What is Global Warming? There is a good chance that you have heard of global warming before. After all, global warming is regularly talked about on the radio, television, and even on the internet. Although there is a good chance that you have heard of global warming before, you may not necessarily know what it is. There is a large amount of debate circulating the theory of global warming and these debates often lead to confusion. In scientific terms, global warming is defined as the process that results in the earth's temperature rising. This rise in temperature is attributed to an increase in greenhouse gases. These gases are raising the earth's temperatures to levels that concern many meteorologists and scientists. When it comes to global warming and the increase in the earth's temperature, there are many individuals who wonder why all of the concern. In many aspects, a slight rise in temperate is not shocking, but there seems to be no relief. The rise of the earth's temperature will also lead to temperature increases on the ground. The fear is that these temperature increases will lead to the melting of large ice masses. The fear is that these melting masses will result in a sea level rise that could result in flooding all around the world. If so, millions of individuals may be displaced from their homes, with their cities and towns underwater. Another question commonly asked about global warming is how does it impact us now. While we are starting to see many changes in our weather and with the earth's temperature, these changes may or may not be attributed to global warming. This is where the debate once again enters the picture. Regardless, if the earth's temperature continues to rise you may not see the changes firsthand, but your children will. These changes may include warming temperatures, as well as stronger storms, and varying weather conditions around the globe. Speaking of the global warming debate, there are many scientists, as well as politicians and other well known figures who claim that global warming is nothing to be concerned with. In fact, many claim that reducing green house gas emissions, especially from industrial related activities, can have a worse impact on our economy than global warming. What is difficult for many about the global warming debate is that both sides claim to have proof that backs up their views and theories. Many also wonder who will be impacted the most by global warming. As previously stated, you may not see the affects of global warming in your lifetime, but your children or their children may. That is why you are urged to take action or at least examine global warming in-depth to see what there is that you can do to help. Global warming could have an impact on where your future family members are able to live, the activities that they are able to participate in, and the economy in general. In addition to your future family, global warming will also have an impact on sea and wildlife. It has been said that coral reefs are becoming unstable due to the large amounts of toxins in our waters. Many animals rely on coral reefs for shelter and food. There is also concern for other wildlife, including bears. There have been some unverified reports that bears are hibernating later in the year. This can have a huge impact on the wildlife cycle, as well as the outdoor activities enjoyed by many humans. As previously stated, if you are concerned with the impact that global warming may have on your future family, you may want to take action. Although global warming itself is largely debated, many state that the prevention tips often suggested are ones that can do great good for the earth anyways. These tips involve keeping your heat at a moderate level, using energy efficient light bulbs, limiting your car use, or purchasing a hybrid or another energy efficient vehicle. The Basics of Global Warming Scientists, celebrities, and everyday people have been trying to understand the nature of global warming. Controversy is rampant and there is intense debate around the world on the subject. Since conclusions drawn could affect you profoundly, you may want to know some basic facts about the topic of global warming. The most obvious thing that can be said about global warming is that the earth is getting warmer. Specifically, the temperatures near the surface of the earth and the temperatures in the ocean are rising. Since 1990, there have been 10 years that have been hotter than any others in recorded history. The greenhouse effect is said to be responsible for global warming. The greenhouse effect causes certain vapors and gases to form a sort of blanket that covers and warms the earth. Water vapor, methane, carbon dioxide, and several other trace gases make up this blanket. The greenhouse effect itself is not disputed. No controversy exists on this point because the greenhouse effect is recognized as an inherently beneficial process. If all the energy that struck the earth was reflected right back into space, no one could live on earth. This is what would happen without this blanket that is caused by acceptable levels of global warming. However, global warming is not all good. It can cause the earth's covering to increase in density. With a denser blanket over the earth, less of the heat is reflected back into space. This upsets the delicate balance between heat and cold that is usually maintained on earth. It traps more heat inside the earth's atmosphere. Although there are people who argue against it, there seems to be a change in the climate in recent years. Climate change to a warmer climate is the result of excessive global warming. There has been an overall rise in temperature of a little over one degree Fahrenheit during the last century. The figure for this century is expected to be more like seven degrees. It is this type of global warming that can lead to dire consequences if left unchecked. People, their activities, and their industries have caused global warming to reach the levels it has today. Burning fossil fuels, powering electrical plants with coal, and irresponsible land use can all contribute to global warming. Carbon dioxide is produced by these activities, and global warming is perpetuated. Global warming could result in rising sea levels and flooding. There could be more powerful storms. Heat waves could become intense. Droughts could severely damage the world's crops and cause shortages of drinkable water. Extinction of species could become a problem because of changing habitats and the suitability of the climate for the animal. The good news about global warming is that there are ways to slow the process down. Each person can take responsibility for doing their part in protecting the earth's environment. With everyone helping, emissions of greenhouse gases can be cut drastically. This will give the earth a chance to begin to regain its balance of temperature. Knowing about global warming can make you a better citizen of the world. The Global Warming Debate As you likely already know, global warming is an issue that is largely discussed and debated, all around the world. No matter where you look, you will always find environmentalists who want you and others to join in the fight against global warming. On the other hand, you also find those who encourage you to ignore global warming, as it not a serious issue, if it even exists at all. When it comes to the big global warming debate, you may be wondering who is doing the debating. In all honesty, you will find that it is a wide range of people. While most scientists and meteorologists agree that global warming is a cause for concern, not all do. In addition to a few well known meteorologists and scientists, there are many political figures and even some celebrities who voice their opposition to global warming, namely global warming support groups. In keeping with those behind the opposition of global warming, you may be wondering if they have ulterior motives. Of course, some do. In fact, in Al Gore's documentary on global warming, titled "An Inconvenient Truth," he highlighted and showed documentation of the actions taken by many politicians and those with stocks in energy companies who opposed global warming. In some instances, these individuals knowingly disregarded scientific evidence and sugarcoated global warming, so that it didn't seem like an important issue at the time. As for the global warming debate itself, you will find that there are some variations. For example, many of those who oppose global warming and downplay the severity of it claim the changes that we are seeing are not unexpected. Many have believed that polar icecaps would melt anyways, a slight rise in the earth's temperature isn't that unexpected, and sea levels have been rising slightly for years now. In keeping with those who believe that the changes we are seeing would occur anyways, there are others who are concerned with taking action. One of the biggest ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions is to reduce pollution in the air. Many political figures and other environmentalists want homeowners and business owners to use less energy and switch to environmental friendly electricity, like wind or solar powered electricity. Those who oppose global warming feel that this could have a negative impact on businesses who oppose or cannot afford these changes. If this is the case, many claim that the harm caused to the economy would be much worse than what global warming would or could do. There are also those who oppose global warming because they view it as a scam. These are individuals who often believe that there is nothing wrong with the planet and the environment, unlike some of the opposition mentioned above, who do often acknowledge something is wrong, but they just don't know what. Those who believe global warming is a scam claim it is used to raise money for environmental organizations and groups. Yes, these groups do ask for donations, but they aren't required. There are an unlimited number of ways that you can fight global warming without donations; therefore, this opposition is often viewed as unrealistic and unreliable. Although every American is able to have their own views and beliefs, the debate surrounding global warming does have a number of consequences. Perhaps, the greatest consequence is confusion, as many Americans do not know who they should believe. What the Other Side Is Saying About Global Warming While the majority of celebrities and many scientists in the world view global warming as a disaster of epic proportions, not all agree. Some people, even scientists, have opposing viewpoints that are based on their own formal observations and the data from many sources. It is interesting to explore what these people have to say about global warming. One of the most talked-about aspects of global warming is the rise in sea levels. If you are to believe most people who speak on global warming, you have to think that many habitable places on earth will soon be underwater. There is some evidence to refute this. There is a professor of paleogeophysics and geodynamics at Stockholm University who presents interesting data. According to this professor, the sea levels are in the same range they have been in over the last three hundred years. There has not even been the slightest rise in sea levels in the last decade. While a sea level rise of .1 to .9 meters is predicted by the year 2100, it is not seen by this group of people as a dangerous situation. After all, there was a .2 rise in the sea level during the past century and humans did not even seem to notice. When the global warming pundits talk about the rises in sea level that result from three sheets of ice that melt per year, it is the opponents of the movement that put it into terms that make sense. If the ice continues to melt at that rate, it will take a thousand years to raise the sea level by 5 cm. The people who preach on the dangers of global warming believe that Hurricane Katrina and others were intensified by global warming. Many experts on the other side of the fence claim that the extreme storms have not been unusual earth events. They also say that better reporting of severe weather occurrences contributes to the impression that global warming is having an impact. While those dedicated to stopping global warming are worried about the recession of the snows of Mount Kilimanjaro, others believe there are reasons besides global warming. These people say that you have to understand how glaciers interact with the climate around them. Knowing that the air has been drier, they say, leads you to the fact that the glacial recession is a natural occurrence. Many people who fear global warming say that it will increase diseases like malaria by allowing disease-bearing mosquitoes into higher elevations. Others realize that there are other reasons for the additional cases of malaria and other such diseases. These include the facts that 1) people from lowland areas are resistant to disease but carry it with them when they move to higher elevations, 2) deforestation leaves a breeding ground for mosquitoes, and 3) more pools and ditches will lead to more mosquitoes. For many reasons, global warming is not a subject that everyone agrees on. People from all over the world have different opinions and they often do not wish to see another's viewpoint. When the true facts about global warming are clear, people can begin to come together to address the problem. What Can Nations Do To Combat Global Warming? There are things individuals can do to help stop global warming. Yet, when nations get involved, it is to everyone's benefit to see to it that the right steps are taken. Nations can combat global warming by many different means. For one thing, a good forestry department can have a huge impact. The carbon dioxide that is one cause of global warming is eaten up by trees. If a country fosters the growth of its forests and does not allow them to be cut down indiscriminately, global warming will be slowed down. Another thing nations can do is to focus on energy efficiency. The less energy is used, the less global warming has a chance to take hold. A country can place efficiency standards on appliances and cars. Even better, they can redesign cities so that walking and cycling can become an option instead of people having to drive everywhere. Alternative sources of energy emit little or no greenhouse gases. Using them will help curb global warming. Hydro-power, solar energy, and windmills can be used to take the place of burning gas, or coal for electricity. Windmills, in fact, are already being set up by the scores in many fields in out-of-the-way places. This is a good step to prevent global warming. Nations can also be quick to adjust their policies to the climatic changes of the times. When one type of crop will no longer grow well because it needs a cooler climate, that crop can be replaced in that area with a different kind that will. Nations can build aqueducts to transport water to drought-ridden areas. There are different ways that nations can get their message about global warming across. First, they can make laws about it. They can require people to use environmentally-friendly appliances, fuel sources, and vehicles. They can make it a legal requirement for auto makers to reduce harmful emissions given off by their cars. Another way to change people's behavior is to make it financially advantageous to be concerned about global warming. If gas prices are higher, people are spurred on to finding a more fuel-efficient vehicle, or even a different fuel source altogether. Tax incentives and government subsidies can also encourage people to think about global warming. The only problem is that this approach usually favors those who have more money in the first place. Governments can make it their business to inform and educate the people of the country. With news and data about global warming, people will be prompted to take it seriously. When methods for reducing greenhouse gases are made known by the government, people have a chance to put those methods into practice. Finally, it is essential that governments get involved with making sure that research and development are done. Global warming cannot be overcome without good information. It is to the advantage of every citizen when the nation puts some of its focus on global warming. When a country approaches global warming with a common sense, proactive sensibility, beneficial changes can be made. Ways That Global Warming Can Change the World If you enjoy reading your local newspaper or if you enjoy getting your news from the television, you likely know all about global warming. Global warming is an issue that is widely discussed, as well as issue that is widely debated. Although you may have an idea as to what global warming is, you may be wondering the impact that it will have on our planet. If so, you will want to continue reading on. A few of the many ways that global warming can change the world, and not for the better, are outlined below. One of the most well known and publicized dangers of global warming is that of drastic weather changes. Although it is important to know that global warming may result in erratic changes with the weather, you may be curious as to what type of changes you can expect to see. For starters, you can expect to see warmer temperatures. Since the earth's temperature is gradually rising, you will also likely notice a rise in temperatures on the ground as well. With that in mind, it is also important to remember that colder temperatures are not uncommon either with global warming. When it comes to global warning, the process is actually used to describe changes in weather patterns, not necessarily individual events. And, as previously stated global warming can result in erratic weather changes. This means that just because it snows or is chilly in the north, it doesn't mean that global warming is a lie or an untrue myth. Returning back to weather, another one of the many ways that global warming can change the world is with flooding. It is said that global warming is causing a rise in sea level. Yes, this is true to some extent. Due to an increase in the earth's temperature, many ice masses and glaciers are starting to shift and melt. This is what raises the sea level. If the sea level continues to rise as expected, flooding may have a huge negative consequence on the environment. If many coastal areas flood as predicted, this would make many coastal areas unlivable. This may result in a loss of money and property for those already residing in these areas. In keeping with flooding, it is important to take a close look at all of the coastal areas in the world. If sea level were to continue rising and reach levels that are being predicted by many scientists, meteorologists, and computer models, millions of individuals would become coastal evacuees. Technically speaking, these individuals will become refugees. This is likely to cause a huge strain on the environment and land that wasn't impacted by global warming and flooding, as well as the economy. Another one of the many ways that global warming may change the world, as long as everything goes as predicted, is with health and wellbeing. As previously stated, global warming will cause the weather, as well as temperatures to change. What does this mean? It means that many insects and other forms of wildlife will suffer from confusion. Many will migrate to areas farther north, south, east, or west, depending on the location. Many of these animals, such as mosquitoes and mice, are known as disease carriers. In this aspect, global warming can cause an unprecedented spread of illness. This can be dangerous especially if the diseases spread were previously unfamiliar to the area. The above mentioned ways are just a few of the many ways that global warming can change the world. Unfortunately, as previously stated, there is little good that global warming can do for us, the weather, the economy, and the planet in general, especially overtime. For that reason, if you would like to help prevent global warming from becoming a crisis, both now and in the future, you will want to do your part. You can start by limiting the amount of unnecessary energy you use in your home. The good news is that this approach will also help to lower your electric bill. Possible Short-Term Benefits of Global Warming It is certain that enough global warming would be harmful to human beings. If the temperatures were hot enough and the sea levels were high enough, it would spell an end to life as it is known at this time. Yet, there may be some short-term benefits of global warming. Few people would argue and say that a warm climate is not preferable to a cold one. Not only are warm climates generally more pleasant, there are health benefits as well. People who suffer from conditions that are affected by the cold, such as rheumatoid arthritis, often move to warmer climates. A small amount of global warming would allow people to stay in their homes. One scientist did an extensive study of statistics to find out the health benefits of warmer weather. He studied the numbers of deaths in different months of the year in places that get cold in the winter and warm in the summer. He determined that many more people die in the winter than in the summer. This would seem to support the benefits of global warming. However, he also noted that the statistics in this part of the study were not entirely accurate. They were muddied by the fact that there are other considerations during season changes that would not occur in global warming. For example, days were shorter in winter, but they would not be shorter if more global warming occurred. In 2004, it was observed by lobster fishermen that the warmer temperatures caused by global warming had affected their work. There seemed to be an abundance of Maine lobsters living and thriving in the warmer waters. They were happy for the increase, but expected it to be short-lived as the optimal temperature for lobsters probably has a very small range. It has been thought for quite some time that global warming would increase the amount of corn, wheat, barley, and other grains that could be grown. Not only the warmer weather and the longer growing seasons were anticipated to yield this result. Carbon dioxide exposure was expected to increase productivity along with global warming. Studies have shown, though, that the carbon dioxide benefits are very minimal. Current projections are that farmers will only be able to keep up with demand for crops for a few more decades. Then, it is predicted that world-wide shortages will take hold. Furthermore, agriculture in tropical zones is expected to decline rapidly as the temperature becomes too hot to support plant life. The temperate zones will be able to have better farming, and more of the world's crops will be grown there. Some economists point to global warming as a boon to international trade. They feel that the loss of ice sheets in the Arctic will open up routes that have not been accessible in the past. This will provide faster travel between Europe, America, and Asia, they say. People give plenty of reasons to embrace global warming. They see only promise in the climate change of their planet. Perhaps they just do not want to feel required to do anything about global warming. Or, perhaps there is some room for hope. The History of the Movement to Stop Global Warming People have not always known about global warming. The idea had to start somewhere. The history of the global warming concept is probably older than you might think. It all began in the late 1800's. There was a scientist named Svante Arrhenius who was studying fossil fuel combustion in Sweden towards the end of the 19th century. An 1859 prediction claimed that the burning of such fuels would eventually lead to the process of global warming. Svante Arrhenius recognized that temperatures on the earth's surface were related to carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere. Arrhenius studied global warming to find out the average surface temperature of earth. He figured that doubling the carbon dioxide in a greenhouse effect would raise the surface temperature by five degrees Celsius. He also concluded that human activities could be to blame for future global warming. His focus, though, was on how much carbon dioxide would have to be taken away to cause global cooling. Infrared spectroscopy was developed in the 1940's that could be used to measure the sun's radiation. It was used to measure the absorption of radiation with and without added carbon dioxide. Gilbert Plass determined that the increased carbon dioxide would cause the earth to absorb more radiation, and so cause global warming. From late in the 1950's to early in the 1960's, Charles Keeling produced curves of the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. He showed the scientific community that the earth had gone through 32 distinct weather variations. It had previously been thought that there had only been four. This raised alarms of ice ages rather than global warming. Much changed in the 1980's. The curve was followed and it was discovered that temperatures were getting higher at a rapid rate. Suddenly people stopped preparing for a cooling planet and began pondering global warming. Since Stephen Schneider first gave global warming a name and predicted its coming, which he did in 1976, the emphasis on the subject by the media grew more and more intense. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was created in 1988, just as the greenhouse effect was being named. In the IPCC, there are 2500 experts in all fields of study that are affecting and are affected by global warming. These include such diverse specialties as meteorology, economics, medicine, and oceanography, for example. The IPCC is still actively seeking information on global warming. The term "the greenhouse effect" has fallen somewhat out of favor since 1990. Statistics did not follow the predicted course for the theory. However, the Kyoto Protocol, negotiated in Kyoto Japan, was aimed at preventing and correcting global warming. Global warming is still a term that is in use and making the news daily. Since Al Gore's movie, "An Inconvenient Truth," people have been more aware of the problem than ever. Presently, there are scientists, celebrities, and all manner of people who are working on solutions for global warming. The history of inquiry into the nature of global warming is over 110 years old. There have been advances and retreats in the science. However, the future of global warming research and activism seems positive. The Effects of Extreme Events Caused by Global Warming When a hurricane becomes more intense because of global warming and wipes out a city, the effects are obvious. Yet, there are some results of extreme events that are less apparent. These situations can change life in many ways. Heat, of course, will be an important factor in global warming. There will be more days that are hot, higher daytime highs, and many lasting heat waves. This will affect people, animals, and the environment. There will be more people who will die as a result of intense heat. Elderly people and poor people who cannot afford air conditioning will be most at risk. The people who do have air conditioning will run theirs more. The added energy use will increase global warming as more greenhouse gases are emitted into the air. Farmers and ranchers will notice problems with their operations due to global warming. Crops will have a risk of being damaged by drought, flooding, or erosion. The uncertainty has always been a part of farming, but now, it will be even worse. Farmers and ranchers will see that their livestock is suffering from the effects of global warming as well. Their food and water supplies will be in jeopardy, and storms will put them in danger of injury. Wildlife will be affected as habitats are changed. Another effect of the higher temperatures caused by global warming is that tourism will make gradual shifts. A region that had the ideal temperature one year might be too hot the next. Then, tourists will move further north for their vacations. The effects of higher daytime lows are mostly good. There will be fewer deaths related to cold weather, less reliance on fuels for heat, and some crops will benefit. The bad news is that other crops will suffer, and pests and diseases will flourish due to global warming. As global warming gets worse, precipitation will become more intense. This will lead to floods, mudslides, landslides, and avalanches. Soil erosion will be a fact of life. At the same time, there will be increased risk of drought. This will lead to more forest fires. It will also limit the quantity and quality of the water supply. Finally, the hurricanes intensified by global warming will have a great impact on the earth. People will be injured or killed in the storms themselves and others will die as a result of infectious diseases that come as a result of the mess of the clean-up. Hurricanes also damage such natural wonders as coral reefs and mangroves. These are two ecosystems that will be disrupted if global warming is allowed to continue. The coast of any are with such hurricanes will be in bad shape. There will be coastal erosion, and the coastal infrastructure will be weakened. The effects of extreme weather caused by global warming are tremendous. It is only natural to want to try to avoid them. To stop global warming, it will take a group effort combining the energies of individuals and governments alike. The Economics of Global Warming Global warming can prove to be a costly occurrence. For many reasons, financial considerations have already been impacted. For anyone who looks to the wallet for an indicator of disaster, trouble can be seen in global warming. The deadly and destructive storms that are now being seen have caused tremendous financial losses. Hurricane Katrina cost roughly 81 billion dollars in damage, and the actual rebuilding has barely even begun. Storms like Katrina have most likely been boosted to their extreme levels of force by warm ocean waters. These are caused by global warming. Agriculture can be spoiled by global warming. Crops die during droughts brought on by global warming. Storms intensified by global warming can damage agricultural buildings and injure animals. Floods resulting from these storms can drown out crops before they can be harvested. This all translates into lost revenues for both farmers and investors. It also means higher prices for consumers of agricultural products. Consumers already know what it is like to pay exorbitant prices for foods that have been damaged while in the fields. If global warming continues on its present course, this will be a common occurrence. Gasoline prices have an effect on the economics of communities. When gas prices are high, people will patronize business establishments that are close to their homes. This hurts the chances of success for a business that is not in a heavily populated area. Global warming is directly affecting the economics of businesses in this way. The family economics of global warming are undeniable, too. As the climate changes, more energy is needed to cool houses. Those extra degrees of heat in the atmosphere mean that families will have to set their thermostats higher, or pay a higher price. Sometimes it is the poorer families that pay for global warming the most. For example, new cars are outfitted with a new kind of air conditioning system that uses environmentally friendly Freon. A poorer family might have an older car that does not have this type of system. However, if their air conditioner needs Freon, they might have to pay several hundred dollars to have the new system put in to use the new Freon. This will help the cause of preventing global warming. At the same time, the family will be paying for the mistakes of the past. In many regions, everyone pays for the energy mistakes of earlier times. Coal burning power plants are now being refitted to reduce emissions. This will have a big impact on preventing global warming. Yet, the economics of it show that people at the present time have to pay with higher utility bills to make this advantage come true. There are thousands of ways that global warming is affecting the world's economy at this moment. People are paying for the harm global warming is doing. They are also paying for adjustments to their homes, cars, and city infrastructures to reduce global warming. With time, changes will be completed. If everyone helps, these costs should go down. Movies on Global Warming It seems that people are coming from all directions to make movies about global warming. Many people are moved to educate people about the subject and want to reach the widest possible audience. Books do not hold the appeal they once did. Now, people want to sit down and watch a movie to understand subjects like global warming. Although Al Gore has a book by the same name, most people know "An Inconvenient Truth" as a feature length documentary movie. The movie boils down to a power-point presentation that Gore has given many times on the subject of global warming. Al Gore simply presents facts in a low-key, personable way. The film includes some biographical information about Al Gore, too. The "60 Minutes" documentary, "The Age of Warming," which aired April 1, 2007, is a must-see for those interested in global warming. In it, correspondent Scott Pelley explores Antarctica to find evidence of global warming. There, Pelley finds that the Adelie and Chinstrap penguins are being endangered by loss of habitat. He also finds glaciers that are in the process of rapid melting into lakes. It is an eye opener. Some fictional movies have been made with the theme of global warming. One is "The Day After Tomorrow," starring Dennis Quaid and Jake Gyllenhaal. While the science may not be precisely or even nearly right, the special effects are fantastic. It is a good old-fashioned disaster flick with all kinds of natural disasters. Bring out the popcorn, but do not expect to be educated. "An Earth Story," starring Ross Gelbspan and John Hutchison is another of those documentary-type movies. It tells the story about all those scary predictions of climate change due to global warming. The sub-title is An Alternative to Extinction. That alone should explain how dramatic this movie is. The solutions to global warming are equally dramatic. Not exactly a traditional movie, Dr. Elisabet Sahtouris' "Crisis as Opportunity: Living Better on a Hotter Planet" is unique. Instead of being distraught and woeful, Sahtouris views global warming as a natural evolutionary process. She sees it as a beneficial challenge that will help people learn to live together as they never have before. "Energy Crossroads: A Burning Need to Change Course" is a documentary movie about the energy crisis. It deals with the amount of oil that will be left in the future and the different ways to overcome that crisis. However, a good part of this movie is devoted to a study of how energy issues are tied to global warming. It points to global warming as one of the reasons humans need to make changes. There is a set of movies called "Secrets of the Millennium." Probably the best of this series is the one with information on global warming. It is titled "Secrets of the Millennium: Man vs. Nature: Who Will Win?" It dramatically exposes humans' desires to control earth, while letting things get out of hand environmentally at the same time. Many celebrities have made their own movies on global warming. Some of them are not available for viewing yet, and some of them can be seen on the internet. One example is global warming films by Leonardo DiCaprio that can be viewed on his website. As the reality of global warming sets in, more movies will certainly deal with the subject. How to Find Global Warming Pictures and Why You Should Examine Them Do you believe in global warming? If you are on the fence and are unsure about your stance, you are not alone. Although global warming is an issue that is widely discussed, it is also an issue that is widely debated. This debate is one that leaves many individuals unsure as to where they should stand. When it comes to determining if global warming is an issue that you should be concerned about, there are a number of different approaches that you can take. The most successful approach involves doing your own research. Of course, you will want to examine scientific research materials, including articles and graphs, but you may also want to take a look at global warming pictures. For many, global warming pictures are a lot easier to examine, as it can be done without needing any scientific translation. As nice as it is to hear that global warming pictures can help you understand the problem at hand, you may be wondering exactly where you should look. The good news is that there are a number of different ways that you can go about finding and examining global warming pictures. As few of these approaches are outlined below for your convenience. The internet is one of the easiest and quickest ways to go about finding global warming pictures. These pictures will likely be posted on the websites of activists and environmental organizations and charities. Perhaps, the best way to find global warming pictures online is by performing a standard internet search. When doing so, your search phrase should include the words "global warming pictures," or "global warming changes in pictures." The television is another one of the many ways that you can go about finding and examining global warming pictures. As global warming is an issue that continues to receive attention, you may notice an increase in global warming related programming, including special report programs. These programs often appear on well known stations, such as the Discovery Channel or The Weather Channel. In keeping with using your television to gain access to global warming pictures, you will also want to examine video documentaries. These documentaries are increasing in popularity; therefore, they should be easy for you to find. One of the best global warming documentaries, that comes highly rated and recommend, is that of "An Inconvenient Truth." This documentary is one that is mostly backed with research, including global warming pictures, graphs, and other footage. When looking for global warming pictures, either online or on your television, you may be surprised with what you see. This is most evident with before and after pictures. These before and after pictures are, without a doubt, the most telling. You can often see pictures that show the changes that result in areas due to the melting of snow and ice. You may also see pictures of areas that have been impacted by droughts. As previously stated, if you are looking for more information on global warming, you will want to examine global warming pictures. It should take only a few minutes of your time to do so. The most time that you will have to spend is an hour or two and this is only if you turn to the television or global warming documentaries to do your research and examination. "An Inconvenient Truth" Movie Review Are you interested in learning more about global warming? If you are interested in familiarizing yourself with the science behind global warming, the impact it will have on the planet, as well as ways that we can help to stop global warming, you will find that you have a number of different options. Although you can turn to news reports, books and other printed resources on global warming, and the internet, you may want to examine documentaries. In recent years, documentaries have increased in popularity. This is due in part to knowledge. With the world constantly changing, and not just in terms of global warming, many feel "lost," if they aren't in the know. This is the main purpose of documentaries, to educate, yet entertain viewers. If you would like to learn more about global warming though documentaries, you will want to examine Al Gore's "An Inconvenient Truth." Until recently, Al Gore was most well known for his role of the Vice President of the United States. He served as the Vice President under Bill Clinton. More recently, Al Gore has been known for his active role in the fight against global warming. In addition to explaining the science behind global warming and in addition to describing the impacts it will have on our planet, Al Gore is also known for sharing the many ways that we, as humans, can help to stop global warming. Many of these ideas are easy and affordable to implement. Returning back to the documentary, "An Inconvenient Truth," this is one of the most impact having documentaries you will likely see in your lifetime. What makes this documentary unique and well worth the watch is the combination of scientific proof and passion. Al Gore has numerous resources for you to examine on your television screen. These resources include graphs, scanned documents from global warming cover-ups, and much more. The passion in this movie comes from Al Gore himself. He has as way about sharing his knowledge and information in a way that will rock you to your core. Speaking of being shocked, this documentary, which is basically a recording of PowerPoint presentations Gore has given across the county and around the world, has a huge shock factor. This is most commonly seen with before and after pictures. Mount Kilimanjaro is one of the examples used. The computer generated images that show you the impact on coastal flooding, which will result from global warming, will either leave your mouth gaping open in shock or leave you in tears. Even though Al Gore's "An Inconvenient Truth" documentary comes highly rated and recommended, by celebrities, scientists, meteorologists, other political figures, and everyday individuals, you may be unsure if it is worth the buy. As a reminder, this documentary and others can usually be found for rent in one of your local video stores. Despite being able to rent "An Inconvenient Truth," as opposed to buying it, you may still be unsure if it is worth the watch. If your movie tastes typically involve comedies, action, and drama, you may assume that a documentary on global warming is not the perfect match for you. If that is the case, you will want to watch the previews or the trailer for this riveting documentary. There, you will find the tagline "If you love your planet. If you love your children. You have to see this film." If that doesn't send a tingle down your spine, what will? How Global Warming Can and Should Impact Your Life Global warming is defined as the warming of the earth's temperature. This rise in temperature is attributed to greenhouse gases. Unfortunately, global warming involves a lot more than just a slight rise in the earth's temperature. For that reason, global warming is an issue that should cause you concern. As previously stated, global warming involves a lot more than a slight rise in temperature. Although the affects of global warming are widely debated, as many of these changes can also be attributed to other causes, our planet is changing. In many aspects, it is changing relatively quickly. When it comes to global warming, many individuals wonder why they should be concerned. If you are one of those individuals, you will want to take a close look at the changes in which we are already seeing. Many of these changes have been attributed to global warming. For starters, we will focus on the temperatures. In recent years, we have noticed a steady rise in temperatures. In 2006 and 2007 in the United States, many cities and towns saw record breaking temperatures. Many are also seeing a later arrival of winter weather. For example, some cities and towns are seeing snowfall later than normal. These same areas are also experiencing fall and even summer like temperatures, when it should be freezing outside. In keeping with the temperature changes, there is some confusion. Although many areas of the United States have experienced record breaking temperature increases, others have not. This is what leads to the confusion. Since global warming focuses on the rise of temperature, many wonder why that isn't always the case. Part of global warming involves instability in the atmosphere. This instability can not only lead to higher temperatures in certain areas, but it can lead to erratic weather in other areas. Although a rise in temperature is enough to make many people believe in global warming, many others wonder what else they can expect. Most of us will not see the drastic and horrific affects that global warming will have on the earth. This, however, does not mean that global warming isn't important or that it is an issue that should be pushed aside. Even though you may not experience the full impact of global warming, your children, grandchildren, and great grandchildren may. So, the impact that global warming should have on your life should be a proactive one. When it comes to being proactive, in terms of global warming, there is a lot that you can do. Many experts believe that the sooner we stand united and take action, the sooner we can end the threat of global warming or at least reduce the impact of it. Your goal, especially as a parent, should involve reducing the amount of carbon dioxide and other pollutants that you, yourself, put into the air. The best way to do this is to take a look at your home and your vehicle. Can you purchase energy saving items, such as a car, household appliances, or even light bulbs? These are just a few of the many steps that you can and should take. As outlined above, global warming is starting to take affect now. Even those who debate global warming cannot avoid the changes that are occurring. These changes, whether or not they are directly related to global warming, can have an impact on the earth from now to years to come. Research on Global Warming Research is constantly being done on global warming. The research is being done by studying statistics and by going directly to the source. Various scientists are coming up with different answers to the most basic questions about global warming. Some scientists studying global warming in the Arctic have discovered thinning sea ice near the northern reaches of Alaska. The summer of 2007 showed the least sea ice since sea ice was first tracked in 1979. Scientists participating in the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution's Gyre Exploration Project cruised aboard the Canadian Coast Guard's ship, the Icebreaker, to see the effects of global warming for themselves. When they reached the area where ice would usually be the thickest and heaviest, the ship sailed right through. When they did see ice, it was in a state of disintegration because of global warming. Most of the ice remaining was young ice, which is more vulnerable to thaw. The scientists took their data home to analyze during the colder months. Another group, with the Arctic Modeling Group and the IJIS Research Group, set sail along the Alaskan coast in the Chukchi Sea. Their mission was to study different variables of the ocean water that might affect phytoplankton. They found that the water was warmer than the satellite statistics. The satellite showed 10 degrees Celsius, while their measurements showed 14 degrees Celsius. This is an example of global warming. One study was done linking the Russian peat bogs with global warming. The bogs produce a large amount of methane gas. According to carbon dating that was done, this has been the case since the last ice age. Since methane is one of the greenhouse gases, this impacts global warming. However, the studies also show that the peat bogs absorb carbon dioxide at an impressive rate. They contain the largest carbon stores on the planet. If the peat bogs dry up due to global warming, they would release this carbon dioxide into the air. The trade-off of carbon dioxide for methane would not be a good one, since methane stays in the atmosphere a shorter time. Researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography have been busy proving that humans bear some culpability for the climate change in the oceans. They have done this both by observing and noting evidence, and by constructing computer models. The computer models are based on the evidence that they do have, so they are thought to be quite accurate. With all the data in place, the evidence seems to point to definite global warming events. It also makes it clear that humans have played a part in causing this phenomenon. An MIT professor has studied the effects of warming waters on hurricanes over the last fifty years. He studied statistics from past storms and generated computer models to test his theory. His specialty is meteorology, so his take on global warming is of interest. He found that the hurricanes have indeed been getting stronger since 1970. Research is important to the field of global warming studies. It is only by knowing the problem in precise detail that people can adequately confront it. How and Why You Should Research Global Warming Just about everywhere that you look, some news report is discussing global warming. Newscasters are not the only individuals putting their attention on the important issue of global warming. Many scientists, celebrities, and political figures are starting to do the same. While you will find an unlimited number of well known figures who support the fight against global warming, you will also find a load of opposition as well. In recent years, this opposition is starting to take a stronger, more publicized approach. Unfortunately, for many Americans, this leads to some confusion. If you are starting to doubt yourself whether or not global warming is real, you will want to start doing your own research. The good news is that it is relatively easy to do so. Before focusing on a few of the many ways that you can go about better understanding global warming, it is important to focus on why this research is important. According to many scientists, meteorologists, and others with a professional understanding of global warming, the earth will not be a safe place to live in the future. Although you may only see the small affects of global warming, those affects will likely continue to grow and get worse as time progresses on. With that in mind, there are ways that we, as humans, can help to stop global warming or at least lessen its impact. But, before those approaches can be taken, you must first decide if global warming is something that you believe in. As previously stated, research is one of the best ways to determine which side of the fence you stand on. When it comes to global warming and research, it is important to remember that you do have a number of different options. For starters, you may want to turn to your television. As previously stated, many news reports cover global warming, such as the current affects it is having on our environment and our weather. With that in mind, you may also find television made documentaries and other similar programming of great knowledge and assistance. Many say that television documentaries, especially those that come from well known stations and sources are the best, unbiased pieces on global warming that you will find. In keeping with your television, you can also use it to further research and understand global warming by way of documentary movies. Although you will have a number of documentaries to choose from, you may prefer "11th Hour," co-written and co-produced by Leonardo DiCaprio, or "An Inconvenient Truth" from Al Gore. These documentaries are supported by facts and other statistics, but hey are also well known for their celebrity involvement. Leonardo DiCaprio and Al Gore are individuals who we have already let into our homes and have a sense of trust with. The internet can also and should also be used to research global warming. When using the internet, you should perform a standard internet search with the phrase "global warming." When doing so, you will find two main types of websites; those that recognize global warming is a problem and want to help stop it and then you will find those who claim global warming is nothing but a myth. As if the debate you hear on television isn't enough, you may want to take the time to examine each viewpoints online. Comparing the information and statistics you find on your own, from both sides, is an excellent way for you to draw a conclusion surrounding global warming and its existence. As previously stated, global warming is an issue that should be of great concern to you. Even with all of that concern, you may still not know how you feel on the issue. That is why it is important that you take steps to better understand the threat that global warming may or may not pose. The good news, as outlined above, is that you have a number of options and each of these research methods are easy and possibly even fun. How You Can Fight Global Warming at Home There are steps you can take to fight global warming in your home and car. You do not have to wait for the government or big businesses to do something about it. It is better to take the initiative and do your part. In your home, you can begin by changing your light bulbs. You do not have to do it all at once. Every time you change a bulb, though, you can replace the old incandescent bulb with a compact fluorescent. Not only does this reduce greenhouse gases, it also saves you money in the long run. It has always been wise to seal and insulate your home, just for comfort's sake. Now, it is even more important. You can stop your home from emitting greenhouse gases and contributing to global warming by doing this. If you have any doubts about where your home needs insulation, you can hire an energy auditor to help you decide. You can reduce global warming by simply taking care of the cooling and heating equipment in your home. You can change filters and have the equipment cleaned. Most importantly of all, when the heater or air-conditioner needs to be replaced, get an efficient model that is big enough for your dwelling. In fact, it makes sense to buy all your appliances with energy efficiency in mind. Energy Star is a rating system that is reserved for efficient products. Buying such products will help decrease global warming. Recycling is one of the easiest ways to help reduce global warming. Everyone can do it with little effort. You can also further the process by using products that are made from recycled materials. You can help reduce global warming in your lawn, too. For one thing, you can use a push mower instead of a power mower. Since a push mower uses no energy but your own, this is a great savings. Even if you do use a power mower, you can still help. Use a mower that catches the grass clippings so you can mulch them. As far as transportation, you can do so much more than buying a green car. You can drive it sensibly, with no rapid starts for instance, to help prevent global warming. If you keep your car well-maintained, it will be beneficial, too. Things like changing your oil and keeping your car tuned up can make a big difference in global warming. Surprisingly, poorly inflated tires can lead to global warming. This happens because tires must have the proper amount of air in them for the car to reach maximum fuel efficiency. The less efficient your car is, the more it adds to global warming. The best way to slow global warming by the way you use your car, is to make as few trips as possible. Walk when you can. When you have to drive, combine as many errands into one trip as possible. If you fight global warming in your home and your car, you can make a difference. Some basic changes can be easily made. If everyone makes these simple changes, it can have a powerful impact on global warming. How Global Warming Affects the Ecosystems Since global warming has such a profound impact on the earth's surface and oceans, it is not surprising that it affects the ecosystems of earth. Species depend on a fairly consistent habitat in which to live. Global warming changes habitats and endangers these species. One of the habitats already being affected by global warming is the Polar Regions. Vast amounts of ice are melting at both poles. This makes it hard for the species in these regions to survive. For instance, polar bears' habitat is altered. Where once they could swim a short distance from ice floe to ice floe, that is no longer the case. Now, the ice floes are so far apart that many polar bears drown trying to make the swim. According to the US Geological Survey, their numbers will decrease by half in the next forty or so years. The melting polar ice cap will be too much for most polar bears to survive. Global warming will eventually lead to their extinction if left unchecked. Global warming is pushing a reported 2000 species toward the poles. The climate becomes warmer in the habitats the plants and animals are used to. They naturally gravitate towards a cooler climate that will match the earlier climate of the region they left. They were moving at a rate of 3.8 miles per decade. Another ice habitat being ruined by global warming is the penguins' home in Antarctica. They have been declining in number rapidly for the last 25 years. In fact, in that amount of time, 33% of the penguins are gone. The global warming melting the ice has made their habitat inhospitable to them. Global warming may soon make alpine meadows a thing of the past. Already, in Washington's Olympic Mountains, sub-alpine forests have come in and taken over where alpine meadows once lay. In the last 60 years, species in alpine areas have moved up the mountains at a rate of 20 feet per decade. This leaves little doubt that global warming is having an impact on alpine areas. The health of sea creatures in their habitats is also being threatened by global warming. In California, sea life is moving northward. This is a behavior designed to keep the creatures at a temperature that is most like the one they are adapted to. They naturally do this as a means of survival. When all the water is too warm, they will have nowhere to go. Other sea creatures are being put in danger of extinction because of global warming. This happens because the extra carbon dioxide in the air mixes with the ocean water. It changes the acidity of the water. The sea plants and animals are then in an environment for which they are not suited. If this global warming goes on, many will not be able to survive. For example, 97% of the earth's coral reefs could disappear if there is a 3.6 degree Fahrenheit rise in temperature. The destruction of ecosystems by global warming has begun. Since all the species are needed to support each other, the whole world will suffer when species are lost. Only a concerted effort on the parts of all human beings will help the situation. How Agriculture is Affected by Global Warming When you think of global warming, you might envision dramatic scenes like hurricanes and melting glaciers. The truth is that something as commonplace as agriculture is already showing signs of the effects of global warming. Some studies show that the news of global warming is not all bad for farming, at least not in the short run. While humans have changed many environmental factors by their activities, the short term effects of these changes often lead to better crops. Because of global warming, temperatures obviously increase. This has some temporary benefits. For awhile, it will simply mean more time for crops to mature because of a longer growing season. This is especially true of regions where the spring and fall were once quite cool. On the other hand, these higher temperatures can bring problems in other areas. In regions that are already warm, global warming will cause the plants to languish in the heat. Soil evaporation rates will be very high, leaving very dry earth. Add to that, droughts that will make both the soil and the air dry and might even lead to burning of some crops. Global warming is sure to bring about changes in precipitation. This will lead to changes in the soil moisture. Especially with the severe weather predicted with global warming, rain will come down hard when it does come. This will lead to more than usual soil erosion. These factors greatly affect agriculture. Strangely enough, all the extra carbon dioxide in the air that brings about global warming also has a fertilizing affect on crops. This type of fertilization is most helpful for crops such as wheat, soybeans, and rice. CO2 fertilization is a beneficial by-product to global warming. However, this benefit may all be in vain. When global warming pushes ground level ozone to higher stages, the carbon dioxide fertilization is voided out by tropospheric ozone. These ozone levels are influenced by both emissions and temperature. The result is that when the climate changes, the ground ozone levels will rise as well. There have always been many obstacles to farming. Global warming just makes them more intense. Now, it is even more likely that a farmer will face droughts, floods, heat waves, and hurricanes, to name a few. They will be harder to overcome than ever before and they will certainly be less rare. The overall predictions for the US are neither all bad nor all good. Crops are expected to benefit from the effects of global warming in many regions for awhile. In some areas, though, crops will suffer because of regional variations. The Great Plains are now more susceptible to drought, thanks to global warming. However, Canada will probably benefit from the added heat as farming will take a Northward shift. Right now, and in the near future, global warming does not seem to be a very dangerous situation for North American farmers. There might even be some positive effects. However, in the long run, nothing will be able to mitigate the damage that will be caused by global warming if it is not stopped. Health Concerns Related to Global Warming As global warming affects the environment, it should not be surprising that it affects the health of the people living in that environment. Changes in the climate are changes in the habitats not only for animals, but for people as well. Climate changes are already impacting people's health. Global warming has caused intense heating up of the environment. In areas where people are not prepared for extreme heat, there have been devastating heat waves recently. There were heat flare-ups in Europe in 2003 which lasted as long as two weeks at a time. Temperatures soared upwards of 104 degrees Fahrenheit. Temperatures like this are common in parts of the American Southwest, for example. People are well-equipped to deal with the heat because that is the climate zone they are living in. However, Europe is usually much cooler. Residents there were not ready for such temperatures. Over 35,000 people died in Europe as a result of the heat waves that year. Global warming had changed their habitat, so to speak. There have also been heat waves in North America. One in 2006 claimed 226 lives. Another probable result of global warming is increased pollen in the air. This happens because higher levels of carbon dioxide encourage the growth of more pollen-producing weeds. Because more pollen means worse air quality, those with allergies and asthma suffer. Global warming can also affect the incidence of tropical disease. Mosquitoes have been found in places that were once too cold for them. High elevations, such as mountains were once free of disease-carrying mosquitoes. However, as the warmth climbs higher up the mountain, so do the mosquitoes. The mosquitoes carry malaria to new regions of Indonesia because of global warming. Dengue fever has reached elevations in the Andean Mountains of Colombia where it was never seen before. Other health concerns related to global warming revolve around flooding. When sudden storms and flooding occur, it is often impossible to get ill or injured people to medical facilities in time to help them. Often, people take dangerous risks during floods. They drive into water, thinking that they can make it across. When they do not, they can get swept away and drowned. There is no graver consequence of global warming than death, of course. People are also left with messes to clean up after floods. This can result in exposure to high levels of mold. Many people will have intense allergic reactions to mold. The person can have hives all over the body. Sometimes, the tongue will swell and cut off breathing. It is a serious condition. Curtailing global warming would lessen the incidence of flooding and prevent this many times. Since global warming can have an affect on the food supply, it is obvious that people can suffer from malnutrition because of this. This is especially true in agrarian societies in underdeveloped countries. If all people knew how much global warming can affect their health, they might be more prone to working on a solution. Until then, those who understand the ramifications of global warming will have to work even harder. Global Warming: How to Educate Those That You Know Whether you watched Al Gore's awarding winning documentary, "An Inconvenient Truth," or if you happened to watch a news report on global warming, you may be shocked with what you saw. If the predictions are right, and many scientists, meteorologists, and computer models believe that they are, you may want to take action right away. The good news is that you do have a number of different options. When it comes to joining the fight against global warming, many are unsure as to how they should proceed, as well as if they can afford to do so. After a little bit of research, many individuals are surprised with how easy and affordable it is to help do their part to end the global warming crisis. Just a few of the many steps that you can take involves purchasing an energy efficient vehicle, carpooling, limiting your driving, switching all or most of the light bulbs in your home to energy efficient ones, as well as making sure that all appliances are turned off when not in use. Although you may take a number of steps to help combat global warming, you may also wonder what the purpose of doing so is. If this is a question that you have asked yourself, you are not alone. While any carbon dioxide reducing steps you take will help, it is important to remember that you cannot fight global warming alone. That is why you may want to take steps to educate you friends, family, or community members on this important issue. When speaking with friends and family members, many individuals are unsure as to exactly how they can go about doing so. In fact, many are worried about seeming pushy or overbearing. Speaking of which this is an issue that should first be discussed. As important as global warming is and as important as it is to take action, you will want to refrain from pushing your views on those that you know or even those that you do not know. Unfortunately, if you start out listing the ways that your friends or family can stop global warming, you may run into some problems. It is first important to carefully touch on the problem of global warming. When looking for an opening, you may find the following suggestions helpful. One of the many options that you have involves summarizing a movie or a news report that you may have seen. As outlined above, Al Gore has an award winning documentary available for rent or for purchase. Many experts and viewers report that this documentary had a profound affect on them. If it did for you, you may want to ask your friends, family members, neighbors, or coworkers if they have seen the documentary or another one. If not, you may want to recommend it and give a summary of what global warming is and list a few ways that they can help, such as by using energy efficient light bulbs. In addition to just recommending a global warming documentary or television report, or even energy efficient light bulbs, you may want to take action yourself. If you have any close friends or family members who have a birthday soon approaching or if Christmas is around the corner, you may want to consider giving these items as gifts. Of course, a documentary on global warming and energy efficient light bulbs isn't always on everyone's wish list. For that reason, be sure these items are not the only gifts given, as you may become that pushy, overbearing person that you were trying to avoid becoming, as outlined above. As a reminder, there are a number of steps that you can take to help combat global warming, but the more people who help do so, the better the results will be. That is why you may want to carefully discuss global warming and the impact it may have on the earth and our future families with your close friends and family members. Global Warming Facts As global warming continues to receive more exposure on the internet, the television, and the radio, you may start to pay more attention. If global warming is an issue that you are concerned about or if it is an issue that you would like to explore more, you will want to continue reading on. A few interesting and occasionally devastating global warming facts are outlined below. Global warming is real. Although there is a lot of opposition and debate that surrounds global warming, scientific proof shows that global warming is real. This is something that cannot be ignored much longer, even by those who oppose global warming or claim it is a sham. The earth's temperature is rising. With that in mind, this aspect of global warning isn't always debated as much as the affects of global warming are. Glaciers and polar icecaps are melting. This is another fact of global warming that we should all be well aware of. While there is debate that surrounds this fact, this melting is occurring. Generally speaking, the debate surrounding the melting of glaciers concerns the causes of it. Global warming is causing glaciers and icecaps to melt at a faster rate of speed, but it is not the sole cause. In keeping with the melting of glaciers, icecaps, and snowcaps, this melting is having a profound affect on sea and wildlife. For starters, polar bears are the animals experts are most concerned about. Polar bears rely on glaciers and icecaps as a way to travel and find food. As these important masses continue to disappear, polar bears are likely to find it more difficult to travel and find food. In fact, many will die because of this difficulty. The melting of glaciers and icecaps will also have an impact on coastal flooding in the future. This fact is supported by much independent research and many computer generated models. As for the impact this important global warming fact can have on the coastal areas, it can and will be devastating. Many coastal residents will be displaced. Those in the United States who are most like to be impacted by this flooding are New Orleans residents. In addition to melting ice and snow, the increase in the earth's temperature will also have an impact on water. This is most commonly the case with coral reefs. Coral reefs are suffering due to the steady rise in water temperature. This change with coral reefs is commonly referred to as bleaching. This when coral reefs lose their beautiful, vibrant colors. Unfortunately, this can have a negative impact other sea life, as many rely on coral reefs for food, shelter, and protection. The above mentioned global warming facts are just a few of the many that may be of interest you. If you would like to help stop global warming, but only if your help will do good, you may want to take the time to research global warming. The same can be said if you are unsure as to whether or not global warming is a real problem. Many individuals, possibly even you, think that global warming prevention steps are just a waste of time and energy if global warming does not exist. That is why researching the facts that surround global warming are important. In fact, you may also want to encourage your friends, family members, neighbors, and coworkers to do the same. Global Warming Explored In Schools Global warming, as you may already know is the process that describes the earth's temperature rise. This rise in temperature is because of greenhouse grasses. Although global warming may not have a significant impact on your life, it is likely to have a huge and possibly devastating impact on the lives of your children, their children, and future generations to come. For that reason, many educators are taking the time to educate their students on global warming. In fact, you may be surprised just how soon these lessons start. When it comes to global warming and schools, you will find that global warming is being taught at a much earlier age. In a way, this is good thinking. For example, ensuring that all unused lights and appliances are turned off when they are not in use is a great way to not only save money on electricity, but also help in the fight against global warming. Since these prevention steps are ones that children off all ages can do, they are being touched on at an early age. Since many younger elementary school students are unable to comprehend the science behind global warming, at least right now, educators use creative ways to cover this important issue. At the elementary school level, science projects are often used to demonstrate how global warming works and the impact it may have on the environment. These demonstrations often involve miniature ecosystems built in the classroom. These and other environmental science projects and demonstrations are a nice, fun, and exciting way to draw attention to important environmental issues, like global warming, even at a young age. As your child ages, they will likely continue to learn about global warming, but more from a scientific standpoint. As children reach the middle school and high school levels, they are likely to do less experiments and demonstrations, but the impact will be the same, if not greater. Don't be surprised if your children bring home global warming related articles and graphs, as they have been incorporated into many lessen plans. These materials will better help your child understand the impact global warming can have on the planet, such as the ways that temperatures continue to rise. As previously stated, in addition to discussing the science behind global warming, your children are likely to learn many ways that they can help to stop global warming or at least lessen the impact of it. Unless you regularly stay updated on global warming news yourself, many of these prevention steps may be relatively new to you. For that reason, you will want to take what your children have to say into consideration when they discuss global warming. You will want to encourage them to stay up-to-date on this important issue and you may even want to do the same yourself. Despite the fact that global warming is a topic that is being covered in many schools around the world, you, as a parent, may still want to do your part at home. Be sure to encourage discussions about global warming and let your children help to make your home more environmental friendly. Although we have the ability to help stop global warming or at least lessen its impacts now, it is important that these prevention steps are shared with the generations yet come and the best way to do so is with your own children. Global Warming: Do You Believe? When it comes to global warming, you will find no shortage of information. Whether you look online, turn the television on, or pick up a newspaper, you are likely to see something on global warming. As previously stated, global warming is a topic that is becoming "hot." It is an issue that is widely discussed. Most of the information that you will read or see on television concerns the negative affects that global warming will have on your planet, such as coastal flooding, erratic weather, and the easy spread of diseases. Another popular global warming topic is prevention. You are also likely always presented with ways that you can help to stop or at least lessen the impact of global warming. These ways often include purchasing energy efficient appliances, cars, and light bulbs. Although much attention and focus is placed on what global warming is and what we can do to stop it, you will also find opposition. In recent years, we have learned just how much opposition global warming has. Global warming is no longer a cause for environmentalists; it is also a big cause for debate. This debate circles around a number of different viewpoints, such as the one that global warming is just a scam to collect money for environmental organizations and the view that the changes we are seeing aren't directly related to global warming, as they have been anticipated for years now. As previously mentioned, the global warming debate has seemed to grow in past years. Before, you may have occasionally heard of a political figure or celebrity who believed that global warming was nothing more than an untrue myth. However, now, you can see this opposition just about anywhere. Global warming is widely debated online, on television, and even on the radio. What does this mean for you and other Americans? It often means uncertainty. After all, if you have so many people telling you that global warming is just a scam to raise money, you may start to believe so after a while. As for your viewpoints, do you believe in global warming? If you are uncertain, do you at least feel that it is an issue that needs to be discussed more? If so, you are not alone. Many Americans would like to see more information and proof on global warming. The good news is that you can easily find this proof online or with television and movie documentaries, such as "An Inconvenient Truth," by Al Gore. The internet is another tool that you may want to use, when giving global warming a closer look. In fact, you may want to take the time to research both sides of the global warming debate. This may help you decide whether or not global warming is something that you believe in. Even if you do not officially believe in global warming, you may still be concerned with the environment. As outlined above, some opposition believes that the earth's temperature would rise anyways, as it has been doing so for years now. The same can be said with sea level, as a rise in it has always been anticipated. Even if global warming isn't the cause of these changes, they can still cause alarm. The one thing that many experts agree on, whether or not they can agree on global warming, is that some of the prevention tips suggested are ones that can do no harm. These tips include carpooling when possible and reducing as much energy in your home as possible, such as by turning off all unused lights and appliances. Global Warming: Coming to a Television Set Near You Have you heard about global warming? If you watch television, you likely have. With that in mind, if you are currently unfamiliar with global warming, you will likely have multiple chances to familiarize yourself with it. This is because global warming is an issue that is seeing an increase in media time. If you are interested in learning more about global warming through your television set, you will find that you have a number of different options. Of course, you can always sit down and watch the news. Many around the clock news channels mention global warming at least once a day. Even your local news is likely to touch on global warming in a newscast, especially the local affects of it. In addition to traditional newscasts, many around the clock news stations are also starting to create their own specials. For example, CNN developed their own series on global warming, titled "Planet in Peril." These types of special programs are often advertised during traditional newscasts. The good news with around the clock news stations is that many of these special programs are later repeated, many times later at night. In addition to national news channels, there are many more stations who are starting to use their airwaves to help combat global warming. One of these stations is that of The Weather Channel. In addition to mentioning global warming in passing on traditional programming, The Weather Channel is also known for its specials, which may include specials on global warming. The line of Discovery Channels may also have global warming programs available as well. Another one of the many ways that you can learn about global warming right from your couch is through movies, namely documentaries. There are a number of documentaries on global warming, the science behind it, and its affects. In fact, there are many more documentaries expected to come in the future. When it comes to global warming documentaries, you will find that you have a number of options. Many can be purchased locally or online, as well as rented. In keeping with global warming documentaries, you will want to examine An Inconvenient Truth and 11th Hour. These two environmental documentaries are more well know for the people who stand behind them. When many think of global warming, Al Gore is often the first person that comes to mind. His An Inconvenient Truth documentary is not only backed with scientific proof and resources, but it also an award winning piece. As for 11th Hour, having Leonardo DiCaprio has a co-producer and co-writer also helps to bring much needed attention to this important issue. As nice as is to know how you can go about using your television to learn more about global warming, you may be wondering why you should. Although global warming is an issue that is widely debated, many believe what they hear. If you are one of those individuals you will want to educate yourself on the subject as much as possible. After all, knowledge is the best way to fight a problem, such as global warming. As outlined above, you have a number of different options when looking to use the television as a way to learn more about global warming. With most news reports, television specials, and documentaries lasting less than two hours, you have nothing to lose by taking to the time familiarize yourself with global warming. Global Warming: Can It Be Stopped? If you are familiar with global warming, you are also likely familiar with the debate that surrounds it. Although many individuals claim that global warming is nothing more than a myth or even a scam used to raise money for environmental issues, it isn't too hard to see that the earth is changing. As previously stated, the earth is changing. Although these changes are small, many notice them. We have noticed a change in the weather pattern, which includes stronger storms, as well as varying temperatures. We have also noticed a change in icecaps and glaciers, as many are melting at quicker rates than originally anticipated. Unfortunately, if global warming continues as many experts predict it will, the changes that we notice will increase in intensity and many will be life changing experiences. When it comes to global warming and its affects, one of the most commonly asked questions surrounds prevention. Many wonder if global warming can be stopped or if there are at least ways that we can lessen its impact. This issue is also one that has been widely debated. Many of the experts who oppose global warming, claim that the rise in the earth's temperatures is nothing unexpected. Many attribute it to normal pattern. For that reason, there are many who believe that there is nothing that we can do to stop or lessen the impact of global warming, as the changes that we are seeing are ones that may have occurred no matter what. Even as the debate continues on, we still have to take a look at the changes the earth is seeing, even if it isn't related to global warming. Glaciers and icecaps in the north are melting at a small, but still high rate of speed. Although this melting was predicted and has been anticipated for years now, things are moving along a little bit faster than anticipated. This brings more support to the theory of global warming. So whether you believe in global warming or not, you may still be interested in doing what you can to help stop the changes our planet is seeing. One of the many ways that humans can help stop global warming or at least many of the changes we are seeing with our planet is by taking a close look at our homes. You may be surprised how much carbon dioxide the average home emits. Simply by ensuring that all light and appliances are turned off when not in use can do wonders for the environment and possibly global warming. In keeping with electricity use in our homes, energy efficient appliances and simply energy efficient light bulbs can help to lessen the carbon dioxide emissions from most homes. In fact, did you know that energy efficient appliances and light bulbs can also save you money? Another one of the many ways that we can help to stop global warming or at least the changes on our planet that are staring to take hold is by looking at our vehicle uses. Another big contributor of carbon dioxide is the vehicles that we drive. Energy efficient vehicles are affordable, they can save you money over time, and they can also help the environment. Even if you cannot afford a new energy efficient vehicle, there are still steps that you can take to reduce the carbon dioxide emissions for your vehicle. These steps including taking public transportation or carpooling as much as possible, changing your car's air filter on a monthly basis, as well as making sure your car tires are properly inflated. As previously stated, it is hard to know the impact that the above mentioned steps will have on global warming and our planet. Even if global warming is not an issue that you believe in, it is important to remember that many of the global warming prevention steps outlined above are ones that will do good for the environment anyways. Global Warming And The Impact on Wildlife When it comes to global warming, much of the focus is placed on how it can impact us, personally, and future generations to come. As important as this is, it is also important to remember that global warming stretches far beyond human impact. Wildlife will also be affected by global warming as well. In fact, the affects of global warming on wildlife often have a direct relation to the human affects. What we need to remember about global warming is that it is causing a slight rise in the earth's temperatures. Although scattered, many cities and towns on the ground are experiencing an increase in temperatures as well. In fact, many record high temperatures are being shattered. While this may leave us, humans, feeling hot, uncomfortable and wanting to spend all day in the pool, it is having an even bigger impact on wildlife. For starters, it is important to examine polar bears. In fact, when many individuals think of global warming and wildlife, polar bears are the first thought that comes to mind. This is due in part to the media attention that is circulating them. Many environmentalists and wildlife experts feel that polar bears will become extinct in certain areas of the world, due to melting ice. This ice melting is directly related to the earth's increase in temperatures. Unfortunately, polar bears rely on ice shelves when hunting. Many are unable to swim long distances without them. If polar bears do not perish because of the extended swims, they will because of the lack of food in the area. Birds are another form of wildlife that can be impacted greatly by global warming. As our temperatures increase, birds are starting to change their migration paths. These migration changes are expected to increase in numbers in the future. While this may seem like an exciting prospect for birdwatchers, it can have negative consequences on the birds themselves. Many birds, especially migratory birds, have a set pattern that they follow. This pattern also depends on their ability to get food. The changes in this pattern can lead to trouble for many migratory birds, who essentially travel too far as the weather misleads them. Bird and polar bears are not the only forms of wildlife that will be affected by global warming. Insects, mice, and other rodents will also change their habitats. You will see that if the conditions are right, many will stay on the move. Unfortunately for us, rodents and many insects, such as mosquitoes often bring diseases along with them. Yes, many of these diseases are treatable, but it will take time to adjust. In fact, a wide spread panic may ensue if area that was previously disease free starts to see changes. In this aspect, global warming can cause harm to both humans and wildlife. If you are an animal lover or if you value your health and the health of your future family members to come, you may want to take action. In fact, that is why global warming is seeing an increase in media coverage, as many scientists and wildlife experts want you to take action. A few of the many ways that you can help, not just wildlife, but the planet in general, is by reducing the carbon dioxide emissions that you release into the earth's atmosphere, whether it comes from your home, car, or place of business.
Global Warming and Our Children If you surf the internet, listen to the radio, or watch the news on television, there is a good chance that you have heard of global warming before. Although you may have heard of global warming before, have you taken the time to better understand? If you are a parent, you should. One of the many reasons why individuals feel that global warming is not a serious issue is because of all of the debate that surrounds it. Yes, global warming does have its opponents and some of that opposition do have valid points, but is global warming something that you are willing to ignore? If you are a parent, it shouldn't be. As stated multiple times above, if you are a parent, global warming should be a huge concern of yours. After all, you love your children don't you? When your children grow up, you likely want them to have their own family and children, right? After all, many individuals want their family name and legacy to be carried on for eternity. Unfortunately, global warming may throw a wrench in that plan. As it was previously stated, global warming is an issue that many are unsure about. In addition to wondering if those who oppose global warming are right, the delayed affects of global warming also play a role. Yes, we are starting to see many changes resulting from global warming, such as melting glaciers and droughts, but these changes are small compared to what is being predicted. Unfortunately, many individuals go by the thinking of "it isn't a problem if we can't see it." Although you may not be able to live to see the drastic and horrific affects of global warming, your children or their children may. Speaking of the horrific affects of global warming, you may wonder just what is expected to happen. As previously stated, glaciers and other ice masses are melting. Despite the fact that this melting has always been noticed, it has picked up in speed. If things continue, coastal flooding is predicted and not just in limited areas, but around the entire world. Do you and your family currently reside in a coastal area? If so, did you know that global warming may prevent your children or their children from doing the same? Your hometown and your history will be unable to be shared with future family members to come, as it may be under water. Coastal flooding is just one of the many ways that global warming may have a profound affect on your children or their children. Other affects of global warming are likely to include increased temperatures, droughts, and weather instability. These global warming affects can have a huge impact on your future family's ability to eat, drink, work, and live. That is why you are urged to take action. After all, you do love your family right? If you would like to help join in the fight against global warming, you will want to get started soon. The sooner we all take action, the easier it will be to make a successful, united stance against global warming. To get you started, you may want to look at your home and your vehicle. If you are unable to purchase an energy efficient vehicle, carpool or use public transportation as much as possible, as well as combine as many errands together in one trip as possible. As for your home, limit your electricity uses by only running your dishwasher when it is full, use energy efficient light bulbs, and turn your heat down, even just a few degrees. Global Warming and the Significance of Rising Water Temperatures A part of the alarm that is being raised about global warming has to do with rising water temperatures, especially in the ocean. Scientists are studying warming waters all over the globe to determine the extent of the change. The consequences of this global warming are far-reaching. One of the most devastating effects of global warming is that, as the ocean water warms, it impacts tropical storms. Hurricanes that would have been category 3 storms in past years are now category 4 or above. This is because they are energized when they pick up the warmer ocean water. In fact, there has been a significant increase in these higher intensity storms in the last 35 years. This could be due to global warming. In 2005, the Atlantic was bombarded with 27 tropical storms powerful enough to receive a name. 15 of them developed into hurricanes. Five of these storms reached the force of category 4 hurricanes. Four of them actually became worse, at category five. Hurricane Katrina made a terrible mark on history in August of 2005. It became the costliest hurricane in American history. It was also one of most lethal. Global warming has left destruction in the form of more intense hurricanes. As global warming causes temperatures to rise in the oceans, glaciers and icecaps are melting more rapidly. One particular ice shelf in Antarctica, the northern section of the Larson B shelf, collapsed in recent years. Scientists got a rude awakening when they realized how fast the ice shelf could disintegrate. The polar ice cap is disappearing at an astonishing rate as well. It is dissolving at 9% per decade. This aspect of global warming is a definite cause for alarm. In the last 40-50 years, the thickness of ice in the Arctic has decreased by 40%. The ice that is present on earth is beneficial to maintain the delicate balance of the environment. Perennial sea ice in the Arctic has been receding as well. There was a record low in the square miles of this sea ice in 2005. Just two years later, in 2007, the record was broken with a half of a million square miles less perennial ice than in 2005. Global warming has truly had an impact on the sea ice of the Arctic. Some scientists predict that all the sea ice will be gone by 2040. Global warming could also cause the sea level to rise as ice melts. When this happens, islands are lost and coastal communities are flooded. Various suggestions have been made about the levels that the water level could reach, anywhere from 10 to 23 inches by 2100. Global warming has the potential to make the earth a very inhospitable place to live. Rising temperatures in the oceans' waters are a clear indication that the process has begun. With the melting of ice in the glaciers, icecaps, and on the sea, it is only a matter of time before global warming has much more harmful effects. It is up to the people of the world to do what they can to make the future look brighter. Global Warming and Building Green Building green is one of the solutions to global warming that many people do not think about. Building green is designing and constructing buildings with the environment in mind. It is these practices that can have an impact on stopping global warming. Houses give off a high percentage of a country's total carbon dioxide emissions. In the United States, the figure is about 38%. Since carbon dioxide is one of the greenhouse gases, houses contribute strongly to global warming. One way to cut the greenhouse emissions of houses, and therefore help stop global warming, is to minimize the energy use needed to sustain comfortable living in a house. There are several ways to do this. One way is to be careful about what building materials are used. Some building materials can be from quickly renewable sources. These include bamboo and straw. Also, building materials can be used that originates near the building site. This cuts down on transportation, and so cuts down on emissions of greenhouse gases and global warming. One example is stone houses built with local stone. Buildings are also often built using recycled materials. Wood can be used from an older home that has been torn down. This will prevent the need to cut down other trees. Since the deforestation of the land contributes to global warming, this will help the situation. Heating and cooling have a big effect on the amount of global warming caused by a house. Some ways to help this are very simple. One is to design the house to sit on the lot so that sunlight will come in through the windows and warm the house. It can also be oriented so that breezes will blow through the windows more naturally for cooling. In this way, passive solar energy can be used to heat and cool the house. This will cut down on the greenhouse emissions from a house. Global warming will be lessened. Insulation is important to maximize on the cool or heat that is in the house. With good insulation, you will need a less intense heat or cooling source. The main heating and cooling source in most green houses will be solar panels, wind power, or hydropower. Any of these sources will power a house with minimal effects on global warming. At the same time, these sources of energy will sustain a household in a comfortable style. There are several organizations in the US that aid in the cause of stopping global warming by encouraging green building. One non-profit organization makes it their business to foster green building methods in both houses and commercial buildings. This group of people from the building industry is a part of the Green Building Initiative. The state of Washington has required builders of buildings larger than 5000 square feet to use green building practices. Their law was enacted in 2005. It should help to keep a cap on global warming. Green building is important for a number of reasons. One just happens to be that it can reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases. If green building can help stop global warming, perhaps it is time for everyone to build green. Forestry and Global Warming The way land is used can have an affect on global warming. The kinds of plants, animals, or minerals set upon a plot of land render it different from other plots of land. It is these differences that can be explored to help you gain an understanding of global warming. Forests are an important use of land in most countries. This is true for many reasons, but when it comes to global warming, it is particularly true. Plant life can scrub carbon dioxide from the air. Much of the very carbon dioxide that is one of the causes of global warming can be eliminated just by being in the vicinity of certain plants. Trees are the best carbon dioxide scrubbers there are in nature. Old growth trees are especially good at removing carbon dioxide from the air and storing it within their cells. For this reason, old growth trees need to be protected from the lumber jack's blade. While the lumber trade argues that the old growth trees can be easily replaced by new trees, this is simply not the case. New trees do not possess the abilities that old trees have of preventing global warming by trapping carbon dioxide. Some proponents of cutting suggest that certain new trees are capable of trapping more greenhouse gases than the old trees. The truth is that, even if this is true, it is not true when you compare the new special trees to any trees that have many decades of growth. To prevent global warming, you need trees with some substance to them. One law was proposed to stop logging and road building in the forest to prevent global warming. This particular law was to protect a large amount of forest-approximately 13 million acres on ancient forest. Most of this forest was so unspoiled that it did not even have any roads at all. This law would also ban clear-cutting, a practice that totally destroys acres upon acres of old growth trees. Several studies have been done to estimate the amount potential global warming caused by the deforestation of tropical rainforests. Loggers do not just take out mature trees for lumber. People who want to clear a place to live, work, or farm in the jungle clear the forest by cutting and burning large portions of the rainforest. As if this was not enough, other greenhouse gases are increased by deforestation. These include methane and nitrous oxide. Global warming is foreseeable when people greedily take the rainforest and other forests for their own purposes. It seems that, by the figures in these studies, global warming prevention should focus on the green house emissions caused by the burning of fossil fuels first. However, the deforestation comes in a close second in causes for global warming. People can stop this dependence on old growth trees for lumber. There are many different building materials available to be used. It does not upset the balance of nature when you build with stone, for example. Also, furniture can be made from other materials. When people learn that forests are important in stopping global warming, they can help the situation by refusing to use lumber that comes from old growth forests and the rainforest. Forecasting the Future of Global Warming If people knew what kind of future global warming would actually bring, they would likely want to do more to help the environment. The problem is that predicting the future of global warming is a very complex task. Just as the local weatherman does not always get it right, neither can the predictor of global warming. Some of the difficulties inherent in forecasting future global warming have to do with those same factors that every meteorologist faces. Winds can cool the air or warm it depending on the direction they take. Cloud cover can cool a hot day. Air masses move in to cause storms as cool fronts and warm fronts are generated. Ocean currents can change the temperature of the land on which they strike. The earth's atmosphere is constantly in a cycle of evaporation and precipitation. The nature of this cycle will affect global warming. At the same time, all these variables will be affected by global warming in return. It is hard to predict the future of global warming when little is known about the actions people will take to prevent it, or not. Underdeveloped countries will strive towards development. Generally in the past this has meant using the cheapest industrial equipment available, even if it is the most polluting. However, these countries may decide to put emphasis on preventing global warming instead. It is not known at this time how fast the population of the world will grow. Statisticians can make educated guesses, but a number of factors can always change the dynamics of population growth. Biological factors, as well as governmental policies and economics can all play a part. The more people on earth, the greater the chance for global warming. Fuel efficient cars have already been developed, and the research continues to make them even better. There is a question, though, as to whether the people of the world will embrace these technologies. At least at first, cost might prevent poor people from having hybrid or other fuel efficient cars. The extent to which this technology is made available to all people will affect the amount of global warming that can be expected. As ice melts in the Polar Regions, the ocean temperatures are affected. This is due to global warming. However, it also can perpetuate global warming by changing the evaporation rates of the sea. The courses and speeds of the oceans currents cannot be predicted with accuracy, but they will have an affect on global warming. The proliferation of dark areas can lead to global warming. The trouble with using this fact to predict global warming is that it is not known how many dark areas will be uncovered by melting ice. As long as there is enough ice to maintain a light color, a good deal of the heat will be reflected off into the atmosphere. While it is nearly impossible to predict the future of global warming with complete accuracy, it is good to explore the subject. It is important to estimate the damage that will be caused by global warming in order to make the concept of global warming more concrete. Easy Ways to Help Stop Global Warming As the issue of global warming becomes more publicized, many individuals wonder what they can do. Although you may not see the drastic affects of global warming firsthand, it is important to remember that your future family members may. That is why you should do your part to join in the fight against global warming. When it comes to joining the fight against global warming, there is a common misconception. That misconception is that average, everyday individuals cannot do anything to help. Many mistakenly believe that it is up to the politicians, scientists, and other well known figures to make a difference. This is not true. There are a lot of ways that you can help, in the fight against global warming. In fact, many of the steps that you can take are actually much easier than you may have though. One of the first things that you will want to look at is your vehicle. Do you need a new car or can you afford to upgrade? If so, you will want to examine hybrids or other energy efficient vehicles. Many are affordable, they can help you save the environment, and you can even save money in the long run. Energy efficient vehicles enable you to save money on gasoline, which is nice with the current prices of gasoline being quite high. In keeping with your vehicle, it is important to examine your uses. Do you really need to use your car as much as you do? For work, is it possible for you to use public transportation or can you carpool? As for your weekly errands, can you carpool with a friend or family member and turn your weekly errands into a fun filled adventure? If you can, you are urged to do so. The less vehicles on the road make it easier to combat global warming. Next, you will want to take a look at your home. One of the best ways to help in the fight against global warming is to use as little energy and electricity as possible. You will want to make sure that all lights and appliances are turned off when they are not needed or being used. This may be hard to get use to at first, but you can post sticky notes or other reminders near light switches until everyone in your household gets in the habit of shutting off lights when they aren't needed. Staying with your home, if you are in need of new household appliances or when you are ready to upgrade, you will want to examine those with Energy Star labels. These appliances use less electricity, which can help in the fight against global warming. It is also important to mention the money that you are able to save on electricity costs. The prices of these energy saving appliances are usually fair and affordable to begin with too, which is nice. It is also advised that you check your water heater. Many experts suggest having your water heater set at 120 degrees or lower. Also, a hot water heater blanket can help. A hot water heater blanket can help you with your heating costs and it can also limit the number of toxins your home emits. The above mentioned ways are all easy ways that you can work to fight global warming and the affects it will have on the environment. With that in mind, there is only so much at one person can do. That is why you will want to take the time to educate your friends or family members on the subject. You may be surprised how many people are unfamiliar with global warming, even with all of the press that it receives. Simply mentioning what your friends or family can do to fight global warming in passing is enough, without seeming too pushy. Another great tip involves giving energy efficient light bulbs as a small housewarming gift or Christmas present. Could Global Warming Cause A New Ice Age? In the movie The Day After Tomorrow, there are many special effects including an ice event caused by global warming. Much of the science of the movie has been called into question. However, there may be some truth to the idea that global warming could cause an ice age. The theory starts with an understanding of why Europe and Scandinavia are not colder already. After all, other places at the same latitude are covered with ice and permafrost. Alaska and Greenland are both as close to the North Pole as Europe. Yet, it is not global warming that keeps Europe warm. The ocean currents called the Gulf Stream bring warm waters up to the UK and Europe from the Caribbean. These waters warm the countries around their path. This is what causes the UK, Europe, and Scandinavia to have such a nicer climate than, say, Alaska. Global warming has nothing to do with that. An important factor about the Gulf Stream is that to keep the Great Conveyor Belt going, cool water must feed back into the loop and be brought back to the point in the Caribbean where the process began. This keeps the water moving. Global warming is significant in that it could slow the Gulf Stream, or even stop it. If this were to happen, the cold waters would stay in the area of Europe, the UK, Scandinavia, and the Northeastern US. It could mean an ice age for those regions. In every major cooling event, such as the last great Ice Age, the Gulf Stream has been significantly weakened. This can happen for different reasons. In current times, it can happen due to global warming brought on by human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels. If the new Ice Age happens, it will likely be due to the melting of the polar ice. This will dump large quantities of cold, fresh water into the ocean. It would disrupt the Gulf Stream and cause the cooling of many areas that now have milder climates. Global warming will be the cause. An ice age will probably not happen gradually, either. This is a phenomenon that takes place rather quickly. Perhaps it does not happen as fast as the ice event in The Day After Tomorrow. However, it could happen within a few short years with global warming being to blame. The return flow of cold water from Greenland, which goes back to the Caribbean, has already showed a weakening in the last 50 years. There has been a 20% decline in the amount of current flowing in this direction. It only makes sense that the warm waters coming from the Caribbean have lessened too. These currents are a part of the world-wide network of currents called the Global Thermohaline Circulation. This global warming could then cause a slowing or stoppage of the Gulf Stream affecting the entire earth. The statistics are used to answer the question of whether an ice age could be caused by global warming. Observations have been made of current data and historical information gleaned by studying the ocean and the lands around it. With all the information at hand, it appears that it is indeed possible that global warming could lead to an Ice Age. Common Global Warming Myths If you listen to the radio, watch the news on television, or if you surf the internet, there is a good chance that you have heard of global warming before. Global warming is an issue that is increasing in popularity. Just about everywhere you look, whether it be the television, radio, or the internet, global warming is being discussed. Although global warming is widely debated, it is still an issue that many individuals are concerned with. As global warming continues to be an issue that increases in popularity, you will hear a lot of information on global warming. This information is likely to be anything from facts to opinions and theories. This is what often leads to some confusion surrounding global warming. To help fight that confusion and keep you in the know, a few common global warming myths and their truths are outlined below for you. Myth: The Earth's Temperature Is Rising Too Fast Truth: Yes, it is true that the earth's temperature is rising. Yes, this temperature rise may be cause for concern, but the temperature is not rising at a fast rate at all. In fact, it is slighting increasing. Even before global warming became an issue and before greenhouse gas emissions increased, the earth's temperature was rising. That is why many scientist attribute this slight temperature increase to normality, not necessarily global warming. Myth: Humans Are the Sole Cause of Global Warming While humans do have a significant impact on global warming, as well as the emission of greenhouse gases, we are not the only cause. A previously stated, many scientists claim that the earth's temperature has always been on the rise, albeit a slight rise. Although the exact cause of global warming or even if it exists is under debate, there is absolutely no proof that humans are the sole cause of it. Myth: Global Warming is the Sole Reason for Glaciers Melting Many global warming activists, including Al Gore, claim that global warming is what is causing the glaciers and ice masses in the north and in the extreme south to melt. Yes, it is true that global warming does have an impact on glaciers melting, but it is not the only cause. There are a number of scientific studies that show that the melting and shifting of glaciers and other ice masses has been happening for years now. This means that global warming is not the only cause of ice melt and the possible rise in sea level because of it. Myth: Global Warming Isn't True, As It Is Cold Outside If you live in the north, you are likely to experience cold and chilly winters. In fact, even during the summertime, you may experiences a slight decrease in temperature. This decrease in temperature is what often leads people to believe that global warming is just an untrue theory. Despite opposition, many scientists do believe that global warming does exist and that it will have a serious impact on the future. As for the temperature, global warming summarizes weather patterns, not just individual events; therefore, you will likely experience a wide range of temperatures and other weather patterns, regardless of where you live. Myths: Computer Models that Predict Global Warming Are Unreliable One of the many debates that surround global warming is the use of computer generated weather models. It is no secret that scientists and meteorologists use computer models to predict the weather. Although these weather models are not right all of the time, they do have a pretty high success rate. In fact, numerous weather predicating computer models basically show that global warming is real and that it does have the probability to become a huge problem in the future. The above mentioned global warming myths are just a few of the many that you will likely hear. If you are unsure as to what you hear from friends, family members, politicians, or scientists is true, you may want to take the time to do a little bit of research This research is relatively easy to do online. Climate Changes Due To Global Warming There is no doubt that the earth's climate is constantly changing. Some people feel that it is part of the normal cycle of events on this planet. Yet, most scientists agree that there are drastic changes occurring that are due to unnatural global warming. The weather is getting decidedly warmer. For the most part, the United States has already warmed up some. In some places, the average rise in temperature is around four degrees Fahrenheit. However, all the states show some degree of warming. The first and second warmest years on record were 1998 and 2006, respectively. In fact, every year from the first to the second warmest years, ranked within the warmest 25 years in the US. In 2006, the annual average temperature was 55 degrees Fahrenheit. Recent warm years point to a climate change being brought on by global warming. Climate changes due to global warming can be seen in the prevalence of drought. Years are becoming drier in recent decades due to global warming. This is caused by the heat that is building up around the earth's surface. Excessive evaporation intensifies drought even more during the spring and fall. Global warming has upped the level of drought. A major drought in the US lasted from 1999-2002. There were only two other droughts in the last forty years that were so widespread and devastating. Crops were damaged or would not grow at all, thus shortening the food supply. There have been more and more frequent droughts in the West in recent years. The last 30 years in particular have seen numerous droughts. These droughts have spawned wildfires that set new records in 2006 for number of fires and of acres burned. Further proof of global warming is seen in these destructive wildfires. While the overall effect of global warming is heat followed by drought, there are still storms. Since global warming energizes the atmosphere, these storms will be different. When all is going well, a gentle rain will soak into the earth gradually, causing no more than a minor inconvenience to people. Because of global warming, storms are becoming more destructive. While there have certainly been droughts, rainfall totals have risen in the past century. This surprising fact is due to the fact that when the rain comes, it comes in rapid downpours. The sky opens up and dumps water on the earth very quickly in many cases. This is followed by dry periods. The number of times it rains in a year has increased during the last 50 years due to global warming. What is more, global warming is causing storms to intensify. Storms which would have been ordinary thunderstorms in the past are morphing into raging tempests. Hurricanes have been rated higher in recent years as global warming affects their intensity. Global warming is responsible for many climate changes. Often, people cause the increase in global warming that precipitates these changes. If people could make it a common goal to cut down on activities that promote global warming, the earth would be a much more stable environment. Celebrities Helping to End Global Warming Global warming is an issue that is increasing in popularity. Global warming is widely discussed and debated on the television, radio, and even online. One of the many reason for this increased media coverage is due in part to celebrities. Over the past few years, a large number of celebrities have publicized their stance on global warming. In this same time frame, global warming saw an increase in media exposure. That leaves many wondering what if there is a connection and if so, is that connection doing good? One of the many celebrities who have helped use their well known name to bring awareness to global warming is that of Al Gore. Al Gore was most well known for his role as the Vice President of the United States, under Bill Clinton. As for now, Al Gore is most well known for his fight against global warming. Al Gore is one of the first political figures to take global warming seriously. In fact, he has done more than that. His award winning documentary, An Inconvenient Truth, has brought much needed attention to this important issue. Leonardo DiCaprio is another well known figure who has been and who is still using his name to bring attention to the many environmental issues. This award winning actor has turned into a well known environmentalist. One of the many topics that he brings attention to is that of global warming. In addition to making numerous celebrity appearances at global warning related events, he has also created his own documentary. This documentary is titled 11th Hour. Since Leonardo DiCaprio is considered one of the greatest actors of his time, he has the ability to bring much needed attention to global warming, as well as other environmental issues. Arnold Schwarzenegger is another well known figure that has been using his status to do good for the environment. Arnold Schwarzenegger is a well-known actor turned political figure. In addition to being outspoken on global warming with his views on the subject, he has also taken action not seen by many other politicians. In California, Arnold Schwarzenegger has passed laws that reduce the greenhouse gasses emitted in the state of California and much more. Laurie David may not be well known herself, but you may have likely heard of her husband before. Her husband is most well known as being the co-creator of Seinfeld. She worked on a documentary for HBO that covered the science behind global warming. There are also reports that she helped to bring Al Gore's, an Inconvenient Truth, documentary into the public eye. The above mentioned celebrities are just a few of the many who have used their celebrity status to bring much attention to the hot topic of global warming. In addition to starting their own environmental groups and making their own documentaries or television programs that focus on the issue of global warming, celebrities do much more. Many celebrities are known for providing faces and voices for documentaries, concerts, and other charity events. Although many individuals view the association with entertainment and global warming overkill, there is a lot that these celebrities and others have done to help in the fight against global warming. For example, there are a number of documentaries on global warming, but Al Gore's documentary saw success more than others partly because of his well known name and status. For many individuals, they may have not heard about global warning or learned the possible affects of it if it weren't for celebrities. Many celebrities, such as the ones outlined above are known for showing their support for the environment, but there are others who have spoken out against global warming. One of those individuals is Michael Crichton, a well-known author. In the year 2002, he wrote a book that basically claimed global warming is nothing but a conspiracy theory. In this book, he claimed that many environmentalists are using global warming as a ploy to receive more money for their organizations. His book was met with a mixture of support and criticism. Celebrities Weigh In On Global Warming Celebrities are putting their fame to use by calling attention to the subject of global warming. Famous people in the entertainment industry are using their knowledge of film-making to create documentaries about global warming. Others are simply using their influence to make a statement. One project is designed to help people become more informed about and involved with global warming. The venture is called Global Cool, and its lofty goal is to get one billion people to lower the levels of carbon emissions they put into the environment. Celebrities involved with this global warming initiative include Orlando Bloom, Josh Hartnett, Leonardo DiCaprio, and Pink. Some bands have also joined the fight. Leonardo DiCaprio is actually very involved with the movement to stop global warming. He has a website devoted to the topic. On it, you can take a look at two films DiCaprio has worked on, with others. One is called Water Planet and the other is simply Global Warming. This actor also started the Leonardo DiCaprio Foundation in 1998. Its purpose was to steer people towards involvement in environmentally friendly organizations. The foundation also addressed the central themes of global warming such as greenhouse gases and fossil fuels. Now, DiCaprio has worked on a documentary about global warming about earth's 11th hour, which details the problems and innovative solutions. Other actors are getting involved in the stop global warming movement, too. Brad Pitt is the narrator of a series on green architecture. The shows discuss ways to build that will help the environment. Another documentary features Keanu Reeves and Alannis Morrisett as narrators. The global warming film, entitled The Great Warming, is all about the changes in the climate caused by excessive global warming. Earth Day has always been a magnet for celebrity attention. As time goes by and more is known about global warming, the list of celebrities speaking out on Earth Day becomes even more impressive. It seems that the earth has become more precious to those in-the-know and they use this day as a platform for change. Al Gore, aside from his Vice Presidency and his Presidential aspirations, has earned a certain amount of celebrity himself. With the release of his movie, An Inconvenient Truth, Gore has entered the limelight in a new way. He appears to be trying to use his status and fame to influence people to aid in the fight against global warming. Perhaps the most powerful environmental activist on the scene today is producer Laurie David. She is the wife of actor Larry David of Curb Your Enthusiasm. She has lobbied for governmental change to promote the cause. Then, she started organizing the Stop Global Warming Virtual March to rally support among the everyday people. She has so far encouraged hundreds of thousands of people to join her. No one can ever know whether actors are trying to get attention or whether they are truly citizens concerned about global warming. There are probably some whose motives are not exactly pure. In the end, though, all celebrities who live by their environmental principles are a good influence. Books that Support or Deny the Concept of Global Warming Global warming is discussed in two main types of books. Some would have you believe there is no problem at all. Others speak of evidence of global warming, dangerous consequences, and solutions to global warming. Reading a variety of books on global warming gives a balanced perspective. Probably the most well-known book on global warming is Al Gore's book An Inconvenient Truth: The Planetary Emergency of Global Warming and What We Can Do About It. Gore's book shows reasons why people wan to save he earth from hazards such as global warming. It also implores world leaders to stands up and listens to the warnings of an environment in crisis. An opposing viewpoint is presented in a book titled Unstoppable Global Warming: Every 1,500 Years. The book, written by Dennis T. Avery and S. Fred Singer, is an argument that global warming is a cyclical event that has happened gradually and systematically throughout history. Scientific data backs up the claims and demonstrates why no one should be concerned about global warming, in the authors' opinions. However, there is scientific information that supports the claims of global warming dangers. A book called Global Warming: The Complete Briefing gives facts and theories about the foundations of global warming and climate change. In it, the future of the world and ways to help minimize global warming are outlined. Children can learn about the subject by reading a book called This Is My Planet: The Kids' Guide to Global Warming. Jan Thornhill, the author or the book, gives the startling facts about the quickly occurring changes brought on by global warming, and how that is happening. Catering to the younger audience, though, she is careful to sprinkle the book with a lot of hope and ways for children to help change the situation. The Down To Earth Guide To Global Warming, by Laurie David and Cambria Gordon, is another book that uses a bit of humor to discuss a serious subject. It not only has facts about the genesis of extreme global warming, but it is full of vivid pictures. As another book for elementary children, it gives ways for kids to fight global warming in every area of their lives. A fun and interesting book on the subject of global warming is The Live Earth Global Warming Survival Handbook: 77 Essential Skills to Stop Climate Change. David de Rothschild, the author, constructed the book to be a tongue-in-cheek look at a survival guide aimed at surviving global warming. At the same time, it offers important information about ways to improve the environment. It is a companion book to the Live Earth Concerts in July of 2007 that took place during a 24-hour period around the world. It is easy to find books about global warming. Many are aimed at the children who are next to inherit the earth. Some focus heavily on scientific data. Others rely on humor to tell their story. Some are even a simple call to arms to anyone who will help curb global warming. Global warming is a subject worth study and there are plenty of books to read about it. Affordable Ways You Can Help Combat Global Warming Have you heard of global warming before? If you regularly watch television, surf the internet, or listen to the radio, there is a good chance that you have. In recent years, global warming is an issue that has seen an increase in press. Although there is a lot of debate that surrounds global warming, you may still be concerned. After all, if the predictions are right, the earth may not be a safe place for your future family members. If the thought of global warming and the affects it can have on the planet in the future scare you, you will want to do you part. Unfortunately, many individuals do not realize how easy, as well as how affordable it is to join in on the fight against global warming. Unfortunately, much focus is placed on energy efficient vehicles and appliances. If you do not have the financial means needed to make these purchases, it is okay, as there are more affordable ways that you can help. One of the biggest chances that you have to help prevent global warming or lessen its impact is in your home. In your home, you will want to look at your electricity uses. Are there appliances, like your computer, that are turned on when you aren't using them? How about the lights in your home? Are your lights turned on even when nobody is in the room? If you answered yes, these are things that you will want to change. Limiting your electricity use is a great way to not only help prevent global warming, but it can also save you money too! As previously stated, you will want to lessen the amount of electricity used in your home. One of the easiest ways to do so is to ensure that all lights and appliances are turned off when they are not in use. What is nice about this approach is that it is completely free and, as previously stated, you can save yourself money! Another step involves examining your heat. Instead of having your thermostat cranked up high, you may want to put on a sweater and turn the heat down. Even a few degrees can help reduce the toxic emissions that come from your home. In keeping with electricity, you will want to take a close look at energy efficient light bulbs. Unfortunately, many individuals do not realize the many benefits to using these light bulbs, as opposed to traditional ones. For starters, you can save yourself a little bit of money each year by switching all or at least most of the lights in your home to energy efficient light bulbs. Also, these light bulbs work much longer than traditional ones. Depending on your use, an energy efficient light bulb can last as long as one or two years. By price comparing, you can easily find multi-packs of these energy efficient lights for around five dollars. Talk about affordability! Even if you are a renter, as opposed to a homeowner, there are still ways that you can work to combat global warming. You may want to speak with your landlord about making any window repairs, especially if you feel cold air entering into your home when it shouldn't be. Ask your landlord about the hot water heater, do they use a hot water heater blanket? Hot water heater blankets are affordably priced and they can help to save the environment and your landlord may also be able to save a little bit of money as well, as they can lower the temperature of their water heater. As previously stated, you may not have the financial means needed to purchase a new hybrid or energy efficient car. Even so, you will still want to take a close look at your methods of transportation. When you drive, do you really need to? If you are able to walk, carpool or take public transportation, you are encouraged to do so. Even if you leave your car home, just a couple of times a week, you are still doing your part, even though small, to help stop the horrific impacts that global warming may have on our planet. Transportation and Its Impact on Global Warming Transportation is important to the lives of many individuals, not just Americas. Many commuters rely on the road to get them to and from work, to travel on vacation, to run weekly errands, as well as to make it to important appointments. Unfortunately, we are starting to learn just how much of an impact our reliance on transportation costs. This is most evident in global warming. When it comes to global warming, you will find that it is defined as the rise in the earth's temperature, due to the increase in the emission of greenhouse gases. Although all of the vehicles on the road does have a negative impact on global warming and the environment, it is not the sole cause. With that in mind, transportation is an issue that should be discussed. It has been said that each car that is taken off the road can reduce carbon emissions by as much as seven to eight hundred pounds! Although there is proof that our vehicles have a negative impact on the planet, most of us keep on driving, as if there were nothing wrong. Why is this so? It is largely due in part to a popular misconception. Unfortunately, many drivers believe that they have to completely give up their vehicles or buy a new, energy efficient one. Of course, these methods are the best ways to go about reducing the amount of carbon dioxide that enters into the earth's atmosphere, but it is important to remember that these two options are not your only. As previously stated, you do not have to completely give up your vehicle to help in the fight against global warming. What you will want to do, however, is limit your uses. Are you able to carpool or use public transportation? Is your workplace within walking distance? If it is, you may want to leave your vehicle in your driveway. With that in mind, be sure to remember that you do not have to completely give up your vehicle. For instance, you may need to drive yourself to and from the supermarket. If so, try and invite a friend along or carpool with another family member. Also, limit your shopping trips and get as much as you can all in one trip. These are all steps that can help. In keeping with using your vehicle, it advised that you get your vehicle checked. Does your car's air filter need to be changed? Are your tires properly inflated? Did you know that these two simple things can save you money, while helping to stop the affects of global warming? They can. In fact, many experts suggest that you change your car's air filter once a month. As for your car tires, keeping your tires properly inflated at all times can help to get you better gas mileage, as well as lessen the amount of pollutants that come from your vehicle. As previously stated, one of the best ways to reduce the carbon dioxide emissions from your vehicle is to upgrade. If you are driving an older model, you may want to consider upgrading. There are a number of affordable energy efficient vehicles and hybrids available for you to choose from. Even if you are unsure as to whether or not a new car is in your budget, you may still want to take a look at what is available. Many consumers are actually surprised with the affordability of many hybrids and other energy efficient vehicles. As a reminder, you are urged to do your part to help limit the amount of carbon dioxide that enters the earth's atmosphere from your own vehicles. With that in mind, its important to remember that you do not have to go completely green, which is a term used to commonly define global warming activists. Every step that you take to help in the fight against global warming, no matter how large or small, is likely to help. What You Should Know About Global Warming Despite the fact that global warming is an issue that has seen an increase in exposure and media times, it is still an issue that many individuals are unfamiliar with. Do you know about global warming? If not, you will want to continue reading on. The first step in familiarizing yourself with global warming is knowing what it is. Global warming is a phrase that is used to describe the warming of the earth's temperature. This rise in temperature is due to greenhouse gases. As for what is causing global warming, there is some debate. Global warming has a number of different causes, such as extreme vehicle use, carbon dioxide emissions from homes, as well as industrial factories. As previously stated, global warming is an issue that is widely debated. While a good percentage of celebrities, meteorologists, scientists, and other well known figures do agree that global warming is a real issue, namely one that needs to be dealt with right away, there are others who feel it is nothing but a myth. Many believe that global warming is a ploy by environmental organizations to receive money and others claim that the slight warming of the earth is a natural occurrence. Returning back to global warming, many of us are already starting to see the affects now. For example, glaciers and other snow and ice masses are melting. Yes, this melting has always been occurring and it has always been anticipated, but it is happening at a much faster rate than previously predicted. We are also noticing a change in our weather, namely the temperatures. Many areas of the United States are seeing shorter winters, with fall or even summer like temperatures. In addition to the global warming affects that we are seeing now, it is also important to familiarize yourself with the changes that are expected to occur in the future. Unfortunately, many of these changes can have a negative impact on our planet, our way of life, and the economy in general. As previously stated, polar glaciers and ice masses are melting at a quicker rate of speed. This is predicted to result in coastal flooding. This flooding can make previously habitable costal areas uninhabitable. In areas unaffected by coastal flooding, drought is a concern. If global warming is a topic that concerns you, you may want to do your part to help. While this is another aspect of global warming that is widely debated, it is believe that humans can take steps to stop or at least reduce the affects of global warming. Many of the affordable steps that you can take involve ensuring that all lights and appliances in your home are turned off when not in use. Other ways to reduce your energy, as well as lessen the carbon dioxide emissions from your home involve turning down your heat, making sure your home is well insulated, and using energy efficient appliances, such as those that come with the Energy Star label. As stated numerous times above, global warming is an issue that has caused much debate and opposition. For that reason, you may be unsure if global warming is even an issue that should concern you. Regardless of your viewpoints, the possibility of global warming having an impact on our planet is quite horrific. Since many of the global warming prevention tips suggested are easy and affordable, you may want to consider implementing them anyways. The US Mayors Climate Protection Agreement on Global Warming When the dust settled on February 16, 2005, 141 countries had ratified the Kyoto Protocol and put it into effect. The United States was not one of those countries who saw fit to join together to stop global warming. Many citizens were disappointed, but one US Mayor decided to do something about it. Mayor Greg Nickels was serving his second term in Seattle when the Kyoto Protocol went into effect. He was concerned that the US should do something, and, failing that, that he should do what he could. He devised a plan to enlist other US Mayors to make the changes that were needed to reduce global warming. Mayor Nickels sent out a challenge to mayors across the country urging them to start implementing the changes that the Kyoto Protocol demanded of its member nations. The idea was that if a grassroots network could be built to prevent global warming, it would essentially do the same job that the government was shirking by not ratifying the Kyoto agreement. A letter and an endorsement agreement were sent out. Mayors across the country had the chance to accept entrance into this group. The letter was sent out on March 30, 2005, and the acceptances soon started pouring in. Mayors, it seemed, did want to do something about global warming. By June 13th of that year, the US Conference of Mayors met to discuss the agreement. It was passed as the US Mayors Climate Protection Agreement on that date. However, the group did not close then. More mayors around the country continued, and still continue, to sign this agreement. Mayor Nickels has made a huge impact on the global warming prevention efforts of cities. Mayor Nickels first thought of the agreement because of the United States' contributions to the problem of global warming. The US greenhouse gas emissions make up 25% of those in the entire world. Yet, the population is nowhere near 25% of the world's population. Mayor Nickels was outraged because he thought that the US could be such a large part of the problem and not want to be a part of the solution to global warming. The goals of the US Mayors Climate Protection Agreement were based on the Kyoto Protocol. They planned to meet the Kyoto goal of 7% less greenhouse gas emissions than 1990 by 2012. Just as the Kyoto Treaty was ratified with 141 member nations, the US Mayors Climate Protection Agreement had a goal of signing up 141 mayors in their first year. The number was more like 500 cities by mid-2007. A part of the agreement is that each mayor should speak on behalf of global warming prevention to members of the government, including local, state, and federal government leaders. Another part of the plan is to make sure people have up-to-date information on global warming. Sometimes, it is amazing what one person can do. What is even more amazing is how people from all over a large nation such as the US can come together for a single purpose. With cooperation like this, there will be great strides in preventing global warming. The Kyoto Protocol and Global Warming The Kyoto Protocol was set up in a session of the United Nations in Japan in the year 1997. This initiative was set forth to reduce harmful emissions and to lessen global warming. It was adopted and contains goals for emissions that are legally binding for the countries involved. The aim of the Kyoto Protocol is to prevent countries from causing global warming through human activity. There are some natural forces that contribute to global warming. However, it is the disruption of the climate by humans that is most damaging. This is what is addressed in the Kyoto Protocol. The developed countries of the world have made commitments to reducing emissions in a timely manner. They have target dates and set levels they are supposed to reach by those times. There are six greenhouse gases that are meant to be reduced by 5% in the next few years. Three of these are carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide. If these countries are successful, it will reduce global warming. It is interesting that, while many countries have agreed to reduce emissions, some countries will be allowed to raise emissions. These countries are Norway, Australia, and Iceland. These countries control global warming by keeping their increases to a certain level. Other countries are asked to simply maintain the levels of emissions they already have. Countries such as Russia, Ukraine, and New Zealand do their part against global warming by maintaining the status quo. The goals of the Kyoto Protocol to decrease global warming are supposed to be realized between the years 2008-2012. It seems that this will be a near impossibility at this point for many countries. The US especially is turning its back on the provisions of the Kyoto Protocol. The initiative is given lip service by the powers that be, but real progress has been slow coming. One way developed countries can receive credit under the Kyoto protocol is to help others. If developed countries sponsor emissions reducing programs in developing countries, they receive credit for this. It shows their commitment to the reduction of global warming. Yet, not all developed countries have adopted the Kyoto Protocol. One glaring example is the US. As of December 2006, the US was one of the 169 governments that had signed the agreement to cut down on global warming. However, it did not ratify the agreement, so the treaty has no power in the US. Another hold-out was Australia. There were two conditions that needed to be met to put this treaty into full legal force. One was that 55 countries needed to sign up. That condition was met in 2002. In 2005, the other condition was met when 55% of the developed countries had joined the effort to stop global warming. The Kyoto Protocol was designed to hold developed countries up to a high standard. Developed countries are not only expected to create ways to reduce global warming. They are also rewarded if they help other countries to do the same. When every developed country joins in the struggle to reduce global warming, the earth will reap the benefits. The Fight Against Global Warming: Start in Your Home Are you concerned with global warming? If you are, you are definitely not alone. As more political figures, scientists, and celebrities voice their concerns about global warming, more Americans are beginning to take notice. Although global warming is an issue that is widely debated, it is an issue that still causes concern. For example, the predictions state that the weather will become more erratic in the future. We may experience horrific coastal flooding and drought will become a big concern. In 2005, Hurricane Katrina struck the Gulf Coast and this strong storm is not one that we will ever forget. In the summer and fall of 2007, southern states, such as Georgia and Tennessee experienced life changing drought conditions, which resulted in the strict enforcement of water bans and water restrictions. Even if you do not officially believe or support global warming, you may still be concerned with the changes that you are seeing. The good news is that there are a large number of ways that you can help. If you are interested in doing your part to help stop or lessen the impact of global warming or even just improve the environment, you will first want to start in your own home. Since carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases are a big cause of global warming or at least the rise in the earth's temperature in general, we need to limit these emissions from our home. One of the biggest ways to do so is to turn down your heat. Even a few degrees can make a huge difference with the toxins that are emitted from our homes. Simply put on a sweatshirt or invest in a thermostat with a programmable timer. A programmable timer will enable your homes temperature to be low when you are not there, but you can set it to turn your heat on right before you arrive home from work! In keeping with your heat, it may also be a good idea to have your home updated or at least inspected by a professional. Many individuals have no idea how much heat escapes from their home. This is most often the case with poor insulation and broken windows. If it seems that your house cannot get warm, no matter how high the heat is, you likely have a problem. This problem is one that you should fix. Although it will cost you money to reinsulated your home or to repair your windows, these repairs may be able to pay for themselves overtime, due to a reduction in heating costs. It is also important to examine your electricity use. The less electricity you use, the better it will be for the environment. In fact, did you know that by reducing your electricity use, you can not only help to save the environment and combat global warming, but you can also save yourself a considerable amount of money each year? You can. Ways that you can reduce electricity in your home include switching all or most of the light bulbs in your home to energy efficient ones, using energy efficient appliances, as well as making sure that all lights and appliances are turned off when they are not in use. Other additional ways that you can help to stop the affects of global warming and help the environment in general involves limiting your dishwasher use and putting a hot water heater blanket on your heater. Hot water heater blankets are affordably priced and they are designed to keep your heater insulated. When properly used, hot water heater blankets can enable you to lower the temperature. This can also save you time, as well as reduce the emissions from your home. As for your dishwasher, only run it when you have a full load and hand wash any dishes that you may need right away. This simple step can also help to save you money, especially overtime. The above mentioned steps are just a few of the many that you can take to join the fight against global warming. While it is important to remember that our homes are not the only cause of carbon dioxide emissions, we must all start somewhere. What better place then inside our homes? The Dangers of Global Warming If you use the internet, watch television, or listen to the radio, you may already be familiar with global warming. Global warming is an important issue that is widely discussed and debated, all around the world. Global warming is a phrase that is used to describe the increase in the earth's temperature. This rise in temperature is attributed to an increase in greenhouse gases. As important as it is to know that global warming is, it is also important to know the dangers that surround it. After all, many Americans will not take steps to combat global warming unless they know for sure that it is real and poses a serious threat. As for the threat that global warming poses, you will find that there is likely to be an increased risk of diseases and illnesses. This is because mice, insects, and other rodents will be able to notice a change in the environment, namely their local temperatures and surroundings. This will likely cause many to migrate to areas that may have previously been deemed uninhabitable. After all, why wouldn't they move, especially if the weather conditions were perfect for doing so? Unfortunately, this is likely to lead to a spread of disease. Although most of these diseases will be treatable, it may cause concern, especially when diseases and other health related issues impact areas previously left untouched. Coastal flood is another one of the many dangers that can and will likely be associated with global warming. Although we are noticing an increase in sea level right now, coastal flooding isn't likely to be a significant problem for a few years now, but that still doesn't mean that it should be ignored or pushed to the side. Global warming is playing a role in the melting of glaciers, snow and other ice masses. This melting will cause a significant rise in sea level overtime; thus leading to coastal flooding. If the costal flood is as bad as anticipated by many scientists and computer weather models, there is a good chance that billions of individuals will be displaced, all around the globe. In addition to the melting of glaciers and other large ice and snow masses, many locations will likely receive smaller amounts of snow and ice during the wintertime, if they even do receive any at all. This may have an impact on the activities that humans are able to participate in and it may have a significant impact on the economy, both locally and nationally. Of course, it is important to remember that global warming not only causes the temperature to rise, but it also causes erratic weather. So, it is common for one area of the world to receive little to no snowfall, while another area, at the same time, may be buried under two feet of snow. As previously stated, coastal flooding is one of the many dangers associated with global warming. With that in mind, so are droughts. In areas on unaffected by coastal flooding and in areas where the temperature continues to rise, rivers, streams, lakes, and ponds are likely to dry up and possibly at an even quicker rate of speed. Severe and widespread droughts and water shortages can have a huge negative impact on our way of life and economy. Farmers rely on water to grow their crops and humans rely on water, as well as a farmer's crops to survive. Perhaps, the most horrific danger that may result from global warming is the panic that will likely set in. How would you feel or react if you one day saw your costal home flood? If you were lucky enough to survive the flood or if you lived farther inland, you may still have your home, but a drought may result in a shortage of food and water. How you would react to news that diseases previously not seen in your area were invading it? There was a good chance that panic would set in almost immediately. If global warming cases the changes that are being predicted, such as the ones outlined above, widespread panic is almost a certainty. The Affects of Global Warming With all of the press and celebrity attention that surrounds global warming, there is a good chance that you are at least relatively familiar with this widely debated issue. Yes, you may know that the earth's temperature is rising and you may even know that rise is due to toxins, but do you know the affects that global warming can have on our planet, the economy, and human life in general? When it comes to global warming, there are many individuals who choose to believe that it is simply a myth or an untrue theory. This is mostly due in part to the affects of global warming. We aren't currently seeing the horrific consequences that many predictions call for. With that in mind, it is important to remember that many of us will not notice a lot of changes in our weather or our environment right away. We will notice some, but many of the affects of global warming will not be seen for years to come. As for the affects of global warming that we notice right now, we are beginning to see stronger storms. Of course, we will never forget Hurricane Katrina and the impacts it had on the Gulf Course or even the whole country for that matter. We are also noticing an increase in stronger thunderstorms and more devastating tornados. Although stronger storms may be related to global warming, many are curious as to the numbers. Yes, these storms, especially hurricanes, are decreasing in numbers, but when they do hit, many are causing more damage than ever before. Another affect of global warming that we are noticing now is the melting of icecaps and other glaciers. While this melting is something that has always been predicted, it is happening at a much faster rate than expected. Many computer models predicted that the melting we are currently seeing today wouldn't happen for at least five more years. Droughts are another affect of global warming that many are experiencing firsthand. In the summer and early fall of 2007, many southern states, in the United States, such as Tennessee and Georgia, experienced horrific drought conditions. In fact, these conditions are still currently a problem. Even with water restrictions and bans, many cities, towns, and counties were concerned with the drought and their current state of having water. In fact, many feel that they will run out of water supply soon if a solution is not found. As for the future affects of global warming, we are likely to see a change in sea and wildlife. In fact, we are starting to notice a few changes now. This is most commonly seen with polar bears and the melting icecaps. Many are finding it difficult to get food, as there is less ice for them to rely on. In the future, many scientists and wildlife experts predict that polar bears will become extinct in certain areas of the world. Until that point in time, we likely notice changes in the ways that polar bears and other animals hunt for food. Flooding is also a major concern with global warming. To many, however, flooding seems a bit ironic, especially with doubts listed as a global warming affect above. When it comes to flooding, coastal areas are the ones that will see the changes. The flooding predicted is likely to leave many coastal areas unlivable. The rise in waters along many coastal areas is due in part to a combination of factors, including warming temperatures, the expansion of water, as well as the melting of glaciers and icecaps. As previously stated, it is important to remember that global warming and the affects it can and will likely have on the earth will come in stages. Just because you may not notice significant changes in our weather patterns or the economy right now, it does not mean that global warming does not exist or that it is an issue that we shouldn't worry about. The good news is that these slow moving stages may give us more time to stop global warming or at least lessen its impact. Transportation Issues and Global Warming There is great concern over the greenhouse gas emissions from vehicles that contribute to global warming. Transportation has become a major issue. New fuels, new cars, and new types of communities are being discussed as solutions. Gasoline-burning cars are a major contributor to global warming. In fact, they are the second largest cause of global warming pollution in the United States. It would be beneficial if the cars could be more efficient. If they could burn cleaner fuels, it would even be better. It is predicted that Americans will continue to put gasoline-burning cars on the road at alarming rates over the next twenty years. The number estimated is around 300 million new cars. With this expectation, it is clear that cars should be made with energy efficiency in mind. Otherwise, they will cause extensive global warming. Hybrid engines are being touted by many celebrities as a way to prevent global warming. Many celebrities prefer the Prius hybrid car. These hybrid cars do, in fact, double gas mileage. At the same time, they reduce harmful emissions that lead to global warming. Future technologies for cars, such as fuel cells, may ease global warming even more. Fuel cells change hydrogen fuel and oxygen into electricity. Then, the electricity is used to run the vehicle. This technology has already been used by NASA and is projected to help ease global warming in the future. Alternate fuels have been in the news for helping with reducing global warming as well. One of the most interesting fuels is bio-diesel. This type of fuel can be made from a variety of sources. Vegetable oils such as soybean and rapeseed oils have been used successfully in regular diesel vehicles. Animal fats work, but are rarely used because they are too expensive. However, used oil from fast food restaurants can be employed to do the same thing. It is surprising that global warming can be slowed down by the use of fast food by-products. Ethanol is being used in many countries, now including the US, to decrease pollution and dependence on foreign oil. Global warming is impacted, too. Brazil, which uses ethanol almost exclusively, makes the fuel from sugar cane. In the US, corn is the chief source of ethanol. Some cars are flex-fuel cars which can be run on different fuel sources. They can use alcohol, gasoline, or a combination. E85 is mostly ethanol with 15% of the fuel being gasoline. This fuel performs a little better than pure ethanol, but is more conducive to cutting down on global warming than gasoline. Another way global warming can be addressed through transportation issues is in community planning. Communities can be built so that people can spend more time walking or cycling than driving. This cuts down dramatically on greenhouse gas emissions, thereby reducing global warming. The world, especially the US, can make some changes in the way they move about and transport their goods. If people do nothing, greenhouse gasses will surely increase drastically. However, if changes are made, global warming will be cut to a very large degree. The IPCC Reports on Global Warming The Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change has issued its Fourth Assessment Report in 2007. This report shows the effects and predictions concerning the issues surrounding global warming. Due to the size of the report and the amount of information contained in it, it takes a good deal of study to thoroughly understand the entire document. However, some points can be made about the IPCC report. Working Group I is a part of the IPCC that reported on its study of the Physical Science Basis of the report. This dealt with the observations of global warming and the current state of how the sciences study global warming. Attention was given as to how much of the problem was due to human activity and how much to causes in nature. Then, this section of the report makes predictions of how the course of global warming will run in the future. After being produced by over 600 writers from 40 countries, the report was reviewed by another 620. The resulting findings were that global warming was indeed happening, and that human activity accounted for most of the cause of global warming. This report notes many climatic changes that are occurring due to global warming. Some of these are changes in the make-up of the atmosphere, warming of the earth, and changes in ice, snow and permafrost. Also included were notes about the different amounts of rainfall and flooding, along with the frequency of drought. The severity of hurricanes was discussed. It is stated that humans have brought on the global warming that has caused the extreme hurricanes, and that the 21st century will see even more of them. The portion of the study that blamed humans was a result of expert opinions more than a product of research. Different factors were discussed that could cause global warming or cooling. The current era was defined as starting in 1750. In the current era, the sun has radiated more intense heat, human activities have raised the temperature, and greenhouse gases have increased rapidly. Different models were given of the course global warming would take in the next century. The models were run using different scenarios. They all turned out somewhat different. However, they all indicated significant global warming. The rises of temperature and of sea levels were explored fully. All the different models based on different scenarios were run to determine the numbers for these aspects of global warming. The prediction was that these levels would continue to rise for 1000 years, until all the excess greenhouse gases could be removed from the atmosphere. Working Group II was involved with determining the Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability surrounding global warming. Working Group III had the task of determining what would be the best Mitigation of Climate Change. This part of the report gave recommendations to world leaders on the subject of global warming initiatives. The IPCC's report is a lengthy study into the nature of global warming. It covers the past, the current situation, and predictions about the future. Then, it proceeds to discuss ways to curb global warming. It is an important document, and it should be read by anyone interested in global warming. How You Can Learn More About Global Warming Are you concerned with global warming? If you are, you are not alone. While a lot of speculation and debate surrounds global warming, many are still concerned. After all, if the predictions are right many coastal residents will be displaced, it will be easier for diseases to spread, and our economy can suffer a huge blow. As concerning as global warming is, it is important to refocus on the debate that surrounds it. Although you are able to find a large number of documentary movies, television programs, newscasts, and books on global warming, you will also find opposition. There are many well known figures, which include politicians and even a few celebrities and scientists, who claim that global warming is nothing but a sham. This opposition may cause some confusion. If you are unsure what to believe about global warming, you will want to do your own research. When looking to research global warming, you may first want to turn to the internet. The interenet is one of the best ways to do research as it is nice, easy, and convenient. When using the internet, you may want to visit the online websites of global warming activists and watch groups. With that in mind, you may also want to visit the websites of those who claim global warming is nothing but a myth, an untrue theory. This will give you the opportunity to examine both sides of the debate. While what you find will vary, you are likely to find websites, on both sides, that list statistics and facts supporting their viewpoints. These websites can easily be found with a standard internet search. As previously stated, many scientists, meteorologists, and computer generated models, predict that global warming can and will have a profound affect on our planet and the way that we humans live our lives. If you are looking for more information on the dangers that surround global warming, such as the impact it will have on our future economy, you will also want to turn to the internet. A standard internet search with the phrase "global warming dangers," can provide you with detailed lists of exactly how global warming is predicted to change the earth, and not necessarily in a good way. Another point of global warming that you may want to focus on is the myths that are associated with it. As previously stated, many politicians and celebrities have thrown their support by global warming, as well as those who oppose it. With such a hot topic, it is easy for the facts and statistics to get distorted. A standard internet search with the phrase "global warming facts," or "global warming myths," can help you better understand global warming from all vantage points. For example, one myth that surrounds global warming is the melting of glaciers. Yes, global warming is causing glaciers and other ice masses to melt, but did you know that global warming isn't the sole cause of this melting? In addition to using the internet to research global warming, you can also turn to your television. As previously stated, many newscasts and television shows focus on global warming. While not always true, you may find those programs that are featured on the Discovery Channel and the Weather Channel to be a little less biased as compared to some documentaries. Speaking of documentaries, two well known documentaries that cover global warming and ones that you may find enlightening are Al Gore's "An Inconvenient Truth" and Leonard DiCaprio's "11th Hour." There are also a number of global warming books available for sale. These books are often scientific in nature and written by professionals in the field. Whether you buy a book from one of your local book stores or if you borrow one from your local library, be sure to check the date, as you will want to make sure that all information is at least semi-recent and updated.
InfoBank Intro | Main Page | Usenet Forums | Search The RockSite/The Web