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Fish Ponds

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Building the perfect pond for your backyard garden can be a do-it
yourself activity or you can hire a professional to do it for you. It's
really not that hard but does require some research and certain
knowledge about landscaping in order to get it right. You need to get a
good book and read up on it or ask some friends and professionals about
the idea of building a pond in your garden. For now, here is a brief
discussion on how to build that pond that you've always wanted in your

Situate the Pond

Basically the first step to building a pond is to find a suitable spot
to dig a hole in your garden. The size and depth of the pond should be
proportional to size of your garden. A liner will also be needed for the
pond. You can buy and place a prefabricated fiberglass piece or have the
choice free forming your pond with rubber roofing material or similar to
it. In any case, a liner is a must for ponds to keep the water from

If you are planning to breed fishes in the pond, you need to consider
the depth. You have to make sure that the pond is deep enough for the
fishes. In colder climates, the pond should be deeper than the frost
line and making sure that the fishes have still enough room to go to.

Ponds should not be placed near trees, shaded, or low areas. Plant life,
especially lilies, and fishes need the warmth of the sun. Falling leaves
can also accumulate fast and cause a cleaning nightmare. Low areas cause
large volume of rainwater runoff to enter the pond. Rainwater runoff may
contain chemicals coming from pesticides and fertilizers which can be
harmful to pond plants and fishes.


Building a pond also requires the owners to put some thought on how to
filter off the waste that accumulates in it. A good thing to remember is
that the bigger the water area the better it can handle the waste coming
from the fishes. Keep in mind that you will need to put some kind of
substrate or gravel so that a bacteria bed can build up and help
maintain the water in good quality. You can buy good filters and gravel
in your local pet stores.

If you are building a pond to keep a school of gold fish or other kinds
of fishes, wait until you have covered the bottom with gravel and placed
a good filtering machine. Like an aquarium or a fish tank, you should
introduce a fish to the pond one at a time. Allow some time for the
environment of the pond to adjust with the population. If you dump all
of the fish you intend to place in the pond, they probably would not
survive the environment because the natural filtering of the bacteria
will not be able to handle the waste of the fishes and their food.

Filters can also help to ensure that your pond doesn't become a breeding
ground for mosquitoes. Mosquitoes lay their eggs on still waters, so
anything that agitates the eggs will help prevent the pond to become a
breeding ground. Filters help maintain the waters clean but regular
cleaning is still needed to maintain the quality of the pond.


Water gardens and backyard ponds are for butterflies, frogs, birds,
fish, you, and the whole family. These ponds may be small, may even be
no larger than 3 to 4 feet in diameter. These may be built in patio
containers and barrels. Drawing wildlife in your backyard may be done by
adding water gardens and ponds. These will not only provide enjoyment
and interest but also a natural and relaxing environment as well.

A fish pond in your backyard may become the focal point of your backyard
conversation. So spice it up with this tips and techniques.

Where to Put Up a Backyard Pond

Place your fish pond in a place where you can best view it from, whether
from a deck or the patio. Make it coincide with the natural
surroundings. Do not place the pond where the sun can overheat it.
Nestle it in a shaded place but not under the trees.


It is best to slightly elevate the soil surrounding the pond so that
excess water will not enter into it. Plan the drainage system of the
pond, making sure that it draws the water away from your house.

Landscaping the surroundings around your pond will provide a natural
dwelling place for birds and frogs that need water and land. Make sure
that electricity is available if you plan to use lights, filters, or a
water re-circulating device.

Do not place the pond under the trees to avoid fallen leaves into the
pond. This technique will also provide less maintenance to the pond.
Expose the pond to sufficient sunlight only since some aquatic plats
grow well in full sun and others do not.

Using Pond Liners

Pond liners are used to keep water from leaking into the soil. It is
almost always necessary for ponds even if it they are situated in clay
soils. Pond liners come in different shapes and sizes. They even include
built in waterfalls or any design based on your preferences. They are
durable and convenient.

Consider a polyvinyl chloride liner (PVC liner) in building larger
ponds. In determining the size of the PVC, you have to know the maximum
length, width, and depth of the pond. After which, multiply the maximum
depth by 3. Add the answer to the width and the length. Now you have
enough PVC to securely hold down the pond edges.

Pond liners come in different thickness as well. The thicker the pond
liner, the more resistant it is to punctures. Cement may be considered
an optional pool liner. However, it requires more expertise to install
and it may cost more than the regular plastic pond liner.

However, considering that many ponds are quite small, other plastics may
be used. It may be cheaper but many may break down easily once prolonged
exposure to ultraviolet light happens. Some plastics also may prove to
be toxic to fish.

Pond Installation

Time your pond building when the ground is not overly wet or frozen. Dig
the hole according to the right depth and place (and secure) the pond
liner. Then landscape the pond surroundings. Remove any rocks from the
surrounding area. Add water, plants, and a pump. Let the pond sit for a
few days before adding plants and fish. Let the plants settle for at
least one week before placing the fish. Then sit back and enjoy your
backyard fish pond!


A pond may offer a number of benefits. It can be cool and relaxing,
visually appealing and it can provide the local wildlife a watering

For Starters

It is imperative to know the reason why you are building this pond
before the actual construction. Some individuals just wanted to put up
these kinds of projects without considering the comfort and safety of
the inhabitants of that pond. Evaluate first these things before
assembling your pond.

You can ask for advice from your pond professional or read books that
are concerned on pond kits and the techniques of construction of ponds.
Consult your local pond contractors who have experience regarding this

Now you can build your own fish pond following these planning stages:

Consider the location.

Choose a site where your pond is not near existing large trees. These
vantage points will prevent root problems as well as minimizing the
problem of falling leaves in your pond that may cause decaying and poor
water quality. Pond plants such as water lilies need sunlight to grow.
It is best to place your pond where it can be exposed to sun but not too
much as it can over heat during mid afternoon or on hot days. A semi
shaded place with a good amount of light coming through is sufficient

Temperature extremes should be minimized on the pond. If you intend on
raising and keeping fish, it is important to make the pond as deep and
as large as practical. However, deeper ponds may need to be fenced to
prevent accidents.

Design with purpose.

Consider electricity supply for pumps, filters, and lights when
designing your pond. It is also important to look into the water supply
and drainage.

Ponds must have an overflow area (a place located below the rest of the
pond height) to control where the excess water should go. Overflowing
may be caused by overfilling the pond with water or from heavy rain.

Screen your overflow paths to prevent any escape of small plants, fishes
(and its eggs), and snails during water additions and heavy rainfall.
This may also protect the local waterways from any possible escape. This
is especially important if there are non local fish in the pond.

Complete preparation requirements.

It is essential to clean and rinse ponds before using it since fish and
other water plants are sensitive to contaminants. "Curing" concrete
ponds combined with water changes, scrubbing, filling, and painting with
vinegar is also important.

Allow chloramines and chlorine to dissipate especially if you used tap
water to fill the pond. One can also utilize a commercial chlorine
neutralizer from pet shops to solve this problem.

Ensure that all equipment such as fountains, waterfalls, filters, and
lights are working satisfactorily before adding the fish and plants.

It is also better if you allow at least one week for the plants to
settle in the pond before adding the fish. Clean up the pond regularly
for dead leaves as this will add unwanted excess nutrients to the water
and decay it as well.

Observe proper maintenance.

A said, keep the pond clean of fallen vegetation and dead leaves. The
frequency of cleaning will depend on the amount of vegetation falling
into the water and on the tome of the year. Do the cleaning at the
beginning of spring before the temperature of the water starts to rise.

Feed your fish and clean up the filters periodically.

Add water in the pond periodically. A normal garden hose will do.
However, no more than 10-20% should be added at any time because of the
chlorine levels in tap water.


Live Like Royalty

Backyard ponds are not only for the filthy rich individuals. Nowadays,
even the simplest homeowner can make their own backyard pond as
luxurious as the wealthy estates.

Once you get your back yard pond set up, it would provide both fun and
enjoyment. It also provides a dwelling place for the fish, wildlife,
aquatic plants and flowers. It is a relaxing hobby that not only
provides relaxation but appreciation to Mother Nature as well.

Plan Ahead

Building your own backyard pond may not be extremely hard to built but
thorough planning should be placed in constructing one. The hardest part
in building one is digging the pond. It all depends on what type of soil
your region has. This determines how easy or how strenuous the digging
part would be.

The size and shape of the pond depends on your preferences. It can be a
small, preformed pond or one that needs a pond liner that can hold up to
seven thousand gallons of water.


Consider the location of your pond. Where would it be best seen? Picture
yourself sitting outside. What location grabs your eye the most?
Consider these important elements. Is the water source situated just
nearby? Is your pond's location a flat area? Is electrical supply
available? Keep in mind that these are just some questions you need to
be answered.


Building a pond of any size requires a complete set of tools. Now, take
hold of these important equipment. In building and constructing a pond,
one must need a water pump, a UV filter, a pond filter, and some pond
plants among many. Other must haves are the following: a pond liner of
appropriate size, an air diffuser, pond lightings, a skimmer, the
aquatic animals, and fish food.


Another thing to consider in pond building is the cost. Initially,
constructing and maintaining the pond could be quite expensive, that is
with no doubt. But there are now cheaper do it yourself kits available
in the market. Once it is finished, the enjoyment it brings is worth it.
Another plus for the backyard pond is that it turns an oh-so-boring
piece of land into a thing of beauty. It works best if you have the
proper landscape to go with your pond. Make your pond the centerpiece of
your back yard.

However, because of too many do-it-yourself homeowners, they usually
make mistakes. Following these guidelines may help you avoid the
pitfalls of do it yourself backyard pond disasters.

Initially, it is important to incorporate your pond to the current
landscape of your backyard. This works best for amateur landscapers who
just wanted to get right down to work. Do not let your pond detract the
beauty of your yard. Make it fit and not out of place.

To Sum It Up

Integrate your pond's design to your landscape. Do not make it lavish if
you have a very simple backyard. Take time to choose the design that may
flatter the overall landscaping.

Secondly, think of the essential requirements of a pond. Do not place
your pond in complete shade since this will hamper the amount of
sunlight to your pond. Aquatic animals and plants need ample amount of
the warmth of the sun.

Finally, size does matter. Plant the size of your pond. Do not place too
much fish on a small pond. Experiment on a variety of aquatic plants.

Provide luster and relaxation to your yard as well as increase your
property's value. Make your backyard more attractive and enjoyable by
adding a backyard pond.


A Landscape Masterpiece

A backyard pond is the kind of structure that can turn your average
backyard into a landscape masterpiece. The pond is sometimes considered
to be the centerpiece of a yard. As the variety of inexpensive kits
increases in the gardening market, backyard ponds have become popular to
the public. Backyard ponds were a luxury for only those who could afford
it in the past. However, with the current facilities available and some
effort from the home owners, building that perfect backyard pond has
become a luxury for all.

Unfortunately, in the rush of home owners to integrate ponds into their
home landscaping, several do-it yourselfers have made mistakes. Building
a pond is not as easy as the market has made it to be. There are several
important factors to take into account before and during the
construction of the pond. The following are some guidelines on how to
build that perfect the smart way. Remembering these key points will help
in reducing those mistakes that do-it yourselfers usually make.

Tips and Tricks

First, let your backyard decide. The first question that comes to mind
is where to make the pond? In most cases, home owners just find an open
spot in their yard and immediately start working. The result? Still your
own plain backyard with a pond. Home owners have to integrate the pond
into their existing landscape. The pond will fail to compliment the
overall design and feel of the property. In situations like these, the
presence of a pond can actually diminish the beauty of a home landscape

When considering in constructing a pond, take the time to pick out a
design and suitable spot that will flatter the over all design of the
yard. Don't just simply grab that shovel and dig on the first spot you
can find. Do a little research and if you still feel that your own
judgment and unique design is not enough, ask some friends or your
family members to help you out. Remember two heads are better than one.

Second, consider the elements of your backyard. If you are considering
on breeding fishes, you may want to rethink about placing that pond in a
shaded area. Warmth is an important element in maintaining fish
population. If the pond is placed near a tree, you may find yourself in
a position where you are constantly cleaning leaves off the pond. The
environment surrounding your backyard will have a great impact on the
appearance and maintenance of the pond.

Lastly, size does matter. You need to make sure that the size of the
pond will meet your goals. Some may build a small pond and place a
variety of aquatic plants and animals only to find out that the pond
cannot satisfy the necessities of the plants and fishes. Another thing
to consider carefully is the depth of the pond. This is especially true
for landscapes in colder climates and ponds containing fish. If the pond
is built too shallow, it could freeze completely. Proper depth should
also be considered when talking about size.

Building a backyard pond in you home can definitely make it more
attractive. It is a great way of making out door living more colorful
and enjoyable. If built correctly, it can add a certain luster to the
beauty of a property and can raise the property's value. However, if
done poorly, your backyard pond can be incredibly stressful.



Recently, one of the most popular backyard designs is adding a water
pond or a fish pond to the yard. These projects, however, can only be
achieved in sprawling and huge yards that has walkways and large areas.
But if you are really certain to have your own fish pond and yet you do
not have a large back yard, there are design ideas that can be
incorporated to hopefully place your pond in it without having to take
up too much space and dominate your yard. Let your pond serve as the
focal point of your back yard. Place it in the middle or in one corner
of the yard if you have a small space. Make it appealing to the people
walking around the house.


If you wish to place it in the corner part of the yard, raise the pond a
little higher so that the fish will seem as a surprise to the visitors.
But if you want to place it in the center, it is best if you place the
pond at ground level or a little above it.

Fish Types

Make sure that the fish you put inside are colorful and lively to
attract attention. Watching the fishes swim around everyday can also
serve to be therapeutic. But if you want to maintain a small pond, do
not place large fishes such as the Japanese Koi. They may not live long
in this kind of environment and they are also extremely expensive.
Goldfish are compatible with the size of your pond, however, their
longevity might not be a guaranteed in an outdoor pond.


Think how much you really want an outdoor pond and how you can maintain
and build it depending on your preferences. You might find that
maintaining an indoor aquarium is difficult enough, how much more an
outdoor pond.

Consider the climate of your place. Water ponds and fish ponds are most
applicable in tropical weather because of the advantage of the sun all
year round. Some aquatic plants need to be exposed to the sun to grow.
The plants and fishes may die if you let them stay in the pond during
winter time. it is best to transfer them to an indoor tank if the
weather is not applicable.

A fish pond in your own backyard only tells an individual how much
energy, time, and money you are willing to devote to the beautification
of your backyard. It does not matter how large or how small it is, it
just goes to show that you appreciate beautiful things. You will not
only impress a lot of people but yourself as well. A back yard fish pond
brings a luxurious and relaxing feeling to the place.

In order to make your fish pond more appealing, decorate its
surroundings. Landscaping the place will attract frogs and birds which
can add to the overall natural feeling. If you cannot afford landscaping
projects, hanging plants and flowering bushes will do. This will produce
a great ambiance to your visitors and guests.

Having a fish pond is not a go-get-it-and-have-it project. You have to
maintain and preserve its beauty time and again. Make sure to add water
to it periodically. It is also important that you get rid of fallen
leaves as this will cause decay and unpleasant appearance.

Lastly, consult your local pond professionals before building a pond
yourself. Do not hesitate to ask questions as this will benefit the
inhabitants of the pond.


Aesthetic Appeal

A backyard fish pond offers a aesthetic addition to your landscapes.
Installing projects such as these will offer tranquility and relaxation
to the whole family as well. However, building, constructing, and taking
care of ponds are not as easy as you think. Much effort, planning, and
money must go into these. It is important that you think things through
before deciding on installing your very own back yard fish pond.

Building fish ponds are not as simple as installing it and letting it go
afterwards. It is a consistent and constant endeavor, much like a hobby.
Maintenance should be done periodically. Following some of these
guidelines may aid you in installing a do it yourself backyard fish

First Tip: Utilize a plastic fish pond liner for your pond.

In separating the fish pond from the surrounding soil, it is better to
use a plastic liner (PVC liners work best). It prevents the escape of
the aquatic plants, fishes, and other pond contents from the fish pond.
In accordance to this, it also prevents the entry of nutrients from the
soil or other non pond materials. This will make maintenance and
cleaning easier since you will only have to deal with the mess and dirt
of the pond itself and the fish that live there.

In building the pond of your preferred size, pond liners are the option
to choose. Usually, they are utilized for large ponds that do not have
pre-formed sizes available.

However, it is imperative that you choose the right size of the pond
liner. Pond lines or liners are used for any size of pond. The sizes
available for this kind of pond is 10' x 15' to 20' x 25' or larger.
This can allow you to build a pond to your preferred size either by
using them individually or by connecting together two or more pond
liners with an adhesive especially made for this material.

A cement pond liner will also do, however, this option is more expensive
and may require extra labor in constructing.

Second Tip: Avoid low lying areas.

Installing you fish pond in an area where runoff water from your lawn
flows is one big no-no. This runoff water will only accumulate in your
fish pond, causing it to overflow and become dirty as well. This is one
of the common mistakes of do-it-yourself pond projects. Maintaining a
fish pond is difficult enough without excess dirty water coming from
your lawn.

On the contrary, installing the pond in an area a little above the
ground or in high parts of the lawn will prove to be easier to maintain.

Third Tip: Provide sufficient sunlight.

This means that placing the pond in shady areas will not enhance the
growth of the aquatic life. On the other hand, placing it in an area
where too much sun shines will just cause them to die. Place your pond
where there is enough sunlight to seep through. Most aquatic plants need
sunlight to grow, but some do not. Research on what plants suit your
weather best.

Fourth Tip: Water your plants.

Adding a variety of aquatic plants may decrease the excess nutrients in
the pond. They will also hamper algae growth that makes the pond murky
and dirty.

Consulting your local pond professional is also an option. Not only will
they provide advices to make your project work, they may also make your
work easier to do.



Decide first what part of the backyard you want to your fish pond to be
situated before going out and buying anything. Select an area where it
is far from the trees since many aquatic plants, like lilies, need a
sufficient amount of sunlight to grow.

Choose an area where there are no falling leaves that can make cleaning
a nightmare. Do not place your pond on low areas since large volumes of
rainwater might run off and accumulate in the pond during rainy seasons.
Not to mention, these runoff water might contain fertilizers,
pesticides, and other harmful materials.

Place your pond in an area where it can be best appreciated and seen.
The sense of building a pond is for you to enjoy it. Select a location
where it can be best viewed (i.e. the sitting area or a patio in the

Types of Pond

After choosing where you want your pond to be located, it is now time to
select what type of pond you want. The two types of pond are the

ABS plastic preformed ponds are usually used for small ponds that can
contain up to 250 gallons of water. This type of pond comes in a variety
of sizes and shapes such as hourglass, rock gardens, and kidney.
Waterfalls and formed spillways are also available.

Pond lines or liners are used for any size of pond. The sizes available
for this kind of pond is 10' x 15' to 20' x 25' or larger. This can
allow you to build a pond to your preferred size either by using them
individually or by connecting together two or more pod liners with a
special adhesive.

These pond liners are very heavy especially the large ones. They are
usually made of rubber. Using pond liners can be quite a fun and
creative experience since this type may allow you to decide on the shape
of your pond. However, you need to be aware that a 19' x 26' liner will
not create a pond of the same size. In choosing the proper size liner,
it is imperative to know the width (W), length (L), as well as the
maximum depth (MD) at their widest points. After which, use the formula
L+(MD*2) by W+(MD*2).

This means that a 10 foot long by 5 foot wide by 2 foot deep pond may
require a 14' x 9' pond liner so as to make an edge above the water
level. It is important to let a professional pond developer help in
determining the pond size liner you need.

Dig It

Now that you've decided on the location and the type of your fish pond,
it is time to dig it. The average size of the pond is at least 18" deep
at its deepest point. However, 24" is better. With this depth, the
fishes may be allowed to stay in the pond during winter time without
freezing. Inclusion of planting shelves in the design will make it
easier to place emergent lilies and plants.


After accomplishing the above tasks, it is high time for you to think
about filtration. It may be better to ask your pond professional about
this topic. Just keep in mind that whichever filter you choose, ensure
that it is cleaned at a regular basis so that the water will remain
clear. Utilizing a filter may also hinder the mosquitoes from making the
pond their breeding ground.

All Set

And now, all you have to do is add your fish and you are good to go!


Backyard Masterpiece

Backyard ponds are once thought to be owned by only the wealthy and
filthy rich individuals. That was then. Now, backyard ponds can be built
by even the simplest homeowners. These can liven things up and can be a
good conversation starter for guests and visitors. It will not only
provide a beautiful and visually appealing backyard but a relaxing one
as well.

From cozy and small to rich and lush, back yard water gardens can range
from almost any design you want. Just a little background about building
a back yard pond and the right materials is enough to create your own
private oasis.

Step one. Decide where your pond will be situated.

Look for an area in your yard where there are little trees. Falling
leaves are a big no-no to your pond since it can make maintenance an
everyday job. Place your pond in an area reached by the warmth of the
sun. Aquatic plants need the sun to grow. However, stay away from too
much heat since this can cause some plants such as lilies to die.
Another advice is to place your pond in a high area. This can prevent
runoff water to accumulate and overflow your pond causing murkiness and
further maintenance.

Step two. Lay out the area of your pond.

If you want to design your pond to the size you want it to, trace the
perimeter of the pond using a bendable material like a garden hose. If
you are satisfied by the size and shape of your pond, mark the area
using a spray paint or any marker.

Step three. Use a pond liner.

Pond liners are used to prevent water from the pond, fishes, aquatic
plants, and other pond contents to escape the pond. In the same way, it
also prevents non-pond materials to enter and cause dirt or excess
nutrients to the pond. Pond liners range from pre-formed liners to PVC
liners. If you are willing to spend the extra cash, using cement will
also be applicable.

Pre-formed liners are usually utilized by small ponds. These can be
bought at pond supply outlets and can be easily installed after digging
the pond. However, if you want to create the design and size you want,
PVC liners would work best. These are usually used for large and complex
ponds. Other types of liners are available. It is best to ask for advice
from your local pond contractor about this stuff.

Step four. Dig your pond.

Dig your pond according to the width and depth that your prefer. Place
rocks on the edges of the pond liner and fill in spaces with gravel. Do
this part diligently and carefully. Camouflage the area with stones,
pebbles, or plants. Step five. Assemble the equipment.

Place the filters, lighting, and water supply. Make sure that these will
all function well. Connect them to the electrical supply and place them
in locations that will suit them best. Do not forget to make a drainage
system for the pond. Step six. Just add water.

Now is the time to fill the pond with water. Observe if there is any
leaking. Clean out the area first and then add clean water for your
pond. Place the plants in their rightful places in order to create a
beautiful appearance. Let the plants settle for at least a week and then
it is appropriate to add the fishes. Add fish one at a time. Fill the
pond with just the right amount of fish. Consider the size of the pond
and your fish. Make sure they are compatible.

And now, sit back and relax. Give yourself a pat on the back for a job
well done!


Backyard Centerpiece

Homes with waterfront views and accents are admired by many. This is
because being around water offers a feeling of beauty, allure, and
serenity. Putting up your own water accent in your backyard, such as a
fish pond, will also add that visual appeal. Make your yard alive with
the soothing sounds of water in motion. Make your fish pond the focal
point of your backyard.

However, there are some considerations before constructing one: Climate.
Consider the climate of your area. If your weather experiences winter
times, then it is best if you make you fish pond deeper since the fish
tend to hibernate at the bottom of the pond and naturally stop eating
when the water temperature goes below 45 degrees.

If you live in a location where the pond will completely freeze over, it
is imperative that a hole be created in the ice to help the fish remain
alive. In this case, aquatic plants should be removed and placed indoors
since they may not survive the cold temperature.


Consider the filtration system of your pond. There is what you call
natural filtration where it is provided by the action of the moving
water. If this is the case, considering the design of your system and
the climate of your area, then you do not need a filter for the pond.
However, to know what is best for your pond, consult a pond professional
concerning filtration. There are cartridge filters and biological
filters available from shops that provide pond supplies.

Now, to get your backyard pond started:

First step. Make intelligent decisions by educating yourself.

Do not push through water gardening or pond building without knowing the
essentials about it. Know what equipment are needed to be used. Find out
if your yard is appropriate to hold such an accent. Is the climate
compatible with your pond? Are you up for the regular maintenance it
needs? Take into consideration the availability of supplies such as
electricity, filtration, and water. Decide what type of pond are you
willing to make, is it a small one? Or a large one?

Second step. Decide on the location of your pond.

Locate your pond in an area where the sun will be able to shine on it.
Do not place it under the trees since it will cause a cleaning nightmare
due to the falling leaves. Do not place your pond where runoff water
tends to overflow. These will accumulate in your pond making it dirty
and murky.

Determine the depth of your pond. The average depth of a back yard pond
is between 18" to 24" usually. Make the outline of your pond and start
digging it. Make steps in order to provide easy access to the pond
during cleaning. These steps will also be perfect for holding potted
plants just above the water. Make sure that the bottom is leveled as you

Third step. Get hold of an appropriate sized pond liner.

In order to get the right pond liner size, take the width of your pond
and add twice the depth of the pond, and then add 24 more inches.
Measuring the length will be done using the similar formula. Now, drape
the liner over the pond. Arrange it and place stones around the edges.

Fourth step. Fill it up with water.

Start filling the pond with water. Fold large creases neatly and remove
wrinkles as you fill the pond with water to make it les noticeable.

Fifth step. Install the needed equipment.

After filling it up with water, place filters, pumps, and lightings to
the pond. Connect it to the electrical supply. Then add your fish and
plants, and you are ready to go! Enjoy!

Proper Care for Your Fish and Pond Fishing

People have various reasons in putting a pond in their backyard. For most
individuals, ponds serve an aesthetic purpose because it adds beauty to the
landscape. But for some others, fish ponds serve as their primary fishing
place. In the latter, owners usually put fish in the ponds that can immediately
grow and multiply. It's hard to monitor how many fishes have grown in the pond
and you must also remember that the fishes are very sensitive to the abnormal
activities on water and land. The fishes can easily feel vibrations in and out
of the water. Therefore, you must exercise proper care for your fish pond.

Fishing in the river is very much different from pond fishing. If pond fishing
is your primary reason why you installed a pond in the backyard, you have to
ensure that you put fishes which are suited for this type of activity. Fishing
in your backyard can be so much fun because your kids can also join. This is a
very special time to bond with the kids on a great weekend morning. The
swimming areas of the fishes are limited and so you can surely catch a fish.
Once you throw the fishing line, you can catch a fish in a few seconds or

Before anything else, you must already give attention to the layout of your
pond. It must be situated in a high area of the yard to prevent flooding during
rainy days. The pond should also be placed far from the trees and bigger plants.
That way, you don't have to remove tree debris everyday. You should also put
water plants in your pond. This discourages the formation of numerous algae.
Extreme attention should also be given to the edges of you pond. Well of
course, the sides of the pond should be lined with plastic or concrete so that
the soil will not come into contact with the pond water; the pond will also be
cleaner if you line the sides. Another very important thing is to decorate the
edges with rocks. If the edges of the pond are made up of rocks, very little
dirt will fall into the pond. Fishing is conducted in the edges of the pond and
so you shouldn't forget about this very important factor. The pond can be small
or big and it will depend on your yard space and on how much time you're
willing to exert on it. Bigger pond means more fishes to grow and catch as
compared to a smaller one.

Proper care should be exercised with fish ponds. You must remember that the
fishes are contained in the pond. You have to clean the pond regularly to get
rid of algae and other debris on the water. That way, you can prevent
pollution. You should also note the date when you dropped the fishes so you can
at least determine the right time to start fishing.

With pond fishing, you don't have to get a small boat because the space is just
small. You can just position yourself in a good shady spot and that's it; throw
the fishing line and wait for the fish. Don't forget about the proper care for
your fish pond and you will surely grow more fishes. Spend time, effort, and
money and you will have a beautiful pond.

Proper Care Tips for Your Fish Pond

Have you decided to install a backyard fish pond? You see, it can add to your
existing landscape and it can also offer some sort of tranquility. Having a
fish pond in your backyard requires a bit of work because you need to properly
care for it. It's not really that easy and the task doesn't end in the
installation of the pond. You will surely need these proper care tips for your
fish pond. Care for the pond should be constant, as well as consistent. By
following these tips, you will exert minimal effort in maintaining the fish

1. Use plastic to line the fish pond edges so that it is separated from the
soil. If you follow this tip, the soil nutrients will not intrude with your
pond. You will only attend to dealing with some elements present in the pond or
with other elements created by your fishes.

2. Never install your pond in the lowest area of your backyard. You see, if the
pond is located in a low area, the runoff from the higher portions of the area
will all go down to your pond. It is much easier to maintain if the pond is
situated on the highest area of your backyard.

3. To make a beautiful landscape with your pond included, you must put various
kinds of plants in the surroundings. And also, don't forget to put some water
plants in the pond. With the presence of water plants, the growth of algae is
decreased. Excess nutrients are absorbed by the pond plants. By doing so, you
don't have to get rid of algae from time to time. You must remember though that
algae growth is definitely a major problem with fish ponds. You must prepare for
this and even if there are water plants, you still have to clean your pond
regularly. That way, your fishes are healthier.

If this is your very first time to install a backyard fish pond, perhaps you
want to seek help from persons who know how to put up a pond. You can also make
use of the internet in determining other effective ways of caring for your pond.
Another consideration in having a pond in your backyard is to choose the fishes
well. There are a lot of fishes that you can raise in the pond and if you don't
know which fishes to purchase, you can ask friends and colleagues who also have
fish ponds. That way, you can get a little idea about properly caring for your
pond and the fishes as well.

There are also online resources that you can check out to obtain helpful
information regarding fish ponds. Conduct a bit of research and you will surely
benefit from it. With knowhow, hard work, and dedication, you can maintain your
fish pond's beauty.

Go ahead, work your way in installing a fish pond. It's not very hard but it's
not so easy as well. You should know your responsibilities in having a pond.
Just follow the cool tips and somehow, you can properly take care of your pond.
By spending enough time in taking good care of your pond, you will also reap
some benefits. Your fishes will be healthier and your visitors will surely
admire the beauty of your pond.

Proper Care and Maintenance for Your Fish Pond

Do you have a spacious backyard? Well, if you do, don't you think it's a cool
idea to have a backyard fish pond? You can't find fish ponds in every backyard
but if you can have your very own pond, it can add excitement to your
landscape. You will also love to spend more time outside because it feels more
tranquil. However, you must always remember that the fish pond installation is
just the beginning. After the fishes are dropped in the pond, the
responsibility of proper care and maintenance for your fish pond also begins.

You have to take good care of the fishes, as well as the pond itself. To ensure
that you're doing the right thing, here are some procedures to follow so that
you can properly care and maintain your fish pond.

Digging a large hole in the ground is not enough if you want to have a clean
fish pond. You can't just fill it with water after digging. The ground or soil
should be separated from the pond and so you will need to line it with plastic.
Some individuals prefer to have the surroundings of the pond concreted. Well,
it's all up to you; you can either use plastic or concrete to line the edges
and sides of the pond. If you do this, you can prevent debris from getting into
your pond.

In most cases, there are excessive nutrients in the pond. In this case, you
will greatly need something to absorb such nutrients aside from the fishes.
Before you put the fishes in the pond, make sure that you plant some plants
around the pond and also, you can also place water plants like lilies in the
pond as well. There are still other water plants that you can put in the pond;
you just have to purchase them or perhaps if you have a friend who owns a pond,
you can ask some plants from him/her. Do your work and you will be happier once
you see the pond's appearance with the plants around. By having water plants,
you will also have another advantage because the plants can decrease algae

Choose the ponds location wisely. Remember that you should not install your
fish pond at the lowest area of the yard because it can get flooded during
heavy rains. Another thing to
keep in mind is that there should be no tree near the pond. Otherwise, the pond
will always be full of tree debris like twigs and leaves. However, if you don't
want to cut down a tree, you simply have to remove the tree debris everyday to
keep the pond free from any pollution. If you don't want to encounter these
kinds of problems, you should already think about the pond's best location
before anything else.

You can also decorate the edges of the pond with rocks. It can serve as the
outline of the pond but you have to choose the rocks carefully because some
rocks give off harmful substances that can endanger the life of your fishes,

In short, layout is very important. If you don't commit any mistakes at this
stage, you can easily care and maintain the pond. Proper care for your fish
pond lies on your hands and decision; so you have to decide wisely.

Building and Proper Care For Your Fish Pond

You can enhance the beauty of your garden by having a fish pond. Not all
individuals have beautiful gardens and if you're blessed to have one, you can
still make it more charming by adding or installing a fish pond. Building a
fish pond may seem very easy but you must also remember that you would have to
exercise proper care for your fish pond as well.

If you have a pond in your garden, you will notice that the family and guests
will love to spend most of their time there. Your kids can also have fun near
the pond during their vacant hours. Entertaining guests will also be easier for
you with a terrific sight around.

Building a pond requires careful planning. It takes time and effort. You must
consider the whole garden before you start digging a hole. When was the time
you held a shovel in your hands? Or perhaps you haven't even held one. That's
why you need to carefully plan the location of the plan because you can't
afford to waste time and energy if in case you suddenly found out that you
don't like the location.

Choose a permanent spot for the fish pond. Remember that the pond can affect
the overall look of the garden so the location should be the best and the most
appropriate. Remember that the pond's location should be at the middle or
highest elevation. You can't possibly afford having a pond that's flooded when
heavy rains occur and besides, the fishes might get out of the pond and get
killed. Another important thing that you should remember is to never place a
pond near a deciduous tree. Deciduous trees shed leaves almost everyday and so,
it can instantly pollute the pond if you don't remove the tree debris everyday.
You also have to determine the size of the pond and it should be proportional
to the garden's size. You can also choose among different shapes for the pond
like rectangular, oval, square, etc. but just keep in mind that it is
symmetrical and even out. Oftentimes, the size and shape of the pond depends on
the kind of fish and water plants that you plan to put in it.

The pond should also be placed in a location where there is direct sunlight so
that the plants and fishes are kept healthy.

So you see, there are various factors involved in building the pond. But wait,
after building the pond, you will now take good care of the pond to maintain
its beauty. You can't just leave the pond because soon, the fishes and water
plants might die because of pollution. Regular cleaning and proper fish feeding
are some of your responsibilities. You must so to it that you do your
responsibilities to keep the pond healthy and flourishing. Healthy fishes mean
that the pond is properly cared for by the owners. You can attract more
visitors to spend time near the pond if it is clean and beautiful.

Building a pond requires a lot of time and effort and so is caring for it. So
before you start building a pond, you have to ask yourself -- can I handle the
responsibilities of owning a pond? If your answer is yes, go ahead with the
project. Now, you can expect a more peaceful garden with the addition of the
water element.

How to Properly Care for Your Fish Pond

If you're planning to build a landscape at your own yard, it wouldn't be
complete without an oasis of calming effects -- a fish pond. Imagine coming
home bushed up with your tiring day and you just wanted to sit by your pond and
breathe a sigh of relief. Relaxing isn't it? Although, you can't take it all up.
There are things that you have to think of regarding the proper care and
maintenance of your fish pond.

A fish pond requires a lot of thing. When seasons are changing, especially
during crucial times like winter and fall, special kinds of attention are
needed by your pond and the things living inside it. Worry not, because when
summer comes, every single chore and hard work will payoff quite nicely.

What are the important materials and tools that you'll generally need?

* Pond filter -- basically, to filter every ounce of dirt in your pond

* Fish food -- to keep your fishes alive (obviously). If you're thinking about
giving your fishes fresh drinking water, that'll be redundant.

* Leaf netting -- to ward off falling leaves. Leaves can make your pond look
more like a garbage disposal than a tranquil landscape.

* Plant fertilizer -- a fish pond wouldn't be complete if there are no plants
for they provide additional nourishment to the fish. In the absence of fish
food, plants can be a good food substitute. That is why, it is important that
plants are fertilized to grow healthy.

Other materials that can be used, occasionally, are the water de-chlorinator
and the floating de-icer. Below are the needed procedures.

Step # 1

Before you turn your filter on, make sure that it is working properly and is
clean. Once the filter is on, you'll notice that unwanted debris is being
flushed out. Thus, making your pond spiffy clean. Clean you pond filter at
least once a week.

Step # 2

Feed the fish. Be sure it's fish food. Just by determining the water and
weather temperature, you can know when or how many feedings or what kind of
fish food should you give. If the temperature of the water is more than 50
degrees Fahrenheit, feed at least three times daily. During spring, feed your
pets cold fish food then change it to a high protein diet the moment the water
reaches a warmth of 70 degrees Fahrenheit. These will give them sufficient
nutrients to carry through the years.

Step # 3

Fertilize your plants at least thrice a week. If in doubt, follow instructions
given out for every plant purchase.

Step # 4

Place the leaf net just above the pond to keep the leaves from falling in your
pond. Leaf netting is very important especially during autumn when trees tend
to foliage.

Step # 5

Use the floating de-icer especially when the weather gets cold to prevent the
water inside the pond from freezing. This will enable your fish to receive
appropriate amount of oxygen needed during winter. Another alternative is to
cover the fish pond with a thick tarp, straw and plywood that can help to
provide proper insulation.

Step # 6

Drain the water inside the pond when spring comes. While you're at it, scrape
off all dead debris and sludge. A clean pond will help your fish be healthy and
at the same time prevent the growth of bacteria that can cause diseases in your

Proper maintenance and care of your fish pond will both be an advantage for you
and your fish.

Proper Care of Your Fish: Changing the Pond Water

Water inside a fish pond is the most important factor that an owner has to look
out for. Inhabitants and plants living inside the water depend on its
cleanliness to survive. If you are a very busy person, and the only available
day that you have is once every week, you have to improvise something that'll
keep your pond from being soiled. That is why you have to allot a portion of
your free time in changing the pon d water even once a week to assure that your
fishes are properly cared for.

Remove the water, partially

You could either choose to remove your fishes from your pond and put them in a
container while draining the entire water content of your pond or partially
remove the water and clean the pond while your fishes are still in it. Your
choice. But, the most advisable thing to do is remove partially the water
content to refrain the fishes from becoming unfamiliar to the temperature of
their new environment. This may cause your fishes to get sick.

By using a siphon or pump, remove only a portion of the pond water, while
you're at it, don't forget to remove decaying vegetation, other debris and
fallen leaves. You don't want these things to stay inside your pond because
they tend to decompose and foul the water which can promote diseases to the

Inspect the equipments

Make sure that while the level of water is still low, you allow yourself to
inspect each and every equipment that's suspended under water for damage or
wear. Include pumps, lights, liners, filter, connections, tubing and cables
that are involved. If there are things that need repair and replacement, don't
hesitate to finish the job. It would ruin your relaxation days if you have to
fix everything instead of sipping a cup of your favorite cold drink.

Try to check the following:

Pumps -- scrutinize for damages which can result to intake blockage, electrical
shock, or oil leakage. As necessary, you should open the pump and inspect the

Tubes -- inspect for rupture, stiffness or a kinked status. Constrictions like
these can affect the flow of water in waterfalls, fountains, or filters.
Therefore, these aerators can't work effectively as you would expect it to be.

Pond liner -- be on the look-out for punctures or small tears that needs
patching. If evidences of larger degradation or damage are present, this
indicates that upgrading or replacement should be done.

Electric cords -- pay attention to surface cracks or frays. If not taken care
of, this can cause hazardous shock that can affect both humans and fishes.

Filter -- clean this to eliminate visible debris that cause reduction of
breakdown or flow of algae-promoting substances.

Fishes -- examine your fishes if there are any signs of swollen abdomens,
blotches or wounds. These conditions should be treated immediately. If you have
no idea on how to deal with these, take the injured fishes to a vet for further

Refill your pond

This can't be done in one sitting. Refilling your pond may take some time or
even overnight. It's like refilling a swimming pool, or at least half of it.

Proper care of your fishes' health always depend on the water inside your pond
which serves as their home.

Proper Care of Your Fish Pond during Summer

Summer is such a perfect time to sit by a body of water and relax. Summer is
also equated with times when you can pull your favorite chair, drink your
favorite ice cold drink and enjoy the wander of your yard because of your
labor. A scenario like this is such a bliss that nobody can ever resist.
Although, these wouldn't all be possible without the proper care of your pond
especially during summer.

There are a lot of things to consider from the inside to the outside
environment of the pond. Before you sit on that favorite chair of yours,
embracing the fruit of your ecstatic labor, perform the required labor first.
Get up and gather your tools. Work begins here.

Give your fish sufficient air,

Who can live without air? Aside from anaerobic bacteria and creatures living in
water, approximately, there are about 80-90 percent of creatures living inside
planet earth that is in need of air. This principle includes your pond fishes.
During summer, it is inevitable that water has the tendency to become warm. And
as it gets warmer and warmer, the lesser and lesser the oxygen content becomes.
Furthermore, another effect of the heat of summer is that the metabolism of
fishes are increased. One very good reason why oxygen is badly needed. If you
have a wide pond with only a couple or a small number of fishes, this wouldn't
be a problem. But, if you have a crowded pond, oxygen can soon be depleted. If
the owner has allowed something like this to occur, his fishes can suffer
severe levels of stress which can occasionally lead to acquiring diseases.
Fishes can die overnight if put under extreme situations and the owner
neglected it.

To solve this problem, the owner can use aerating devices, he can also choose
to clean-up the fish pond making it free from debris and algae or, if worse
comes to worse, he can lessen the population.

Feed them right

Since the heat of summer contributes to faster metabolism, it is advisable to
provide fish food that is high in protein. This will help them grow faster and
live healthier. This is the best time to feed them with protein to enhance
rapid, beautiful growth and development. And as the fishes store fat, they are
preparing themselves when winter comes. Body fat can get your fishes through
long, cold nights of winter.

When feeding, always see to it that fishes are given only minimal but frequent
servings. It is better to give them several feedings a day than one big
serving. Fishes tend to die when given large amount of food. If you wanted to
introduce something different, mix it together with a small amount of their
standard meal. This will make their unfamiliar taste of food become more

Keep the pond clean

Always see to it that their pond is without algae, fallen leaves or wasted
food. Keep your pond filter running to ensure the filtering of debris and
maintain the cleanliness of the water inside the pond. Fishes can be more
irritated with their environment and experience sickness. Furthermore, a dirty
pond can cause bacteria to grow and contribute to your fishes' disease.

If all these are properly set and arranged, you can be more confident in
watching your fishes swim happily. Proper caring of your fish pond not only
contributes to your fishes but to you, as an owner, as well.

Caring for your Fishes: Proper Pond Oxygenation

Pond fishes are very delicate to handle. Proper caring for fishes inside your
pond requires daily maintenance. Unlike fishes that are living freely amongst
the different bodies of water, pond fishes require more special attention.
Because all they do is swim and wait for food to be served, there are only few
details on how to check if your fish is feeling sick or if they are given
proper care.

Oxygenation is one very, very important factor that an owner has to consider.
This can never be depleted in the everyday agenda. You have to check if your
fish are receiving the proper oxygen that they need to get through the day.

Proper oxygenation is needed especially during the summer when oxygen is
rapidly depleting. The scenario would be like this: During summertime, the
water in your fish pond becomes warm because of the heat that rotates around
your surroundings. And as the water becomes warm, the lesser oxygen it holds.
Ironically, fishes during summer tend to metabolize food faster than any other
season. This has made more reason to need an increased amount of oxygen. Good
thing if you have only a minimal number of fishes living inside your pond. You
don't have to worry about their oxygenation. Although, of your really love
collecting fish and every single kind of fish is situated inside your pond, and
sadly, your pond is just the size of your bath tub, this will result to grievous
problem. It's because the more fish there is inside a small pond, the more
oxygen is needed. When oxygen becomes depleted, your fishes can experience
insurmountable amount of stress and can turn diseased. Some may occasionally

Another factor that increases the depletion of oxygen is that when fishes are
over fed. Obviously, when fishes tend to be fed in a large amount, there are
two things that can be expected: one, there is a grea ter need for oxygenation
because of rapid and increased metabolism of food; two, when fishes can no
longer eat the food, it will be suspended inside the pond permanently and
organisms living inside the food tend to decompose waste which still consumes

Plants also share the benefit of oxygen that is available. While people think
that plants only use up carbon dioxide to produce oxygen, that occurs only
during the wake of day. But when sunlight is absent, plants still contribute to
the intake of oxygen inside the pond.

What are the different measure that you can do to solve the oxygenation
problem? Here are some:

1. If you have an overpopulated pond, lessen the number. This can be painful
   for the owner to do but if can be quite helpful to save more fish lives. 
   This can be considered as your last resort.

2. Use aerating devices like waterfalls or fountains especially during the
   night or if medication is given. Keep the performance at a maximum level.

3. Frequent, small changes in water can lessen the presence of microorganisms
   and chemicals that consume oxygen.

4. Remove excess algae and debris.

5. Carefully feed your fish by giving small, frequent feedings. If in excess,
   remove food that are uneaten at once.

Remember, proper oxygenation is equivalent to healthier fishes properly cared
for living inside your pond.

Proper Winter Care for Your Fish Pond Outdoors

Fishes can be wintered either outdoors or indoors. This will depend on the
construction of the entire pond according to the inclination of the owner. This
article will focus about things that a hobbyist can do to properly protect and
care for his fishes during winter if his pond is situated outdoors.

If you're living in a country where winter is the most prominent season of the
year, better build a pond wherein a portion of it is about 30-45 inches deep.
This will protect the fishes from long periods of cold spells. Even more
drastic than cold water is the building up of gasses which are toxic in a pond
that is iced over completely for a certain amount of time. Therefore, it is
mandatory that a part of the pond's surface is kept open to enable the pond to
circulate air that results to the disposal of deadly gasses and adds oxygen.
You can accomplish this by:

a. Aerator. This is a large air stone that is operated by an aquarium air pump
which can constantly create a small opening inside the ice. Unfortunately,
placement is quite critical and hard to be arranged precisely. Ideally, the
aerator should be placed halfway measuring from the deepest part of the entire
pond and should be monitored frequently. Chances are, if the aerator is placed
too near from the surface, it has a tendency to freeze, if placed deeper, it
can chill the entire pond.

b. De-Icer or Heater. There are different kinds of de-icers that can be safely
used for performed ponds, liner or even in concrete. Out of the use of
electricity, a puncture can be made through the iced pond where it serves as
breathing hole for fishes. Sometimes, the most efficient de-icers or heaters
can produce an ice-free pond even if the winter weather is overwhelming.

b. Water pump. Same limitations to an aerator, a water pump can provide an
opening on the surface of the pond but with several conditions. One condition
is that the pump must be mounted on the deepest part yet should be far enough
from the bottom to avoid water circulation and far enough from the surface so
that it wouldn't solidly freeze. Regularly inspect the pump because it can
freeze solid or run dry, these can destroy the integrity of the pump.

Covering the pond can be helpful for the fishes and the devices used. It can
protect the pond from extreme coldness and will reduce the amount of
electricity that your heater needs. Although, the cover must always be raised
to enable gas exchange and prevent toxic substances to reside in the pond. The
structure would turn out like a wooden frame is built over the pond at its
surface then it will be covered with plywood. Insulating materials can follow.
The covering must possess sturdiness to withstand the long days of snow

Last concern is feeding your fish. Actually, you can drop this idea for even if
your pets seem to be quite interested, they will just ignore the food that
you'll give. This is because during cold days, metabolism can be quite
sluggish. Although, to prevent starvation, you can supplement them food that
can easily be digested like the ones that are made from wheat germ.

Proper care of your pond fishes during winter can be crucial to your pets
especially when it is located outdoors.

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