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From: msteele@muenster.cs.wisc.edu (Michael Steele)
Newsgroups: alt.music.billy-joel,alt.answers,news.answers
Subject: Billy Joel Frequently Asked Questions
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Date: 5 Jan 1998 19:32:51 GMT
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Last-modified: 8 Nov 1997

**************************************************************************
This is the Frequently Asked Questions List (FAQ) for the Usenet
Newsgroup alt.music.billy-joel.  This list was last updated 11/8/97.
The current version of this FAQ is posted to alt.music.billy-joel,
alt.answers, and news.answers once every two weeks.  It can also be
anonymously FTP'ed from rtfm.mit.edu in the directory,
/pub/usenet/alt.music.billy-joel .  If you don't have anonymous FTP
capabilities, send mail to mail-server@rtfm.mit.edu with the word
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An HTML version of this document is available through 
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Please send Corrections, Additions, or Suggestions to:
Mike Steele  (msteele@cs.wisc.edu)
FAQ Maintainer for alt.music.billy-joel
**************************************************************************


INDEX
============================

I.   History of Billy Joel
        1. What's he up to lately?
        2. Fact Sheet
        3. History of Early Years
        4. Awards

II.  Discography (arranged by year)
        1. The Hassles
        2. Attila
        3. Billy Joel (solo career)
        4. Singles
        5. Videotapes
        6. Other Stuff

III. History of the Band
        1. Timeline of Band Members

IV.  Billy Joel Resources
        1. Books
        2. Magazine Articles
        3. Sheet Music
        4. Net Resources
                 a. FTP Sites
                 b. WWW Sites
                 c. Mailing List -- joel-request@chaos.taylored.com
        5. Fan Clubs

V.   Origins/Meanings of Songs, plus other Miscellaneous Questions
        1. Captain Jack
        2. Rosalinda's Eyes
        3. Downeaster Alexa
        4. The Bridge
        5. Vienna
        6. Big Shot
        7. Root Beer Rag (newsletter)
        8. Covers of Billy's Songs by Other Artists
        9. "Souvenir" Album
        10. Unreleased Songs
        11. KOHUEPT
        12. "An Innocent Man" Track Listing Discrepancy
        13. Scandinavian Skies
        14. Only the Good Die Young
        15. Scenes From an Italian Restaurant
        16. This Night
        17. Lullabye
        18. Root Beer Rag (the song)
        19. Movin' Out (Anthony's Song)



I. HISTORY OF BILLY JOEL
============================

1.  What's he up to lately?  
--------------------------- 
Billy's Greatest Hits Volume III was released in August.  The album
includes a newly recorded cover of Bob Dylan's "To Make You Feel My
Love", which was also the first single.  Another "Face-to-Face" tour
with Elton John is rumored to begin in the U.S. in January 1998 and
continue around the world until August 1998.

2.  Fact Sheet
----------------------
[Info is from 1994 edition of Who's Who in America]
        Real Name:       William Martin Joel
        Birthday:        May 9, 1949 (in the Bronx, NY)
        Married To:      Elizabeth Small (m. 1973, divorced 1982)
                           Christie Brinkley  (m. March 23, 1985, 
                           divorced Aug 25, 1994)
        Children:        Alexa Ray Joel  (b. December 29, 1985)
        Address: Maritime Music
                           280 Elm Street
                           Southampton, NY  11968

3.  A Biography of Billy Joel's Early Years
-------------------------------------------
[editor's note:  Since I didn't write the following, I don't want
to change the body of the text.  To clear up a lot of confusion,
Billy Joel was born in The Bronx, NY.  He grew up in Levittown, NY,
and went to high school in the neighboring town of Hicksville, NY.]

        Billy Joel
        Before the Piano Man
        A look into Billy Joel's early recordings
        by Paul Maclauchlan (paul@moore.com)
        Copyright 1991 by Paul Maclauchlan 

        William Joseph Martin (Billy) Joel, born May 9, 1949, in Levittown
        Long Island, New York.  He began piano lessons at age 4.  As a young
        teenager, Joel discovered the joys of reading books and decided to
        become a history teacher.  Billy divided his time between music,
        street gangs and boxing.  After 22 bouts he gave up the ring for
        piano.  "...when I came to a difficult passage I'd start knuckling
        the keyboards."  "I idolized The Beatles, especially Paul - nobody
        could come up with the melodies he could".

        His first band was a four piece beat band called "The Echoes".  The
        Echoes played cover versions of popular hits, including songs by The
        Rolling Stones, The Kinks, The Zombies and, of course, The Beatles.
        In late 1964, Billy was pressed into service by producer Shadow
        Morton, who was recording The Shangri-Las in a Levittown basement
        studio.  Billy played on "Leader Of The Pack", but was never paid,
        since he wasn't a union member.
        
        The Echoes became "The Lost Souls" in 1965 and "The Emerald Lords" in
        1966.  Billy and Emerald Lords bassist Howard Blauvelt left the 
        Emerald Lords to join "The Hassles" in 1967.  The Hassles were signed
        to United Artists (UA) Records in 1968.  The Hassles featured: John
        Dizek (vocals), Billy Joel (Keyboards), Jon Small (drums), Howie
        Blauvelt (bass) and Richard McKenner (guitar).  He occasionally billed
        himself as: Billy Joe Joel!

        The Hassles self-titled debut album contained original songs (by W.
        Joel) and covers.  Produced by Tony Michael and Vinnie Gorman. 
        United Artists 6631.  [see discography below for track listings]
        Two singles from the album flopped: Every Step I Take, Every Move I
        Make b/w I Hear Voices and You've Got Me Hummin' b/w I'm Thinking.

        Later the same year, 1968, The Hassles recorded and released their
        second, and final, album: Hour Of The Wolf.  Produced by Thomas Kay.
        United Artists 6699.  This album's songs were all originals by the
        band.  [see discography below for track listings]  Singles from the
        album were: 4 O'Clock In The Morning b/w Let Me Bring You To The
        Sunshine and Night After Day b/w Country Boy.

        The album was followed by a non-LP single, Great Balls Of Fire (Jack
        Hammer-Otis Blackwell) [the Jerry Lee Lewis song] b/w Travellin' Band
        (W.Joel) [not the CCR song].  Produced by The Hassles, that release
        sunk without a trace, and The Hassles were disbanded.

        Billy and Jon Small (The Hassles drummer) then formed Attila, and
        recorded an album Billy later described as "psychedelic bullshit". 
        The album was released on Epic (E 30030) and produced by Irwin Mazur,
        William Joel and Jonathan Small.  All music and lyrics by William
        Joel and Jonathan Small.  [see discography below for track listings]
        Billy eventually married Jon Small's wife, Elizabeth.

        Billy reportedly still loves Jimi Hendrix, but hates the album that
        was influenced by him.  After Attila, Billy worked as a rock
        journalist for Changes magazine and recorded a commercial for
        Bachmann's Pretzels with Chubby Checker.

        In 1971, he recorded his first "solo" album, "Cold Spring Harbor",
        for Family Records.  Billy was embarrassed by the record, which had
        been mastered at the wrong speed.  It was produced by Artie Ripp. 
        All songs were composed by Billy Joel.  [see discography below for
        track listings]  Singles: Everybody Loves You Now b/w She's Got A
        Way and Tomorrow Is Today b/w Everybody Loves You Now.

        Discouraged by touring for six months to support the album, opening
        for acts like J. Geils Band and Badfinger, Billy moved to California.
        There he performed as Bill Martin at Corky's on Van Nuys Blvd and at
        the Executive Lounge piano bar on Wilshire Blvd.  The experience is
        related in his first Columbia single: Piano Man.

        Information from this article is from liner notes by Glenn A. Baker
        and articles and books by Jeff Tamarkin and Peter Gabaccini.  Also
        from the records themselves.

4.  Awards
----------------------
        [Info is from 1994 edition of Who's Who in America]
        1978 Grammy Award for Record of the Year:  The Stranger
        1978 Grammy Award for Song of the Year:  Just the Way You Are
        1979 Grammy Nomination for Song of the Year:  Honesty
        1979 Grammy Award for Best Album:  52nd Street
        1979 Grammy Award for Best Rock Male Vocal Performance
        1980 Grammy Award for Best Rock Male Vocal Performance
        1980 American Music Award for Album of the Year:  Glass Houses
        1982 Grammy Nomination for Album of the Year:  The Nylon Curtain
        1984 Grammy Nomination for Album of the Year:  An Innocent Man
        1989 Grammy Nomination for Record of the Year:  Storm Front
        1989 Grammy Nomination for Song of the Year:  We Didn't Start the Fire
        1989 Grammy Nomination for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance
        1990 Grammy Nomination for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance 
        1990 Grammy Nomination for Producer of the Year
        1990 Grammy Legend Award
        1992 Inducted into Songwriters' Hall of Fame
        1992 Country Music Association Awards Nomination for Songwriter of
                 the Year:  Shameless
        1994 Grammy Nomination for Album of the Year: River of Dreams
        1994 Grammy Nomination for Record of the Year: River of Dreams
        1994 Grammy Nomination for Song of the Year: River of Dreams
        1994 Grammy Nomination for Best Male Pop Vocalist
        1994 Billboard Century Music Award


II. DISCOGRAPHY
============================

1. The Hassles
----------------------
[Thanks to Phil Hetherington (ee92pmh@brunel.ac.uk) and Paul Maclauchlan
(paul@moore.com) for this info]

The Hassles (1967, re-release '81)      Hour of the Wolf (1968, re-release '81)
-----------                          ----------------
Warming Up                      Country Boy
Just Holding On          Night After Day
A Taste Of Honey           Hour of the Wolf
Every Step I Take (Every Move       4 O'Clock in the Morning
     I Make)                      Cat
Coloured Rain                  Hotel St. George
I Hear Voices                  Land of Despair
I Can Tell                      Further Than Heaven
Giving Up (Version #2)
Fever                         (_Hour of the Wolf_ was released in
You've Got Me Hummin'            Austria under the title _Night After
                                                  Day_ in 1992)

The Hassles (re-release '92)
-----------
[All of the above tracks plus:]
I'm Thinkin'
I'll Be Around
When I Get Home
It's Not Enough
Love Luck
Look And You Will Find
Blow My Mind
Giving Up (Version #1)


2. Attila
----------------------
[Thanks to Paul Maclauchlan (paul@moore.com) for this info]

Attila (1970)                  Rollin' Home (BJ w/Attila/Hassles)
------                    ------------
(This album was released in           California Flash
 Italy as a Billy Joel album         Wonder Woman
 entitled "California Flash" on   Revenge is Sweet
 Lotus Records.)           Amplifier Fire:
Wonder Woman                              Part I-Godzilla
California Flash              Part II-March of the Huns
Revenge is Sweet           Rollin' Home
Amplifier Fire              Tear This Castle Down
     Part I-Godzilla               Holy Moses
     Part II-March of the Huns     Brain Invasion
Rollin' Home                      E.A.R.
Tear This Castle Down            Rabbitt
Holy Moses *                      The Tough Boy
Brain Invasion              Enough is Enough
                                                  Extra Extra
* (Holy Moses did not appear on   Crossing the Door
the "California Flash" Release)


3. Billy's Solo Career
----------------------
[Thanks to Kevin Harter (HARTERK5863@cobra.uni.edu) for this info]

Cold Spring Harbor (1971)               Piano Man (1973)
------------------                     ---------
She's Got a Way          Travelin' Prayer
You can Make me Free               Piano Man
Everybody Loves You Now      Ain't No Crime
Why Judy Why                      You're My Home
Falling of the Rain                  The Ballad of Billy the Kid
Turn Around                          Worse Comes to Worst
You Look so Good to Me         Stop In Nevada
Tomorrow is Today                If I Only Had the Words (To Tell You)
Nocturne              Somewhere Along the Line
Got to Begin Again                     Captain Jack

Streetlife Serenade (1974)             Turnstiles (1976)
-------------------                  ----------
Streetlife Serenade                  Say Goodbye to Hollywood
Los Angelenos                  Summer, Highland Falls
The Great Suburban Showdown           All You Wanna Do is Dance
Root Beer Rag                  New York State of Mind
Roberta               James
The Entertainer          Prelude/Angry Young Man
Last of the Big Time Spenders       I've Loved These Days
Weekend Song                      Miami 2017 (Seen the Lights
Souvenir                  go out on Broadway)
The Mexican Connection

The Stranger (1977)                  52nd Street (1978)
------------                      -----------
Movin' Out (Anthony's Song)           Big Shot
The Stranger                      Honesty
Just the Way You Are               My Life
Scenes from an Italian Restaurant       Zanzibar
Vienna                    Stiletto
Only the Good Die Young      Rosalinda's Eyes
She's Always A Woman               Half a Mile Away
Get it Right the First Time           Until the Night
Everybody Has a Dream            52nd Street

Glass Houses (1980)                  Songs In The Attic (1981)
------------                      ------------------
You May be Right           Miami 2017 (Seen the Lights
Sometimes A Fantasy                          go out on Broadway)
Don't Ask Me Why           Summer, Highland Falls
It's Still Rock and Roll to Me     Streetlife Serenader
All for Leyna                  Los Angelenos
I Don't Want to be Alone         She's Got A Way
Sleeping with the Television On   Everybody Loves You Now
C'Etait Toi (You Were the One)     Say Goodbye to Hollywood
Close to the Borderline      Captain Jack
Through the Long Night         You're my Home
                                                  The Ballad of Billy the Kid
                                                  I've Loved These Days

The Nylon Curtain (1982)         An Innocent Man (1983)
-----------------                ---------------
Allentown                  Easy Money
Laura                         An Innocent Man
Pressure              Uptown Girl
Goodnight Siagon           This Night
She's Right on Time                  Tell Her About It
A Room of Our Own                The Longest Time
Surprises                  Careless Talk
Scandinavian Skies                     Christie Lee
Where's the Orchestra?         Leave a Tender Moment Alone
                                                  Keeping the Faith

Greatest Hits Volume I & Volume II (Double CD Set - 1985)
----------------------------------
Greatest Hits Volume I 1973-1977        Greatest Hits Volume II 1978-1985
--------------------------------        ---------------------------------
Piano Man                  My Life
Captain Jack *              Big Shot
The Entertainer *      You May be Right
Say Goodbye to Hollywood         It's Still Rock and Roll to Me
New York State of Mind         Don't Ask Me Why +
The Stranger                      She's Got A Way *
Scenes from an Italian Restaurant *     Pressure
Just the Way You Are               Allentown
Movin' Out (Anthony's Song)           Goodnight Saigon
Only the Good Die Young      Tell Her About It
She's Always a Woman               Uptown Girl
                                                  The Longest Time
(* Songs which only appear on CD        You're Only Human (Second Wind)
version, not LP or Cassette)         The Night is Still Young
(+ Song which did not appear on
the Australian release)      Honesty appeared on the Australian
                                        release of Gr. Hits Vol. II

The Bridge (1986)                KOHUEPT (1987)
----------                      -------
Running On Ice              Odoya
This is the Time           Angry Young Man
A Matter of Trust                Honesty
Modern Woman                      Goodnight Saigon
Baby Grand                      Stiletto
Big Man on Mulberry Street             Big Man on Mulberry Street
Temptation                      Baby Grand
Code of Silence          An Innocent Man
Getting Closer              Allentown
                                                  A Matter of Trust
                                                  Only the Good Die Young
                                                  Sometimes a Fantasy
                                                  Uptown Girl
                                                  Big Shot
                                                  Back in the U.S.S.R.
                                                  The Times They Are a Changin'

Storm Front (1989)                     River of Dreams (1993)
-----------                          ---------------
That's Not Her Style               No Man's Land
We Didn't Start the Fire         The Great Wall of China
The Downeaster "Alexa"         Blonde Over Blue
I Go to Extremes           A Minor Variation
Shameless                  Shades of Grey
Storm Front                          All About Soul
Leningrad                  Lullabye (Goodnight, My Angel)
State of Grace              The River of Dreams
When in Rome                      Two Thousand Years
And So it Goes              Famous Last Words

Greatest Hits Vol. III (1997)
----------------------
Keeping the Faith
An Innocent Man
A Matter of Trust
Baby Grand
This is the Time
Lenningrad
We Didn't Start the Fire
I Go To Extremes
And So It Goes
The Downeaster Alexa
Shameless
All About Soul
Lullabye
River of Dreams
To Make You Feel My Love
Hey Girl
Light As The Breeze

4. Singles
----------
Everybody Loves You Now / She's Got A Way (1973)
Tomorrow is Today / Everybody Loves You Now (1973)
Piano Man / You're My Home (1973)
Worse Comes to Worst / Somewhere Along the Line (1974)
Travelin' Prayer / Worse Comes to Worst (1974)
The Entertainer / The Mexican Connection (1974)
James / Summer, Highland Falls (1976)
I've Loved These Days / Say Goodbye to Hollywood (1976)
Movin' Out (Anthony's Song) / She's Always a Woman (1977) 
Just the Way You Are / Get It Right the First Time (1977)
Movin' Out (Anthony's Song) / Everybody Has a Dream (1978)
Only the Good Die Young / Get It Right the First Time (1978)
She's Always a Woman / Vienna (1978)
My Life / 52nd Street (1978)
Big Shot / Root Beer Rag (1979)
Honesty / The Mexican Connection (1979)
Souvenir / All For Leyna (1980)
You May Be Right / Close To the Borderline (1980)
It's Still Rock and Roll to Me / Through the Long Night (1980)
Don't Ask Me Why / C'etait toi (record, 1980)
Sometimes a Fantasy / All For Leyna (1980)
Say Goodbye to Hollywood / Summer Highland Falls (1981)
She's Got A Way / Ballad of Billy the Kid (1981)
Pressure / Laura (1982)
Allentown (one sided budget release, 1982)
Allentown / Elvis Presley Blvd. (record, 1982)
An Innocent Man / I'll Cry Instead (live; cover of the Beatles) (record, 1983)
Goodnight Saigon / A Room of Our Own (1983)
Tell Her About It / Easy Money (1983)
Tell Her About It / Easy Money / You Got Me Hummin' (live; The Hassles) 
        (12-inch record, 1983)
Uptown Girl / Careless Talk (1983)
Leave a Tender Moment Alone / This Night (1984)
The Longest Time / Christy Lee (1984)
Keeping The Faith / She's Right On Time (1985)
Suprises / You're Only Human (second wind) (1985)
A Matter of Trust / Getting Closer (1986)
Modern Woman / Sleeping With the Television On (1986)
This is the Time / Code of Silence (1986)
Baby Grand / Big Man on Mulberry St. (1987)
Back in the USSR / Big Shot (1987)
The Times They Are A Changin' / Back in the USSR (1987)
We Didn't Start the Fire / House of Blue Light (cassette, 1989)
I Go to Extremes / When In Rome (1989)
The Downeaster Alexa / And So It Goes (1989)
That's Not Her Style / And So It Goes (1989)
And So It Goes / ???? (1989)
Shameless / Storm Front (live) (1991)
All Shook Up / Wear My Ring Around Your Neck (by Ricky Van Shelton)
        (cassette, 1992)
River of Dreams / No Man's Land (CD, 1993)
No Man's Land / No Man's Land, Shades of Grey (live--London, May, 1993)
        (CD, import from England)
No Man's Land / We Didn't Start the Fire, Allentown, Matter of Trust (CD,
        import from England)
All About Soul / You Picked A Real Bad Time (1993)
Lullabye (Goodnight, My Angel) / Two Thousand Years (1994)
A Hard Day's Night / Piano Man (live--import from Australia)
To Make You Feel My Love / To Make You Feel My Love (Barebones version) 
        / Goodbye Yellow Brick Road / Hard Day's Night (CD, 1997)


5. Videotapes
-------------
A Matter of Trust (1991)
Billy Joel From the River of Dreams (Frankfurt, Germany, 6/18/94)
Billy Joel Tonight (Univ. of Connecticut, 12/5/76)
Eye of the Storm
Live at London (6/8/94)
Live from Long Island (Nassau Coliseum, 12/29/82)
Live from Lenningrad, USSR
Live from Tokyo, Japan (1/3/91)
Live from Yankee Stadium (6/20-21/90)
The Russia Collection
Shades of Grey (1993)
The Video Album (two volumes, 1986)

6. Other Stuff & Rare Stuff
---------------------------
Boxed sets available in other contries, special editions, and albums by
other artists that Billy has appeared on.

"All Shook Up", "Heartbreak Hotel" -- Soundtrack from "Honeymoon in Vegas".
        (1992)
Australian Souvenir CD Set -- Includes Greatest Hits Vol 1 & 2, Storm
        Front, an Interview CD, and a live CD from a concert at Yankee
        Stadium
Bachman Pretzels Commercial -- Billy Joel plays the Hammond organ with
        Chubby Checker singing "The Twist" in this short TV advertisement
        (not seen, only heard)
"Be Crool To Your Scuel" -- Billy Joel played piano on this Twisted 
        Sister song from the album _Come Out And Play_.  Atlantic 
        Records (1985)
"Big Shot" -- Soundtrack from "Star 80" ("Stiletto" is also in the movie,
        but not listed in the credits)
"Billy Joel Interview Album" -- Interview with Billy Joel by Denis McNamara
        featuring 6 songs from _Songs in the Attic_.  CBS Records (1981)
"Deco Dance" -- Billy Joel plays piano on two songs on this Ellito Murphy album
"Down in the Bondocks" -- Billy Joel does some vocals on two songs on
        this very rare D.L. Byron album
"Earl Scruggs Anniversary Revue" -- Billy Joel plays piano on four songs
"Easy Money" -- Soundtrack from "Easy Money"
"I Get No Sleep" -- Billy Joel played piano on this Richard Marx song from
        the album _Rush Street_
"In a Sentimental Mood" -- Soundtrack from "A League of Their Own". (1992)
Journey to the River of Dreams -- 1995 Australian 2 CD set with one CD of
        live music and one interview CD (same as "River of Dreams" 3 CD set
        below, only without _River of Dreams_)
"Just The Way You Are" -- Soundtrack from "FM" (this is a different version
        from any other release of the song)
"Light as the Breeze" -- _Tower of Song_ (Leonard Cohen tribute album) (1995)
"Maybe He'll Know" -- Billy sang backup on this Cyndi Lauper song from the
        album "True Colors"
"Modern Woman" -- Soundtrack from "Ruthless People"
"My Life" -- Theme Song from _Bosom Buddies_, an early 80's American
        sitcom starring Tom Hanks (premiered in Fall 1979 on ABC)
"Nobody Knows But Me" -- Sesame Street's _In Harmony 2_ album (1981)
Paul Simon, Bruce Springsteen & Friends Homeless Children's Medical
        Benefit Concert -- 2 CD set of benefit concert.  Includes 
        Billy Joel singing on several songs.
"River of Dreams" 3 CD set -- Triple CD set released in Germany including
        "River of Dreams", a CD with live recordings from the River of
        Dreams tour (6 songs, including "Hard Day's Night" and "Goodbye
        Yellow Brick Road"), and "An Evening of Questions and Answers
        With Billy Joel at Princeton in Spring Semester & Perhaps a Few Songs"
Souvenir -- Promotional album released by Columbia in 1977.  (see section
        5.10 for more info)
_Time Out of Mind_ -- Approximately 6 out of 10 songs on this Grover
        Washington Jr. album have "Arrangement and Accompaniment by
        Billy Joel" in the credits
"We Are the World" -- Billy sang one line for this song.
"We Didn't Start The Fire" -- _Grammy's Greatest Moments Volume II_ (1994)
        Live recording from the 1990 Grammy Awards show
"When You Wish Upon A Star" -- Disney's _Simply Mad About the Mouse... A
        Musical Celebration of Imagination_ (1991) (he also did a video 
        for this song)
"Why Should I Worry" -- Soundtrack from Disney's "Oliver & Company".  Billy
        also did the voice of the dog (Dodger) in the movie

Additionally, a digitally remastered version of "52nd Street" was released.



III. HISTORY OF THE BAND
============================
        [Thanks to Claire Caterer (caterer@panix.com) for this info]

        The Hassles:
        ------------
        Billy Joel (vocals, Hammond organ)
        John Dizek (vocals, percussion)
        Howie Blauvelt (bass guitar)
        Richie McKenner (lead guitar)
        Jon Small (drums)

        Attila:
        -------
        Billy Joel (vocals, keyboards)
        Jon Small (drums)

        Billy Joel's Band Through His Solo Career:
        ------------------------------------------
        [Abbreviations: CSH = Cold Spring Harbor; PM = Piano Man; 
                 SS = Streetlife Serenade; TS = Turnstiles; S = Stranger;
                 52 = 52nd Street; GH = Glass Houses; SITA = Songs in the Attic;
                 NC = Nylon Curtain; IM = Innocent Man; GHITS = Greatest
                 Hits Vol. I & II (original songs); B = The Bridge;
                 K = KOHUEPT; SF = Storm Front; RD = River of Dreams]
                           
        The Mainstays:
        ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
        David Brown (guitar on GH, SITA, NC, IM, GHITS, B, S, SF)
        Richard Cannata (tenor and soprano saxophone, clarinet, flute, organ
                 on TS, S, 52, GH, SITA, RD)
        Liberty DeVitto (drums on TS, S, 52, GH, SITA, IM, GHITS, B, K, SF, RD)
        Russell Javors (guitar, acoustic guitar, rhythm guitar on TS, GH, SITA,
                 NC, IM, B, K)
        Billy Joel (vocals, keyboards, moogs, organ, piano, harmonica, 
                 synthesizers, hammond organ, hammond B-3, melodica, 
                 acoustic guitar, clavinet, harpsicord)
        Mark Rivera (alto sax, tenor sax, percussion, background vocals,
                 syntharmonica on IM, GHITS, B, K)
        Doug Stegmeyer (bass, background vocals on TS, S, 52, GH, SITA, NC,
                 IM, GHITS, B, K)

        The Famous Folks:
        ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
        Peter Cetera (background vocals on 52: "My Life")
        Ray Charles (piano, vocals on B: "Baby Grand")
        Color Me Badd (background vocals on RD: "All About Soul")
        Cyndi Lauper (background vocals on B: "Code of Silence")
        Richard Marx (background vocals on SF: "That's Not Her Style",
                 "Storm Front")
        Itzhak Perlman (fiddle on SF: "Downeaster Alexa")
        David Sanborn (alto sax on IM)
        Steve Winwood (hammond B-3 on B: "Getting Closer")

        The Rest (by instrument):
        ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
        Piano/Keyboards/Synthesizers:
        -----------------------------
        Jeff Bova (B), Al Campbell (CSH), L.D. Dixon (CSH), Jeff Jacobs
        (SF, RD), Dave Lebolt (GHITS, K), John Mahonet (SF), Rob Mounsey
        (B), Leon Pendarvis (NC), Richard Tee (S, IM)

        Drums/Percussion:
        -----------------
        Zachary Alford (RD), Jimmy Bralower (GHITS, B), Vinnie Calaiuta (B),
        Rhys Clark (CSH, PM), David Friedman (52), Steve Jordan (RD), Andy
        "Funky Drummer" Kravitz (RD), Mingo Lewis (TS), Ralph MacDonald
        (S, 52, IM), Mike McGee (CSH), Sammy Merendino (SF), Jim Saporito
        (RD), Danny Siewell (CSH), Crystal Taliefero (SF), Ron Tutt (PM, SS)

        Guitar/Acoustic Guitar:
        -----------------------
        Richard Bennett (PM, SS), Hiram Bullock (S), Tommy Byrnes (RD),
        Larry Carlton (CSH), Gary Dalton (SS), Mike Deasy (SS), Kevin
        Dukes (K), Howie Emerson (TS), Don Evans (CSH, SS), Eric Gale
        (52, IM), Al Hertzberg (SS), Joey Hunting (SF), Mick Jones (SF),
        Steve Kahn (S, 52), "Sneaky" Pete Kleinow (CSH), Dan Kortchmar
        (RD), John McCurry (GHITS, B), Ary Munson (SS), Dean Parks (PM, B),
        Roj Rathor (SS), Michael Stewart (SS), Sal De Troia (CSH), Mike
        Tyler (RD), Leslie West (RD)

        Acoustic Guitar:
        ----------------
        Steve Burgh (S), Howie Emerson (TS), Steve Kahn (S, 52), Hugh
        McCracken (S, 52), James Smith (TS), David Spinozza (52)

        Bass:
        -----
        Ron Carter (B), Schuyler Deale (SF, RD), Wilton Felder (PM, SS),
        Emory Gordy (PM, SS), Lonnie Hillyer (RD), Jeff Lee Johnson (RD),
        Larry Knechtel (CSH, SS), Joe Osborn (CSH), T.M. Stevens (RD),
        Neil Stubenhaus (B), Chuck Treece (RD)

        Accordion:
        ----------
        Dominic Cortese (S, NC, SF), Michael Omartian (PM)

        Banjo:
        ------
        Fred Heilbrun (PM), Eric Weissberg (PM), Tom Whitehorse (SS)

        Horns:
        ------
        Dave Bargeron (trombone on B), Michael Brecker (horns, tenor sax
        on 52, IM, B), Randy Brecker (horns on 52), Ronnie Cuber (baritone
        sax on IM, GHITS, B), Eddie Daniels (sax, clarinet on NC, B),
        Laurence Etkin (trumpet on RD), Jon Faddis (trumpet on IM, 52),
        John Gatchell (trumpet on IM), Arno Hecht (baritone saxophone on
        RD), Freddie Hubbard (trumpet on 52), Osvaldo Melindez (trombone on
        RD), "The Memphis Horns" (Andrew Love, Wayne Jackson) (horns on SF),
        Lenny Pickett (saxophone on SF), Alan Rubin (trumpet on B), Joe
        Shepley (trumpet on IM), Marvin Stamm (trumpet on B), Phil Woods
        (alto sax on S)

        Harmonica/Syntharmonica:
        ------------------------
        Don Brooks (B, SF), Ronnie Cuber (IM, GHITS, B), Jon Faddis (GHITS),
        "Toots" Thielemans (IM)
        
        Other:
        ------
        Billy Armstrong (fiddle on PM), Joe Clayton (conga on SS),
        David Friedman (orchestral chimes on 52), The Georgian Singers
        "Zhournalist" (vocals on K), George Marge (sopranino recorder on
        52), Mike Mainieri (vibes, marimba on 52), Charles McCraken
        (cello on NC), William Smith (organ on SS)

        Background Vocals: 
        ------------------
        Mike Alexander (IM), Chuck Arnold (SF), Pattie Austin (S), Tom
        Bahler (IM), Phillip Ballou (RD), Katreese Barnes (RD), Dennis
        Collins (RD), The Creamers/Susan Steward & Co. (PM), Donnie
        Dacus (52), Patti Darcy (SF), Rory Dodd (IM), Will Downing (RD),
        Frank Floyd (52, IM, SF, RD), Babi Floyd (52), Wrecia Ford (RD),
        Diane Garisto (RD), Milt Grayson (52), Lani Groves (S, IM),
        Gwen Guthrie (S), Peter Hewlett (GHITS, B, K), Hicksville High
        School Chorus (SF), Jeff Jacobs (SF, RD), Stephanie James (RD),
        Devora Johnson (RD), Mick Jones (SF), Curtis King (SF), Ian
        Lloyd (SF), Ullanda McCullough (IM), Brian Ruggles (SF), Zack
        Sanders (52), Marlon Saunders (RD), Frank Simms (GHITS, RD),
        George Simms (K, RD), Ray Simpson (52), Phoebe Snow (S),
        Corliss Stafford (RD), Crystal Taliefero (SF, RD), Ron Taylor (IM),
        Terry Textor (IM), Eric Troyer (IM), Joe Lynn Turner (SF), Brenda
        White-King (SF, RD), B. David Whitworth (RD)


        
IV. BILLY JOEL RESOURCES
============================

1. Books
----------------------
        [Thanks to Claire Caterer (caterer@panix.com) for this info]

        BILLY JOEL by Peter Gambaccini; Jove Publications: 1979
        BILLY JOEL by M. Howard Gelfand; Creative Education: 1983
        BILLY JOEL by Michael McKenzie; Ballantine: 1984
        BILLY JOEL by Debbie Geller & Tom Hibbert; McGraw-Hill: 1985
        HEADLINERS: BILLY JOEL by Donald Meyers; Ace Books: 1981
        BILLY JOEL by Jurgen Seibold; VIP Paul Zsolnay Verlag, Vienna: 1993
        BILLY JOEL by Jeff Tamarkin; Cherry Lane Books: 1984
        ROCK STARS by Timothy White; Stewart, Tabori, & Chiang: 1984

2. Magazine Articles
----------------------
        [Thanks to Michael Kidd (mkidd@julian.uwo.ca) for the
        majority of this info]

        "Billy Joel Tricks the Phillies."  Rolling Stone.  Jun. 20, 1974
        "Billy Joel:  The Miracle of 52nd Street."  Rolling Stone.  
                 Dec. 14, 1978, pp. 70ff.
        "Rock Punk."  Penthouse.  May 1979
        "Hailed in Hicksville - How Billy Joel Became a Rock Troubador."
                 Hit Parader.  May 1979, pp. 29.
        "Billy Joel is Angry."  Rolling Stone.  Sep. 4, 1980, pp. 37ff.
        "Billy Joel."  Playboy.  May, 1982
        "Billy Joel:  Not as Bad as You Think."  Rolling Stone.  Oct. 28, 1982
        "He Sang of Their Troubles, but Grateful Citizens Say Thank You
                 Anyway To Billy Joel."  People.  Jan. 10, 1983
        "Former Boxer who has now achieved..."  Record Collector.  June 1985,
                 pp. 13-16.
        "Billy Joel."  Penthouse.  Dec. 1985
        "New Billy Joel LP A Star-Studded Affair."  Rolling Stone. 
                 Jun. 9, 1986
        "Billy Joel."  Rolling Stone.  Nov. 6, 1986, pp. 46ff.
        "Billy Joel."  Life.  Sep. 1987
        "Billy Joel's Russian Roadshow."  Rolling Stone.  Sep. 24, 1987
        "Billy Joel:  Doing the Kremlin Rag."  Life.  Oct. 1987
        "A Matter of Trust:  Billy Joel in the USSR."  Variety.  Jun. 29, 1988
        "Billy Joel Rides the Tide of Success into his 40's."  Billboard.  
                 Nov. 4, 1989
        "Billy Joel Starts a Fire..."  Rolling Stone.  Nov. 16, 1989
        "Billy Joel."  Keyboard.  Jan., 1990, pp. 50
        "Talent in Action:  Billy Joel."  Billboard.  Jan. 6, 1990
        "The Rolling Stone Interview:  Billy Joel."  Rolling Stone. 
                 Jan. 25, 1990, pp. 34ff.
        "The Lessons of Rock and Roll:  Billy Joel Presents History, the
                 Album (We Didn't Start the Fire)."  Newsweek.  Jan. 29, 1990
        "Hometown Hero:  Billy Joel."  Rolling Stone.  Aug. 9, 1990
        "Classic Songs:  Billy Joel's Top Ten Beatles Songs."  Rolling Stone.
                 Aug. 23, 1990
        "A Matter of Trust:  Billy Joel Suing Former Lawyers."  Billboard.
                 Oct. 3, 1992
        "Billy Joel."  Rolling Stone.  Oct. 15, 1992
        "Billy Joel: Of time and the 'River'."  Billboard.  Jun. 5, 1993
        "The Last Songwriter--River of Dreams by Billy Joel."  Time. 
                 Aug. 30, 1993
        "Little Billy (Kinda) Happy At Last."  Entertainment Weekly.  Sep.
                 10, 1993, pp. 38.
        "Picks & Pans--River of Dreams by Billy Joel."  People.  Sep. 20, 1993
        "Billy Joel's New Legal Firestorm."  Rolling Stone.  Sep. 30, 1993
        "Just the Way He Is."  People.  Oct. 25, 1993
        "Billy Joel Agrees to Drop Suit against Grubman."  Billboard. 
                 Nov. 6, 1993
        "Backstage with ... Billy Joel."  People Weekly.  Dec. 13, 1993, 
                 pp.132
        "Billy Joel."  Rolling Stone.  Dec. 23, 1993
        "The Year in Recordings."  Rolling Stone.  Dec. 23, 1993
        "Keeping the Faith."  Goldmine.  Jan. 7, 1994
        "Split Decisions."  People.  Apr. 25, 1994, pp. 53.

3. Sheet Music
----------------------
        Sheet music for all of Billy Joel's songs is available.  You
        should be able to find it at your favorite local music store.

        Billy Joel Complete Volume 1  (ISBN:0-7935-2070-3)  [contains
                 first 6 albums:  Cold Spring Harbor, Piano Man,
                 Streetlife Serenade, Turnstiles, The Stranger, and
                 52nd Street]  304 pages.  US$27.95
                 Hal Leonard Publishing Corporation
                 7777 West Bluemound Road
                 PO Box 13819
                 Milwaukee, WI  53213

        Billy Joel Complete Volume 1 (ISBN:0-88188-775-7) [same as
                 above, but does not include Cold Spring Harbor] 256 pages.  
                 Hal Leonard Publishing Corporation
                 960 East Mark Street
                 Winona, MN  55987
                 
        Billy Joel Complete Volume 2  (ISBN:0-88188-776-5) [contains
                 Glass Houses, Songs in the Attic, The Nylon Curtain,
                 An Innocent Man, and The Bridge]  
                 Hal Leonard Publishing Corporation
                 960 East Mark Street
                 Winona, MN  55987

        Billy Joel Complete Volume 2 (ISBN:0-79351-524-6) [same as the
                 book above, but also contains Storm Front]

        The Billy Joel Keyboard Book (ISBN:0-7935-1442-8)  
                [ Contains: Allentown, And So It Goes, Captain Jack, Honesty,
                Just The Way You Are, Movin' Out, My Life, New York State
                 Of Mind, Piano Man, Pressure, Scenes From An Italian
                 Restaurant, She's Always A Woman, She's Got A Way, The
                 Stranger, Streetlife Serenade.] 150 pages. US$17.95
                 Hal Leonard Publishing Corporation
                 7777 West Bluemound Road
                 PO Box 13819 Milwaukee, WI  53213

        Glass Houses (ISBN: ????)
                 April-Blackwood Publications
                 Distributed by Bradley Publications
                 43 West 61st Street
                 New York, NY  10023

        Greatest Hits (ISBN: ????)
                 SBK Entertainment World
                 Distributed by Hal Leonard Publishing Company (see above
                 for address)

        The Bridge (ISBN: 0-89898-485-8)
                 Columbia Pictures Publications
                 15800 N.W. 48th Avenue
                 Miami, FL  33014

        River of Dreams (ISBN: 0-7935-2733-3)
                 Hal Leonard Publishing Corporation (see above for address)


4. Streetlife Serenade Newsletter
---------------------------------
        Streetlife Serenade is a new newsletter put out independently
        from Billy's record company.  To obtain a free sample issue 
        (this is subject to change) and specifics on subscribing
        (including current subscription cost), write to:

                 Suzan Wells
                 c/o Wells Ink
                 P.O. Box 2075
                 Garden City, NY  11531

        
5. Net Resources
----------------------
   WWW SITES:
   ----------
       There are hundreds of fan created web sites... just do a web 
       search on "Billy Joel".  Here's a few good starting points.
            Official Sites
                 http://www.billyjoel.com/
                 http://www.music.sony.com/Music/ArtistInfo/BillyJoel.html
                 http://www.ssi.sony.com/SSI/Music/BJ/billy.html
                           (has MOV, MPEG, and AVI format animations)
                 http://www.maritimemusic.com/
            Fan Created Sites
                 http://www.turnstiles.org/  (one of the most complete fan
                           sites around)
                 http://persephone.inel.gov/klinjm/billy-joel.html
                           (an index of links to other Billy Joel pages)
                 http://www.shio.org/BJ/
                 http://www.lehigh.edu/~dat3/bj.html
                 http://www.netaxs.com/~impala/Billy.html
                 http://www.wizvax.net/prism/billy-joel/billjoel.html
                 http://www.comcen.com.au/~smurphy/billy.html
                 http://users.aol.com/jdsweeney/fire.html
                           (Lyrics to "We Didn't Start the Fire")
                 http://www.orlowski.com/joel/
                           (a site on the Billy Joel/Elton John tour)


   MAILING LISTS:
   --------------

        The Billy Joel Mailing List
        ---------------------------
        [Thanks to Chael Hall for this info]

        This mailing list is for fans of Billy Joel and his music.  Its
        intention is to provide a forum for intelligent discussion of Billy
        Joel, his music, concert dates, tour information, trivia, and other
        related topics.

        To subscribe, send mail to majordomo@chaos.taylored.com.  In the
        body of the message, include one of the following commands
        (in the left column):

            SUB JOEL             -- Subscribe to mailing list
            SUB JOEL-DIGEST      -- Subscribe to digest version
            INFO JOEL            -- Receive complete info on list

        For more complete information about the mailing list, go to
        http://www.turnstiles.org/ and select "Links", then select 
        "Billy Joel Mailing List"


   FAN CLUBS:
   ----------
        Prodigy Billy Joel Fan Club:  For users of the Prodigy On-Line
        ----------------------------  service.  How to get there:
        "Jump" "Music BB".  Select "Music 1 BB" from the menu.  Select
        "Rock Music A-K" from the next menu.  Type "Billy" in the 
        "to go to" space and press return.  In order to join the fan
        club, send inquiries to Beverly Baridon (NGNH06A@prodigy.com).
        You will be asked to fill out a questionnaire.  The club's
        newsletter, "All About Joel", is published bi-monthly.



V. Origins/Meanings of Songs, plus Other Misc. Questions
========================================================
Bear in mind that many of these songs can have other meanings.  These
are just Billy's intended meanings.  Feel free to interpret any of these
songs any way you like.

1.  Who/What is Captain Jack?
-----------------------------
        According to Billy Joel, Captain Jack was the neighborhood 
        drug dealer in his neighborhood when he was growing up.

2.  Who is Rosalinda in "Rosalinda's Eyes"?
-------------------------------------------
        Billy's Mom.

3.  Who is the "Famous Violinist Incognito" who plays on "Downeaster Alexa"?
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Itzhak Perlman.  They couldn't use his real name due to legal 
        complications about Perlman appearing on a different record label.

4.  What is the significance of the record title "The Bridge"?
--------------------------------------------------------------
        [From an interview in the back of the piano sheet music book for
        The Bridge]

        "I came up with the title THE BRIDGE about two-thirds of the way
        through the album ... I I didn't really know why when I first said
        it. Then when I thought about it, I realized there's been a lot of
        connections made on this record. There's a duet with Ray Charles,
        and Ray Charles is somebody I admired for years and years. That was
        a connection made, so there's a bridge. There's a song that was done
        with Steve Winwood playing the Hammond organ, and I've always
        admired Steve--for years and years. So there's another bridge. The
        album is probably more like an older Billy Joel album, harkening
        back to 52ND STREET and THE STRANGER, in that it's not a concept
        album. The songs are not necessarily related to one another, but
        they were written in the same [time] period. And for that reason,
        because there's a connection to the older stuff, there's another
        bridge. I also see it as a direction into a future type of writing."

5.  What's the significance behind "Vienna"?
--------------------------------------------
        Billy's Dad lives in Vienna.  He wrote the song after going there
        to visit him once.  At one of his campus lectures, Billy was 
        asked about the significance of Vienna, and replied (paraphrased
        by Ann M. Leonhardt (amlst20@pitt.edu)):

        He told us that he was very impressed at the respect given to
        elders in Europe. One day he saw an old woman sweeping a public
        street with great pride, and it made an impression. He wanted
        people to realize that there is time in life to accomplish
        our goals and everything doesn't have to be at a break-neack
        speed. Instead of fearing old age as we do here, it should be
        anticipated and valued. So, insead of rushing to accomplish
        everything in youth you should remember, "Vienna waits for you."

        
        Another possible deeper meaning comes from M. Coulter
        (mcoulter@utc.campus.mci.net):

        Since the early Classical period, composers understood that
        Vienna was the place to be for links to orchestras, chamber
        groups, commissions, and the nobility to appreciate such
        things.  The young Mozart hated working for a single patron, so
        he headed for Vienna to try to make it on his own.  I think the
        reference here is to a place where a musician goes to be truly
        tested (as the song talks about the need to be patient with
        oneself) sort of like Tin Pan Alley to songwriters here in the
        20's, or Los Angeles or New York City these days.  I have no
        knowledge of whether Billy may have actually mentioned the
        Vienna reference or not.  But I suspect, in the absence of any
        other information, that telling someone that "Vienna waits for
        you" is telling then to be patient.

6.  What (or who) was the inspiration for "Big Shot"?
-----------------------------------------------------
        A very bad date with Bianca Jagger.  Billy has also said that he
        wanted to write a hangover song to convey how it feels to look
        in the mirror the next day and mutter to yourself.

7.  What ever happened to the "Root Beer Rag" newsletter?
---------------------------------------------------------
        This newsletter was produced by Billy's former management
        agency.  When Billy broke up with his former manager, Frank
        Weber, the newsletter ceased to be published.
        
8.  Which of Billy's songs have other artists covered?
------------------------------------------------------
        "Allentown"
            -- Seekers (_This is the Seekers_)
        "Ballad of Billy The Kid"
            -- Michael Martin Murphey (_Cowboy Songs III_)
        "Just the Way You Are" 
            -- Acker Bilk (_In A Mellow Mood_)
            -- Captain & Tennille (_20 Years of Romance_)
            -- Caravan Cool Water (_HTD_)
            -- Richard Clayderman (_16 Love Songs_)
            -- Rosemary Clooney (_With Love_, 1980)
            -- Francisco Garcia (_Romantic Guitar Hits_)
            -- Hi-Los (_Two Originals_, 1979,81)
            -- John Holt (_16 Songs for Soulful Lovers_)
            -- Horst Jankowski (_Pop Goes Swing_)
            -- Jose Jose (in Spanish)
            -- Morgana King (_Everything Must Change_, 1978)
            -- Mornington Lockett (_Late Night Sax_, 1996)
            -- Johnny Mathis (_That's What Friends Are For_, 1978; 
               _Greatist Hits_)
            -- Paul Mauriat (_Gold Concert_, 1991)
            -- Joe Pass (_Virtuoso Live!_, 1991)
            -- Johnny Pearson (_Sleepy Shores_)
            -- Plansee Big Band (_Simply in the Mood_, 1996)
            -- David Qualey (_Handmade_, 1991)
            -- Kenny Rogers with Dottie West (_Love Songs_, 1990)
            -- Shadows (_Themes & Dreams_, 1991)
            -- William Shakesspeare (_Can't Stop Myself From Loving You_, 1974)
            -- Frank Sinatra (_Trilogy: Past, Present, and Future_)
            -- Strangeloves (_I Want Candy--The Best of_)
            -- Vogues (_Greatest Hits_) 
            -- Sylvia Vrethammar (_Something My Heart Might Say_, 1995)
            -- Barry White (_All Time Greatest Hits_)
            -- Gheorge Zamfir (_Pan Romance_)
        "Miami 2017" 
            -- Richard Marx (1993)
        "New York State of Mind" 
            -- Oleta Adams (_Evolution_, 1993)
            -- Shirley Bassey (_Superstar_; _All By Myself_)
            -- Carol Kaye (_The First Lady on Bass_, 1994)
            -- Kasia Kowalska (of Poland!)
            -- Manhattan Jazz Quintet (_My Funny Valentine_, 1986)
            -- Jon Mark (_The Last & Live Line_, 1981)
            -- Susannah McCorkle
            -- Carmen McRae (_I'm Coming Home Again_, 1978)
            -- Rolf from the Muppets (_Old Brown Ears is Back_)
            -- Diane Schuur (_Deedles_, 1984)
            -- Barbra Streisand (_Streisand Superman_, 1977; _Love Songs_; 
               _Memories_)
            -- Dr. Teeth and the Electric Mayhem (_The Muppet Show_)
            -- Mel Torme (_Mel Torme and Friends at Marty's_; _Live at the
               Fujitsu-Concord Jazz Festival_, 1990)
            -- Leslie West (_Dodgin' the Dirt_, 1993)
        "Piano Man"
            -- Thelma Houston (_The Best Of_)
        "Say Goodbye to Hollywood" 
            -- Peter Hoffman (_Rock Classics_, 1982)
            -- Bette Midler (_Broken Blossom_, 1977)
            -- Nigel Olsson (_Nigel_, 1979)
            -- Saga (_Steel Umbrellas_, 1994)
            -- Ronnie Spector (_Dangerous_)
        "Shameless" 
            -- Garth Brooks (_Ropin' the Wind_)
        "Summer, Highland Falls" 
            -- Peter, Paul, and Mary (_Reunion_)
        "The Longest Time"
            -- 6-Zylinder (_Vokal_, 1990)
        "Uptown Girl" 
            -- Alvin & The Chipmunks (_Here's Looking at Me_, 1993)
            -- Black Uhuru (_Brutal_, 1986)
            -- Shadows (_Reflection_, 1989)
            -- Soulsister (_Swinging Like Big Dogs_, 1994)
        "You May Be Right" 
            -- Alvin & The Chipmunks (_Chipmunk Punk_)
            -- Garth Brooks (_This is Garth Brooks--Live_)
            -- Southside Johnny (Theme Music for CBS's "Dave's World")
        "You're My Home" 
            -- Helen Reddy

9.  What was the "Souvenir" album?
----------------------------------
        [Thanks to Carl Woodin (cjw4@psuvm.psu.edu) for this info.]

        Souvenir was released by Columbia in 1977.  It was released as
        a half live, half greatest hits album.  It was distributed mainly
        to DJs, clubs, and fan clubs.  A VERY limited picture disc version
        was also released. 

        Side 1 (live) - Ballad of Billy the Kid
                           Summer, Highland Falls
                           New York State of Mind
                           Souvenir
        (This live side was recorded on 12/5-6/1976 at the Palmer
        Auditorium, Connecticut College, New London.  It was recorded
        during the taping of the Billy Joel tonight video.)

        Side 2 -         Entertainer
                           I've Loved these Days
                           Captain Jack
                           Los Angelenos
                           Say Goodbye to Hollywood

10.  What songs has Billy written that were never released?
-----------------------------------------------------------
        [Songs with years in parentheses are listed in the Library of
         Congress's List of Copyrights under Billy Joel's Name.  Thanks
         to Knut Meyer (kmeyer@spunk.bbn.hp.com) for this info.]

        These are songs which were either performed by Billy early in his
        career or songs that he copyrighted but never used on an album.
        No, they're not available anywhere (if they were, they wouldn't
        be "unreleased", now would they?).

        "Alexa's Theme" (1988)
        "Attitude Road" (1992)
        "Bye Bye" (Cold Spring Harbor/Piano Man days)
        "December Song" (Cold Spring Harbor/Piano Man days)
        "Every Time (Falling In Love)" (1982)
        "Great Ships, Great Oceans" (Cold Spring Harbor/Piano Man days)
        "Handball" (1979) (though he performed it in concert as early as 1977)
        "Indian Love Ball" (1981)
        "It's All Right" (1982)
        "It's Not Easy" (written for Cold Spring Harbor)
        "Josephine" (written between Cold Spring Harbor and Piano Man)
        "Long, Long Time" (written between Cold Spring Harbor and Piano Man)
        "Money or Love" (1989)
        "My Journey's End" (1964)
        "New Thing in C" (1989)
        "Numbers" (1982)
        "Only a Man" (Cold Spring Harbor/Piano Man days)
        "Oyster Bay" (Cold Spring Harbor/Piano Man days)
        "Prime of Your Life" (1981)
        "Rosalinda" (written between Cold Spring Harbor and Piano Man)
        "Song for Alexa" (1989 -- possibly became "Lullabye"?)
        "Tell Them You're In Love" (1985)
        "The Moment at Hand" (1988)
        "The Purple Heart" (1982 -- possibly became "Goodnight Saigon"?)
        "Until You Come to Me" (written for Cold Spring Harbor)
        "We All Have Our Cross to Bear" (written for Piano Man)
        "Wide Awake" (1982)
        "Where is My Lady" (written for Cold Spring Harbor)
        "Where's the Revolution" (written for Piano Man)
        "You Got Your Reasons" (1989)

11.  How do you pronounce "KOHUEPT"?
------------------------------------
        "KOHUEPT" is the Russian word for "Concert," and it is
        pronounced roughly like the English version of the word
        (approximately "cone-tsyert").  "KOHUEPT" is about the best
        approximation of the cryllic letters that I can do.

12.  Do I have a rare, misprinted "An Innocent Man" CD cover?
-------------------------------------------------------------
        When they printed the CD version of the "An Innocent Man" album,
        they switched the order of those two tracks from their original
        order on the LP release.  However, they merely copied the 
        old album cover over without correcting the swapped tracks.
        The listing on the disc itself and the order of the lyrics
        in the liner notes should be correct.  In short, no, you don't
        have a rare misprinted item.

        People have also reported seeing copies of the Streetlife 
        Serenade cassette and Turnstiles CD with incorrect listings
        on the CD cover.

13.  What is being said at the beginning of "Scandinavian Skies"?
-----------------------------------------------------------------
        [Thanks to ajvt@knoware.nl for this info.]

        It is an announcement in Dutch at Schiphol (Amsterdam) Airport:

        Attentie, Attentie, Passagiers voor vlucht 33 met bestemming Oslo, 
        Stockholm en Kopenhagen kunnen zich naar Gate A12 begeven.

        Translated:

        Attention, Attention, Passengers for flight 33 with destinations
        Oslo, Stockholm and Copenhagen can go to Gate A12

14.  Who was "Virginia" in "Only the Good Die Young"?
-----------------------------------------------------
        According to a TV interview with Billy, Virginia was a girl
        he knew in school when he was 12.  He showed her yearbook 
        photo on TV.

15.  What's the significance of "Scenes From an Italian Restaurant"?
--------------------------------------------------------------------
        Back in his younger days, Billy used to do a lot of gigs in
        restaurants.  One of his popular songs among the dining crowds,
        especially at Italian restaurants, was a song called "The
        Ballad of Brenda & Eddie," which we all know as the middle
        section to "Scenes...."  The song was so well-liked that Billy
        decided to record it.  He added on the beginning & end as sort
        of an ode to the restaurants that made the song popular.

16.  Isn't that Beethoven music in "This Night"?
------------------------------------------------
        [Thanks to numerous people for this info, including Grant
        Anderson (robschool@nwu.edu) and Bradley Kelly 
        (bjkelly@magna.com.au).]

        Yes, the chorus to "This Night" (on the album _An Innocent
        Man_) is essentially the same music as composed by Beethoven in
        the "Adagio cantabile" (second movement) of his "Sonata No. 8 in
        C Minor, Op. 13" AKA the sonata "Pathetique."  Beethoven is 
        listed in the credits at the end of the album notes as "L. V.
        Beethoven".

17.  What's the story behind Lullabye?
--------------------------------------
        According to a TV interview, Billy wrote this song for his
        daughter Alexa as an answer to her questions about dying.

18.  How did a song like Root Beer Rag come to be?
--------------------------------------------------
        [Thanks to Zach Pendleton (yellowsnowman@utah-inter.net) for 
        this info.]

        Billy had recently purchased a new keyboard, and was indulging
        himself by seeing what it could do when he wrote Root Beer Rag.

19.  Who is the "Anthony" in Movin' Out (Anthony's Song)?
---------------------------------------------------------
        [Thanks to Zach Pendleton (yellowsnowman@utah-inter.net) for 
        this info.]

        Anthony isn't a person from real life.  According to Billy, 
        Anthony is every Irish, Polish, and Mexican kid trying to make
        a living in the U.S.

20.  What about... ?
--------------------
        If you know of something else that should be included here, let me
        know.


A big Thank You to all the contributors to this Frequently Asked Questions
List!  God knows I wouldn't have wanted to write all this myself...

*************************************************************************
Feel free to quote from this document as long as proper credit is given
to the editor and (if specified) the contributor of the information.
If you intend to reprint or redistrubute the entire FAQ or quote large
chunks of it, please contact the editor for permission.
Copyright 1997 by Michael Steele (msteele@cs.wisc.edu) except for "Billy
Joel, A look into Billy Joel's early recordings," which is copyright
1991 by Paul Maclauchlan (paul@moore.com)
*************************************************************************
-- 
+-----------------------------------+---------------------------------------+
|          Mike Steele              |   Maintainer of the Fruit-of-the-Day  |
|      msteele@cs.wisc.edu          |        Mailing List.  Info at:        |
| http://www.cs.wisc.edu/~msteele/  |   http://www.cs.umd.edu/~mike/fotd/   |
+-----------------------------------+---------------------------------------+

###
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