other
CDs. If you are serious about selling your music for profit, replication is the
way to go.

The fact is, most stores simply won't sell duplicated CDs. Duplicated CDs can
be against the law, which is the main reason retail stores simply won't carry
them. Replicated CDs let the stores know that the CD is legit, and they will
almost always carry those CDs.

For musicians and inspiring bands, CD duplication can tend to be a bit more
expensive than that of replication. To duplicate CDs, you need a computer with
a CD burner, your CD-R media, cases, and a lot of man hours.

With CD replication, you can get many more copies, professional artwork, a
barcode for inventory, and cases included. Replication is obviously to
expensive for those looking to simply back up pictures and data on a personal
computer, although the prices are just right for musicians looking to make
profit off of their CDs.

Copy CDs And Save Money

Just a short while ago, the only people who had access to CD duplication were
professional musicians, record company executives, and the higher end recording
studios. As technology increased and became more affordable, private CD
duplication companies began to pop up all over the United States and other major
music centers throughout the country.

These days, CD duplication has never been more accessible or more affordable.
Most home computers and laptops come with a CD-RW burner and software that is
very user friendly, making CD duplication very convenient.

Even if you are new to computers, you'll find CD duplication very easy to figure
out. You don't have to be a computer expert to use the CD-RW burner or the
software, as most of it is self explanitory. All you need to do is give it a
run and see easy things actually are.

Those who are needing a large quantity of CDs duplicated or simply wish to have
a professional company burn their CDs, there are several out there that offer
great rates, package deals, and quality recordings. You can get as many as you
want, with quality that matches that of the master copy.

Most CD duplication companies offer packages that will include inserts, tray
cards, and even packaging should you choose to take your duplicates to retail

You can also choose to have your graphic work imprinted on the inserts or have
the CD duplication company design a totally new design for your very product.
If you are worried about the inventory, barcodes can be imprinted on the CD case
or the sleeve by the same company.

For whatever duplication needs you may have, there are companies out there that
offer duplication or you can do it yourself. Either way you choose, you'll get
the copies you need in no time at all.

Music CD-R And Data CD-R

People who are new to computers and duplication, will sometims confuse CD-R
music media with CD-R data media. While confusing them is easy to do, the two
are different indeed. Even if you have some experience with computers,
confusing them is very easy to do.

As you may or may not know, there are differences between music CD-R and data
CD-R disks. The obvious difference is, of course, the name. With one named
CD-R music and one named CD-R data, you know there has to be some type of
difference between the two.

What's known is that there are indeed technical differences in what is embedded
in blank music CDs when compared to blank data CDs. These differences center
upon bytes that are within the sub channels of the blank music disks.

This doesn't affect the quality, as both audio and data can be duplicated onto
both music CD-R disks and data CD-R disks. You can burn data onto music CD-R,
and music onto data CD-R media without any problems. Keep in mind, whether or
not you get data on a music CD-R will depend on what type of hardware you use to
duplicate the CD.

If you plan to use a PC to do all of your burning, it won't matter. A PC
doesn't differentiate between music CD-R and data CD-R. PCs will see a blank
media CD and duplicate information on it that pertains to the settings you have
outlined in the software you plan to use to burn the CD.

If you plan to use a seperate CD burner, it may or may not let you burn data or
music on a generic blank or data CD-R. Some hardware are funny like that, as
they only want you to use blank media with well known brand names that they have
approved of.

If you plan to do most of your CD duplication on a computer, it really doesn't
matter which type of blank CD-R you use. They will both work fine in most cases
when you store either music or data. When storing data, you have a limit of 700
MB, while music will have a limit of a little over an hour of tunes.

For your duplication needs, computers are the ideal way to copy media. You can
use equipment outside of a computer and CD burner, although you'll need to check
the operations manual and see what they recommend for media. If you have a
computer or access to one, it can do wonders in the areas of music and data CD-R

The History and Development of CDs and Duplication

CD recordings have become so popular in recent years, that anything less would
seem like it comes from ancient times. However, the birth and growth of CDs as
well as the process of CD duplication is one that is no more than three decades
old, allowing for a quick growth in a new way of formatting information and
listening to music. This growth and the history in which has allowed this
technology to become mainstream is one that has moved from luxury and into every

CD technology and capacities did not become available until 1982. The first
known CD player was in Japanese stores at this time. However, it's popularity
and the ability to use CDs was not a part of modern technology until several
years later. This was mostly linked to the unavailability of duplication
machines as well as the difficulty in reaching capacities with technological

Despite the launch of CDs and players in 1982, the items were considered luxury
technology. This was not only based on the high rate needed to produce CDs with
the newer technology and duplication systems, but also on the inability to
produce the necessary resources for each copy. This caused players and CDs to
be at high costs, with CDs averaging at $100 per CD.

Not only were the players and CDs difficult to produce and find, but the ability
to duplicate and reproduce, as well as record CDs, were also difficult to find.
It wasn't until 1995 that CD burners and CD-Rs were available to the public.
Once again, these costs were at higher rates, with a recording device being as
high as $5,000. Disks, especially CD-Rs, remained at high rates and were hard
to find from normal areas. However, it did not take long before CDs began to
move down in price and become easily accessible to the public.

While the technology was being developed for CDs and duplication systems,
companies also began to develop blue prints in which to follow when moving
through the duplication process and creating standards for the CDs. The first
one of these was from Phillips and Sony and is attributed through the Orange
Book. This particular book defines the technology used with CDs and details the
different types of CDs in which can be duplicated.

After this information was given to companies, duplication processes and
standards began to move throughout the industry. This followed with different
CD standards, specifically through CD-ROM information, which is found in the
Yellow Book, and Audio CD information, which is known as the Red Book. These
different specifications move into details about the way in which the technology
is formatted in each type of disk, as well as the printing and duplication
capabilities and the potential for working with a disk.

The combination of developing new capacity for data storage and disks, as well
as the use of technology in order to allow for the growth of CDs and duplication
materials is one that continues to progress forward. The technology companies
that are a part of these standards, as well as the ways in which storage,
transfer of data and end products of the CDs have developed their way into the
market have progressed rapidly and opened new doors to technology.

Differences in Disk Printing Materials

The first thing that anyone will see when looking at your CD is in the print.
Because of this, you want to make sure that your duplication capabilities will
use the right settings and materials to put the best presentation forward of
your printing. Knowing the differences between each and how it affects your end
presentation is one that will help you to determine the best way to get your CD

Digital Laser

One of the growing popular disk printing options is with digital laser. This
particular duplicating machine will use a light beam in order to present the
graphics in a high resolution. It uses pixels as the main way of burning the
images into the CD. This means that squares will be divided into small areas,
each of which will contain certain colors.

The use of digital laser first is printed with the laser alone. This is then
applied to a blank CD by using adhesive. The result is the ability to create a
full image that moves into the disk and creates an image and color that projects
high quality and detail of your disk image.

Thermal Transfer

Thermal transfer is an option that is typically used for short runs and in which
can offer high quality of color printing options. The thermal transfer is a
direct evolution from the ink jet, replacing duplication with this process
because of it's ability to create higher resolution options.

Thermal transfer is done by taking the print design images of your CD and
placing the image like a regular print onto the CD. Many of the options not
only come with this image, b ut also have capabilities to add glossy finishes or
other coats so that the ink lasts longer, is protected and gives a little extra
to the look. These are known not only for the quality of printing, but also
with capabilities such as edge to edge printing, which allows you to get all of
the graphics and details of your CD images in the right place.

Silk Screen

This third option is silk screening. This is a popular option for large runs
because it uses less ink and printing capacity and allows for a professional
look to disks. Silk screening works by beginning with the six primary colors.
These are divided according to what fits into the graphic that is being used.
This is combined with silver lining and white backgrounds, as is used in the

When beginning to print on silk screen, the graphic will be divided into six
files, one for each of the colors. Each of these files will create a film,
which becomes the blue print for that color. These are burned into the CD by
line, allowing for the combination of the six primary colors, as well as
overlapping of other colors to be used. This is also combined with moving
quickly across the CD in order to burn the correct colors into the right places.

On -- Disk

This option is one that is relatively new in the market, but is quickly growing
in popularity. When you receive on-disk printing for your graphic, you have the
capacity to take a photograph or image and place it directly on the CD. This is
then combined with the silk screening process in order to burn the image into
the CD. This is combined with adding an adhesive layer over the top of the
image in order to completely keep the image on the CD. The difference between
this and other options is in the high resolution of the photo image that is
placed on the CD.

Each of the options that are provided for imaging and duplication are defined by
clarity of the images and pictures as well as the tone that is used. Depending
on the number of disks that are being used and the type of presentation that you
are creating with your CD, you can use any of the options above in order to
create the best look for your CD.

Quality At A Cheap Price

There has never been a better time than now to have your audio book, music
project, computer data, or CD-R business card duplicated. Unlike the days gone
by, these processes are cheaper than ever before -- even for those on a budget.

Over the last several years, the costs of blank CDs have dropped quite a bit.
The retail chains such as Office Max, Staples, and Best Buy run specials on
blank CDs where you can purchase a 50 CD-R spindle for under $20. You can even
find similar deals on Froogle, such as a 50 pack spindle of blank CD-R disks for
less than $12.

Those interested in CD duplication at home, will find that many of the newer
computers come packages with a CD burner included at prices under $500. If you
already own a computer and want to add an internal CD burner, several retailers
have brands for under $50. You can also purchase an external CD burner for all
your needs for under $100.

Making cheap duplications of CDs even more affordable are the powerhouses such
as DiscMakers, Oasis, and CDman, all of whom specialize in duplicating large
quantities of CDs at low prices. Not only do these powerhouses offer superior
quality at a great price, but they also give great deals on graphics, CD
inserts, and jewel cases as well.

With cheap prices, you can get everything you need at a price you can't argue
with. If you've copied CDs in the past, you can quit paying high costs and save
yourself a ton of money. Those who offer CD duplication at a cheap price are
great at what they do -- saving you a ton of money for your CD duplication needs.

Stamping Your CD With Copy Protection

No matter what type of original content you are producing, you want to make sure
that you place your customized stamp on it. From music to audio books, copy
protection is one of the best things that you can do while getting into the CD
duplication process. This will prevent a variety of problems from occurring in
the future when you have your CD selling as a product.

Copy protection began as an option for copyrighting. With the growth of
technology, it became easier for individuals to burn CDs from others and to
download music for free online. Beyond this, individuals were able to take
music, media and other parts of CDs and copy them as their own. This
combination of problems led to the industry building a way to restrict the
copies being made and to stop consumers from burning and downloading CDs or

The beginning of the copy that led to the changes in copy protection began with
an online area, Napster. This area offered free copies of music by artists,
which could be downloaded by any person who had the correct media player. By
the year 2000, this became a popular way to download music, causing the industry
to start setting restrictions on downloads.

The restrictions that began to take place has now developed into industry
standards that are being forefronted by different groups and individuals. This
specifically links to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, which states that
individuals are breaking the law for unauthorized downloads in any type of
media, from CDs to DVDs. If an individual is caught breaking this, they are
charged as breaking the law.

The copy protection began by placing certain changes in the drives of computers,
specifically through CD -- Rom drives, which changes the mixed mode of the CD
and does not allow for multiple recordings to be placed on one CD. By doing
this, it stopped mixes of CDs and burning of individual songs that were
downloaded from the Internet. This began to mainstream copy protection and
allowed for artists that were being played on the Internet to not have the
capability to be downloaded as an individual track.

From this point, copy protection began to grow into an encryption. This means
that all of the CDs that were produced not only contained the songs, but also
stopped copies from being made. This concept is popular not only with CDs, but
also with DVDs. By placing this encryption, a code is then given to the
specific media file that there is a missing button, which does not allow the CD
or DVD to be writable.

As this concept grew, so have technology options to stop copy from occurring.
The most recent trend is with HD DVD as well as Blu-ray discs. With both of
these formats, encryption is in place which allows not only for protection, but
also blocks specific features while allowing others to be used in the correct
way. This digital equipment is continuing to grow in popularity and is prov
iding more possibilities for copy protection.

If you are duplicating a CD, it is important to know about the different
possibilities for copy protection. This means looking into the encryption that
is now being used for CDs or to invest in software that will provide certain
levels of protection with your software. By doing this, you will then be able
to block free downloading and burning onto new CDs and will allow your work to
remain only from your CDs.

With technology, are also possibilities for new formatting and replication of
CDs. If you want to ensure that your CDs stay only in what you have duplicated,
checking the options to keep copy protected are also important. By
mainstreaming and protecting all of your CDs and downloads, you will be able to
keep the control of your media products and where they are going.

Preparation Tips

The master CD or DVD disk, is the one you will provide to your CD or DVD vendor
for either replication or duplication of the media. Below, you will find some
tips designed to help you create a high quality master disc:

1.  Always use the highest quality media that you can obtain, as all media isn't
the same. Do your research, take your time, then choose a brand that will
produce a high quality disc each and every time you duplicate or replicate.

2.  Avoid copying from a network source. If the source files for your disk are
on a network drive, copy the files to your local disk before you burn a disc.
If you can't move the files to your local drive, try using the copy to hard
drive first feature. When doing this, your burning software will create a
temporary image file during the burning process. Once the burning has been
completed, the temporary file will be deleted.

3.  You should always avoid burning on a laptop computer that is running on low
battery power. The fluctations that will occur in the available battery power
may cause you to have poor results in your duplication.

4.  Always make sure that you finalize your disc. If you fail to finalize, the
disc won't play back. Finalizing will also help increase the reading
compability in other CD-ROM drives.

5.  Never use the packet writing method to burn a master disc. This method is
very common with burning drives that have re-writing capabilities. This method
will produce discs that can't be read on many CD-ROM drives.

6.  Avoid any type of impact or movement of the drive during burning. Doing so
can cause the laser to skip or jump tracks, which will lead to errors or a bad

7.  If available, use the "burn-proof" feature. This feature will allow the
drive to slow down the burn speed in the event the computer can't supply the
data fast enough. Although this can increase the burn time, the quality of the
disc will be much better.

8.  You should avoid having multiple applications open when burning, especially
those that access the Internet or a network. This can hinder your computer's
ability to supply data to the burner drive at the necessary rate.

If you follow the above tips, you should produce a master disc of excellent
quality. A master disc is something you'll want perfect, which is why you
shouldn't take any risks.

CD's In a Package

The beginning of CD duplication was simple. You printed your CD and put it in a
case that would make it so that it wouldn't scratch. However, the evolution of
CD duplication has made the options for packaging worth looking into. You can
now create a customized CD that will allow you to put together the perfect


Depending on your budget and your needs, you can get different options for
cases. When deciding on a case, you will want to know where you will be selling
most of your CDs, what type of protection they will need and what formatting
looks best.

The first, and most popular option for cases, is the jewel case. This is a hard
plastic case that has a thicker setting. Jewel cases are popular because it
allows for panels or booklets to be put inside with the information that is
needed. It is also known as the industry standard for musicians because of the
extra protection and the ability to put more information in the case. The slim
line CD package is the second option and is usually the mid-line possibility
between the jewel case and CD sleeve. This option allows you to place an insert
inside, without the extra room. While it still has the outer protection of the
plastic, it does not have the side plastic that is thicker for a title. If you
need protection for your CD, but are on a budget, this is a good option.

The third type of casing is the CD sleeve. This is a simple option, which
allows you to insert a CD into the packet. There won't be room to place a
booklet or panel into the CD and the protection is limited by the one cover.
However, this option is typically less to print and can be effective in
preventing your CD from getting scratches.

If you want more options for cases, you can also look into the type of material
that you use. For instance, jewel cases can come in a harder or softer plastic.
You can also look into vinyl sleeves or paper sleeves, depending on the amount
of protection you need and what type of CD you are printing. Another option is
to get disk mailers, which are similar to sleeve packages, but come with the
option of adding inserts inside with the CD in a sleeve on one side and the
booklet on the other side. With this option, you can also choose to slide the
CD in a wallet format or you can create a double disk that folds in with the


One of the best parts of the end process for finishing your CD is figuring out
exactly what you want to say. The inserts are your space to do exactly just
that. Depending on the type of CD case you are getting, an insert can help you
to put in the wording to explain your creation.

Inserts typically come in three different options. This includes poster, panel
or booklet options. The poster option is a simpler format that folds out from
the middle and into a full size. All of the information will be shown on one
page as if you are reading a piece of paper, but then will fold into the CD
packet that you have.

A panel differs because it allows for a formatting that folds differently into
the CD. The inserts will overlap, one into the other. This allows for the
information of up to eight pages to be displayed differently, with the most
important information on the top layers, and the details on the inside. Many
times, this option is used with only a front and back insert, but if wording to
lyrics or more detailed information is needed, extra panels can be added.

The booklet is the thicker option to the panel, starting with an insert of 8
pages and moving up to 20 pages of information. A booklet will also fold the
same as a book, with the pages all opening on one side.

With all of the options available, you can begin to customize your CD, depending
on what type of CD you have, the format that best fits your needs, the
information you want to provide and the budget that you are on. The result will
be a custom CD that will have the packaging and details that represent you.

CDR Brilliance

Several years ago, CD-R media and CD burners were never imagined. Computers
were just reached the GHz speed, with Pentium 1 just starting to reach the
horizons. Floppy disks were the ideal way to store data, even though it took
several of them to store most types of information. Looking at things today,
you can see at a glance just how far technology has come over the years.

These days, computers are in 2 out of 3 homes across the world, with almost
everyone owning one. CD burners and CD-RW drives are just as popular, with
everyone realizing just how much money they can save by burning their own disks
and copying their own media.

There are so many benefits to CD duplication and CD-R disks that it's mind
boggling. If you've never owned a CD-RW drive or dealt with CD-R media, you'd
be amazed with everything you can do. CD media helps to simply life as we know
it and make things easier than ever before.

The theory of CD-R duplication is priceless. Writers, those that are self
employed, musicians, small businesses, hobbyists, and even fortune 500 companies
can all benefit from the brilliance behind CD-R technology. Not only to do they
save you quite a bit of time, but they are also very affordable while providing
you many different services.

CD-R media is used to store files and important security documentation. The
media disks are widely used in the computer field to conveniently backup
software and data on disc. Musicians as well choose to use CD-R duplication as
an affordable marketing and promotion tool to get their music out to those who
want it.

Even the corporate world as well, uses CD-Rs as a cost effective way of mass
producing training videos and as an aid in converting to the ideal paperless
office. You can also use CD-Rs as a business card, as they are smaller than a
credit card and store all of your memorable business card information.

With everything they offer you, CD media is truly something you can't live
without. The disks are small and easy to store, yet they will hold an
impressive amount of information.

For all of your audio, storage, or backup needs, rest assured that CD-R media
can help you meet your demands. The disks will last a lifetime, making them
perfect for special memories. If you have the need for storage or saving data
and pictures, CD media is the way to go to ensure that your precious files will
be there each and every time you need them.

CD Terminology

Below, you'll find the most common terminology that relates to CD duplication.
Even if you are new to duplication, the terms below may help you learn more.

BLER Block Error Rate. This is the raw digital error rate before any type of
error correction.

CD This the Compact Disc, a digital medium that's formed of a 12cm polycarbonate
substrate, a reflective metalized layer, and a protective lacquer coating.

CD-R Compact Disc-Recordable. The term CD-R is used to describe the technology
of recordable CD along with the equipment, software, and media that are used to
make the recordable disks.

Data layer With CD-R media, this is the organic dye that is sandwiched between
the polycarbonate substrate and the metalized reflective layer of the media.
CD-R disks don't have any data on them at all until the are recorded.

Injection Molding This is a manufacturing method where the molten material is
forced into a mold, normally under high pressure, then cooled so that the
material will take on the shape of a mirror image in the mold.

Media or blanks CD-R media are the disks that are used to record digital
information using a special recorder and premastering software with a computer.
These discs are made of a polycarbonate substrate, a layer of organic dye, a
metalized reflective layer, and a coating of lacquer for protection.

Organic dye The data layer of CD-R media is made from a dye that is melted
during the process of recording. Where the dye is melted, becomes opaque or
refractive, scattering the reading laser so that it isn't reflected back into
the reading sensors.

Reflective layer This is the metal later that sits on top of the dye that
reflects the laser beam back to the reading assembly. This is normally 24k gold
in CD-R disks, although it can be silver as well.

Formatting Options for Duplication

It would be much simpler if everything was just a CD that came in the same box
with the same options. But, with the capacities of technology, as well as the
different formatting needs, are also more capabilities for duplication of CDs
and the way in which you can approach getting your information onto a disk.

Most have seen the letters and wording that is behind each type of CD, ranging
from different formats to specific characteristics within a CD. However,
defining these different letters and formats can help you to determine what type
of CDs you should use for duplication and different CD jobs, so that you can get
the most out of every part of the process.

CD -- R: CD -- R begins with the ability to have a blank disk at your finger
tips. If you only see the wording ' CD' it probably already has data that is
available on it. A CD-R; however, is completely blank and writable. The 'R'
stands for record able and can be used for burning your data, information or
music into one space.

CD -- RW: Like the CD -- R, this particular type of CD is record able.
However, there is one major difference between the two. Because there is a
'RW', there is also the ability to re-write or record over any of the
information that has already been placed on the CD. Typically, there will be a
limit on how many times you are able to erase and re-write the CD, averaging at
about 1,000 times before the CD becomes read only. You should also keep in mind
that CD -- Rws are not typically used for CD players, audio or music. Instead,
they are used for computer information and storage space.

CD -- ROM: This particular type of CD is one that you will find in stores with
music or data already on it. The ROM stands for read only memory. This means
that you can not record over the information that is already there. While you
can open the information and look at it, everything is frozen with the data and
can not be changed or manipulated in any way. Often times, a CD -- R will turn
into a CD -- ROM, depending on the formatting used as well as the recording
that takes place, typically done during the duplication process through a light

Mini -- Disks (MDs). These are smaller CDs that are used for information and
audio that holds specific recording amounts. Because the size is smaller, there
are also not as many tracks for storage space. You can expect an average of 150
MB of audio space, all which is compressed in order to play the same amount of
time. These particular disks are also re-writable and can transfer from larger
CDs to the mini -- disks.

The way in which these three types of formats work for CDs are based around the
coating that is placed on each of the CDs. All CDs will be read through a
optical lense or laser that is on a CD. By changing the coating over the CD, it
causes for a different type of reading to take place. For example, the CD -
Rs will have grooves that are placed into the CD, which will stop it from being
re-recorded. CD -- RWs; however, have a crystalline coating. Whenever this is
placed on a laser, it allows for the signal to show that, while data is
recorded, there is still space and storage to add in more information.

Beyond these different types of disks, are also capacities that are used for
burning. For instance, there can be a different division between how the
duplication takes place. This is either done through an entire disk at once or
a track at one time. This will depend on whether you want sessions in your CD
duplication process and how you want the CD to be placed together.

Formatting of CDs, as well as the capacities to alter the way in which
information is placed on the CD is one of the important elements of CD
duplication. Meeting the standard and understanding your options and how they
can work will allow you to further what you are trying to put together and get
into the public eye in the correct way.

Types of Disk Files: Optical or Magnetic

CD duplication and the technology options that have followed have allowed for
new possibilities to be approached with CDs and what is needed in order to have
a professional look as well as the correct data in place. One of the recent
developments within this area is with optical disks and the capability to create
better options within the CD distribution industry. This creation is one that
is continuing to grow and allow for better services with CDs.

Optical disks are created by taking light to a blank disk. This disk is then
read and written. The light has the capacity to hold the necessary information
for the optical disks and to record all of the necessary data and designs
through this light. The abilities with creating this type of technology has
allowed not only for new levels of professionalism within disks, but has also
created better options for disk distribution.

Within the line of optical disks are also magnetic disks. These types of disks
are used for storing information on computers by taking a magnet and recording
the information and data that is being stored into a specific area. In a CD,
the magnetic disks are defined by tracks, which are located in small circles
around the CD. Each of these tracks are divided into sectors, which then
contain a certain amount of storage in each sector.

The magnetic disks began to be developed as far back as records and have
continued into floppy and zip disks. These are a common way to manufacture
disks and are still often used in order to write CDs, DVDs and various other
formats in disks. When using this type of formatting, there is the possibility
of re-writing over the disk and altering the storage and information that is
used. This is because of the use of the magnetic tape that is being used.

With the evolution of the copy protection needs within CDs and disks, has also
been the movement into the new technology of optical disks. The major reason
why these are now preferred over magnetic disks are because of the ability to
write a CD without the ability to re-write over it. Once the data is stored,
they stay with that data. This; however, depends on the format that is being
used, with some CD types, such as CD-RWs still having the capacity to re-write.

Another reason why optical disks are becoming more popular is because of the
endurance levels that they have. Generally, optical disks are known to last for
a longer period of time even if they are in extreme cold or hot temperatures.
They can also endure crashes and corruptions that were popular with magnetic
disks. This would often times happen because of stray magnetic fields or other
components that would interfere with the CDs and stop them from functioning,
playing or keeping the stored data in place.

The development of optical disks has not stopped at the major capabilities that
are allowing for a change in disk formatting. There are now newer technologies
that are based around better options for disk formatting as well as for
convenience within the CD. Some optical disks, for instance, have multiple
levels as well as storage spaces that are divided for protection needs and
legalities. This allows those who are duplicating CDs to create several types
of data to be stored into a CD as well as divide and organize the information
that is in each area. This has become an option to the tracks and has allowed
for better uses of the CD to be available.

The concepts that are available within CD writing is also one that has created
new ways to develop, duplicate and store CDs. No matter what type of formatting
or what the needs for the CD, there is the ability to have more available
characteristics and capacities with the technology that is being used.

Duplication 101

If you've been shopping for blank CDs or blank DVDs recently, you may have found
yourself a bit confused by all of the choices -- CD-R, CD-RW, DVD+R, DVD-R,
DVD-RW, and DVD+RW. Trying to figure out the abbreviations between them can be
a bit mind racking indeed.

To make matters worse for those who aren't up on the lastest marvels of
technology is the rate at which the industry of technology is evolving. Just
when you think you've caught on to the concepts of MP3s and burning CD and DVD
media, new twists on blank media hits the market and you found yourself confused
more than you were to start with.

The "R" found in CD-R and DVD+/-R media stands for recordable. It will tell
consumers that these disks are blank recordable media. You can record movies,
data, music, and photos on the disc, but the discs cannot be erased.

The "RW" on CD-RW and DVD+/-RW media stands for rewritable. This lets you know
that media with RW on them can be recorded and erased several times. Even
though the prices for blank CD and DVD media is inexpensive, you can expect to
pay a bit more for RW type media.

The biggest source of confusion stems from DVD-R and DVD-RW and how they are
different from DVD+R and DVD+RW media. In order to avoid a long technical
speech on the differences, you simply need to know that each DVD types can
record movies just like the next type.

DVD+R and DVD+RW are a newer more expensive technology that offers a few
technical advantages over DVD-R and DVD-RW. None the less, DVD-R has greater
compatibility with more DVD players than any other format of blank DVDs.

If you have a newer DVD player or if you use your computer to play back media,
you should have no problems with DVD+R/DVD+RW media. Some say that they provide
a better range of quality, although the quality is indeed similar.

Keep in mind that all recordable CD and DVD media do the same thing regardless
of their particular brand or extension. Because there is not an industry
standard that involves DVD technology, not every DVD player is compatible with
each and every format you see on retail store shelves.

For this very reason, you should always check with DVD player manual to see
which type of recordable media it will play back. This way, you'll know what to
buy the next time you go shopping for blank CD or DVD media.

Here's To Looking at CDs

Preferences for the outer design of CDs is seen in more than just the package.
Depending on your style, graphics and the way that you want your CD presented,
you can also find other standards that will fit your needs better. With the
right CD duplication company, you can find the best way to customize your
graphics from the inside out.

When you are putting a graphic on a CD, you have more than one option for the
printing. This will depend on what you want to say on the CD as well as how you
want the graphics to look. The option for graphics on a CD is divided into
sectors on the CD. Each of these will allow you to put on the proper graphics
and divide the CD according to your best fit.

Typically, a graphic will take up either half of the CD face or the entire one.
If you are taking up half, you can expect to have white space with the graphic
being on one side of the CD. If you want to put wording or have a smaller
graphic this is an option. You can also fade out your graphic so that it only
takes up half the space in order to have a different appearance on the inside CD
part from the outer cover.

You also have the ability to take up to three-fourths of the CD or the entire
CD. With these options there will be more color, even expanding to covering up
to the edges of the CD. The three-fourths option will work similar to only
covering half of the CD with a little less white space that covers the CD. With
the full cover option, you will have more color with the graphics but will not
be able to create a fade or put extra information on the side. These particular
options are also a slightly higher cost because there is more use of ink.

Within these options are also approaches that you can take with the coloring of
your graphic. A lot of this will depend on the type of equipment that the CD
duplication service has, specifically relating to whether they use silk
screening, laser printing or thermal printing. I f you want a particular color
resonance, make sure that you know which option is best. You can also consider
black and white options for the graphics in order to change the look and feel of
the graphic with the CD.

With these options is the typical standard of the CDs keeping a particular look
and feel that fits the entire package. The graphic that is on the inside of the
CD will also be on the outside, mostly for graphic costs as well as a
professional look that will allow consumers to keep your CD in place. However,
there are also options for the CDs to cut out the graphic from being on the
inside, only to have the name and general information of the CD.

While you are thinking about the graphics and look for your entire package, you
should also be thinking about this same concept for the inside CD. You can
easily combine format preferences with a look that is professional and cost
effective. You should always consider what works best and what will keep you
with the right look both inside and out.

How To Copy CDs

Copying CDs is something that is very popular now more than ever. When CD
burners and duplication was first introduced, people caught on although it
wasn't nearly as popular as it is today. These days, millions of people
throughout the world copy audio, data, and even video to CDs.

To make a copy of a CD, you'll need a master to copy, a blank disk, a CD-RW
drive, and the proper software. Most newer computers include either a CD-RW or
DVD-RW drive. If your computer is older, you'll need to go out and buy the
drive, which doesn't cost much money and is very easy to install.

If you have a DVD-RW drive, you'll be able to copy both CDs and DVDs. The rate
of copying will vary, with 4X being the slowest and up to 48X being the fastest.
If your drive supports 48X, you can duplicate a CD in a matter of minutes.

Once you have the CD-RW or DVD-RW drive and some blank CD-R media, all you need
is the software to duplicate. Nero is among the most popular, as well as Sonic
Record Now and Easy CD Creator. There are many different types out there, from
those that cost money to the freeware software that doesn't cost anything to

Once you have everything you need, simply run the software and create your disk.
You can copy many types of media, including pictures, video, audio, and even
data from your computer. Depending on what you want to copy, all need to do is
select it from the software menu and let it rip.

CD duplication is a lot of fun and easy for everyone to learn as well. You can
back up a lot of things, or just save pictures of your special memories -- the
choices are entirely up to you.

Defining Different Types of Duplication Processes

Getting a CD duplicated isn't as simple as a xerox copy. The processes that are
used and the way in which CD duplication is approached takes a different set of
rules that help your CD to turn out exactly like you want it, no matter how many
copies you are making. Understanding the difference between the two and the
pros and cons of each can help you to figure out the best options for CD
duplication so that you can create a finished product that you are proud of.

The first type of CD duplication is known as replication. In replicating a
disk, all of the data, information and graphics of the CD are taken and molded
into the disk. This means that each of the CDs that are copied will be exactly
like the master CD that is being used in duplication. If you decide to
replicate something, all of your CDs will be clones of the master CD and will
not be able to change.

CD duplication is a little bit different. When a CD is duplicated, the data and
the graphics are taken from the original CD and put into each CD. This allows
for some adjustments to be made as the CDs are copied, similar to what one would
do when they are burning a CD from a variety of songs that they like from a
different source.

If you are getting a CD copied, what is your better choice? It all depends on
how many copies you need and what you are planning on using your CD for. If you
only want a few copies, duplication is the better option. This will allow you
to personalize and customize every copy as well as ensure that each CD turns out
exactly like you want it. The opposing side to this; however, is that the
duplication will take a longer time and each of the individual CDs will have to
be set up and formatted before being printed.

However, if you are trying to get a CD duplicated for professional purposes, and
want a lot of copies, replication is your better choice. By replicating CDs,
you won't have to worry about changing or adjusting information. You will
automatically be able to run hundreds and thousands of CDs, all which are
exactly like the master CD you have created. With this option, you'll be able
to have everything packaged exactly like you want, without the need to change
what is needed.

If you decide on replication, you should keep in mind that everything is built
off of a stamp, meaning that whatever is on your first CD will be on all of your
CDs. This means that you will need to make sure everything is placed in the
right area before you start the replication process. If attention to detail is
missed, this can be a large problem in the end of manufacturing.

With both of these CD formatting choices, you can find the best fit for your
project. Ensuring that everything is set up correctly and that you have a plan
for the copying process can help you to better fit your needs and to set up what
you need for the CD duplication process. The end result will be the product
that fits you best.

The Future of CD Duplication

Twenty years ago, shows like the Jetsons and science fiction or futuristic shows
seemed simply like entertainment. However, as the future comes closer, ideas of
automation and capabilities with equipment are becoming more of a reality. One
of the areas in which this progression is growing at a rapid pace is with c
apabilities for CDs and duplication. With the changes made in technology, are
now options for you to get your CD into a physical presence.

The future of CD duplication is beginning to be seen through various Internet
areas as well as individuals who are beginning to move CD copying into a new
realm. One way in which this is branching off is with individuals that have the
capacity to copy off their own prints in mass quantities, allowing for things
such as price reductions and more options for custom CDs. This particular part
of CD duplication is continuing to grow in popularity and is changing the market
for processing and publishing CDs.

The second area in which this is moving to is with concepts such as print on
demand, an automated way to keep the CDs in the right place. Many publishing
companies now have options where individuals can create everything online, from
the CD graphics and data to the inserts that are placed in the CD. Those who
find the product can simply pay for one copy then have the CD sent to them.
This particular option is one that is known for conserving materials and for
creating a lower set of expenses in CD duplication.

This particular option can be done because of the digital abilities of printers.
Because the information only needs to be stored in one area, then can take the
information and replicate it, it doesn't matter whether there are bulk amounts
of CDs made or short run CDs. For those that know they won't be needing
thousands of CDs in the next month, this option becomes more logical.

While digitalization is occurring at one end, specialized CDs that are for
smaller quantities to be produced. Things such as business cards in CDs, CDs
for presents or for weddings or for something that is not needed in mass
quantities is now becoming a popular approach. This is not only because of the
uniqueness of the option, but is also because of the ability to have the
capacities for printing and producing what is needed. This popularity is
growing not only with regular CDs, but also with customized CDs, such as
different shapes, sizes and formats that can be used more appropriately.

Of course, ideas for CDs and the way in which it is seen as a consumer product
is also beginning to change. The growth of technology is now allowing for MP3s,
iPods, downloads and Internet options to be sweeping into the forefront of
sales. Over the past few years, the option of downloads has grown with consumer
demand by large percentages, moving CDs into a secondary option for promotion or
a physical presence. This is another option to keep in mind with the
progression of CDs and how they are being altered with newer technology.

With the trends, statistics and new innovations is a question of where CDs and
CD duplication will move to next. It is now becoming a part of the world of
accessibility and automation. With the continuation of moving into the 21st
century, are endless possibilities of how CD duplication and the process of
creating CDs can continue to evolve.

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